The aim of this study is to research, analyze, and represent the particulate emission control strategies of key global OEMs for powertrain technologies in vehicles with direct injected gasoline engines. The prime objectives of this study are:
- Providing a strategic overview of the European and North American powertrain approaches for PM emission reduction;
- Discussing the role of combustion optimization technologies, fuel system changes, particulate filters, and other technologies for PM reduction and their relative significance at different OEMs;
- Listing key technology trends, market drivers, restraints, and challenges for PM reduction systems covered as part of this study; emphasizing the effectiveness of these systems as an emission reduction technology, discussing the suitability of these under different applications;
- Profiling OEMs, including their PM control approaches for GDI engines in the current and future portfolio, technology preferences, technology, and development strategies.
The PM reduction target for OEMs will get more stringent with stronger air quality control measures and testing procedures. An analysis of the technology adoption roadmaps of major OEMs reveals that manufacturers such as PSA, Renault-Nissan, Toyota, and Ford are likely to meet their targets, whereas other OEMs such as Daimler, BMW, and Hyundai will have to expand their strategies to meet these norms. In-cylinder optimization includes modifications of fuel systems, software improvements, as well as fuel composition. Major OEMs-BMW, Ford, Honda, Nissan, and Daimler are adopting in-cylinder optimization in parallel with exhaust treatments to reduce PM emissions. Changing from New European Driving Cycle (NEDC) to Worldwide Harmonized Light Vehicle Test Procedure (WLTP) is currently a big hurdle for OEMs to attain reduced emissions and enhanced performance. WLTP test cycles would begin to phase in into the automotive market and OEMs will look to implement cheaper and innovative technologies that would help the use of WLTP cycles.
Key Issues Addressed:
- What are the various technological strategies being pursued for PM reduction in GDI engines?
- What impact do the newer emission regulations have on the future of powertrain technologies?
- How will these technologies penetrate different segments in key global OEM line-ups for Europe and North America?
- What are the advantages and considerations (e.g., cost of system, integration issues, PM emission levels and efficiency gain) that OEMs weigh before adopting PM emission control systems?
- What are the PM reduction strategies of key OEMs in Europe and North America and what are their preferred technologies?
- What are the pertinent indices to measure the performance of these systems?
- How will these systems evolve over the coming years to meet future regulations?
1. Executive Summary
- Executive Summary-Key Findings
- Executive Summary-Global Schedule for Implementation of Emission Regulations
- Executive Summary-Comparative Analysis of OEMs Strategies
- Executive Summary-Key Regional Highlights and Outlook
- Executive Summary-Market Engineering Measurements
- Executive Summary-Strategy for PN Reduction
2. Introduction-Background, Scope, Methodology, Objectives
- Research Scope
- Research Aims and Objectives
- Key Questions This Study Will Answer
- Research Methodology
- Key OEM/Participant Groups Compared in This Study
- Roadmap of Key Gasoline Technologies for Euro Emission Compliance
3. Particulate Emission Control Strategies
- Market Engineering Measurements
- Strategies for PM Reduction-Fuel Systems
- Strategies for PM Reduction-Turbocharging
- Strategies for PM Reduction-HCCI
- Strategies for PM Reduction-Matching Spray Pattern to Combustion Chamber
- Strategies for PM Reduction-Gasoline Particulate Filter
- Strategies for PM Reduction-Software Improvements
- Strategies for PM Reduction-Engine Retrofitting
- Strategies for PM Reduction-Fuel Composition
- Strategies for PM Reduction-Dual Injection System
4. OEM Global Trends
- North America and Europe-Turbocharged GDI Engine Market Share
- Europe and North America-GPF Forecast by Region
- Europe and North America-GPF Forecast for OEMS
- Global Adoption and Research on HCCI Engines
5. OEM Profiles
- OEM in Focus-Volkswagen Group
- OEM in Focus-BMW Group
- OEM in Focus-PSA Group
- OEM in Focus-Ford Group
- OEM in Focus-Honda Group
- OEM in Focus-Renault Nissan Group
- OEM in Focus-Daimler Group
- OEM in Focus-Hyundai-Kia Group
- OEM in Focus-FCA Group
- OEM in Focus-Toyota Group
- OEM in Focus-General Motors Group
6. Growth Opportunities and Companies to Action
- Growth Opportunity
- Strategic Imperatives for PM Emission Control
- Key Conclusions and Future Outlook
- Legal Disclaimer
- Expansion of Abbreviations