Advanced Functional Materials. Advanced Material Series

  • ID: 4480387
  • Book
  • 600 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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Because of their unique properties (size, shape, and surface functions), functional materials are gaining significant attention in the areas of energy conversion and storage, sensing, electronics, photonics, and biomedicine.  Within the chapters of this book written by well–known researchers, one will find the range of methods that have been developed for preparation and functionalization of organic, inorganic and hybrid structures which are the necessary building blocks for the architecture of various advanced functional materials. The book discusses these innovative methodologies and research strategies, as well as provides a comprehensive and detailed overview of the cutting–edge research on the processing, properties and technology developments of advanced functional materials and their applications.

Specifically, Advanced Functional Materials:

  • Compiles the objectives related to functional materials and provides detailed reviews of fundamentals, novel production methods, and frontiers of functional materials, including metalic oxides, conducting polymers, carbon nanotubes, discotic liquid crystalline dimers, calixarenes, crown ethers, chitosan and graphene.
  • Discusses the production and characterization of these materials, while mentioning recent approaches developed as well as their uses and applications for sensitive chemiresistors, optical and electronic materials, solar hydrogen generation, supercapacitors, display and organic light–emitting diodes, functional adsorbents, and antimicrobial and biocompatible layer formation.

This volume in the Advanced Materials Book Series includes twelve chapters divided into two main areas: Part 1: Functional Metal Oxides: Architecture, Design and Applications and Part 2: Multifunctional Hybrid Materials: Fundamentals and Frontiers

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Preface xv

Part 1: Functional Metal Oxides: Architecture, Design, and Applications

1 Development of Toxic Chemicals Sensitive Chemiresistors Based on Metal Oxides, Conducting Polymers and Nanocomposites Thin Films 3
Sadia Ameen, M. Shaheer Akhtar, Hyung–Kee Seo, and Hyung–Shik Shin1.1 Introduction 4

1.2 Semiconducting Metal Oxide Nanostructures for Chemiresistor 6

1.3 Conducting Polymers Nanostructures for Chemiresistors 21

1.4 Semiconducting Nanocomposites for Chemoresistors 44

1.5 Conclusions and Outlook 48

Acknowledgments 49

References 49

2 The Synthetic Strategy for Developing Mesoporous Materials through Nanocasting Route 59
Rawesh Kumar and Biswajit Chowdhury2.1 Introduction to Nanocasting 59

2.2 Steps of Nanocasting 61

2.3 Porous Silica as Template for Inorganic Compounds 68

2.4 Porous Silica as Template for Mesoporous Carbon 86

2.5 Porous Carbon as Template for Inorganic Compound 104

2.6 Future Prescriptive  113

2.7 Limitation 114

2.8 Conclusion 115

Acknowledgments 116

References 116

3 Spray Pyrolysis of Nano–structured Optical and Electronic Materials 127
Nurdan Demirci Sankir, Erkan Aydin, Esma Ugur, and Mehmet Sankir3.1 Introduction 128

3.2 Spray Pyrolysis Technology 128

3.3 Nanoparticles Created via Spray Pyrolysis Method 134

3.4 Nanopillars and Nanoporous Structures 142

3.5 Nanocrystalline Thin Film Deposition by Spray Pyrolysis 150

3.6 Conclusion 167

Acknowledgments 168

References  168

4 Multifunctional Spinel Ferrite Nanoparticles for Biomedical Application 183
Noppakun Sanpo, Cuie Wen, Christopher C. Berndt, and James Wang4.1 Introduction 183

4.2 Ferrites 187

4.3 The Sol Gel Method 189

4.4 Chelating Agents 195

4.5 Approach and Methodology 199

4.6 Experimental Results 202

4.7 Concluding Remarks 213

Acknowledgements 214

References 214

5 Heterostructures Based on TiO2 and Silicon for Solar Hydrogen Generation    219
Dilip Kumar Behara, Arun Prakash Upadhyay, Gyan Prakash Sharma, B.V. Sai Krishna Kiran, Sri Sivakumar and Raj Ganesh S. Pala5.1 Introduction 220

5.2 Overview of Heterostructures 221

5.3 TiO2  Heterostructures 234

5.4 Silicon Based Heterostructures 253

5.5 Some Unaddressed Issues of Heterostructures in Relation to Photocatalysis 261

5.6 Summary/Conclusions and Future Outlook 262

Acknowledgment 263

Notes on Contributors 263

References 264

6 Studies on Electrochemical Properties of MnO2 and CuO Decorated Multi–Walled Carbon Nanotubes as High–Performance Electrode Materials 283
Mohan Raja6.1 Introduction 283

6.2 Experimental 285

6.3 Characterization 286

6.4 Results and Discussion 286

6.5 Conclusion 292

References 293

Part 2: Multifunctional Hybrid Materials: Fundamentals and Frontiers

7 Discotic Liquid Crystalline Dimers: Chemistry and Applications 297
Shilpa Setia, Sandeep Kumar and Santanu Kumar Pal7.1 Introduction 298

7.2 Structure–Property Relationship of Discotic Dimers 300

7.3 Applications 357

7.4 Conclusions and Outlook 361

8 Supramolecular Nanoassembly and Its Potential 367
Alok Pandya, Heena Goswami, Anand Lodha and Pinkesh Sutariya8.1 Supramolecular Chemistry 368

8.2 Nanochemistry 376

8.3 Supramolecular Nanoassembly 384

8.4 Conclusion and Future Prospects 394

References 396

Suggested further reading 397

9 Carbon/–Based Hybrid Composites as Advanced Electrodes for Supercapacitors 399
S.T. Senthilkumar, K. Vijaya Sankar , J. S. Melo, A. Gedanken, and R. Kalai Selvana9.1 Introduction 400

9.2 Principle of Supercapacitor 402

9.3 Activated Carbon and their Composites 410

9.4 Carbon Aerogels and Their Composite Materials 411

9.5 Carbon Nanotubes (CNTs) and their Composite Materials 415

9.6 Two–Dimensional Graphene 417

9.7 Conclusion and Outlook 424

Acknowledgements 425

10 Synthesis, Characterization, and Uses of Novel–Architecture Copolymers through Gamma Radiation Technique 433
H. Ivin Melendez–Ortiz and Emilio Bucio10.1 Introduction 434

10.2 Ionizing Radiation 435

10.3 Gamma–Ray Measurements 438

10.4 Synthesis of Graft Polymers by Gamma–Rays 441

10.5 Different Architecture of Polymers 449

10.6 Polymer Characterization 455

Acknowledgments 458

References 458

11 Advanced Composite Adsorbents: Chitosan versus Graphene 463
George Z. Kyzas11.1 Introduction  463

11.2 Chitosan–Based Materials 465

11.3 Graphene–Based Materials 478

11.4 Graphene/Chitosan Composite Adsorbents 483

11.5 Conclusions 488

References 489

12 Antimicrobial Biopolymers 493
S. Sayed and M.A. Jardine12.1 Introduction 493

12.2 Biopolymers 496

12.3 Synthetic Biodegradable Polymers 506

12.4 Metal Loading 514

12.5 Assessment of Antimicrobial/Antifungal Testing Methods 518

12.6 Conclusion 525

References 526

13 Organometal Halide Perovskites for Photovoltaic Applications 535
Sai Bai, Yizheng Jin, and Feng Gao13.1 Introduction 535

13.2 Fundamentals of Organometal Halide Perovskite Solar Cells 537

13.3 Deposition Methods and Crystal Engineering of Organometal Halide Perovskites 547

13.4 Commercialization Challenges and Possible Solutions 558

13.5 Summary and Conclusion 561

Acknowledgements 562

References 562

Index 567

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The distinguished authors created this book for a broad audience ranging from students to researchers. The pages are beautifully illustrated with many figures and photos, and it is written in an accessible manner, with hundreds of references per chapter.   (Optics & Photonics, 1 December 2015)

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