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Evaluating Multi-billion Opportunity in Solid Waste Management in India across Urban Local Bodies and Commercial & Residential Setups

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  • 305 Pages
  • January 2018
  • Region: India
  • InfraInsights
  • ID: 4479957

India is Well on its Course to Achieve its Objective of Electricity for All, and One Can Expect the Goal to be Achieved by 2019 or by 2020

India is well on its course to achieve its objective of electricity for all, and one can expect the goal to be achieved by 2019 or by 2020. After electricity, water is most important utility service which will need tremendous attention of the government, India is blessed with several rivers but that’s under threat due to climate change and India is already declared as water stressed country. After water, waste management will become the most important area for the government, as currently almost all cities are facing enormous challenge in effectively dealing with solid waste management.

With growing population and rapid urbanization, waste generation in India has increased significantly over the last decade. More than 70% of collected urban waste is dumped at landfills. And most of them are brimming. It has also been estimated that annual waste generation will likely increase to 165 million tonnes by 2030. This means that 66,000 hectares of land will be required to set up a landfill site that is 10 meters high and can hold 20 years’ worth of waste. To put things in perspective, that is almost 90% of Bengaluru’s area. If the current waste management scenario does not improve, one can soon expect to be buried in our own muck. Almost all the Municipalities are struggling to effectively manage waste generated across different cities. MCGM, is staring at brimming landfills, fire related issues in landfills, lack of processing capacities and as a result has resorted to force citizen participation in solid waste management. MCGM, has decided not to pick solid waste for societies / complexes, of more than 20,000 square meters or those producing more than 100kg wet waste per day. The Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation (BMC)?has issued notices to 23,161 housing societies for not following the mandatory rule, leaving citizens in lurch for no mistake of theirs. Had BMC implemented the SWM Rules 2000, by now it would have had effective and efficient solid waste management capabilities in place.

According to data gathered by the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB), municipal authorities in India had established only 13 waste-to-energy plants, 56 bio-methanation plants, 22 refuse-derived fuel plants and 553 compost and vermicompost plants until 2014. However, more treatment and processing plants need to be built to realize the true potential of solid waste. According to the Planning Commission, municipal solid waste that is not utilized has the potential to produce 439 MW of power from 32,890 tons per day of combustible waste. This includes refuse-derived fuel, 1.3 million cubic meters of biogas per day and 5.4 million metric tonnes of compost (all annual) that can be utilized for agricultural purposes.

The researchers see waste management as a multi-billion dollar opportunity for the private sector as the public sector finds itself in spot when it comes to effective waste management. ULBs will seek the participation of private sector and its citizens to help deal with the challenge of burgeoning solid waste in almost all cities across the country. It’s inevitable that decentralized approach to waste management will lead to capacity creation at community level as well as centralized level in ULBs. Sanitary landfills is no more a viable option for mega cities like Mumbai, Bengaluru, Chennai & others, and hence technology will have to leveraged to effectively and efficiently, reduce, recycle, re-use waste. Demand for semi-automatic or fully automatic composting machine is likely to increase in the residential societies and demand for WTE, Biomethanization, RDF setups are slated to increase across ULBs. Private sector, whether directly or indirectly will play a very important role in partnering with ULBs, Municipalities to shoulder the burden of waste management through technology. This report “Evaluating Multi-billion Opportunity in Solid Waste Management in India across Urban Local Bodies and Commercial & Residential Setups”, aims to quantify the business opportunity that waste management as a segment will generate for private sector and companies in the area of public utility services business are expected to immensely benefit out of this demand. Technology providers will see demand from ULBs and Residential societies alike. The report will do a detailed profiling of all the major ULBs in countries to understand its capabilities, gap areas, cost efficiency / inefficiency, budgets, technology deployed, forthcoming project for capacity creation and O&M, to help companies in private sector, draw out its growth strategy in this very critical segment of waste management. The report will be primary research driven, and the analysis and insights will be presented in a manner that it can be leveraged by companies for its business planning in the area of solid waste management.

Key Questions Answered:

  • Which ULB has the lowest cost per ton of waste management in India?
  • What has been the growth in revenue expenditure related to waste management across all ULBs in India?
  • What is willingness of residential societies to manage the waste at source and help ULBs create more zero garbage zones?
  • How successful has been the PPP structure in the area of solid waste management across ULBs?
  • What is the economics of installing composting plant in a residential society?
  • What is the current capacity, demand, supply of RDF in India?
  • What are the different models under which private sector can partner with ULBs for solid waste management?
  • How many crores will be spend by ULBs in capacity creation in the solid waste management area by 2030?
  • What are the major WTE capacities that are likely to be announced by ULBs across India?
  • What are the technology preferences of commercial set ups like Hotels, Malls, Airports etc?
  • What is the overall cost structure of ULBs for urban waste management?
  • What is the trend in % allocation for waste management in the overall expenditure allocated for in municipalities in state budget?
  • Which all ULBs are likely to invite private sector for waste collection or may be entire lifecycle of waste management?
  • Which ULB is the worst performing in waste management?
  • What are the regulations governing waste management?
  • What will be the demand for earthmoving equipment in waste management?

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary2. Research Approach & Methodology
3. Solid Waste Management (SWM) Landscape across ULBs, Residential & Commercial Setups
  • Size & Scale
  • Typical Waste Profile
  • Stakeholders
  • Value Chain
  • Evolution of waste management
4. Regulation & Policies Governing SWM in India
  • Solid Waste Management Rules 2016
  • Municipal Solid Waste Rules, 2000
5. Current State of Municipal Solid Waste Management (MSWM) in India
  • Waste Generation
  • Share of States & UTs in Urban MSW
  • Type of Waste
  • Per Capita Waste Generation
  • Waste Collection
  • Waste Disposal
  • Issues & Challenges
6. Current State of Solid Waste Management in Commercial Institutions
  • Airports
  • Hotels
  • Malls
  • Railways
7. Current State of Solid Waste Management in Residential Complexes / Institutions
  • Waste Segregation at Source
  • Waste Treatment & Disposal
  • Methodology & Technology Deployed
  • Typical cost profile - Capex & Opex
8. Waste Disposal Methods Deployed by ULBs
  • Landfills
  • Compost
  • RDF
  • WTE
9. Detailed Profiling of Waste Management across 20+ ULB / Municipalities / Nagar Nigams in India; NDMC, MCD, MCGM, SWM, BMC, Luck now MC, PMC, Nagpur, Indore, Jaipur etc.
  • Overall Population
  • Waste Generation & Waste Profile
  • Waste Management
  • ULB
  • PPP
  • Per Capita Waste Generation
  • Waste Collection
  • Collection efficiency
  • Waste Processing & Disposal Methodology % of waste treated & disposed
  • % waste disposed of without treatment in landfill etc.
  • Number of landfill sites
  • Number of processing plants & capacities
  • Issues & Challenges
  • Manpower deployed, infrastructure deployed, technology deployed in
  • Waste Collection
  • Waste Transportation
  • Waste Processing & Disposal
10. Trend in Allocation for SWM in Annual Budgets across States
  • Average Expenditure on SWM as part of Total Revenue Expenditure of a Municipality / Municipal Corporations
  • Planned Revenue Expenditure
  • Planned Capital Expenditure
  • Plan vs Actual
  • Budget Financing Sources - Grants etc
11. Benchmarking Cost of SWM across Urban Local Bodies in India
  • Cost structure (by value chain)
  • % of total cost in waste collection
  • % of total cost in waste transportation
  • % of total cost in waste processing & disposal
  • Cost structure (by expense heads)
  • Establishment & Salaries Cost
  • O&M Cost
  • Transportation
  • Other O&M including consumables
  • Contingency
  • Other Contractual Cost
  • Cost Recovery
  • Fee collected from waste generators like residential complexes, commercial setups etc..
  • Revenue (sales of Refuse derived fuel (RDF), Compost, trade refuse etc..)
  • Overall Cost Per Ton of Waste
12. Best Practices in Solid Waste Management in Residential & Commercial Institutions
  • Waste Collection, Segregation, Treatment / Processing & Disposal
  • Technology Deployed - composting or bio methanization
  • In-house vs outsource
  • Case studies
13. Global Case Studies on Waste Management in Developed Countries
  • US
  • France
  • Japan
  • China
  • UK
14. Private Sector Participation in SWM in India
  • Level of Private Sector Participation
  • Contractual Models
  • Service Contract
  • Management Contract
  • DBO
  • Lease
  • BOO
  • BOOT
  • Concession
  • Case studies on private sector participation
  • Burhat Bengaluru Mahanagar Palika (BBMP)
  • Greater HMC
  • Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation
  • Chennai Corporation
15. Solid Waste Management in Smart Cities16. Extrapolating Waste Generation across cities by 203017. Overview on Future Strategy by ULBs for efficient and effective Waste Management
18. Detailed Profile on Planned & Proposed Capex and O&M Contracts in Solid Waste Management by ULBs
  • Waste Collection
  • Waste Transportation
  • Waste Process & Disposal
  • Biomethanization
  • WTE
  • RDF
  • Composting
19. Pan India Survey on Evolution of Waste Management at Community level
  • Understanding Awareness
  • Understanding Willingness
  • Understanding Waste Management Experience
20. Opportunity in Community Level Waste Management in India
  • Estimating demand for Semi-Automatic & Automatic Composting Machines
  • Estimating demand for Biomethanization plants in commercial complexes like Hotels, Airport, IT Parks etc..
  • Estimating demand for W2E
  • Market Size for Composting Machines
21. Residual Fuel Market Opportunity in India
  • Current Processing Capacities
  • Current End User Industrie
  • Projected Demand for RDF by 2030
22. Waste Processing Technology Providers in India
  • Technology Variants & Adoption
  • Pricing
  • O&M expenses

Companies Mentioned

A selection of companies mentioned in this report includes:

  • Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation
  • Burhat Bengaluru Mahanagar Palika (BBMP)
  • Chennai Corporation
  • Greater HMC