Karyosystematics and Molecular Taxonomy of the Anomalous Blue Butterflies (Lepidoptera, Lycaenidae) from the Balkan Peninsula

  • ID: 4415674
  • Book
  • 86 pages
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The Balkan Peninsula represents one of the hottest biodiversity spots in Europe. However, the invertebrate fauna of this region is still insufficiently investigated, even in respect of such well-studied organisms as Lepidoptera. Here we use a combination of chromosomal, molecular and morphological markers to rearrange the group of so-called anomalous blue butterflies of the genus Polyommatus and to reveal its cryptic taxonomic structure. We demonstrate that P. aroaniensis (Brown, 1976) has a dot-like distribution range restricted to the Peloponnese Peninsula in South Greece.

Polyommatus orphicus Kolev, 2005 is a Balkan endemic represented by two subspecies: P. orphicus orphicus (Bulgaria) and P. orphicus eleniae Coutsis & De Prins, 2005 (Northern Greece). Polyommatus ripartii (Freyer, 1830) is represented in the Balkans by an endemic subspecies P. ripartii pelopi. The traditionally recognized P. admetus (Esper, 1783) is shown to be a heterogeneous complex and is divided into Polyommatus admetus sensu stricto (the Balkans and west Turkey) and P. yeranyani (Dantchenko & Lukhtanov, 2005) (east Turkey, Armenia, Azerbaijan and Iran).

Polyommatus nephohiptamenos (Brown & Coutsis, 1978) is confirmed to be a species with a dot-like distribution range in Northern Greece. From Central Greece (Timfristos and Parnassos mountains) we describe Polyommatus timfristos Lukhtanov, Vishnevskaya & Shapoval, sp. n. which differs by its haploid chromosome number (n=38) from the closely related and morphologically similar P. aroaniensis (n=47-48) and P. orphicus (n=41-42).
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  • Introduction
  • Material and methods
  • Taxon sampling
  • Analysis of karyotype
  • DNA extraction and sequencing
  • Phylogenetic analysis
  • Haplotype network
  • Karyotypes of the studied samples
  • Phylogenetic reconstruction
  • Haplotype network analysis
  • Butterfly morphology
  • Species level monophyly, paraphyly and polyphyly
  • Chromosomal diversity
  • Taxonomy
  • Distribution areas
  • An alternative classification and conservation
  • Biogeography
  • Taxonomic conclusion
  • Acknowledgements
  • References
  • Appendix 1
  • Appendix 2
  • Appendix 3
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M S Vishnevskaya, VA Lukhtanov, et al
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