+353-1-416-8900REST OF WORLD
+44-20-3973-8888REST OF WORLD
1-917-300-0470EAST COAST U.S
1-800-526-8630U.S. (TOLL FREE)


Rwanda - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses - Product Image

Rwanda - Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband - Statistics and Analyses

  • ID: 4480184
  • Report
  • April 2020
  • Region: Rwanda
  • 110 pages
  • Paul Budde Communication Pty Ltd
1 of 3


  • Artel Communications
  • Bharti Airtel
  • Electrogaz.
  • Liquid Telecom
  • MTN Rwanda
  • Tigo Rwanda (Millicom)
  • MORE
The Rwandan telecom market continues to develop strongly, buttressed by sustained GDP growth which has seen the country develop one the fastest-growing economies in the world. Supported by significant foreign aid, this growth has been helped by prudent fiscal and monetary policies which have create a business-friendly environment conducive to investment.

Nevertheless, poverty remains widespread. There is little economic diversity, with most of the population engaged in agriculture and a good proportion of the remainder involved in mineral and agro-processing sectors. The financial services sector is also underdeveloped:
with banks focussed on government borrowing there is little attention paid to the support of small businesses, and most of the population has little or no access to conventional banking services. In turn, this has made Rwanda one of the more successful markets on the continent for mobile banking and payment services.

The country was slow to liberalise the mobile sector, allowing MTN a monopoly until 2006 when the fixed-line incumbent, Rwandatel (since acquired by Liquid Telecom) became the second mobile operator. There has been effective competition among the three current operators, each of which provides wide geographic coverage. The launch of services from Tigo in 2009 sparked renewed subscriber growth, though competition has eroded mobile services revenue and ARPU since then. However, the acquisition of Tigo by Airtel, a deal to be closed over a two-year period, will see the Tigo brand removed and a significant consolidation in the market.

Rwanda's internet and broadband sector has suffered from limited fixed-line infrastructure and high prices. Nevertheless, operators are rolling out national fibre-optic backbone networks which also allow them to connect to the international submarine fibre-optic cables on the African east coast. These cables have given the entire region fibre-based international bandwidth for the first time and ended its dependency on satellites. Liquid Telecom has continued to expand its FttP services across Kigali and a number of other towns.

Interest from investors in the country's ICT sector remains strong. A deal with Korea Telecom has developed a wholesale LTE operator, Korea Telecom Rwanda Networks, which provides retail services to a number of fixed-line operators as well as to the mobile network operators. The number of subscribers on LTE infrastructure has increased sharply, helped by national LTE coverage achieved in mid-2018.

The publisher notes that the outbreak of the Coronavirus in 2020 is having a significant impact on production and supply chains globally. During the coming year the telecoms sector to various degrees is likely to experience a downturn in mobile device production, while it may also be difficult for network operators to manage workflows when maintaining and upgrading existing infrastructure. Overall progress towards 5G may be postponed or slowed down in some countries.

On the consumer side, spending on telecoms services and devices is under pressure from the financial effect of large-scale job losses and the consequent restriction on disposable incomes. However, the crucial nature of telecom services, both for general communication as well as a tool for home-working, will offset such pressures.

Although it is challenging to predict and interpret the long-term impacts of the crisis as it develops, these have been acknowledged in the industry forecasts contained in this report.

The report also covers the responses of the telecom operators as well as government agencies and regulators as they react to the crisis to ensure that citizens can continue to make optimum use of telecom services. This can be reflected in subsidy schemes and the promotion of tele-health and tele-education, among other solutions.

Key Developments:
  • Rwanda's schools benefit from connection to One Web Satellite's network;
  • SIM Card registration scheme launched;
  • MTN invests in network upgrades;
  • Government commits to smart city infrastructure investment;
  • Liquid Telecom expands FttP network;
  • MNOs implement One Network Area scheme removing roaming charges;
  • Smart Africa Alliance Initiative to raise $300 billion by 2020 for regional ICT infrastructure;
  • KTRN reaches national LTE coverage;
Report update includes the regulator's market data to March 2019, telcos' operating data to Q4 2018, Telecom Maturity Index tables, charts and analyses, assessment of the global impact of COVID-19 on the telecoms sector, recent market developments.

