The Global Market for Carbon Nanomaterials: Carbon Nanotubes, Graphene, 2D Materials and Nanodiamonds - Product Image

The Global Market for Carbon Nanomaterials: Carbon Nanotubes, Graphene, 2D Materials and Nanodiamonds

  • ID: 4460425
  • Report
  • Region: Global
  • 1000 Pages
  • Future Markets, Inc
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This is a golden era for nanostructured carbon materials research. Graphitic carbon materials such as carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and graphene are the strongest, lightest and most conductive fibres known to man, with a performance-per-weight greater than any other material. In direct competition in a number of markets, they are complementary in others.

Once the most promising of all nanomaterials, CNTs face stiff competition in conductive applications from graphene and other 2D materials and in mechanically enhanced composites from nanocellulose. However, after considerable research efforts, numerous multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs)-enhanced products are commercially available. Super-aligned CNT arrays, films and yarns have found applications in consumer electronics, batteries, polymer composites, aerospace, sensors, heaters, filters and biomedicine.

Large-scale industrial production of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) has been initiated, promising new market opportunities in transparent conductive films, transistors, sensors and memory devices. SWNTs are regarded as one of the most promising candidates to utilized as building blocks in next generation electronics.

Two-dimensional(2D) materials are currently one of the most active areas of nanomaterials research, and offer a huge opportunity for both fundamental studies and practical applications, including superfast, low-power, flexible and wearable electronics, sensors, photonics and electrochemical energy storage devices that will have an immense impact on our society.

Graphene is a ground-breaking two-dimensional (2D) material that possesses extraordinary electrical and mechanical properties that promise a new generation of innovative devices. New methods of scalable synthesis of high-quality graphene, clean delamination transfer and device integration have resulted in the commercialization of state-of-the-art electronics such as graphene touchscreens in smartphones and flexible RF devices on plastics.

Beyond graphene, emerging elementary 2D materials such as transition metal dichalcogenides, group V systems including phosphorene, and related isoelectronic structures will potentially allow for flexible electronics and field-effect transistors that exhibit ambipolar transport behaviour with either a direct band-gap or greater gate modulation.

Nanodiamonds (NDs), also called detonation diamonds (DND) or ultradispersed diamonds (UDD), are relatively easy and inexpensive to produce, and have moved towards large-scale commercialization due to their excellent mechanical, thermal properties and chemical stability.

This 1000 page report on the carbon nanotubes, graphene and 2D materials and nanodiamonds market is by far the most comprehensive and authoritative report produced.

  • Production volumes, estimated to 2027
  • Commercialization timelines and technology trends
  • Carbon nanotubes and graphene products, now and planned
  • Comparative analysis of carbon nanotubes and graphene
  • Assessment of carbon nanomaterials market including production volumes, competitive landscape, commercial prospects, applications, demand by market and region, commercialization timelines, prices and producer profiles.
  • Assessment of end user markets for carbon nanomaterials including market drivers and trends, applications, market opportunity, market challenges and application and product developer profiles.
  • Unique assessment tools for the carbon nanomaterials market, end user applications, economic impact, addressable markets and market challenges to provide the complete picture of where the real opportunities in carbon nanomaterials are.
  • Company profiles of carbon nanotubes, graphene, 2D materials and nanodiamonds producers and product developers, including products, target markets and contact details.
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1 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
1.1 Carbon nanomaterials market rating system
1.2 Commercial impact rating system
1.3 Market challenges impact rating system

2 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
2.1 CARBON NANOTUBES
2.1.1 Exceptional properties
2.1.2 Products and applications
2.1.3 Competition from graphene
2.1.4 Production
2.1.4.1 Multi-walled nanotube (MWNT) production
2.1.4.2 Single-walled nanotube (SWNT) production
2.1.5 Global demand for carbon nanotubes
2.1.5.1 Current products
2.1.5.2 Future products
2.1.6 Market drivers and trends
2.1.6.1 Electronics
2.1.6.2 Electric vehicles and lithium-ion batteries
2.1.7 Market and production challenges
2.1.7.1 Safety issues
2.1.7.2 Dispersion
2.1.7.3 Synthesis and supply quality
2.1.7.4 Cost
2.1.7.5 Competition from other materials
2.2 2D MATERIALS
2.3 GRAPHENE
2.3.1 The market in 2016
2.3.2 The market in 2017
2.3.3 Production
2.3.4 Products
2.3.5 Graphene investments 2016-2017
2.3.6 Market outlook for 2018
2.3.7 Global funding and initiatives
2.3.8 Products and applications
2.3.9 Production
2.3.10 Market drivers and trends
2.3.10.1 Production exceeds demand
2.3.10.2 Market revenues remain small
2.3.10.3 Scalability and cost
2.3.10.4 Applications hitting the market
2.3.10.5 Wait and see?
2.3.10.6 Asia and US lead the race
2.3.10.7 China commercializing at a fast rate
2.3.10.8 Competition from other materials
2.3.11 Market and technical challenges
2.3.11.1 Inconsistent supply quality
2.3.11.2 Functionalization and dispersion
2.3.11.3 Cost
2.3.11.4 Product integration
2.3.11.5 Regulation and standards
2.3.11.6 Lack of a band gap
2.3.12 Key players
2.3.12.1 Asia-Pacific
2.3.12.2 North America
2.3.12.3 Europe

3 CARBON NANOMATERIALS OVERVIEW
3.1 Properties of nanomaterials
3.2 Categorization
3.3 CARBON NANOTUBES
3.3.1 Multi-walled nanotubes (MWNT)
3.3.1.1 Properties
3.3.1.2 Applications
3.3.2 Single-wall carbon nanotubes (SWNT)
3.3.2.1 Properties
3.3.2.2 Applications
3.3.2.3 Single-chirality
3.3.3 Comparison between MWNTs and SWNTs
3.3.4 Double-walled carbon nanotubes (DWNTs)
3.3.4.1 Properties
3.3.4.2 Applications
3.3.5 Few-walled carbon nanotubes (FWNTs)
3.3.5.1 Properties
3.3.5.2 Applications
3.3.6 Carbon Nanohorns (CNHs)
3.3.6.1 Properties
3.3.6.2 Applications
3.3.7 Carbon Onions
3.3.7.1 Properties
3.3.7.2 Applications
3.3.8 Fullerenes
3.3.8.1 Properties
3.3.8.2 Applications
3.3.9 Boron Nitride nanotubes (BNNTs)
3.3.9.1 Properties
3.3.9.2 Applications
3.4 Applications of carbon nanotubes
3.5 GRAPHENE
3.5.1 History
3.5.2 Forms of graphene
3.5.3 Properties
3.5.4 3D Graphene
3.5.5 Graphene Quantum Dots
3.5.5.1 Synthesis
3.5.5.2 Applications
3.5.5.3 Producers
3.6 NANODIAMONDS
3.6.1 Properties
3.7 OTHER 2-D MATERIALS
3.7.1 Black phosphorus/Phosphorene
3.7.1.1 Properties
3.7.1.2 Applications
3.7.2 C2N
3.7.2.1 Properties
3.7.2.2 Applications
3.7.3 Carbon nitride
3.7.3.1 Properties
3.7.3.2 Applications
3.7.4 Germanene
3.7.4.1 Properties
3.7.4.2 Applications
3.7.5 Graphdiyne
3.7.5.1 Properties
3.7.5.2 Applications
3.7.6 Graphane
3.7.6.1 Properties
3.7.6.2 Applications
3.7.7 Hexagonal boron nitride
3.7.7.1 Properties
3.7.7.2 Applications
3.7.7.3 Producers
3.7.8 Molybdenum disulfide (MoS2)
3.7.8.1 Properties
3.7.8.2 Applications
3.7.9 Rhenium disulfide (ReS2) and diselenide (ReSe2)
3.7.9.1 Properties
3.7.9.2 Applications
3.7.10 Silicene
3.7.10.1 Properties
3.7.10.2 Applications
3.7.11 Stanene/tinene
3.7.11.1 Properties
3.7.11.2 Applications
3.7.12 Tungsten diselenide
3.7.12.1 Properties
3.7.12.2 Applications
3.7.13 Comparative analysis of graphene and other 2-D nanomaterials

4 COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS GRAPHENE AND CARBON NANOTUBES
4.1 Comparative properties
4.2 Cost and production
4.3 Carbon nanotube-graphene hybrids

5 CARBON NANOTUBE SYNTHESIS

6 GRAPHENE SYNTHESIS

7 REGULATIONS AND STANDARDS
7.1 Standards
7.2 Europe
7.2.1 REACH
7.2.2 Biocidal Products Regulation
7.2.3 National nanomaterials registers
7.2.4 Cosmetics regulation
7.2.5 Food safety
7.3 United States
7.3.1 Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA)
7.4 Asia
7.4.1 Japan
7.4.2 South Korea
7.4.3 Taiwan
7.4.4 Australia
7.5 Workplace exposure

8 CARBON NANOTUBES PATENTS

9 GRAPHENE PATENTS
9.1 Fabrication processes
9.2 Academia
9.3 Regional leaders

10 CARBON NANOTUBES TECHNOLOGY READINESS LEVEL

11 GRAPHENE TECHNOLOGY READINESS LEVEL

12 CARBON NANOTUBES MARKET STRUCTURE

13 GRAPHENE MARKET STRUCTURE

14 CARBON NANOTUBES PRODUCTION ANALYSIS
14.1 Production volumes in metric tons, 2010-2027
14.2 Carbon nanotube producer production capacities
14.3 Regional demand for carbon nanotubes
14.3.1 Japan
14.3.2 China
14.4 Main carbon nanotubes producers
14.4.1 SWNT production
14.4.1.1 OCSiAl
14.4.1.2 FGV Cambridge Nanosystems
14.4.1.3 Zeon Corporation
14.5 Price of carbon nanotubes-MWNTs, SWNTs and FWNTs
14.5.1 MWNTs
14.5.2 SWNTs
14.6 APPLICATIONS

15 GRAHENE PRODUCTION ANALYSIS
15.1 Graphene production volumes 2010-2027
15.2 Graphene pricing
15.2.1 Pristine Graphene Flakes pricing
15.2.2 Few-Layer Graphene pricing
15.2.3 Graphene Nanoplatelets pricing
15.2.4 Reduced Graphene Oxide pricing
15.2.5 Graphene Quantum Dots pricing
15.2.6 Graphene Oxide Nanosheets pricing
15.2.7 Multilayer Graphene (MLG) pricing
15.2.8 Mass production of lower grade graphene materials
15.2.9 High grade graphene difficult to mass produce
15.2.10 Bulk supply
15.2.11 Commoditisation
15.3 Graphene producers and production capacities

16 NANODIAMONDS END USER MARKET ANALYSIS
16.1 Applications
16.2 Demand by market
16.3 Market challenges
16.4 Technology readiness level (TRL)
16.5 Production volumes in tons, 2010-2025
16.6 Production volumes, by region
16.7 Prices

17 CARBON NANOTUBES INDUSTRY NEWS 2013-2017

18 GRAPHENE INDUSTRY DEVELOPMENTS 2013-2018-INVESTMENTS, PRODUCTS AND PRODUCTION

19 END USER MARKET ANALYSIS FOR CARBON NANOMATERIALS
19.1 3D PRINTING
19.1.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
19.1.2 APPLICATIONS
19.1.3 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
19.1.4 MARKET CHALLENGES
19.1.5 PRODUCT DEVELOPERS
19.2 ADHESIVES
19.2.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
19.2.2 APPLICATIONS
19.2.3 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
19.2.4 MARKET CHALLENGES
19.2.5 PRODUCT DEVELOPERS
19.3 AEROSPACE AND AVIATION
19.3.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
19.3.2 APPLICATIONS
19.3.2.1 Composites
19.3.2.2 Coatings
19.3.3 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
19.3.4 MARKET CHALLENGES
19.3.5 PRODUCT DEVELOPERS
19.4 AUTOMOTIVE
19.4.1 MARKET DRIVER AND TRENDS
19.4.2 APPLICATIONS
19.4.2.1 Composites
19.4.2.2 Thermally conductive additives
19.4.2.3 Tires
19.4.2.4 Heat dissipation in electric vehicles
19.4.3 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
19.4.4 MARKET CHALLENGES
19.4.5 PRODUCT DEVELOPERS
19.5 COATINGS
19.5.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
19.5.1.1 Sustainability and regulation
19.5.1.2 Cost of corrosion
19.5.1.3 Improved hygiene
19.5.1.4 Cost of weather-related damage
19.5.2 APPLICATIONS
19.5.2.1 Anti-static coatings
19.5.2.2 Anti-corrosion coatings
19.5.2.3 Oil and gas
19.5.2.4 Marine
19.5.2.5 Anti-microbial
19.5.2.6 Anti-icing
19.5.2.7 Barrier coatings
19.5.2.8 Heat protection
19.5.2.9 Anti-fouling
19.5.2.10 Wear and abrasion resistance
19.5.2.11 Smart windows
19.5.3 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
19.5.3.1 Thermal barrier coatings
19.5.3.2 Barrier coatings
19.5.3.3 Anti-microbial coatings
19.5.3.4 De-icing or anti-icing coatings
19.5.3.5 Abrasion and wear resistant coatings
19.5.3.6 Anti-corrosion coatings
19.5.4 MARKET CHALLENGES
19.5.4.1 Dispersion
19.5.4.2 Production, scalability and cost
19.5.5 PRODUCT DEVELOPERS
19.6 COMPOSITES
19.6.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
19.6.2 APPLICATIONS
19.6.2.1 Polymer composites
19.6.2.2 Barrier packaging
19.6.2.3 Electrostatic discharge (ESD) and electromagnetic interference (EMI) shielding
19.6.2.4 Wind turbines
19.6.2.5 Ballistic protection
19.6.3 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
19.6.4 MARKET CHALLENGES
19.6.5 PRODUCT DEVELOPERS
19.7 ELECTRONICS
19.7.1 FLEXIBLE ELECTRONICS, CONDUCTIVE FILMS AND DISPLAYS
19.7.1.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
19.7.1.2 APPLICATIONS
19.7.1.3 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
19.7.1.4 MARKET CHALLENGES
19.7.1.5 Competing materials
19.7.1.6 PRODUCT DEVELOPERS
19.7.2 CONDUCTIVE INKS
19.7.2.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
19.7.2.2 APPLICATIONS
19.7.2.3 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
19.7.2.4 MARKET CHALLENGES
19.7.2.5 PRODUCT DEVELOPERS
19.7.3 TRANSISTORS, INTEGRATED CIRCUITS AND OTHER COMPONENTS
19.7.3.1 APPLICATIONS
19.7.3.2 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
19.7.3.3 MARKET CHALLENGES
19.7.3.4 PRODUCT DEVELOPERS
19.7.4 MEMORY DEVICES
19.7.4.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
19.7.4.2 APPLICATIONS
19.7.4.3 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
19.7.4.4 MARKET CHALLENGES
19.7.4.5 PRODUCT DEVELOPERS
19.7.5 PHOTONICS
19.7.5.1 MARKET DRIVERS
19.7.5.2 APPLICATIONS
19.7.5.3 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
19.7.5.4 MARKET CHALLENGES
19.7.6 PRODUCT DEVELOPERS
19.8 ENERGY STORAGE AND CONVERSION
19.8.1 BATTERIES
19.8.1.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
19.8.1.2 APPLICATIONS
19.8.1.3 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
19.8.1.4 MARKET CHALLENGES
19.8.2 SUPERCAPACITORS
19.8.2.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
19.8.2.2 APPLICATIONS
19.8.2.3 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
19.8.2.4 MARKET CHALLENGES
19.8.3 PHOTOVOLTAICS
19.8.3.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
19.8.3.2 APPLICATIONS
19.8.3.3 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
19.8.3.4 MARKET CHALLENGES
19.8.4 FUEL CELLS AND HYDROGEN STORAGE
19.8.4.1 MARKET DRIVERS
19.8.4.2 APPLICATIONS
19.8.4.3 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
19.8.4.4 MARKET CHALLENGES
19.8.4.5 PRODUCT DEVELOPERS
19.9 LED LIGHTING AND UVC
19.9.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
19.9.2 PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS
19.9.2.1 Flexible OLED lighting
19.9.3 GLOBAL MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
19.9.4 MARKET CHALLENGES
19.9.5 PRODUCT DEVELOPERS
19.10 FILTRATION AND SEPARATION
19.10.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
19.10.2 APPLICATIONS
19.10.3 Water filtration
19.10.4 Gas separation
19.10.5 Photocatalytic absorbents
19.10.6 Air filtration
19.10.7 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
19.10.8 MARKET CHALLENGES
19.10.9 PRODUCT DEVELOPERS
19.11 LIFE SCIENCES AND MEDICAL
19.11.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
19.11.2 APPLICATIONS
19.11.2.1 Cancer therapy
19.11.2.2 Medical implants and devices
19.11.2.3 Wound dressings
19.11.2.4 Biosensors
19.11.2.5 Medical imaging
19.11.2.6 Tissue engineering
19.11.2.7 Dental
19.11.2.8 Electrophysiology
19.11.2.9 Wearable and mobile health monitoring
19.11.3 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
19.11.3.1 Wearable healthcare
19.11.4 MARKET CHALLENGES
19.11.5 PRODUCT DEVELOPERS
19.12 LUBRICANTS
19.12.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
19.12.2 APPLICATIONS
19.12.3 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
19.12.4 MARKET CHALLENGES
19.12.5 PRODUCT DEVELOPERS
19.13 OIL AND GAS
19.13.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
19.13.2 APPLICATIONS
19.13.2.1 Sensing and reservoir management
19.13.2.2 Coatings
19.13.2.3 Drilling fluids
19.13.2.4 Sorbent materials
19.13.2.5 Catalysts
19.13.2.6 Separation
19.13.3 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
19.13.4 MARKET CHALLENGES
19.13.5 PRODUCT DEVELOPERS
19.14 RUBBER AND TIRES
19.14.1 APPLICATIONS
19.14.2 GLOBAL MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
19.14.3 MARKET CHALLENGES
19.14.4 PRODUCT DEVELOPERS
19.15 SENSORS
19.15.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
19.15.2 APPLICATIONS
19.15.2.1 Infrared (IR) sensors
19.15.2.2 Electrochemical and gas sensors
19.15.2.3 Pressure sensors
19.15.2.4 Biosensors
19.15.2.5 Optical sensors
19.15.2.6 Humidity sensors
19.15.2.7 Strain sensors
19.15.2.8 Acoustic sensors
19.15.2.9 Wireless sensors
19.15.2.10 Surface enhanced Raman scattering
19.15.3 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
19.15.4 MARKET CHALLENGES
19.15.4.1 Selectivity
19.15.4.2 Scaling and manufacturing
19.15.4.3 Sensor recovery
19.15.5 PRODUCT DEVELOPERS
19.16 SMART TEXTILES AND APPAREL
19.16.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
19.16.2 APPLICATIONS
19.16.3 Conductive coatings
19.16.4 Conductive yarns
19.16.5 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
19.16.6 MARKET CHALLENGES
19.16.7 PRODUCT DEVELOPERS

20. CARBON NANOTUBES PRODUCERS AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS

21. GRAPHENE PRODUCERS

22. GRAPHENE PRODUCT AND APPLICATION DEVELOPERS

23. NANODIAMONDS PRODUCERS

24. REFERENCES

LIST OF TABLES
Table 1: Market summary for carbon nanotubes-Selling grade particle diameter, usage, advantages, average price/ton, high volume applications, low volume applications and novel applications
Table 2: Properties of CNTs and comparable materials
Table 3: Market opportunity assessment for CNTs in order of opportunity from high to low
Table 4: Annual production capacity of MWNT producers 2017
Table 5: SWNT producers production capacities 2017
Table 6: Production volumes of MWNTs (tons), 2010-2027
Table 7: Competitive analysis of Carbon nanotubes and graphene by application area and potential impact by 2027
Table 8: Demand for graphene (tons), 2010-2027
Table 9: Consumer products incorporating graphene
Table 10: Graphene investments and financial agreements 2017
Table 11: Market opportunity assessment matrix for graphene applications
Table 12: Graphene target markets-Applications and potential addressable market size
Table 13: Main graphene producers by country and annual production capacities
Table 14: Categorization of nanomaterials
Table 15: Properties of carbon nanotubes
Table 16: Applications of multi-walled carbon nanotubes
Table 17: Markets, benefits and applications of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes
Table 18: Comparison between single-walled carbon nanotubes and multi-walled carbon nanotubes
Table 19: Markets, benefits and applications of fullerenes
Table 20: Applications of carbon nanotubes
Table 21: Properties of graphene
Table 22: Comparison of graphene QDs and semiconductor QDs
Table 23: Graphene quantum dot producers
Table 24: Market summary for nanodiamonds-Selling grade particle diameter, usage, advantages, average price/ton, high volume applications, low volume applications and novel applications
Table 25: Electronic and mechanical properties of monolayer phosphorene, graphene and MoS2
Table 26: Markets and applications of phosphorene
Table 27: Markets and applications of C2N
Table 28: Markets and applications of hexagonal boron-nitride
Table 29: Markets and applications of graphdiyne
Table 30: Markets and applications of graphane
Table 31: Markets and applications of hexagonal boron-nitride
Table 32: Markets and applications of MoS2
Table 33: Markets and applications of Rhenium disulfide (ReS2) and diselenide (ReSe2)
Table 34: Markets and applications of silicene
Table 35: Markets and applications of stanene/tinene
Table 36: Markets and applications of tungsten diselenide
Table 37: Comparative analysis of graphene and other 2-D nanomaterials
Table 38: Comparative properties of carbon materials
Table 39: Comparative properties of graphene with nanoclays and carbon nanotubes
Table 40: SWNT synthesis methods
Table 41: Large area graphene films-Markets, applications and current global market
Table 42: Graphene oxide flakes/graphene nanoplatelets-Markets, applications and current global market
Table 43: Main production methods for graphene
Table 44: Large area graphene films-Markets, applications and current global market
Table 45: Graphene synthesis methods, by company
Table 46: National nanomaterials registries in Europe
Table 47: Nanomaterials regulatory bodies in Australia
Table 48: Top ten countries based on number of nanotechnology patents in USPTO 2014-2015
Table 49: Published patent publications for graphene, 2004-2014
Table 50: Leading graphene patentees
Table 51: Industrial graphene patents in 2014
Table 52: Carbon nanotubes market structure
Table 53: Graphene market structure
Table 54: Production volumes of carbon nanotubes (tons), 2010-2027
Table 55: Annual production capacity of MWNT producers
Table 56: SWNT producer’s production capacities 2016
Table 57: Example carbon nanotubes prices
Table 58: Markets, benefits and applications of Carbon Nanotubes
Table 59: Global production of graphene, 2010-2027 in tons/year. Base year for projections is 2015
Table 60: Types of graphene and prices
Table 61: Pristine graphene flakes pricing by producer
Table 62: Few-layer graphene pricing by producer
Table 63: Graphene nanoplatelets pricing by producer
Table 64: Reduced graphene oxide pricing, by producer
Table 65: Graphene quantum dots pricing by producer
Table 66: Graphene oxide nanosheets pricing by producer
Table 67: Multi-layer graphene pricing by producer
Table 68: Production capacities of graphene producers, current and planned, metric tons
Table 69: Markets, benefits and applications of nanodiamonds
Table 70: Production volumes of nanodiamonds (tons), 2010-2027
Table 71: Example prices of nanodiamonds
Table 72: Market drivers for use of carbon nanomaterials in 3D printing
Table 73: Graphene properties relevant to application in 3D printing
Table 74: Applications and benefits of carbon nanomaterials in 3D printing
Table 75: Market size for carbon nanomaterials in 3D printing
Table 76: Market opportunity assessment for CNTs in 3D printing
Table 77: Market opportunity assessment for graphene in 3D printing
Table 78: Market challenges for carbon nanomaterials in 3D printing
Table 79: Market challenges rating for carbon nanomaterials in the 3D printing market
Table 80: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the 3D printing industry
Table 81: Graphene product and application developers in the 3D printing industry
Table 82: Market drivers for use of carbon nanomaterials in adhesives
Table 83: Graphene properties relevant to application in adhesives
Table 84: Applications and benefits of carbon nanomaterials in adhesives
Table 85: Market size for carbon nanomaterials in adhesives
Table 86: Market opportunity assessment for CNTs in adhesives
Table 87: Market opportunity assessment for graphene in adhesives
Table 88: Market challenges rating for carbon nanomaterials in the adhesives market
Table 89: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the adhesives industry
Table 90: Graphene product and application developers in the adhesives industry
Table 91: Market drivers for use of carbon nanomaterials in aerospace
Table 92: Applications and benefits of CNTs in aerospace
Table 93: Applications in aerospace composites, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
Table 94: Types of nanocoatings utilized in aerospace and application
Table 95: Market size for carbon nanomaterials in aerospace
Table 96: Market opportunity assessment for CNTs in aerospace
Table 97: Market opportunity assessment for graphene in aerospace
Table 98: Market challenges rating for carbon nanomaterials in the aerospace market
Table 99: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the aerospace industry
Table 100: Graphene product and application developers in the aerospace industry
Table 101: Market drivers for use of carbon nanomaterials in automotive
Table 102: Applications and benefits of carbon nanomaterials in automotive
Table 103: Market size for carbon nanomaterials in automotive
Table 104: Market opportunity assessment for CNTs in automotive
Table 105: Market opportunity assessment for graphene in the automotive industry
Table 106: Applications and commercialization challenges for carbon nanomaterials in the automotive market
Table 107: Market challenges rating for CNTs in the automotive market
Table 108: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the automotive market
Table 109: Graphene product and application developers in the automotive market
Table 110: Properties of nanocoatings
Table 111: Graphene properties relevant to application in coatings
Table 112: Markets for nanocoatings
Table 113: Market opportunity assessment for carbon nanomaterials in the coatings market
Table 114: Market challenges rating for carbon nanomaterials in the coatings market
Table 115: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the coatings industry
Table 116: Graphene product and application developers in the coatings industry
Table 117: Market drivers for use of carbon nanomaterials in composites
Table 118: Comparative properties of polymer composites reinforcing materials
Table 119: Applications and benefits of carbon nanomaterials in composites
Table 120: Market size for carbon nanomaterials in composites
Table 121: Market opportunity assessment for CNTs in composites
Table 122: Market opportunity assessment for graphene in composites
Table 123: Applications and commercialization challenges for carbon nanomaterials in composites
Table 124: Market challenges rating for carbon nanomaterials in the composites market
Table 125: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the composites market
Table 126: Graphene product and application developers in the composites market
Table 127: Market drivers for use of carbon nanomaterials in flexible electronics and conductive films
Table 128: Applications and benefits of carbon nanomaterials in flexible electronics and conductive films
Table 129: Comparison of ITO replacements
Table 130: Wearable electronics devices and stage of development
Table 131: Graphene properties relevant to application in sensors
Table 132: Market size for carbon nanomaterials in flexible electronics and conductive films
Table 133: Market opportunity assessment for CNTs in flexible electronics, wearables, conductive films and displays
Table 134: Market opportunity assessment for graphene in flexible electronics, wearables, conductive films and displays
Table 135: Global market for wearable electronics, 2015-2027, by application, billions $
Table 136: Applications and commercialization challenges for CNTs in flexible electronics and conductive films
Table 137: Market challenges rating for carbon nanomaterials in the flexible electronics and conductive films market
Table 138: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in transparent conductive films and displays
Table 139: Graphene product and application developers in transparent conductive films
Table 140: Market drivers for use of carbon nanomaterials in conductive inks
Table 141: Comparative properties of conductive inks
Table 142: Opportunities for advanced materials in printed electronics
Table 143: Applications in flexible and stretchable batteries, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
Table 144: Market opportunity assessment for graphene in conductive inks
Table 145: Market opportunity assessment for CNTs in conductive inks
Table 146: Conductive inks in the flexible and stretchable electronics market 2017-2027 revenue forecast (million $), by ink types
Table 147: Market challenges for carbon nanomaterials in conductive inks
Table 148: Market challenges rating for carbon nanomaterials in the conductive inks market
Table 149: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in conductive inks
Table 150: Graphene product and application developers in conductive inks
Table 151: Market drivers for carbon nanomaterials in transistors, integrated circuits and other components
Table 152: Applications and benefits of CNTs in transistors, integrated circuits and other components
Table 153: Comparative properties of silicon and graphene transistors
Table 154: Applications and benefits of graphene in transistors, integrated circuits and other components
Table 155: Market size for carbon nanomaterials in transistors, integrated circuits and other components
Table 156: Market opportunity assessment for CNTs in transistors, integrated circuits and other components
Table 157: Market opportunity assessment for graphene in transistors, integrated circuits and other components
Table 158: Market challenges rating for graphene in the transistors and integrated circuits market
Table 159: Applications and commercialization challenges for CNTs in the transistors, integrated circuits and other components market
Table 160: Market challenges rating for CNTs in the transistors, integrated circuits and other components market
Table 161: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in transistors, integrated circuits and other components
Table 162: Graphene product and application developers in transistors and integrated circuits
Table 163: Market drivers for use of carbon nanomaterials in memory devices
Table 164: Applications and benefits of CNTs in memory devices
Table 165: Market size for carbon nanomaterials in memory devices
Table 166: Market opportunity assessment for CNTs in memory devices
Table 167: Market challenges rating for carbon nanomaterials in the memory devices market
Table 168: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in memory devices
Table 169: Graphene product and application developers in memory devices
Table 170: Market drivers for use of carbon nanomaterials in photonics
Table 171: Applications and benefits of CNTs in photonics
Table 172: Graphene properties relevant to application in optical modulators
Table 173: Applications and benefits of graphene in photonics
Table 174: Market size for carbon nanomaterials in photonics
Table 175: Market challenges rating for carbon nanomaterials in the photonics market
Table 176: Graphene product and application developers in photonics
Table 177: Market drivers for use of carbon nanomaterials in batteries
Table 178: Applications and benefits of CNTs in batteries
Table 179: Applications in flexible and stretchable batteries, by materials type and benefits thereof
Table 180: Market size for carbon nanomaterials in batteries
Table 181: Potential addressable market for thin film, flexible and printed batteries
Table 182: Market opportunity assessment for graphene in batteries
Table 183: Market challenges in CNT batteries
Table 184: Market challenges rating for CNTs in the batteries market
Table 185: Market challenges rating for graphene in the batteries market
Table 186: Market drivers for use of carbon nanomaterials in supercapacitors
Table 187: Applications and benefits of CNTs in supercapacitors
Table 188: Comparative properties of graphene supercapacitors and lithium-ion batteries
Table 189: Applications and benefits of graphene in supercapacitors
Table 190: Properties of carbon materials in high-performance supercapacitors
Table 191: Applications in flexible and stretchable supercapacitors, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
Table 192: Market size for carbon nanomaterials in supercapacitors
Table 193: Market opportunity assessment for CNTs in supercapacitors
Table 194: Market opportunity assessment for graphene in supercapacitors
Table 195: Market challenges in supercapacitors
Table 196: Market challenges rating for CNTs in the supercapacitors market
Table 197: Market challenges rating for graphene in the supercapacitors market
Table 198: Market drivers for use of carbon nanomaterials in photovoltaics
Table 199: Applications and benefits of CNTs in photovoltaics
Table 200: Market size for carbon nanomaterials in photovoltaics
