Key Standard Test Methods for Performance Clothing

  • ID: 4384131
  • Report
  • Region: Global
  • 29 Pages
  • World Textile Information Network
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A Complete Overview of the Quality Management Areas Your Business Should Focus on

In order to remain competitive in such a saturated and growing marketplace, performance textiles manufacturers are upping their focus on quality control. As a result, testing carried out in-house or by external bodies has become a crucial part of production in order to validate companies’ products to the public.

Testing is a valuable aid for textile production, distribution and consumption. And, creating a set of uniformed test procedures enables fabric, textiles and apparel to be evaluated consistently in multiple locations. This, in turn, ensures that the quality of garments sold is safe to use by consumers, fit for purpose, and meets product liability, environmental and other current legislation; preventing product recalls and promoting repeat sales.

This report will review some key standard test methods issued by international and national organisations such as ISO, ASTM, EN, BSI and DIN etc, which can be employed to evaluate properties such as microbial properties, physiological comfort, waterproofing and breathability, and tensile/seam/tear strength of performance clothing.

Individual test procedures will be described in detail, as well as the techniques used to evaluate the effectiveness of the above properties, giving you a complete overview of the quality management areas your business should focus on.

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1 Executive summary

2 Introduction to the key standard test methods for performance clothing
2.1 International standard organisations

3 Standard test methods for determining antimicrobial activity of textile products

4 Standard test methods for determining thermal (thermos-physiological) comfort of clothing 

5 Standard test methods for water resistance properties of textile products

6 Standard test methods for air permeability of textile products

7 Standard test methods for tensile properties and tearing strength of the textile materials

8 References

List of Figures
Figure 1 Example of testing instruments for ISO 11092, ASTM F1868, and ISO 15831 test standards
Figure 2 Diagram of the BS 4745 apparatus (1)
Figure 3 Diagram of the BS 4745 apparatus (2)
Figure 4 Diagram of the ISO 11092 apparatus
Figure 5 Schematic arrangement of the manikin’s body segments (ISO 15831)
Figure 6 Schematic of the BS 7209 test apparatus
Figure 7 An example of Spray test apparatus
Figure 8 Evaluation of the surface wetting of a test fabric (BS EN ISO 4920: 2012)
Figure 9 An example of Bundesmann rain-shower test apparatus (1)
Figure 10 An example of Bundesmann rain-shower test apparatus (2)
Figure 11 Reference photographs for water repellency evaluation of textile fabrics (EN 29865)
Figure 12 An example of ISO 22958:2005 Ed 1 test apparatus
Figure 13 Examples of BS EN 20811:1992 test apparatus
Figure 14 Examples of BS EN 14360:2004 test apparatus
Figure 15 An example of AATCC TM79-1992 test apparatus
Figure 16 An example of air permeability testing test apparatus
Figure 17 An example of tensile testing apparatus
Figure 18 Strip test sample arrangement
Figure 19 Grab test sample arrangement
Figure 20 An example of the sample arrangement for the seam strength testing
Figure 21 An example of sample clamping arrangements for the tear strength testing
Figure 22 An example of pendulum testing machine

List of Tables
Table 1 List of some of the national standard organisations
Table 2 Test standards related to antimicrobial textiles (safety tests)
Table 3 Test standards related to antimicrobial textiles (performance tests – antibacterial testing)
Table 4 Test standards related to antimicrobial textiles (performance tests – antifungal testing)
Table 5 Test standards related to antimicrobial textiles (durability tests)
Table 6 Summary of antimicrobial test standards
Table 7 Standard test methods for evaluating thermal (thermo-physiological) comfort of textile materials (thermal insulation – Skin model)
Table 8 Standard test methods for evaluating thermal (thermo-physiological) comfort of textile materials (thermal insulation - Manikin model)
Table 9 Standard test methods for evaluating thermal (thermo-physiological) comfort of textile materials (water vapour transmission – breathability, evaporative resistance and cooling effectiveness, liquid sweat management)
Table 10 Standard test methods for evaluating thermal and thermos-physiological comfort of textile materials (air permeability)
Table 11 Standard test methods for evaluating water repellency (spray test)
Table 12 Standard test methods for evaluating water resistance (rain test)
Table 13 Standard test methods for evaluating waterproofing (hydrostatic pressure)
Table 14 AATCC test procedures for water resistant fabrics
Table 15 Standard test methods for evaluating air permeability of a fabric
Table 16 Standard test methods for evaluating tensile properties of fabric (strip tests) 
Table 17 Standard test methods for evaluating tensile properties of fabric (grab tests)
Table 18 Standard test methods for evaluating tensile properties of fibres and yarns
Table 19 Standard test methods for evaluating seam tensile properties (Seam strength) 
Table 20 Standard test methods for evaluating seam tensile properties (Seam slippage)
Table 21 Standard test methods for evaluating Tear properties of textiles (Elmendorf method)
Table 22 Standard test methods for evaluating tear properties of textiles (Single/double methods)
Table 23 Standard test methods for evaluating Tear properties of textiles (Trapezoid method)

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