′Community′ conveys the image of a warm and comfortable place, like a fireplace at which we warm our hands on a frosty day. Out there, in the street, all sorts of dangers lie in ambush; in here, in the community, we can relax and feel safe. ′Community′ stands for the kind of world which we long to inhabit but which is not, regrettably, available to us. Today ′community′ is another name for paradise lost – but for a paradise which we still hope to find, as we feverishly search for the roads that may lead us there.
But there is a price to be paid for the privilege of being in a community. Community promises security but seems to deprive us of freedom, of the right to be ourselves. Security and freedom are two equally precious and coveted values which could be balanced to some degree, but hardly ever fully reconciled. The tension between security and freedom, and between community and individuality, is unlikely ever to be resolved. We cannot escape the dilemma but we can take stock of the opportunities and the dangers, and at least try to avoid repeating past errors.
In this important new book, Zygmunt Bauman takes stock of these opportunities and dangers and, in his distinctive and brilliant fashion, offers a much–needed reappraisal of a concept that has become central to current debates about the nature and future of our societies.
An Overture, or Welcome to Elusive Community 1
1 The Agony of Tantalus 7
2 Rerooting the Uprooted 21
3 Times of Disengagement, or the Great Transformation Mark Two 39
4 Secession of the Successful 50
5 Two Sources of Communalism 58
6 Right to Recognition, Right to Redistribution 74
7 From Equality to Multiculturalism 89
8 The Bottom Line: the Ghetto 110
9 Many Cultures, One Humanity? 124