North-Western Palaearctic Species of Pristiphora (Hymenoptera, Tenthredinidae)

  • ID: 4415669
  • Book
  • 190 pages
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The sawfly genus Pristiphora, with about 240 species, is the second largest in the subfamily Nematinae (Tenthredinidae). The genus has a complicated taxonomic history. Frequent changes in species names and the lack of reliable, comprehensive identification keys have hitherto hampered research. In this work we review the North-West Palaearctic species using morphological and genetic data, including altogether 90 species. Two species are described as new and 29 new synonymies proposed. As a result, the number of West Palaearctic species is reduced from 120 to 107. We provide identification keys (a dichotomous and a multi-choice electronic key) that should enable a more reliable identification of most North-West Palaearctic species than was previously possible.

Remarkably, genetic data based on mitochondrial DNA proved to be unreliable for identifying roughly half of the species. Much more successful was an approach based on analysis of nuclear DNA. This review is part of an ongoing project, funded by the Swedish Taxonomy Initiative, to improve the taxonomic understanding of nematine sawflies in Fennoscandia and adjacent territories.
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  • Introduction
  • Material and methods
  • Morphological methods
  • Rearing of larvae and adults
  • Molecular methods
  • Preparation of the keys
  • Results
  • Definition of Pristiphora and its separation from other Nematinae
  • Possible diploid males
  • Possible frameshift mutation in COI
  • Phylogeny of Pristiphora and definitions of some species groups
  • Comment on species delimitation
  • Assessment of morphological characters of the adults
  • Dichotomous key to Pristiphora adults
  • Females
  • Males
  • Taxonomy
  • Pristiphora abietina group
  • Pristiphora abietina (Christ, 1791)
  • Pristiphora compressa (Hartig, 1837)
  • Pristiphora decipiens (Enslin, 1916)
  • Pristiphora gerula (Konow, 1904)
  • Pristiphora pseudodecipiens Beneš & Krístek, 1976
  • Pristiphora robusta (Konow, 1895)
  • Pristiphora saxesenii (Hartig, 1837)
  • Pristiphora alpestris group
  • Pristiphora alpestris (Konow, 1903)
  • Pristiphora dissimilis Lindqvist, 1971
  • Pristiphora pseudocoactula (Lindqvist, 1952)
  • Pristiphora carinata group
  • Pristiphora albilabris (Boheman, 1852)
  • Pristiphora borea (Konow, 1904)
  • Pristiphora breadalbanensis (Cameron, 1882)
  • Pristiphora carinata (Hartig, 1837)
  • Pristiphora coactula (Ruthe, 1859)
  • Pristiphora groenblomi (Lindqvist, 1952)
  • Pristiphora lativentris (Thomson, 1871)
  • Pristiphora trochanterica (Lindqvist, 1952)
  • Pristiphora depressa group
  • Pristiphora depressa (Hartig, 1840)
  • Pristiphora subbifida (Thomson, 1871)
  • Pristiphora tetrica (Zaddach, 1883)
  • Pristiphora erichsonii group
  • Pristiphora erichsonii (Hartig, 1837)
  • Pristiphora glauca Benson, 1954
  • Pristiphora wesmaeli (Tischbein, 1853)
  • Pristiphora laricis group
  • Pristiphora friesei (Konow, 1904)
  • Pristiphora laricis (Hartig, 1837)
  • Pristiphora leucopodia group
  • Pristiphora leucopodia (Hartig, 1837)
  • Pristiphora nigriceps (Hartig, 1840)
  • Pristiphora malaisei group
