Disease Avoidance & Health Maintenance 2017

  • ID: 4421353
  • Report
  • 52 pages
  • Animal Pharm
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This report, Disease Avoidance and Health Maintenance, gives critical insight into the essential strategies for effective modern animal production.

The world human population co-exists with several billions of animals therefore the health status of these animals is important both for our own health and for economic well-being.

A continuous supply of safe, high quality and low-cost food can only be obtained from healthy animals. Furthermore, this number of animals are also a risk to human health because of the possibility of spreading zoonotic diseases. This is recognised in the “ OneHealth ” concept which is an approach to understanding the risks for both human and animal health.

Use of antibiotics and other drugs in animal production is increasingly under pressure and becoming more restricted with the problem of antibiotic resistance as a threat to human well-being. Animal health management now must rely more and more on good husbandry and functional nutrition to protect animals from diseases.
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Executive summary

Chapter 1: Introduction
1.1 Modern animal production
1.2 Animal health
1.3 Health Management
1.3.1 Antibiotic resistance
1.4 One Health
1.5 Infectious and non-infectious diseases
1.5.1 Infectious diseases
1.5.2 Non-infectious diseases
1.6 Concept of Resistance (Disease Avoidance) and Resilience (Health Maintenance)

Chapter 2: Disease Avoidance
2.1 Feed hygiene
2.2 Feed quality and digestibility
2.3 Mycotoxin control
2.4 Water quality
2.5 Biosecurity
2.6 Physiological conditions
2.6.1 Skin integrity
2.6.2 Immune system and immunomodulation

Chapter 3: Health Maintenance
3.1 Gastrointestinal health
3.1.1 Defence barrier
3.1.2 Microflora and colonization resistance (Health Maintenance)
3.1.3 Digestion
3.1.4 Absorption
3.1.5 Fermentation in the large intestine
3.1.6 Elimination
3.2 Nutricines in gastrointestinal health maintenance
3.2.1 Fatty acids
3.2.2 Amino acids
3.2.3 Phages
3.2.4 Prebiotics
3.2.5 Probiotics
3.2.6 Lipopolysaccharide destruction
3.3 Nutrient absorption
3.4 Oxidative stress
3.5 Feed components and gene expression
3.5.1 Nutritional genomics (nutrigenomics)
3.5.2 Genomic stability
3.5.3 Epigenetics

Chapter 4: Conclusions

Chapter 5: References
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