A Revision of the Family Ameroseiidae (Acari, Mesostigmata), with Some Data on Slovak Fauna

  • ID: 4415665
  • Book
  • Region: Global, Slovakia
  • 228 pages
  • Pensoft
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The family Ameroseiidae Evans, 1961 (Acari: Mesostigmata) includes a total of 12 valid and adequately described genera, namely Afrocypholaelaps Elsen, 1972, Ameroseiella Bregetova, 1977, Ameroseius Berlese, 1904, Asperolaelaps Womersley, 1956, Brontispalaelaps Womersley, 1956, Epicriopsis Berlese, 1916, Hattena Domrow, 1963, Kleemannia Oudemans, 1930, Neocypholaelaps Vitzthum, 1942, Pseudoameroseius gen. n., Sertitympanum Elsen & Whitaker, 1985 and Sinoseius Bai & Gu, 1995. One of these genera includes subgenera, namely Kleemannia (Primoseius) Womersley, 1956.

All genera are reviewed and re-diagnosed, and a dichotomous key is provided for their identification. Ameroseius (50 species), Kleemannia (28 species) and Neocypholaelaps (22 species) are the largest genera in the family. Ameroseiella, Kleemannia, Kleemannia (Primoseius) and Sinoseius are considered to be valid taxa and, in presented systematic classification, they are removed from synonymy with Ameroseius.

The genus Pseudoameroseius gen. n., with type species Ameroseius michaelangeli Moraza, 2006 (from Canary Islands), is newly erected to further refine broad primary concept of Ameroseius as understood by some former authors (Karg, Bregetova). Asperolaelaps is removed from synonymy with Neocypholaelaps. Three new species are here described, namely Ameroseius renatae sp. n. (based on specimens from Slovakia), Kleemannia dolichochaeta sp. n. (from Spain) and Kleemannia miranda sp. n. (from U.S.A.).

The following new junior synonymies are proposed:
Ameroseius apodius Karg, 1971 = Ameroseiella macrochelae (Westerboer, 1963); Ameroseius bregetovae Livshits & Mitrofanov, 1975 = Neocypholaelaps favus Ishikawa, 1968; Ameroseius chinensis Khalili-Moghadam & Saboori, 2016 = Ameroseius guyimingi Ma, 1997; Ameroseius crassisetosus Ye & Ma, 1993, Ameroseius qinghaiensis Li & Yang, 2000 and Ameroseius norvegicus Narita, Abduch & Moraes, 2015 = Ameroseius corbiculus (Sowerby, 1806); Ameroseius dubitatus Berlese, 1918 = Kleemannia plumosa (Oudemans, 1902); Ameroseius eumorphus Bregetova, 1977 and Kleemannia potchefstroomensis Kruger & Loots, 1980 = Kleemannia pseudoplumosa (Rack, 1972); Ameroseius gilarovi Petrova, 1986 = Kleemannia plumigera Oudemans, 1930; Ameroseius imparsetosus Westerboer, 1963 = Ameroseius georgei (Turk, 1943); Ameroseius lanatus Solomon, 1969 and Ameroseius fimetorum Karg, 1971 = Kleemannia tenella (Berlese, 1916); Ameroseius lanceosetis Livshits & Mitrofanov, 1975 = Kleemannia pavida (C. L. Koch, 1839); Ameroseius marginalis Fan & Li, 1993 and Ameroseius sichuanensis Fan & Li, 1993 = Kleemannia insignis (Bernhard, 1963); Ameroseius pseudofurcatus Livshits & Mitrofanov, 1975 = Ameroseius furcatus Karg, 1971; Ameroseius stramenis Karg, 1976 and Lasioseius (Lasioseius) gracilis Halbert, 1923 = Kleemannia delicata (Berlese, 1918); Epicriopsis langei Livshits & Mitrofanov, 1975 and Epicriopsis baloghi Kandil, 1978 = Epicriopsis palustris Karg, 1971; Epicriopsis rivus Karg, 1971 = Epicriopsis mirabilis Willmann, 1956; Neocypholaelaps ewae Haitlinger, 1987 = Neocypholaelaps indicus Evans, 1963; Neocypholaelaps lindquisti Prasad, 1968, Afrocypholaelaps ranomafanaensis Haitlinger, 1987 and Afrocypholaelaps analicullus Ho, Ma, Wang & Severinghaus, 2010 = Afrocypholaelaps africanus (Evans, 1963); Sinoseius pinnatus Huhta & Karg, 2010 = Sinoseius lobatus Bai, Gu & Fang, 1995.

Ameroseius womersleyi Mašán, is a replacement name proposed for Ameroseius ornatus Womersley, 1956, a junior secondary homonym of Cornubia ornata Turk, 1943 [= Ameroseius corbiculus (Sowerby, 1806)]. Cornubia georgei Turk, 1943 is removed from synonymy with Ameroseius corbiculus (Sowerby, 1806).

An annotated catalogue of the world species of Ameroseiidae is provided, partly based on type (in more than 60 species) and non- type specimens from various museum deposits and personal collections, including new or revised material from Slovakia. It contains 206 named species (138 valid species, 37 synonyms, nine unrecognizable species, 15 species previously excluded from Ameroseiidae, and seven “nomina nuda”), with details of their authorship, synonyms, nomenclatural and bibliographic details, generic placement, and morphology. Altogether 23 new combinations are proposed.

The genus Sertitympanum with Sertitympanum nodosum (Sheals, 1962) and two further species, namely Kleemannia kosi El-Badry, Nasr & Hafez, 1979 and Kleemannia parplumosa Nasr & Abou-Awad, 1986, are reported from Europe for the first time. New keys are given for identification of 37 species belonging to eight genera which have been found in Europe to date (Ameroseiella, Ameroseius, Epicriopsis, Kleemannia, Neocypholaelaps, Pseudoameroseius gen. n., Sertitympanum and Sinoseius). All of these genera except Pseudoameroseius gen. nov. and Sertitympanum occur in Slovakia. So, the fauna of Slovakia includes six genera and 27 species, including ten first reports for the country.
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  • Introduction
  • Materials and methods
  • On leg chaetotaxy
  • in the Ameroseiidae
  • On ecology and habitat preference of Slovak Ameroseiidae
  • Catalogue of world species of Ameroseiidae
  • Family Ameroseiidae Evans, 1961
  • Genus Afrocypholaelaps Elsen, 1972
  • Genus Ameroseiella Bregetova, 1977
  • Genus Ameroseius Berlese, 1904
  • Genus Asperolaelaps Womersley, 1956
  • Genus Brontispalaelaps Womersley, 1956
  • Genus Epicriopsis Berlese, 1916
  • Genus Hattena Domrow, 1963
  • Genus Kleemannia Oudemans, 1930
  • Genus Neocypholaelaps Vitzthum, 1942
  • Genus Pseudoameroseius gen. n.
  • Genus Sertitympanum Elsen & Whitaker, 1985
  • Genus Sinoseius Bai & Gu, 1995
  • Unrecognizable species (species inquirendae)
  • Species excluded
  • from Ameroseiidae
  • Nomina nuda
  • Unavailable name
  • Synopsis
  • Taxonomic summary
  • Acknowledgements
  • Funding
  • References
  • Plates
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Peter Masan
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