  • Pristiphora dasiphorae (Zinovjev, 1993), comb. n
  • Pristiphora malaisei (Lindqvist, 1952)
  • Pristiphora micronematica group
  • Pristiphora affinis (Lindqvist, 1952)
  • Pristiphora atripes (Lindqvist, 1952)
  • Pristiphora kontuniemii (Lindqvist, 1952)
  • Pristiphora micronematica Malaise, 1931
  • Pristiphora nordmani (Lindqvist, 1949)
  • Pristiphora reuteri (Lindqvist, 1960)
  • Pristiphora sermola Liston, 1993
  • Pristiphora nigella group
  • Pristiphora amphibola (Förster, 1854)
  • Pristiphora nigella (Förster, 1854)
  • Pristiphora parva (Hartig, 1837)
  • Pristiphora pallida group
  • Pristiphora pallida (Konow, 1904)
  • Pristiphora subarctica (Forsslund, 1936)
  • Pristiphora pallidiventris group
  • Pristiphora nigricans (Eversmann, 1847), comb. n
  • Pristiphora pallidiventris (Fallén, 1808)
  • Pristiphora retusa group
  • Pristiphora exigua (Lindqvist, 1955)
  • Pristiphora retusa (Thomson, 1871)
  • Pristiphora ruficornis group
  • Pristiphora albitibia (Costa, 1859)
  • Pristiphora aphantoneura (Förster, 1854)
  • Pristiphora appendiculata (Hartig, 1837)
  • Pristiphora armata (Thomson, 1863)
  • Pristiphora astragali Vikberg, 1978
  • Pristiphora bifida (Hellén, 1948)
  • Pristiphora caraganae Vikberg & Prous, sp. n
  • Pristiphora confusa Lindqvist, 1955
  • Pristiphora frigida (Boheman, 1865)
  • Pristiphora leucopus (Hellén, 1948)
  • Pristiphora luteipes Lindqvist, 1955
  • Pristiphora melanocarpa (Hartig, 1840)
  • Pristiphora opaca Lindqvist, 1955
  • Pristiphora pusilla Malaise, 1921
  • Pristiphora ruficornis (Olivier, 1811)
  • Pristiphora sootryeni Lindqvist, 1955
  • Pristiphora staudingeri (Ruthe, 1859)
  • Pristiphora subopaca Lindqvist, 1955
  • Pristiphora rufipes group
  • Pristiphora brevis (Hartig, 1837)
  • Pristiphora dochmocera (Thomson, 1871)
  • Pristiphora rufipes Serville, 1823
  • Pristiphora thalictri (Kriechbaumer, 1884)
  • Pristiphora thalictrivora Lindqvist, 1962
  • Species not placed in groups
  • Pristiphora abbreviata (Hartig, 1837)
  • Pristiphora angulata Lindqvist, 1974
  • Pristiphora biscalis (Förster, 1854)
  • Pristiphora bufo (Brischke, 1883)
  • Pristiphora cadma Wong & Ross, 1960
  • Pristiphora cincta Newman, 1837
  • Pristiphora condei Lindqvist, 1955
  • Pristiphora conjugata (Dahlbom, 1835)
  • Pristiphora dedeara Liston & Prous, sp. n
  • Pristiphora fausta (Hartig, 1837)
  • Pristiphora geniculata (Hartig, 1840)
  • Pristiphora insularis Rohwer, 1910
  • Pristiphora maesta (Zaddach, 1876)
  • Pristiphora mollis (Hartig, 1837)
  • Pristiphora monogyniae (Hartig, 1840)
  • Pristiphora paralella (Hartig, 1840), comb. n
  • Pristiphora pseudogeniculata Lindqvist, 1969
  • Pristiphora punctifrons (Thomson, 1871)
  • Pristiphora tenuiserra (Lindqvist, 1959)
  • Pristiphora testacea (Jurine, 1807)
  • Taxa no longer placed in Pristiphora, unplaced, or from outside North-Western
  • Palaearctic
  • Pristiphora lanifica (Zaddach, 1883)
  • Pristiphora mesatlantica Lacourt, 1976
  • Euura melanocephalus (Hartig, 1837)
  • Euura caudalis (Eversmann, 1847), comb. n
  • Nematinus carpathiensis (Haris, 2001), comb. n
  • Discussion
  • Plates
  • Acknowledgements
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Marco Prous, et al
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