First Wind Energy Potential Atlas was produced by Turkish State Meteorological Service and General Directorate of Electrical Power Resources Survey and Development Administration (EIE) in 2002. It gives a general idea about wind energy distribution in Turkey. According to the Wind Atlas best wind resources are around Aegean, Marmara and the eastern parts of the Mediterranean regions of Turkey have high wind potential at a height of 50 m. It is also the area where 30% of the country’s population lives. Wind availability around the Sea of Marmara is about double that found in Germany or Denmark.
According to a study by the European Commission, Turkey has the second highest potential for wind energy generation in Europe after the UK. Today, it is assumed that current wind potential of Turkey is 88,000 MW (EIE, 2006). Professor Tanay Sidki Uyar of Marmara University calculates that with today existing technologies technical wind potential is 150,000 MW. He also serves as Vice President at EUROSOLAR European Association for Renewable Energy. The country’s carbon emissions increased by almost 140% between 1996 and 2007. There is international pressure to ensure that those emissions are capped. Turkey signed the Kyoto Protocol in 2009, though few initiatives have been launched by the Turkish government in that area.
According to the Ministry of Energy and Natural Recourses, the total amount of investments required to meet the energy demand in Turkey by 2023 is estimated to be around USD 110 billion, more than double the total amount invested in the last decade. Turkey’s energy policies and strategies are based on energy supply security, alternative energy resources, diversity of energy resources, utilization of domestic energy resources to create additional value to economy, liberalization of energy markets, and energy efficiency. Due to this perspective, special emphasis has been made to maximum utilization of local and renewable energy resources as highest priority. The next phase of renewable energy growth will require regulatory and administrative changes if Turkey wishes to use its full potential and accelerate the deployment in support of climate goals up to 2030.
The energy demand of Turkey was doubled between the years 2000–2010 and is expected to fourfold between the years 2000–2025. This rapid increase in demand is due to the high economic development rate of Turkey. The biggest growth area in recent years has been natural gas imported from Russia and Iran. In 1995, 20% of Turkey’s electricity needs were generated from natural gas. Today in 2016, that has increased to 44%. It is a dependence that the Turkish government would like to diminish. Turkey is able to meet only around 26 % of its total energy demand from its own domestic resources. There are plans for investment in wind power, nuclear power and an extra of hydropower.
The country’s main strategy to meet the growing need of power is to reduce the energy dependency by increasing the energy efficiency, increased use of renewable resources, nuclear sources, and connecting to the European power infrastructure.
- Snapshot of the country’s renewable and wind power sector across parameters - country overview, current power and wind power market status, electricity market structure, key issues, future plans and strategies to meet increasing power demand, and way forward.
- Statistics for cumulative and annual installed wind power generation capacity of from 2012 to 2017.
- Statistics for cumulative and annual revenue of wind power plants from 2012 to 2017.
- Break-up by power generation technology, including thermal, hydro, renewable (incl. wind) and nuclear
- Data on key issues witnessed in the Turkish wind power sector.
- Information on future plans and strategies to meet increasing power demand.
- Identify opportunities and plan strategies by having a strong understanding of the investment opportunities in the country’s wind power sector
- Facilitate decision-making based on strong historic and forecast data
- Develop strategies based on the latest regulatory events
- Position yourself to gain the maximum advantage of the industry’s growth potential
- Identify key partners and business development opportunities
1.1 Research Methodology
2 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
3 TURKEY WIND POWER MARKET IN 2017
3.1 Country Overview
3.2 Current Status of Wind Power Market in Turkey
3.3 Key Issues
3.4 Investment Trends and Development Roadmap to Meat Increasing Power Demand
3.5 Cumulative (CAGR) Installed Wind Power Capacity and Revenue
3.6 Annual Installed Wind Power Capacity and Revenue
3.7 Support Schemes
4 CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
5 LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS
Chart 1: Wind Resource Map of Turkey
Chart 2: Share of Wind Power from Total Installed Power Generation Capacity in Turkey in 2016
Chart 3: Turkey Total Annual Electricity Consumption (in TWh) 2000 ÷ 2016
Chart 4: Turkey Power Generation Capacity Breakdown by Source (Fuel) Type in 2016 (incl. Renewables)
Chart 5: Structure of Electricity Power Market in Turkey
Chart 6: Cumulative (CAGR) Installed Capacity of Wind Power Plants in Turkey (in MW) 2012 ÷ 2017, including forecast
Chart 7: Cumulative (CAGR) Revenue of Wind Power Plants in Turkey (in Millions USD) 2012 ÷ 2017, including forecast
Chart 8: Annual Installed Capacity of Wind Power Plants in Turkey (in MW) 2012 ÷ 2017, including forecast
Chart 9: Annual Revenue of Wind Power Plants in Turkey (in Millions USD) 2012 ÷ 2017, including forecast