Companies mentioned in this report:

Rwandatel (Terracom, LapGreen); MTN Rwanda; Liquid Telecom; Tigo Rwanda (Millicom); Bharti Airtel; Artel Communications; Electrogaz.
Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown
2 of 3


  • Artel Communications
  • Bharti Airtel
  • Electrogaz.
  • Liquid Telecom
  • MTN Rwanda
  • Tigo Rwanda (Millicom)
  • MORE
1 Key statistics

2 Country overview

3 COVID-19 and its impact on the telecom sector
3.1 Economic considerations and responses
3.2 Mobile devices
3.3 Subscribers
3.4 Infrastructure

4 Telecommunications market
4.1 Market analysis
4.2 Historic overview

5 Regional African Market Comparison
5.1 TMI vs GDP
5.2 Mobile and mobile broadband
5.3 Fixed and mobile broadband

6 Regulatory environment
6.1 Regulatory authority
6.2 Licensing
6.3 Market liberalisation
6.4 Interconnection
6.5 Universal access

7 Fixed network operators
7.1 Liquid Telecom
7.2 Artel Communications

8 Telecommunications infrastructure
8.1 Overview of the national telecom network
8.2 International infrastructure

9 Fixed-line broadband market
9.1 Introduction and statistical overview
9.2 Rwanda Internet Exchange Point (RIXP)
9.3 Cybercafes and telecentres
9.4 One Laptop per Child (OLPC)
9.5 Other initiatives
9.6 Fixed-line broadband technologies

10 Digital Economy
10.1 E-government
10.2 E-health
10.3 E-learning
10.4 Cloud services

11 Mobile market
11.1 Market analysis
11.2 Mobile statistics
11.3 Mobile data
11.4 Mobile broadband
11.5 Forecasts mobile subscribers 2019; 2021; 2023
11.6 Regulatory issues
11.7 Mobile infrastructure
11.8 Major mobile operators
11.9 Mobile handsets
11.10 Mobile content and applications

12 Glossary of abbreviations

13 Related reports

List of Tables
Table 1 Top Level Country Statistics and Telco Authorities Rwanda 2018
Table 2 Telecom sector investment 2005 2018
Table 3 Telecom sector revenue 2002 2018
Table 4 Historic - Fixed lines in service and teledensity 1999 2009
Table 5 Fixed lines in service and teledensity 2010 2018
Table 6 Fixed lines by operator 2010 2018
Table 7 International bandwidth 2006 2018
Table 8 Historic - Internet subscribers and penetration rate 1999 2009
Table 9 Internet users and penetration rate 2010- 2018
Table 10 Internet subscribers by platform 2009- 2018
Table 11 Dial-up internet subscribers by operator 2013 2018
Table 12 Fixed broadband (>256kb/s) subscribers by operator 2013 2018
Table 13 Internet subscribers by major ISP 2011 2017
Table 14 Prepaid and contract mobile subscribers 2016 2019
Table 15 Mobile call tariff 2009 2017
Table 16 Mobile sector revenue 2015 2018
Table 17 Mobile geographic coverage by operator 2018
Table 18 Mobile population coverage by operator 2018
Table 19 Historic - Mobile subscribers and penetration rate 1999 2009
Table 20 Mobile subscribers and penetration rate 2010 2019
Table 21 Mobile subscribers by operator (regulator data) 2009 2018
Table 22 Mobile market share of subscribers by operator 2011- 2019
Table 23 Active mobile broadband subscribers and penetration 2010 2018
Table 24 Mobile internet market share of subscribers by operator 2013- 2018
Table 25 Mobile broadband subscribers by operator 2014 2018
Table 26 Forecast mobile subscribers 2019; 2021; 2023
Table 27 MTN Rwanda ARPU 2002 2018
Table 28 MTN Rwanda financial data 2011 2018
Table 29 MTN Rwanda subscribers 2012 2019
Table 30 Tigo Rwanda B2C subscribers 2010 2017
Table 31 Tigo Rwanda mobile subscribers 2015 2018
Table 32 Airtel Rwanda subscribers 2010 2019
Table 33 M-money transactions and value 2016 2017

List of Charts
Chart 1 Overall Africa view - Telecoms Maturity Index vs GDP per Capita 2018
Chart 2 East Africa - Telecoms Maturity Index vs GDP per Capita 2018
Chart 3 Africa Middle-tier Telecoms Maturity Index (Market Leaders) 2018
Chart 4 East Africa Telecoms Maturity Index by country 2018
Chart 5 East Africa mobile subscriber penetration versus mobile broadband penetration 2018
Chart 6 East Africa fixed and mobile penetration rates 2018
Chart 7 Fixed lines in service and teledensity 2010 2018
Chart 8 Mobile subscribers and penetration rate 2005 2019
Chart 9 MTN Rwanda financial data 2011 2018

List of Exhibits
Exhibit 1 Generalised Market Characteristics by Market Segment
Exhibit 2 East Africa - Key Characteristics of Telecoms Markets by Country
Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown
3 of 3


4 of 3
  • Rwandatel (Terracom, LapGreen)
  • MTN Rwanda
  • Liquid Telecom
  • Tigo Rwanda (Millicom)
  • Bharti Airtel
  • Artel Communications
  • Electrogaz.
Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown