Signals Ahead: 5G Millimeter Wave Benchmark Study - Volume 1: Bending Light

  • ID: 4465629
  • Report
  • Region: Global
  • 70 Pages
  • Signals Research Group, LLC
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5G: The Greatest Show on Earth!

SRG conducted what it believes is the first independent benchmark study of an operator’s 5G network. For these tests, we used the Verizon Wireless 5GTF network in Houston, Texas where Samsung is the infrastructure supplier. Although the 5GTF specifications are not compatible with the 3GPP 5G NR specifications, we believe the performance characteristics of millimeter wave are very similar between the two sets of specifications.

Highlights of the Report include the following:

Thanks

We did this study with the support of Rohde & Schwarz, who provided us with its TSMA autonomous drive test scanner to collect the data. SRG takes full responsibility for the data collection and the analysis provided in the report.

Methodology

We used a combination of walk tests (omni antenna) and stationary tests (horn antenna) to collect the data. We tested in neighborhoods that we believed were under coverage of the macro cell sites. We also conducted stationary tests at select locations, including tests to evaluate the sensitivity of millimeter wave frequencies to foliage, ground clutter, distance, diffraction, and passing vehicles, for example.

Results

Millimeter wave signals are far more resilient than expected, even at distances exceeding several thousand feet. Tree foliage, passing school buses, buildings, glass, and parked cars impacted the received signal, but the resultant signals were still capable of delivering meaningful data rates. However, promising Gigabit data speeds to all homes may prove to be challenging, especially in the near-term.

A Must Read

This report is a "must read" for any organization interested in 5G millimeter wave performance and the promises of 5G.

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1.0 Executive Summary

2.0 Key Observations

3.0 Walk Test with Omni Antenna Data Analysis
3.1 Base of Tower Walk Test
3.2 Church Parking Lot Walk Test
3.3 Cul-de-sac Walk Test
3.4 Wildwood Park Lane Walk Test - Tower #2

4.0 Stationary Tests and Millimeter Wave Trick Shots
4.1 Church Parking Lot
4.2 Between Doughnut Shop and Motel
4.3 Motel Alcove
4.4 Cul-de-sac #1
4.5 Cul-de-sac #2 - LOS and NLOS
4.6 Cypress Creek Plaza - LOS and NLOS
4.7 Inside Taco Bar
4.8 Cypress Creek High School
4.9 Elementary School

5.0 Test Methodology

6.0 Final Thoughts

7.0 Appendix

List of Figures
Figure 1. Test Locations
Figure 2. Base of Tower #1 Walk Test - CINR Geo Plot
Figure 3. Base of Tower #1 Walk Test - RSRP Geo Plot
Figure 4. Base of Tower #1 Walk Test - CINR Distribution with RSRP Weighting
Figure 5. Base of Tower #1 Walk Test - RSRP Distribution with RSRP Weighting
Figure 6. Base of Tower #1 Walk Test - CINR Distribution with RSRQ Weighting
Figure 7. Base of Tower #1 Walk Test - RSRP Distribution with RSRQ Weighting
Figure 8. Estimated CPE Peak Data Rate - Base of Tower #1 Walk Test
Figure 9. Church Parking Lot #1 Walk Test - CINR Geo Plot
Figure 10. Church Parking Lot Walk Test - RSRP Geo Plot
Figure 11. Church Parking Lot Walk Test - CINR Distribution
Figure 12. Church Parking Lot Walk Test - RSRP Distribution
Figure 13. Estimated CPE Peak Data Rate - Church Parking Lot Walk Test
Figure 14. Cul-de-sac Walk Test - CINR Geo Plot
Figure 15. Cul-de-sac Walk Test - RSRP Geo Plot
Figure 16. Cul-de-sac Walk Test - CINR Distribution
Figure 17. Base of Tower #1 Walk Test - RSRP Distribution
Figure 18. CINR Geo Plot - Top 4 CINR versus Top 1 CINR
Figure 19. Estimated CPE Peak Data Rate Geo Plot - Cul-de-sac Walk
Figure 20. Wildwood Park Lane Walk Test - CINR Geo Plot
Figure 21. Wildwood Park Lane Walk Test - RSRP Geo Plot
Figure 22. Wildwood Park Lane Walk Test - CINR Distribution
Figure 23. Wildwood Park Lane Walk Test - RSRP Distribution
Figure 24. Estimated CPE Peak Data Rate Geo Plot - Wildwood Park Walk
Figure 25. Church Parking Lot with Line-of-Site - CINR Distribution
Figure 26. Church Parking Lot with Line-of-Site - RSRP Distribution
Figure 27. Non-Line-of-Site Illustration of Test Scenario
Figure 28. Church Parking Lot with Non-Line-of-Site - CINR Distribution
Figure 29. Church Parking Lot with Non-Line-of-Site - RSRP Distribution
Figure 30. Non-Line-of-Site Illustration of Test Scenario
Figure 31. Test Location #1 with Non-Line-of-Site - CINR Distribution
Figure 32. Test Location #1 with Non-Line-of-Site - RSRP Distribution
Figure 33. Non-Line-of-Site Illustration of Test Scenario
Figure 34. Test Location #2 with Non-Line-of-Site - CINR Distribution
Figure 35. Test Location #2 with Non-Line-of-Site - RSRP Distribution
Figure 36. Test Location #2 with Non-Line-of-Site Facing Motel - CINR Distribution
Figure 37. Test Location #2 with Non-Line-of-Site Facing Motel - RSRP Distribution
Figure 38. 2nd Floor Motel Walk Test Location
Figure 39. Exterior Motel Alcove First Floor Walk Test - CINR Geo Plot
Figure 40. Exterior Motel Alcove First Floor Walk Test - RSRP Geo Plot
Figure 41. Exterior Motel Alcove Second Floor Walk Test - CINR Geo Plot
Figure 42. Exterior Motel Alcove Second Floor Walk Test - RSRP Geo Plot
Figure 43. Estimated CPE Peak Data Rate Geo Plot - 2nd Floor Motel Walk
Figure 44. Line-of-Site Illustration of Test Scenario
Figure 45. Cul-de-sac #1 with Line-of-Site - CINR Distribution
Figure 46. Cul-de-sac #1 with Line-of-Site - RSRP Distribution
Figure 47. Cul-de-sac #1 with Line-of-Site - Beam Count Distribution
Figure 48. Non-Line-of-Site Illustration of Test Scenario
Figure 49. Cul-de-sac #1 with Non-Line-of-Site - CINR Distribution
Figure 50. Test Location #1 with Non-Line-of-Site - RSRP Distribution
Figure 51. Cul-de-sac #1 with Non-Line-of-Site - Beam Count Distribution
Figure 52. Line-of-Site and Non-Line-of-Site Illustration of Test Scenario
Figure 53. Cul-de-sac #2 with Line-of-Site - CINR Distribution
Figure 54. Cul-de-sac #2 with Line-of-Site - RSRP Distribution
Figure 55. Cul-de-sac #2 with Foliage - CINR Distribution
Figure 56. Cul-de-sac #2 with Foliage - RSRP Distribution
Figure 57. Line-of-Site Illustration of Test Scenario - Cypress Creek Plaza
Figure 58. Cypress Creek with Line-of-Site - CINR Distribution
Figure 59. Cypress Creek with Line-of-Site - RSRP Distribution
Figure 60. Non-Line-of-Site Illustration of Test Scenario - Cypress Creek Plaza
Figure 61. Cypress Creek with Line-of-Site - CINR Distribution
Figure 62. Cypress Creek with Line-of-Site - RSRP Distribution
Figure 63. Non-Line-of-Site Illustration of Test Scenarios
Figure 64. Inside Taco Bar Test Location #1 - CINR Distribution
Figure 65. Inside Taco Bar Test Location #1 - RSRP Distribution
Figure 66. Inside Taco Bar Test Location #2 - CINR Distribution
Figure 67. Inside Taco Bar Test Location #2 - RSRP Distribution
Figure 68. Near-Line-of-Site Illustration of Test Scenario
Figure 69. Cypress Creek High School with Omni Antenna - CINR Distribution
Figure 70. Cypress Creek High School with Omni Antenna - RSRP Distribution
Figure 71. The Impact of Two School Buses with a Horn Antenna - CINR Time Series
Figure 72. The Impact of Two School Buses with a Horn Antenna - RSRP Time Series
Figure 73. Line-of-Site Illustration of Test Scenario
Figure 74. Elementary School with Omni Antenna - CINR Distribution
Figure 75. Elementary School with Omni Antenna - RSRP Distribution
Figure 76. Elementary School with Horn Antenna - CINR Distribution
Figure 77. Elementary School with Horn Antenna - RSRP Distribution
Figure 78. Real-time Scanner Screen Shot
Figure 79. SRG Walk Test
Figure 80. Bowling Alley Walk Test - CINR Geo Plot
Figure 81. Bowling Alley Walk Test - RSRP Geo Plot
Figure 82. Cypress Creek Walk Test - CINR Geo Plot
Figure 83. Cypress Creek Walk Test - RSRP Geo Plot
Figure 84. Elementary School Walk Test - CINR Geo Plot
Figure 85. Elementary School Walk Test - RSRP Geo Plot
Figure 86. Inside Doughnut Shop Test Location #3 Straight with Non-Line-of-Site - CINR Distribution
Figure 87. Inside Doughnut Shop Test Location #3 Straight with Non-Line-of-Site - RSRP Distribution
Figure 88. Inside Doughnut Shop Test Location #3 Angled with Non-Line-of-Site - CINR Distribution
Figure 89. Inside Doughnut Shop Test Location #3 Angled with Non-Line-of-Site - RSRP Distribution

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