Energy intensity in Tajikistan is almost twice the world average, and three times higher than most developed countries, which means that Tajikistan needs three times more energy to produce one unit of GDP then highly developed countries. Over 95% of Tajikistan’s electrical energy is generated using hydro power. However, power transmission and consumption is complicated by difficult terrain. Tajikistan has limited reserves of fossil fuels, such as oil and gas. At present time, the government plans to meet future electricity needs primarily through further hydropower development.
Wind power potential in Tajikistan remains largely un-researched. Local experts believe that wind energy can be commercially viable in certain regions, where the average annual wind speed is around 5-6 meters/second (such as Fedchenko and Anzob, territory around the Sarez Lake in Gorno Badakhshan). Four wind power plants have been planned for construction by Barqi Tojik in 2010, but till the middle of 2015 construction has not been started. Wind energy potential is not evenly distributed on the territory of Tajikistan. The average annual wind speed at the elevation of 10 m above the surface is 4,1 - 4,8 m/sec and is observed only in the mountains and on mountain passes. The average annual wind speed in other main areas is lower: 2,0-3,7 m/sec. Wind energy potential can be estimated based on its availability in inhabitable areas, which represent 7% of the total territory of the country.
The concept Concept of the Fuel and Energy Complex Development of Tajikistan outlines full access to energy for its population as a key objective, followed by the rehabilitation and modernisation of the existing energy infrastructure in order to increase efficiency and reduce losses. The government also emphasises the importance of reducing its hydrocarbon import dependency and supports the large-scale development of its abundant hydropower potential, both for internal energy security and for exporting to the growing energy markets to its south. Recent policy directions promote the development of other sources of renewable energy; however energy efficiency measures are still heavily focused on supply side, with very little improvement in demandside management. Energy subsidies and socially determined pricing mechanisms have failed to promote sound energy efficiency policies and measures.
The country’s main strategy to meet the growing need of power is to reduce the energy dependency by increasing the energy efficiency, increased use of renewable resources and connecting to the power infrastructure of Commonwealth Independent States (CIS).
- Snapshot of the country’s renewable and wind power sector across parameters - country overview, current power and wind power market status, electricity market structure, key issues, future plans and strategies to meet increasing power demand, and way forward.
- Statistics for cumulative and annual installed wind power generation capacity of from 2012 to 2017.
- Statistics for cumulative and annual revenue of wind power plants from 2012 to 2017.
- Break-up by power generation technology, including thermal, hydro, renewable (incl. wind) and nuclear
- Data on key issues witnessed in the Tajikistan wind power sector.
- Information on future plans and strategies to meet increasing power demand.
- Identify opportunities and plan strategies by having a strong understanding of the investment opportunities in the country’s wind power sector
- Facilitate decision-making based on strong historic and forecast data
- Develop strategies based on the latest regulatory events
- Position yourself to gain the maximum advantage of the industry’s growth potential
- Identify key partners and business development opportunities
1.1 Research Methodology
2 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
3 TAJIKISTAN WIND POWER MARKET IN 2017
3.1 Country Overview
3.2 Current Status of Wind Power Market in Tajikistan
3.3 Key Issues
3.4 Investment Trends and Development Roadmap to Meat Increasing Power Demand
3.5 Cumulative (CAGR) Installed Wind Power Capacity and Revenue
3.6 Annual Installed Wind Power Capacity and Revenue
3.7 Support Schemes
4 CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
5 LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS
Chart 1: Wind Resource Map of Tajikistan
Chart 2: Share of Wind Power from Total Installed Power Generation Capacity in Tajikistan in 2016
Chart 3: Tajikistan Total Annual Electricity Consumption (in TWh) 2000 ÷ 2016
Chart 4: Tajikistan Power Generation Capacity Breakdown by Source (Fuel) Type in 2016 (incl. Renewables)
Chart 5: Structure of Electricity Power Market in Tajikistan
Chart 6: Cumulative (CAGR) Installed Capacity of Wind Power Plants in Tajikistan (in MW) 2012 ÷ 2017, including forecast
Chart 7: Cumulative (CAGR) Revenue of Wind Power Plants in Tajikistan (in Millions USD) 2012 ÷ 2017, including forecast
Chart 8: Annual Installed Capacity of Wind Power Plants in Tajikistan (in MW) 2012 ÷ 2017, including forecast
Chart 9: Annual Revenue of Wind Power Plants in Tajikistan (in Millions USD) 2012 ÷ 2017, including forecast