Taxonomic Revision and Cladistic Analysis of Avicularia Lamarck, 1818 (Araneae, Theraphosidae, Aviculariinae)

  • ID: 4415687
  • Book
  • 186 pages
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The family Theraphosidae, also known as tarantulas, is the largest family of mygalomorph spiders. The first tarantula genus erected was Avicularia Lamarck, 1818, which, until now, comprised 49 species, with distributional range stretching from Central to South America and Caribbean islands. Its type species has been the first mygalomorph species described. As a result, its taxonomic history is extensive and confusing, reflecting the knowledge and history of arachnology throughout the centuries. Even though the genus comprises a large number of species and has historical importance, it has never been revised. Herein, the genus is revised, and now comprises 12 species, being 3 new species; all are rediagnosed.

Provided are figures of the diagnostic characters, as well as images of live specimens. Information on the type locality; type depository; distribution; and other pertinent taxonomic or biological data; is included. Featured are also keys for identification of all aviculariine genera, including Avicularia and the three newly described genera. Maps with records and information on species habitat are presented. Cladistic analyses have been carried out and the relationships regarding Aviculariinae subfamily are discussed.
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  • Introduction
  • Material and methods
  • Cladistic analysis
  • Taxonomy
  • Family Theraphosidae Thorell, 1869
  • Subfamily Aviculariinae Simon, 1889
  • Genus
  • Avicularia Lamarck, 1818
  • Avicularia avicularia (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Avicularia glauca Simon, 1891
  • Avicularia variegata (F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1896), stat. n.
  • Avicularia minatrix Pocock, 1903
  • Avicularia taunayi (Mello-Leitão, 1920)
  • Avicularia juruensis Mello-Leitão, 1923
  • Avicularia rufa
  • Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1945
  • Avicularia purpurea Kirk, 1990
  • Avicularia hirschii Bullmer, Thierer-Lutz & Schmidt, 2006
  • Avicularia merianae sp. n.
  • Avicularia lynnae sp. n.
  • Avicularia caei sp. n.
  • Taxonomic remarks
  • Avicularia vestiaria (De Geer, 1778), nomen nudum
  • Iridopelma leporina (C. L. Koch, 1841), comb. n., nomen dubium
  • Iridopelma plantaris (C. L.
  • Koch, 1842), comb. n., nomen dubium
  • Euathlus affinis (Nicolet, 1849), comb. n.
  • Ischnocolus hirsutum Ausserer, 1875, nomen dubium
  • Avicularia metallica Ausserer,
  • 1875, nomen dubium
  • Ischnocolus gracilis
  • Keyserling, 1891, nomen dubium
  • Grammostola subvulpina (Strand, 1906), comb. n.
  • Avicularia arabica (Strand, 1908), nomen dubium
  • Thrixopelma aymara (Chamberlin, 1916), comb. n
  • Avicularia aurantiaca Bauer, 1996, nomen dubium
  • Araneus hirtipes (Fabricius, 1787), nomen dubium
  • Avicularia testacea (C. L. Koch, 1841), nomen dubium
  • Avicularia detrita (C. L. Koch, 1842), nomen dubium
  • Avicularia hirsutissima (C. L. Koch, 1842), nomen dubium
  • Avicularia holmbergi Thorell, 1890, nomen dubium
  • Ischnocolus doleschalli Ausserer, 1871, nomen dubium
  • Avicularia rapax (Ausserer, 1875), nomen dubium
  • Avicularia ochracea (Perty, 1833), nomen dubium
  • Avicularia walckenaerii (Perty, 1833), nomen dubium
  • Avicularia azuraklaasi Tesmoingt, 1996, nomen dubium
  • Avicularia braunshauseni Tesmoingt 1999, nomen dubium
  • Avicularia geroldi Tesmoingt, 1999, nomen dubium
  • Avicularia huriana Tesmoingt, 1996, nomen dubium
  • Avicularia ulrichea
  • Tesmoingt, 1996, nomen dubium
  • Avicularia soratae Strand, 1907, nomen dubium
  • Avicularia fasciculata Strand, 1907, nomen dubium
  • Avicularia fasciculata clara
  • Strand, 1907, nomen dubium
  • Avicularia surinamensis Strand, 1907, nomen dubium
  • Caribena gen. n.
  • Caribena laeta (C. L. Koch, 1842), comb. n
  • Caribena versicolor (Walckenaer, 1837), comb. n.
  • Ybyrapora gen. n.
  • Ybyrapora sooretama (Bertani & Fukushima, 2009), comb. n.
  • Ybyrapora gamba (Bertani & Fukushima, 2009), comb. n.
  • Ybyrapora diversipes (C. L. Koch, 1842), comb. n.
  • Antillena gen. n. Bertani, Huff & Fukushima
  • Cladistics
  • Acknowledgements
  • References
  • Supplementary material 1
  • Supplementary material 2
  • Supplementary material 3
  • Supplementary material 4
  • Supplementary material 5
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C S Fukushima, R Bertani
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