Annotated Checklist of Fish Cestodes from South America

  • ID: 4415690
  • Book
  • Region: America, South America
  • 206 pages
  • Pensoft
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South America is a megadiverse continent, including at least five of the world’s biodiversity ‘hotspots’, more than 30,000 km of coastline and two of the 10 largest freshwater drainage systems of the world, i.e. the Amazon and Paraná River basins, which is reflected in its species-rich ichthyofauna. Bearing that in mind, one might expect a high diversity of fish cestodes as well, even though there are no comprehensive checklists or other faunistic studies encompassing the whole continent that could provide an overview of the cestode diversity.

Tapeworms (Cestoda) are a monophyletic assemblage of flatworms (phylum Platyhelminthes), their second species richest group with more than 5,000 species in 751 recognised genera; all are obligate internal parasites of vertebrates. The cestodes have radiated through marine, freshwater and terrestrial environments and their complex life cycles include one or more intermediate hosts in a wide array of animal phyla.

The present paper aims at addressing the following objectives: (1) to provide for the first time an annotated checklist that summarizes records of cestodes in marine and freshwater cartilaginous and bony fishes from South America, including detailed information on their hosts, site of infection, geographical distribution, stage of development and molecular data; (2) to critically assess doubtful reports; and (3) to depict the problems that impede a better understanding of the diversity and host associations of cestodes in South America.
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  • Introduction
  • Materials and methods
  • Parasite-Host List
  • Class Cestoda Rudolphi, 1808
  • Order Amphilinidea Poche, 1922
  • Family Amphilinidae Claus, 1879
  • Order Bothriocephalidea Kuchta, Scholz, Brabec & Bray, 2008
  • Family Bothriocephalidae Blanchard, 1849
  • Family Echinophallidae Schumacher, 1914
  • Family Triaenophoridae Lönnberg, 1899
  • Order Caryophyllidea van Beneden in Carus, 1863
  • Order Cathetocephalidea Schmidt & Beveridge, 1990
  • Family Cathetocephalidae Dailey & Overstreet, 1973
  • Family Disculicepitidae Joyeux & Baer, 1935
  • Order Cyclophyllidea van Beneden in Braun, 1900
  • Family Gryporhynchidae Spassky & Spasskaya, 1973
  • Order Diphyllidea van Beneden in Carus, 1863
  • Family Echinobothriidae Perrier, 1897
  • Order Diphyllobothriidea Kuchta, Scholz, Brabec & Bray, 2008
  • Family Diphyllobothriidae Lühe, 1910
  • Order Gyrocotylidea Poche, 1926
  • Family Gyrocotylidae Benham, 1901
  • Order Lecanicephalidea Wardle & McLeod, 1952
  • Family Aberrapecidae Jensen, Caira, Cielocha, Littlewood & Waeschenbach, 2016
  • Family Cephalobothriidae Pintner, 1928
  • Family Lecanicephalidae Braun, 1900
  • Family Paraberrapecidae Jensen, Caira, Cielocha, Littlewood & Waeschenbach, 2016
  • Family Polypocephalidae Meggitt, 1924
  • Order Onchoproteocephalidea Caira, Jensen, Waeschenbach, Olson & Littlewood, 2014
  • Family Onchobothriidae Braun, 1900
  • Family Prosobothriidae Baer & Euzet, 1955
  • Family Proteocephalidae La Rue, 1911
  • Subfamily Corallobothriinae Freze, 1965
  • Subfamily Endorchiinae Woodland, 1934
  • Subfamily Ephedrocephalinae Mola, 1929
  • Subfamily Monticelliinae Mola, 1929
  • Subfamily Nupeliinae Pavanelli & Rego, 1991
  • Subfamily Peltidocotylinae Woodland, 1934
  • Subfamily Proteocephalinae La Rue, 1911
  • Subfamily Rudolphiellinae Woodland, 1935
  • Subfamily Zygobothriinae Woodland, 1933
  • Order Phyllobothriidea Caira, Jensen, Waeschenbach, Olson & Littlewood, 2014
  • Family Phyllobothriidae Braun, 1900
  • Order Rhinebothriidea Healy, Caira, Jensen, Webster & Littlewood, 2009
  • Family Anthocephaliidae Ruhnke, Caira & Cox, 2015
  • Family Echeneibothriidae de Beauchamp, 1905
  • Family Rhinebothriidae Euzet, 1953
  • Order ‘Tetraphyllidea’ Carus, 1863
  • Order Trypanorhyncha Diesing, 1863
  • Suborder Trypanoselachoida Olson, Caira, Jensen, Overstreet, Palm & Beveridge, 2010
  • Superfamily Gymnorhynchoidea Dollfus, 1935
  • Family Gilquiniidae Dollfus, 1935
  • Family Gymnorhynchidae Dollfus, 1935
  • Superfamily Lacistorhynchoidea Guiart, 1927
  • Family Lacistorhynchidae Guiart, 1927
  • Family Pterobothriidae Pintner, 1931
  • Superfamily Otobothrioidea Dollfus, 1942
  • Family Otobothriidae Dollfus, 1942
  • Family Pseudotobothriidae Palm, 1995
  • Suborder Trypanobatoida Olson, Caira, Jensen, Overstreet, Palm & Beveridge, 2010
  • Superfamily Eutetrarhynchoidea Guiart, 1927
  • Family Eutetrarhynchidae Guiart, 1927
  • Family Rhinoptericolidae Carvajal & Campbell, 1975
  • Superfamily Tentacularioidea Poche, 1926
  • Family Sphyriocephalidae Pintner, 1913
  • Family Tentaculariidae Poche, 1926
  • Host-Parasite List
  • Results and discussion
  • Taxonomic resolution
  • Elasmobranch and teleost fish hosts
  • Accurate identification of fish hosts
  • Conclusions
  • Acknowledgements
  • References
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