Table 201: Market size for CNTs in photovoltaics
Table 202: Market size for graphene in photovoltaics
Table 203: Potential addressable market for CNTs in photovoltaics
Table 204: Market challenges for CNTs in solar
Table 205: Market challenges rating for CNTs in the solar market
Table 206: Market challenges rating for graphene in the solar market
Table 207: Market drivers for use of carbon nanomaterials in fuel cells and hydrogen storage
Table 208: Electrical conductivity of different catalyst supports compared to carbon nanotubes
Table 209: Market size for carbon nanomaterials in fuel cells and hydrogen storage
Table 210: Market opportunity assessment for carbon nanomaterials in fuel cells and hydrogen storage
Table 211: Market challenges rating for carbon nanomaterials in the fuel cells and hydrogen storage market
Table 212: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the energy storage, conversion and exploration industries
Table 213: Graphene product and application developers in the energy storage and conversion industry
Table 214: Market drivers for use of carbon nanomaterials in LED lighting and UVC
Table 215: Applications of carbon nanomaterials in lighting
Table 216: Market size for carbon nanomaterials in LED lighting and UVC
Table 217: Investment opportunity assessment for carbon nanomaterials in the lighting market
Table 218: Market impediments for carbon nanomaterials in lighting
Table 219: Carbon nanomaterials product and application developers in the LED and UVC lighting market
Table 220: Market drivers for use of carbon nanomaterials in filtration
Table 221: Comparison of CNT membranes with other membrane technologies
Table 222: Applications and benefits of CNTs in filtration and separation
Table 223: Applications and benefits of graphene in filtration and separation
Table 224: Market size for carbon nanomaterials in filtration
Table 225: Market opportunity assessment for CNTs in filtration
Table 226: Market opportunity assessment for graphene in the filtration and separation market
Table 227: Market challenges for carbon nanomaterials in filtration
Table 228: Market challenges rating for carbon nanomaterials in the filtration market
Table 229: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the filtration industry
Table 230: Graphene product and application developers in the filtration industry
Table 231: Market drivers for use of carbon nanomaterials in the life sciences and medical market
Table 232: CNTs in life sciences and biomedicine
Table 233: Graphene properties relevant to application in biomedicine and healthcare
Table 234: Applications and benefits of carbon nanomaterials in life sciences and medical
Table 235: Applications in flexible and stretchable health monitors, by advanced materials type and benefits thereof
Table 236: Market size for carbon nanomaterials in life sciences and medical
Table 237: Potential addressable market for smart textiles and wearables in medical and healthcare
Table 238: Market opportunity assessment for graphene in biomedical & healthcare markets
Table 239: Market opportunity assessment for CNTs in life sciences and medical
Table 240: Applications and commercialization challenges for carbon nanomaterials in life sciences and medical
Table 241: Market challenges rating for carbon nanomaterials in the life sciences and medical
Table 242: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the medical and healthcare industry
Table 243: Graphene product and application developers in the biomedical and healthcare industry
Table 244: Market drivers for use of carbon nanomaterials in lubricants
Table 245: Applications of graphene in the lubricants market
Table 246: Applications of carbon nanotubes in lubricants
Table 247: Applications in lubricants, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
Table 248: Market size for carbon nanomaterials in lubricants
Table 249: Market opportunity assessment for CNTs in lubricants
Table 250: Market opportunity assessment for graphene in lubricants
Table 251: Market challenges rating for carbon nanomaterials in the lubricants market
Table 252: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the lubricants industry
Table 253: Graphene product and application developers in the lubricants industry
Table 254: Market drivers for carbon nanomaterials in oil and gas
Table 255: Applications of graphene in the oil and gas market
Table 256: Market summary and revenues for carbon nanomaterials in the oil and gas market
Table 257: Investment opportunity assessment for CNTs in the oil and gas market
Table 258: Investment opportunity assessment for graphene in the oil and gas market
Table 259: Market challenges rating for carbon nanomaterials in the oil and gas exploration market
Table 260: Carbon nanomaterial product and application developers in the oil and gas market
Table 261: Applications of carbon nanomaterials in rubber and tires
Table 262: Market summary and revenues for carbon nanomaterials in the rubber and tires market
Table 263: Investment opportunity assessment for carbon nanomaterials in the rubber and tires market
Table 264: Market challenges for carbon nanomaterials in rubber and tires
Table 265: Companies developing graphene-based products in rubber and tires
Table 266: Market drivers for use of carbon nanomaterials in sensors
Table 267: Applications and benefits of CNTs in sensors
Table 268: Applications and benefits of graphene in sensors
Table 269: Graphene properties relevant to application in sensors
Table 270: Comparison of ELISA (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) and graphene biosensor
Table 271: Market size for carbon nanomaterials in sensors
Table 272: Market opportunity assessment for CNTs in sensors
Table 273: Market opportunity assessment for graphene in the sensors market
Table 274: Market challenges rating for graphene in the sensors market
Table 275: Market challenges for CNTs in sensors
Table 276: Market challenges rating for CNTs in the sensors market
Table 277: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the sensors industry
Table 278: Graphene product and application developers in the sensors industry
Table 279: Types of smart textiles
Table 280: Smart textile products
Table 281: Market drivers for use of carbon nanomaterials in smart textiles and apparel
Table 282: Desirable functional properties for the textiles industry afforded by the use of nanomaterials
Table 283: Applications and benefits of CNTs in textiles and apparel
Table 284: Applications and benefits of graphene in textiles and apparel
Table 285: Global smart clothing, interactive fabrics and apparel market
Table 286: Market opportunity assessment for CNTs in smart textiles and apparel
Table 287: Market opportunity assessment for graphene in smart textiles and apparel
Table 288: Applications and commercialization challenges for carbon nanomaterials in smart textiles and apparel
Table 289: Market challenges rating for CNTs in the smart textiles and apparel market
Table 290: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the textiles industry
Table 291: Graphene product and application developers in the textiles industry
Table 292: CNT producers and companies they supply/licence to
Table 293: Graphene producers and types produced
Table 294: Graphene producers target market matrix
Table 295: Graphene industrial collaborations, licence agreements and target markets
Table 296: Graphene product developers and end users target market matrix

LIST OF FIGURES
Figure 1: Molecular structures of SWNT and MWNT
Figure 2: The SGCNT synthesis method
Figure 3: Production capacities for SWNTs in kilograms, 2005-2017
Figure 4: Global demand for MWNTs (tons), 2010-2027
Figure 5: Graphene production capacity, current and planned
Figure 6: Demand for graphene, 2010-2027
Figure 7: Vittoria bike tires incorporating graphene
Figure 8: Demand for graphene, by market, 2027
Figure 9: Global government funding for graphene in millions USD to 2017
Figure 10: Global consumption of graphene 2016, by region
Figure 11: 15-inch single-layer graphene sheet being prepared in the Chongqing Institute of Green and Intelligent Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Figure 12: Schematic of single-walled carbon nanotube
Figure 13: TIM sheet developed by Zeon Corporation
Figure 14: Double-walled carbon nanotube bundle cross-section micrograph and model
Figure 15: Schematic representation of carbon nanohorns
Figure 16: TEM image of carbon onion
Figure 17: Fullerene schematic
Figure 18: Schematic of Boron Nitride nanotubes (BNNTs). Alternating B and N atoms are shown in blue and red
Figure 19: Graphene layer structure schematic
Figure 20: Graphite and graphene
Figure 21: Graphene and its descendants: top right: graphene; top left: graphite = stacked graphene; bottom right: nanotube=rolled graphene; bottom left: fullerene=wrapped graphene
Figure 22: Schematic of (a) CQDs and (c) GQDs. HRTEM images of (b) C-dots and (d) GQDs showing combination of zigzag and armchair edges (positions marked as 1-4)
Figure 23: Green-fluorescing graphene quantum dots
Figure 24: Graphene quantum dots
Figure 25: Black phosphorus structure
Figure 26: Structural difference between graphene and C2N-h2D crystal: (a) graphene; (b) C2N-h2D crystal
Figure 27: Schematic of germanene
Figure 28: Graphdiyne structure
Figure 29: Schematic of Graphane crystal
Figure 30: Structure of hexagonal boron nitride
Figure 31: Structure of 2D molybdenum disulfide
Figure 32: Atomic force microscopy image of a representative MoS2 thin-film transistor
Figure 33: Schematic of the molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) thin-film sensor with the deposited molecules that create additional charge
Figure 34: Schematic of a monolayer of rhenium disulphide
Figure 35: Silicene structure
Figure 36: Monolayer silicene on a silver (111) substrate
Figure 37: Silicene transistor
Figure 38: Crystal structure for stanene
Figure 39: Atomic structure model for the 2D stanene on Bi2Te3(111)
Figure 40: Schematic of tungsten diselenide
Figure 41: Graphene can be rolled up into a carbon nanotube, wrapped into a fullerene, and stacked into graphite
Figure 42: Schematic representation of methods used for carbon nanotube synthesis (a) Arc discharge (b) Chemical vapor deposition (c) Laser ablation (d) hydrocarbon flames
Figure 43: Arc discharge process for CNTs
Figure 44: Schematic of thermal-CVD method
Figure 45: Schematic of plasma-CVD method
Figure 46: CoMoCAT® process
Figure 47: Schematic for flame synthesis of carbon nanotubes (a) premixed flame (b) counter-flow diffusion flame (c) co-flow diffusion flame (d) inverse diffusion flame
Figure 48: Schematic of laser ablation synthesis
Figure 49: Graphene synthesis methods
Figure 50: TEM micrographs of: A) HR-CNFs; B) GANF® HR-CNF, it can be observed its high graphitic structure; C) Unraveled ribbon from the HR-CNF; D) Detail of the ribbon; E) Scheme of the structure of the HR-CNFs; F) Large single graphene oxide sheets derived from GANF
Figure 51: Graphene nanoribbons grown on germanium
Figure 52: Methods of synthesizing high-quality graphene
Figure 53: Roll-to-roll graphene production process
Figure 54: Schematic of roll-to-roll manufacturing process
Figure 55: Microwave irradiation of graphite to produce single-layer graphene
Figure 56: Nanotechnology patent applications, 1991-2015
Figure 57: Share of nanotechnology related patent applications since 1972, by country
Figure 58: CNT patents filed 2000-2014
Figure 59: Published patent publications for graphene, 2004-2014
Figure 60: Technology Readiness Level (TRL) for Carbon Nanotubes
Figure 61: Technology Readiness Level (TRL) for graphene
Figure 62: Schematic of typical commercialization route for graphene producer
Figure 63: Global demand for carbon nanotubes (tons), 2010-2027
Figure 64: Demand for carbon nanotubes, by market in 2017, total
Figure 65: Demand for single-walled carbon nanotubes, by market, 2017
Figure 66: Demand for single-walled carbon nanotubes, by market, 2027
Figure 67: Production volumes of Carbon Nanotubes 2017, by region
Figure 68: Global market for graphene 2010-2027 in tons/year
Figure 69: Demand for nanodiamonds, by market
Figure 70: Technology Readiness Level (TRL) for nanodiamonds
Figure 71: Production volumes of nanodiamonds, 2010-2027
Figure 72: Production volumes of nanodiamonds 2017, by region
Figure 73: 3D Printed tweezers incorporating Carbon Nanotube Filament
Figure 74: Graphene Adhesives
Figure 75: Carbon nanotube Composite Overwrap Pressure Vessel (COPV) developed by NASA
Figure 76: Veelo carbon fiber nanotube sheet
Figure 77: HeatCoat CNT anti-icing coatings
Figure 78: Potential addressable market for carbon nanomaterials in aerospace
Figure 79: Graphene-based automotive components
Figure 80: Antistatic graphene tire
Figure 81: Schematic of CNTs as heat-dissipation sheets
Figure 82: Heat transfer coating developed at MIT
Figure 83: Water permeation through a brick without (left) and with (right) "graphene paint" coating
Figure 84: Four layers of graphene oxide coatings on polycarbonate
Figure 85: Global Paints and Coatings Market, share by end user market
Figure 86: Potential addressable market for carbon nanomaterials in the coatings market
Figure 87: CNT anti-icing coating for wind turbines
Figure 88: Potential addressable market for carbon nanomaterials in composites
Figure 89: Carbon nanotube thin-film transistors and integrated circuits on a flexible and transparent substrate
Figure 90: Moxi flexible film developed for smartphone application
Figure 91: Flexible graphene touch screen
Figure 92: Galapad Settler smartphone
Figure 93: 3D printed carbon nanotube sensor
Figure 94: Flexible organic light emitting diode (OLED) using graphene electrode
Figure 95: Graphene electrochromic devices. Top left: Exploded-view illustration of the graphene electrochromic device. The device is formed by attaching two graphene-coated PVC substrates face-to-face and filling the gap with a liquid ionic electrolyte
Figure 96: Flexible mobile phones with graphene transparent conductive film
Figure 97: Carbon nanotube-based color active matrix electrophoretic display (EPD) e-paper
Figure 98: Foldable graphene E-paper
Figure 99: Covestro wearables
Figure 100: Softceptor sensor
Figure 101: BeBop Media Arm Controller
Figure 102: LG Innotek flexible textile pressure sensor
Figure 103: C2Sense flexible sensor
Figure 104: Wearable gas sensor
Figure 105: BeBop Sensors Marcel Modular Data Gloves
Figure 106: BeBop Sensors Smart Helmet Sensor System
Figure 107: Torso and Extremities Protection (TEP) system
Figure 108: Potential addressable market for CNTs in flexible electronics, conductive films and displays
Figure 109: Global market for wearable electronics, 2015-2027, by application, billions $
Figure 110: Global transparent conductive electrodes market forecast by materials type, 2012-2027, millions $
Figure 111: Schematic of the wet roll-to-roll graphene transfer from copper foils to polymeric substrates
Figure 112: The transmittance of glass/ITO, glass/ITO/four organic layers, and glass/ITO/four organic layers/4-layer graphene
Figure 113: Nanotube inks
Figure 114: BGT Materials graphene ink product
Figure 115: Flexible RFID tag
Figure 116: Enfucell Printed Battery
Figure 117: Graphene printed antenna
Figure 118: Conductive inks in the flexible and stretchable electronics market 2017-2027 revenue forecast (million $), by ink types
Figure 119: Graphene IC in wafer tester
Figure 120: A monolayer WS2-based flexible transistor array
Figure 121: Emerging logic devices
Figure 122: Thin film transistor incorporating CNTs
Figure 123: Schematic cross-section of a graphene based transistor (GBT, left) and a graphene field-effect transistor (GFET, right)
Figure 124: Potential addressable market for carbon nanomaterials in transistors and integrated circuits
Figure 125: Carbon nanotubes NRAM chip
Figure 126: Stretchable SWCNT memory and logic devices for wearable electronics
Figure 127: Carbon nanotubes NRAM chip
Figure 128: Schematic of NRAM cell
Figure 129: Hybrid graphene phototransistors
Figure 130: Wearable health monitor incorporating graphene photodetectors
Figure 131: Flexible PEN coated with graphene and a QD thin film (20nm) is highly visibly transparent and photosensitive
Figure 132: The SkelStart Engine Start Module 2.0 based on the graphene-based SkelCap ultracapacitors
Figure 133: Energy densities and specific energy of rechargeable batteries
Figure 134: Nano Lithium X Battery
Figure 135: H600 concept car
Figure 136: Anion concept car
Figure 137: Skeleton Technologies ultracapacitor
Figure 138: Zapgo supercapacitor phone charger
Figure 139: Stretchable graphene supercapacitor
Figure 140: Suntech/TCNT nanotube frame module
Figure 141: Solar cell with nanowires and graphene electrode
Figure 142: Schematic illustration of the fabrication concept for textile-based dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) made by sewing textile electrodes onto cloth or paper
Figure 143: LG OLED flexible lighting panel
Figure 144: Flexible OLED incorporated into automotive headlight
Figure 145: Degradation of organic dye molecules by graphene hybrid composite photocatalysts
Figure 146: Graphene anti-smog mask
Figure 147: Graphene Frontiers’ Six™ chemical sensors consists of a field effect transistor (FET) with a graphene channel. Receptor molecules, such as DNA, are attached directly to the graphene channel
Figure 148: Graphene-Oxide based chip prototypes for biopsy-free early cancer diagnosis
Figure 149: Connected human body
Figure 150: Flexible, lightweight temperature sensor
Figure 151: Graphene-based E-skin patch
Figure 152: Smart e-skin system comprising health-monitoring sensors, displays, and ultra flexible PLEDs
Figure 153: Graphene medical patch
Figure 154: TempTraQ wearable wireless thermometer
Figure 155: Mimo baby monitor
Figure 156: Nanowire skin hydration patch
Figure 157: Wearable sweat sensor
Figure 158: GraphWear wearable sweat sensor
Figure 159: Global medical and healthcare smart textiles and wearables market, 2015-2027, billions $
Figure 160: Global medical and healthcare smart textiles and wearables market, 2015-2027, billions $
Figure 161: Schematic of boron doped graphene for application in gas sensors
Figure 162: Directa Plus Grafysorber
Figure 163: Nanometer-scale pores in single-layer freestanding graphene membrane can effectively filter NaCl salt from water
Figure 164: GFET sensors
Figure 165: First generation point of care diagnostics
Figure 166: Graphene Field Effect Transistor Schematic
Figure 167: Conductive yarns
Figure 168: Global smart clothing, interactive fabrics and apparel market 2013-2027 revenue forecast (million $)
Figure 169: Global smart clothing, interactive fabrics and apparel sales by market segment, 2016
Figure 170: Global market revenues for nanotech-enabled smart clothing and apparel 2014-2021, in US$, conservative estimate
Figure 171: Global market revenues for nanotech-enabled smart clothing and apparel 2014-2021, in US$, optimistic estimate

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