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Impact of Autonomous Driving on Steering Development Technology in Europe and North America, 2017

  • ID: 4439529
  • Report
  • December 2017
  • Region: North America, Europe
  • 62 Pages
  • Frost & Sullivan
Level 5 Autonomous Vehicles to Collapse Traditional Steering Value Chains by Rendering Mechanical Linkages and Steering Wheels Redundant


  • Acura
  • Bentley
  • Cadilac
  • Honda
  • Lamborghini
  • Nissan
  • MORE

Electric power steering (EPS) is more of less a standard fitment across most of the vehicle models. However, autonomous driving poses several interesting challenges to the steering technology community. First, once vehicles start to operate by themselves, steering systems will expect to cater to loss-of-assist mitigation in order to provide a safety net as and when the EPS powerpack fails to provide assist for steering the vehicle. This will therefore force steering suppliers to migrate from fail safe systems to fail operational systems for steering.

Second, autonomous driving does not require humans to drive the vehicle, in which case the use of steering wheel is made redundant. This then allows OEMs and steering suppliers to concentrate on technologies that will help either eliminate the steering wheel or allow the steering to retract to the dashboard if not required. Keeping these in mind OEMs have showcased future cockpit concepts, but to realize such concepts steer-by-wire must be the system of choice for OEMs.

However, the major stumbling block for the steering suppliers is the regulatory compliance. As per regulation automatically controlled steering function (ACSF) becomes operational, this shall be indicated to the driver and the control action shall be automatically disabled if the vehicle speed exceeds the set limit of 10 km/hr by more than 20 percent or the signals to be evaluated are no longer being received. Any termination of control shall produce a short but distinctive driver warning by a visual signal and either an acoustic signal or by imposing a tactile warning signal on the steering control. Regulations like these and the Vienna convention (UN ECE R79) which does not allow for hands off driving are being modified in order to incorporate autonomous functionality of vehicles.

Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown


  • Acura
  • Bentley
  • Cadilac
  • Honda
  • Lamborghini
  • Nissan
  • MORE

1. Executive Summary
Executive Summary-Highlights
Technology Migration to SbW
Key Findings
SbW vs. EPS vs. EHPS vs. HPS
Key Conclusions and Future Outlook

2. Research Scope, Objectives, Background, and Methodology
Research Scope
Research Aims and Objectives
Key Questions this Study will Answer
Research Background
Research Methodology

3. Product Segmentation and Definitions
Product Segmentation
Product Definition
Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) Definitions
Vehicle Segmentation

4. Regulations
UNECE- Reg. 79
Amendments to UNECE- Reg. 79
ISO 26262 (Part of IEC 61508)

5. Steering System Requirements for Autonomous Driving
Fail-safe System versus Fail-operational System
Migration from Fail-safe to Fail-operation Steering System
Future Steering System Development with Driver Out-of-the-Loop

6. Loss-of-Assist Mitigation
Loss-of-Assist Mitigation Solutions
Approaches to Mitigate Loss-of-Power Steering Assist

7. Mega Trends Impacting Steering Technology and Wheel
Roadmap of Automated Driving Systems by Region
Roadmap of Active and Passive Safety Systems
Mega Trends Influencing Steering Technology and Wheel
Car Cockpits and Cabins of the Future-Top 5 Mega Trends

8. Impact of Autonomous Driving on Steering Module
Enabling Technologies for Autonomous Driving
SbW, Autonomous Driving and Electric Vehicles
Steering Wheel-Concepts of the Future

9. Steer-by-Wire
Comparison of SbW Systems
SbW-Future System Architecture
Effects of Autonomous Driving on SbW

10. Future Steering Systems
Migration of Steering System Requirements and Automation Levels
Future Scenarios For Autonomous Driving Deployment
Hybrid Steering Systems
Case Study-Jaguar’s take-with-you Smart Steering Wheel Concept
Case Study-VW’s Retractable Steering Wheel Concept

11. Growth Opportunities and Companies to Action
Growth Opportunity-Investments and Partnerships from OEMs/TSPs
Strategic Imperatives for Success and Growth

12. Conclusions and Future Outlook
The Last Word-3 Big Predictions
Legal Disclaimer

13. Appendix
Abbreviations and Acronyms Used
Market Engineering Methodology

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  • Acura
  • Aisin
  • Audi
  • Bentley
  • BMW
  • Bosch Steering
  • Cadilac
  • Ferrari
  • Ford
  • Honda
  • Infiniti
  • Lamborghini
  • Lincoln
  • Mercedes Benz
  • Nissan
  • NTN Global
  • Porsche
  • Renault
  • ThyssenKrupp Presta
  • VW
  • ZF-TRW
Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown