Royalty Rates for Technology, 7th Edition

  • ID: 4496071
  • Book
  • Region: Global
  • 595 Pages
  • Intellectual Property Research Associates IPRA
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Technology Royalty Rates and License Fees

The new and enhanced 7th Edition of Royalty Rates for Technology contains more information on pricing of licensed technology than in any other publication - and 20% more than the previous edition. Throughout this new edition details are provided on technology royalty rates, and license fees.

The information in this book has been collected from reliable sources from September 1990 through early 2018 and represents a comprehensive collection of technology pricing information. Filings with the US Securities and Exchange Commission are the primary source of information. Newspapers and other national publications have also been a source of data.

This eBook contains royalty rate information for the following industries:

  • Aeronautics & Defense
  • Agriculture
  • Automotive
  • Chemical
  • Communications
  • Computer Hardware
  • Computer Software
  • Construction
  • Electrical & Energy
  • Electronics
  • Entertainment
  • Food & Beverage
  • Franchises
  • Fuel-renewable
  • Glass
  • Household Products
  • Internet
  • Mechanical
  • Medical
  • Photography
  • Semiconductors
  • Sports
  • Toys
  • Waste Treatment
Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown
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1. Preface

2. Royalty Rate General Guidance

3. Aeronautics & Defense

  • Avionics - 10% of Sales
  • Collision Avoidance - Common Stock Plus $150,000 Plus 3% of Sales
  • Fighter Technology - $60 Million License Fee
  • Fighter Technology - $268 Million Royalty Equaling a 6% Royalty Rate
  • Guidance Aircraft - $12 Billion Infringement Award
  • Gyroplane - 1% of Sales
  • Instrumentation - $815,000 Infringement Award
  • Jet Engine Sound Reduction - $200,000 Plus 4% to 6% of Sales
  • Nuclear Weapons Detection - $97 Million Plus 8% of Sales
  • Sealant/Aircraft - 3% to 6% of Sales
  • Space Shuttle - 125% of Construction Costs
  • Aerospace Threat Simulation - 7% of Sales
  • Torque Tube Joint - $10 Million in Future Royalties
  • Satellite Technology - 1% of Sales Infringement Award
  • Unmanned Air Vehicles - $100,000 Plus Common Stock Plus 5% of Gross Profits
  • Window Shading - 10% on Net Sales

4. Agricultural

  • BT Technology - $38 Million License Fee
  • Genetically Modified Seeds - $40 Per Seed Bag
  • Growth Factors - 2% of Sales
  • Lettuce and Melons - $4 Million Plus Undisclosed Royalties
  • Growing Machine - $43,680 Plus 25% on Sales
  • Oilseed Gene Modifications - Royalty Free
  • Potato Variety - $0.50 Per Hundred Weight
  • Soybean Biotechnology - $0.17 Per Pound
  • Tree Clonal Materials - $195,000 Plus $6 Per Tree Plus Cash and Stock
  • Various - 4% of a Proceeds Received on Sale of Company

5. Automotive

  • Airbag - Originally Priced at $114 Per Unit; Resulted in a $138 Million Infringement Award
  • Air Conditioning - 3% Royalty Rate Infringement Award
  • Air Conditioning - 6% of Sales
  • Automobile Model - 2% to 4% of Sales
  • Battery Terminals - 2% Royalty Rate Infringement Award
  • Battery/Hydride - $3 Million to $5 Million License Fees and 0.5% to 3% of Sales
  • Batteries/Vehicles - 2% of Net Sales
  • Brake, Clutch and Accelerator Pedal Technology - $600,000 License Fee Plus 3% of Sales
  • Brakes - 4% of Sales
  • Brake Fluid - $15,000 Plus 7% of Sales
  • Clear Coating - 5% to 8% of Net Sales
  • Climate Control Sensor - $125,000 Plus 1% to 6% of Sales
  • Collision Avoidance/Backing-Up - $575,000 Plus 6% of Sales
  • Collision Avoidance/Electronic Car Door Safety - 10% of Royalties
  • Collision Avoidance/Lane Tracking System - 3% of Sales
  • Collision Avoidance/Obstacle Detection and Alarm - 3% to 4% of Sales
  • Collision Avoidance/Obstacle Detection and Alarm - 6% of Sales
  • De-Icing - 35% of Sales
  • Diesel Engines - $495,000 Plus $1,500 and $2,500 Per Unit
  • Diesel Engines - $1,500 Per Unit
  • Diesel Engines - 5% on Sales
  • Diesel Engines - $100,000 Plus 6% on Sales
  • Diesel Engine Efficiency - $530,000 Plus 25% of Sales
  • Diesel Engine Efficiency - $2,000,000 Plus 3% to 5% of Sales
  • Diesel Engine Conversion - $250,000 Plus $250 to $1,000 Per Unit Plus 35% of Accessory Sales
  • Diesel Engine Efficiency - 2% of Sales
  • Diesel Engines - $18 Million Plus 3% on Sales
  • Electrical Propulsion - 0.5% of Sales
  • Electrical Charging Station - 10% of Gross Profits
  • Emission Controls - 30% Ownership Interest Plus 8% of Sales
  • Engines and Transaxles - 2% of Sales
  • Fuel Cells - Royalty Free
  • Fuel Conversion - $250,000 Plus 55% to 71% of Primary Units Plus 35% of Accessory Sales
  • Fuel Injection - 5% and 10% of Net Sales
  • Fuel Injection - 10% on Sales
  • Fuel Injection - 4% to 7% on Sales
  • Fuel Tank - 2% on Sales
  • Glass/Water Detection - $225,000 Plus 1% to 6% of Net Sales
  • Headlight Sensors - $225,000 Fee 1% to 5% on Sales
  • Heat Detection - 1% to 5% of Sales
  • Hybrid Engine - $25 Per Unit
  • Jet Ski - 1% Royalty Rate Infringement Award Sales
  • Manufacturing Technologies - 16% to 19% of Sales
  • Mirror/Electrochromic Technology - $22 Million of Infringement Damages
  • Mirror Optics - 5% of Sales
  • Mirror Optics - 5% to 8% of Net Sales
  • Mirror Optics - 4% of Sales
  • Oil Filtration - 1% and 5% of Sales
  • Personal Protective Equipment - 1% and 4% of Net Sales
  • Refrigerated Railcars - $97 Million Infringement Award
  • Rotapower Engine - 5% of Sales
  • Sun Visors - Automatically Dimming - 5% on Sales
  • Solar Position Sensor - $125,000 Plus 1% to 6% of Sales
  • Stolen Vehicle Recovery System - $1 Million Plus Undisclosed Royalties
  • Stolen Vehicle Recovery System - $125 Million Upfront Fee Plus 3% to 5% of Sales
  • Tire Technology - $0.25 Per Unit
  • Utility Vehicle - $4 Million License Fee
  • Vehicle Blind Spot Technology - Greater of $4 Per Unit or 6% of Sales
  • Vehicle Rear View Technology - 5% of Sales
  • Windshield Spray Nozzles - 5 Cents Per Nozzle
  • Windshield Wipers/Intermittent - 30 Cents Per Unit
  • Wreckers - $11 Million Infringement Award

6. Chemical

  • Anti-Bacterial Textile Manufacturing Process - $50,000 Plus 3% of Sales
  • Capillary Surface Materials - $38 Million Charitable Gift Value
  • Copolymers - $1,000 Plus 75% to 14% of Gross Purchases
  • Depolymerization of Polyethylene Terephthalate - $445,050 Plus 5% to 10% of Gross Profits
  • Endothermic Nitric Oxide Generation - $500,000 Plus 20% of Sales
  • Fire Retardant Coating - 3% to 6% of Sales
  • Fire Retardant - 4% of Sales
  • Fire Retardant - 10% of Sales
  • Fire Retardant - $500,000 Plus 3% of Sales
  • Fire Retardant and Nuclear Waste Cleaning - 7% of Sales
  • Fuel Enhancement - $475 Per Kilogram
  • Ink - $49 Million Infringement Award Plus Other Awards
  • Metal Clear Coat - 5% to 8% of Sales
  • Metal Film Coating - 4% to 10% of Sales
  • Metal Surface Coating - $25,000 and Stock Options Plus 3% of Sales
  • Mirror Coating - 20% of Sales
  • Nanomaterials - 2% to 4% of Sales
  • Organic Fertilizer - Cd$1 Million Plus Annual Payments of Cd$240,000
  • Packing Materials - $10,000 Plus Common Stock Plus 10% of Incremental Profits
  • Paper Materials - 5% of Sales
  • Paint With Antimicrobials - 5% of Sales
  • Paint - 3% of Sales
  • Paints and Coatings/Radiation Resistance - Stock Plus 4% and 7% of Sales
  • Photochemical Process - $25,000 to $250,000 Plus 2% to 6% of Sales
  • Photosensitive Materials - 1% to 2% of Sales
  • Plastics/Biodegradable - 5% of Sales
  • Plastics/Biodegradable - 5% of Sales
  • Plastics/Biodegradable - Commons Stock Plus 5% of Sales
  • Plastics/Biodegradable - $448,488 Plus 4% Sales
  • Plastics/Biodegradable - 3% of Sales
  • Plastic Ingredient - $96 Million Infringement Award
  • Plastic/Polyethylene Terephthalate (Pet) Container Process - $12 Million Court Award
  • Plastic Polymers - $275 Million of Royalties Over Ten Years
  • Phosphogypsum Treatment Process Technology - 3% of Sales
  • Polishing - 7% to 8% of Sales
  • Polyvinyl Chloride Pipe - 25% of Sales
  • Precursor Polymers - 7% to 15% of Sales
  • Resin - 7% of Sales
  • Service Modification - 5% of Sales
  • Spider Silk - Common Stock Plus 2% of Sales
  • Sweetener - 5% of Sales
  • Thermoplastics - $1,500,000 Plus 5% of Sales
  • Titanium Chemistry - $50,000 Annual Fee Plus 5% of Sales
  • Water Resistant Coating - 25% to 125% of Sales
  • Water Treatment - $100,000 Plus 10% of Sales

7. Communications

  • 3G and 4G Telecommunications - 35% to 5% of 65% of the Sales Price of a Licensed Device
  • 3G WCDMA Cellular Chips - 45% to 6% of Sales
  • Acoustics - $250 Per Unit and 2% of Sales
  • Antenna - $425 Per Antenna Royalty Awarded
  • Broadband for Tv - 3% and 5% of Sales
  • Broadband for Tv - $20 to $50 Per Unit
  • Broadband - 25% of Net Sales
  • Broadband - Common Stock Plus 15% of Net Sales
  • Broadband Gateway Devices - Royalty Fee Equal to Gross Profits
  • Cable Transmission Standards - 7% of Net Sales
  • Cable Transmission Standards - Royalty Free Cross Licenses
  • Cellular Phone Docking Station - 3% to 35% of Sales for Repayment of Grant Financing
  • Cellular Phone Docking Station - $1 Million License Fee
  • Cellular Telephone Technology - Proposed Maximum 5% of Sales
  • Cellular Telephone Technology - $250 Million of License Fees to Date from Various Licensees
  • Cellular Technology - 225% of Sales
  • Cellular Technology - to Be Determined by German Courts
  • Cellular 3G Technology - 10% of Sales
  • Cellular CDMA Technology - Low Single Digit Royalty Rate
  • Cellular CDMA Technology - 525% of Sales
  • Cellular CDMA and WCDMA Technology - 3% to 45% of Sales
  • Cell Phone E-Mail - 3% to 5% of Sales
  • Cell Phone E-Mail - 855% of Sales
  • Cell Phone/Software Applications - 30% of Sales
  • Cell Phone Software - $100,000 Plus 5% of Sales
  • iPhone Microprocessor - 7 Cents Per Device
  • Cellular Data Transmission - $2 Per Modem
  • Directed Parametric Sound - 5% on Sales
  • Emergency Alert - 1% of Sales
  • Emergency Communications - 5% of Sales
  • Emergency Response - $300,000 Plus 5% of Sales
  • Encryption - 5% of Sales
  • E-Retailing - Common Stock Plus 5% of Sales
  • Fixed-Mobile Convergence - $4 Million Plus 10% of Sales
  • In-Flight Messaging - 5% of Sales
  • iPhone and I-Pad Patents - $24 Per Unit
  • Internet Software - 5% of Sales
  • LTE Telecommunications Technology - 0.80% and 325% of Sales
  • LTE - 1% of Sales
  • Long Distance Calling Features - 2% of Sales Sought in Infringement Trial
  • Messaging - $100,000 Plus 5% of Sales
  • Network Access - 20% of Sales
  • Network Solutions - $17 Million Plus 7% of Sales
  • Prepaid Calling Cards - 4% of Sales
  • RFID Asset Tracking - $20,000 Plus 10% of Sales
  • Smart Phone/Apple - $234 Million Patent Infringement Award
  • Smart Phone/Brokerage Arrangement - 10% Fee on Deal
  • Smart Phones - $12 Per Unit
  • Smartphone - 45% to 6% of Sales
  • Smartphone Companion Services- 10% of Sales
  • Smartphone/Qualcomm for 3Gpp 5G Nr Standards - 2275% to 5% of Sales
  • Smartphone Measurement System -75% of Sales
  • Smartphone Processor - $506 Million for Infringement Damages
  • Software - $15 Million in Future Royalties
  • Speech Compression Standards - $10,000 License Fee Plus $0.50 to $1 Per Channel Per Device
  • Telecommunications Access Devices - $150,000 + 5% of Sales + a 3% on Sales Over $25 Million
  • Telecommunications - 1% to 125% of Sales
  • Telecommunications - 1% to 2% of Sales
  • Telecommunications - 50 to 60 Cents Per Chip
  • Telecommunications - 455% to 6% of Sales
  • Telecommunications Service - 10% of Sales
  • Telecommunications - $156 Million Patent Infringement Verdict (4% of Sales)
  • Telecommunications/At&T 80211N and 80211Ac Licensing Program - $0.11 to $0.24 Per Unit
  • Telecommunications - 32% to 43% of Sales
  • Television Transmission - $300,000 Annually for Five Years Then 1% of Sales
  • Tivo Technology - $215 Million Litigation Settlement
  • Transceiver Integrated Circuit - 3% of Sales
  • Videoconferencing/Portable - $750,000 and a Small Unit Royalty
  • Voice Mail - $5 Million Plus Undisclosed Royalties
  • Voice Mail - $8 Million License Deal
  • Voice Over the Internet (VOIP) - 5% of Licensing Revenue Received
  • Voice Over the Internet (VOIP) - Common Stock Plus 0.5% of Sales
  • Voice Over the Internet (VOIP) - 35% of Licensing Revenue Received
  • Voice Over the Internet (VOIP) - 2% of Sales
  • Vonage/Internet Phone Service - 55% of Sales Infringement Award
  • Vonage/Internet Phone Service - 5% of Revenues
  • Video Synthesis and Release System/Mobile Communications - $500,000 Plus 20% of Sales
  • Wireless - Per Unit and Percent of Sales

8. Computer Hardware

  • 1394 Specification - $1 Per Port
  • 1394A Specifications - $0.25 Per Product
  • Acer Personal Computing - Cross License
  • AST Personal Computing - Cross License Plus Balancing Payments
  • Communications - $25,000 to $150,000 Plus Royalties from 0.50% to 15% of Sales
  • Cray Supercomputer Electronic Connectors - $750,000 License Fee Plus Stock Purchase
  • Compact Disks and DVDs - 25 to 45 Cents Per Disk
  • Compact Disks - 3 Cents Per Disk
  • Data Storage - 25% on Sales
  • Data Storage - $25,000 Plus 15% to 1% of Sales
  • Data Storage - 10% on Sales
  • Data Storage - $40 Million Purchase Price for 29 Patents
  • Data Storage - 0.5% to 1% of Sales
  • Data Storage - $0.50 Per Chip
  • DNA Security System - 10% of Sales
  • Enterprise Application Integration Middle-Ware - 15% on Sales and Maintenance Fees
  • Facial Recognition Software - Common Stock Plus 5% of Sales
  • Fingerprint Security - $5,000 Upfront Fee Plus 10% of Sales
  • Graphics - $8 Million Plus Undisclosed Royalties
  • Human Voice Security Software - $100,000 Upfront Fee Plus 20% of Net Profits
  • IBM Ps/2 - $8 to $10 Per Machine
  • Image Recognition - $100,000 Plus 10% of Sales
  • Information Security - 25% of Sales for Marketing Alliance
  • Infrared Security Cameras - 25% of Gross Sales
  • Integration of Live Visual Data - 14% to 25% of Gross Revenue
  • Intrusion Detection, Radar, Pipeline, Monitoring and Surveillance - 0.5% of Gross Sales
  • Intelligent Alerting Video - 20% of Sales
  • Macintosh - 30% of Sales
  • Mechanical Fans - $216 Million Infringement Award
  • Military Situational Surveillance - $100,000, Common Stock Plus 5% of Gross Profit
  • Mobile Wireless - 2% to 5% of Sales
  • Modem - 1% of Sales
  • Modems - 175% on Sales Infringement Award
  • Modems - $125 for Each 56 Kbps Modem Sold and $9 for Each Head-End Port
  • Memory - 1% to 425% of Sales
  • Recordable Disks - 40% to 67% on Sales
  • Security/Face Recognition - 25% of Net Gross Profits
  • Smart Cards - 5% of Sales
  • Smartcard/Transaction - 2% of Sales
  • Smart Connector - 3% on Sales
  • Sound - $ 11 Million Infringement Award
  • Tablet - $25,000 Upfront Fee Plus 25% of Net Sales
  • Telescopes/Computerized - 8% of Net Sales
  • Tracking - $20,000 Upfront Fee Plus 10% of Sales
  • Tracking - $6,000 and 5% of Net Sales
  • Tracking - 1% to 5% of Sales
  • Tracking - $150,000 Plus 20% of Net Profit
  • Tracking - $0.00 to $500 Per Unit or 45% of Sales
  • Track Buses - $6,000 Upfront Fee Plus 5% of Sales
  • Tracking/GPS - 25% to 5% of Sales

9. Computer Software

  • Adaptive Recognition Technology - CD$25,000 Plus 5% on Sales Capped at $1Million
  • Apple/Computer Screen Symbols - Court Rules on Cross-License
  • Apple/Newton PDA - 1% on Sales Dropped to Zero
  • Application Integration - 15% of Gross Sales
  • Application Service Provider - 25% on Sales
  • Auto Dealer Inventory Management - $10 Per Unit
  • Autodesk's Autocad Release 12 - $100,000 Court Award and Attorneys Fees
  • Bar Code - 1% on Sales
  • Bar Code Application - $25,000 Plus 7% Royalty on All Future Sub-License Fees
  • Biometric Identity Software - Stock Warrants Plus 75% of Sales
  • Character Recognition and Fraud Protection - $11 Million Plus 15% on Sales
  • Computer Aided Design Visualization Solution - 10% to 30% of Sales
  • Computer Aided Design - $255 Million Royalty Infringement Award
  • Construction Software - Sek 15 Million Plus 5% of Sublicenses and Maintenance Fees
  • Customer Relationship Management for Cannabis - $25,000, Stock Plus 8% of Sales
  • Database - 15% on Sales and 10% on Maintenance
  • Database Processing - 5% of Net Sales
  • Debt Collection - 10% of Net Sales
  • Decompression Technology - Common Stock Plus 10% of Net Sales
  • Diagnostic - $523 Million Infringement Award
  • Digital Media Management- $5,000 Plus 4% of Sales
  • Disk Compression - $120 Million Infringement Award
  • Distributed Management Environment (Dme) 10 Technology - $250,000 License Fee
  • Data Center Management - 10% on Sales
  • Dispute Resolution - 10% on Sales
  • Document Exchange Security - 5% of Sales
  • Document Management - $10,000 License Fee
  • Doctarr Software - Common Stock Plus 4% on Sales
  • Dos/Operating System - $10,000 Fee
  • E-Commerce Portal - 1% of Sales
  • Educational - $1 Million License Fee and Undisclosed Royalties
  • Educational - $1 Million License Fee
  • Educational - $75,000 Minimum Per Licensed Title
  • Email and Web Cyber Security - 10% of Sales
  • Encryption - 0.5% of Sales
  • Encryption Security - 5% of Sales
  • Encryption Security - 3% to 7% of Sales
  • Factory Controls - 25% of Sales for Hardware and 50% of Sales for Software
  • Financial/Quicken Software - $15 Billion
  • Front End Imaging Software - $750,000
  • Governance, Risk and Compliance - 0% to 15% of Sales
  • Graphics Interchange Format - 1% on Sales
  • Healthcare Policy Management Infringement Settlement- $15 Million Plus 5% of Sales
  • Insurance Risk Management - 7% of Sales
  • iPhone 20 Applications - 30% of Sales
  • Integration - Common Stock Plus 3% on Sales
  • Intelligent Software Solutions - 10% of Gross Profits for Traffic Management Software
  • Interactive Technology - $44 Million Settlement Plus Undisclosed Royalties
  • Internet Commerce Management - 12% to 20% of Sales
  • Internet Publishing - Equity Plus 5% of Sales
  • Intrusion Security - 25% of Sales
  • Knowledge-Based Engineering - 2% of Sales
  • Knowledge-Based Reasoning Software - 25% of Sales
  • Learning Machines - $1,000,000 Plus 8% of Sales
  • Location-Based Advertising Software - $600,000 Upfront Fee Plus 1% of Sales
  • Machine Learning - 1% to 5% of Sales
  • Mainframe - $10 Million in Future Royalties
  • Mac Operating System and Rhapsody - $5 to $150 Per Computer
  • Medical Imaging - 7% of Net Sales
  • Medical Image Management - $1,000,000, Common Stock and 1% of Sales
  • Medical Image Management - $5,000, Common Stock and 1% to 5% of Net Sales
  • Medical Information Management - $31,280 of Common Stock Plus 10% on Sales
  • Microsoft Word - $55 Per Computer
  • Multi-User Technology - $75 Million Plus Future Royalties of $100 Million
  • Network Performance Prediction - $175 Million for 25% to 50% on Sales
  • Networking - $825 Million for Past Royalties
  • Operating Software - Royalties Required on Only Pcs Using the Software
  • Point of Sale Report Generation - 5% to 75% of Sales
  • Phoenix Technologies Bios - $20 Million in Fees of Royalties Over the Next Five Years
  • Predictive Keyboard - 40% to 70% of Sales
  • Professional Practices Management - 10% on Sales
  • Proposal Management System - 25% to 50% on Sales
  • Security - $300,000 Plus 35% of Licensing Fees
  • Security/Fingerprints - $5,000 Plus 10% on Sales
  • Social Media - $12 Million Plus 5% of Sales
  • Social Network Advertising System - $500,000 Annually Plus 25% of Sales
  • Social Network Platform - 20% of Net Profits
  • Social Analytics Dashboard - $300,000 Plus 20% of Sale
  • Speech Compression - $4,500 License Fee
  • Spoken Word Audio Business Model - 0.5% to 5% of Net Revenues
  • Spreadsheet - $100 Million Damages Claim
  • Spreadsheet - $500,000 Settlement
  • Stock Analytics - Stock Plus 1% to 3% of Sales
  • Stock Market Quotes - 15% of Sales
  • Text to Speech Technology - $7 Million Plus 5% of Sales
  • Three-Dimensional Visualization - $15 Million License Fee
  • Tools/Distribution Rights - 30% on Sales
  • Unix Operating System - $595 Million Plus Undisclosed Royalties
  • Virtual Reality/Quicktime - $0.03 to $0.08 Per Unit
  • Virtual Replication - 0.60% to 15% of Sales
  • Webpage Building - $200,000 Plus 625% to 975% of Sales
  • Wireless Radio Computer Notebook Control - 5% to 20% of Sales
  • Word Processing and Office Suite Software - $197 Million
  • Year 2000 Software - $500,000 Cdn Plus a Royalty of $0.07 Per Line of Code

10. Construction

  • Composite Panels - 2% of Sales
  • Composite Poles - $1,750,002 Plus 35% of Sales
  • Composite Rail Ties/Structural Building Products - 15% to 3% of Sales
  • Pavement Texture - $50,000 License Fee Plus 10% on Sales
  • Pipe Rehabilitation - 675% to 8% on Sales Plus License Fees
  • Plastic Lumber - $500,000 Plus 5% on Sales
  • Plastic Construction Materials - $20,000 Plus 15% to 30% Sales
  • Residential Polymer Composite Materials - 50% Sales
  • Residential Plastic Construction Materials - 6% to 10% Sales
  • Boat Hull Plastic Construction Materials - $28,750 Plus 10% Sales

11. Electrical and Energy

  • Amorphous Metal Transformers - $300,000 Plus 1% to 25% of Sales
  • Battery - 45% on Sales
  • Battery - 5% to 10% of Costs and 15% of Gross Revenues
  • Battery Charger - 5% of Sales
  • Cable Rehabilitation - $2 Million Plus 50% of Pretax Profits
  • Cable/Transmission - 1% to 2% of Sales
  • Electric Power - 2% of Sales
  • Electric Power - 3% of Sales
  • Electric Power Storage - 5% of Sales
  • Electroconversion Cell - $100,000 Plus 1% to 5% of Sales
  • Epod Electrical Grid-Tie Inverter - $5,000 Plus 5% of Sales
  • Gasification Technology - $100,000 Plus Undisclosed Royalties
  • Hydro-Air Renewable Power System - 0.5% to 1% of Sales
  • LED Luminaries - 3% to 5% of Sales
  • Lighting - $96 Infringement Award
  • Lighting - $1 Million Plus 15% on Sales
  • Lighting - $322 Million Plus 15% on Sales
  • Nuclear Power Pipe Repairs - 5% on Sales
  • Photovoltaic Solar Products - 3% on Sales
  • Photovoltaic Solar Products - 3% on Sales
  • Photovoltaic Solar Products - $1 Million Plus 25% on Sales
  • Power Conversion - $425,000 Plus 5% of Sales
  • Rotary Valves - $1 Million Plus $50 Per Engine
  • Sun Tracking Solar Power System - $200,000 License Fee Plus 2% on Sales
  • Turbine Noise Cancellation Technology - 6% on Sales
  • Ultra Capacitor Technology - 2% on Sales
  • Turbine Noise Cancellation Technology - 2% on Sales
  • Zinc Air Fuel Cell - 0.8% to 33% of Sales
  • Waste Heat Recovery - 5% of Sales

12. Electronics

  • 3D Facial Recognition - $2,000 Per Unit Plus 10% of Sales
  • Analog Videos Content Security (Acp) - Upfront Fees Plus $0.60 Per Unit
  • Advertising Sign - 10% on Sales Infringement Award
  • Airborne Tv Antenna - $1 Million and an Undisclosed Per Unit Royalty Amount
  • Audio - 3% on Sales
  • Audio - 2% on Sales
  • Authentication Technology -$ 1 Million Plus 2% on Sales
  • Bar Code Technology - 75% to 15% on Sales
  • Batteries - $25 Million License Fee Plus 3% to 5% on Sales
  • Batteries - 0.5% to 3% of Sales
  • Batteries - $1 Million License Fee Plus 2% to 35% on Sales
  • Batteries - $15 Million License Fee
  • Batteries - $15 Million Plus Undisclosed Royalties
  • Bio-Electromagnetics - 15% to 16% on Sales
  • Capacitor - 16 Million French Francs Plus 4% on Sales
  • CD-R Technology - 3 Million Japanese Yen Plus 3% of Sales
  • Controls - 5% on Sales
  • Digital Video Broadcast Terrestrial - $350 for Each Set-Top Box
  • DVD Technology and 4C Pool Background
  • DVD Player Market
  • DVD - $0.03 to $360 Per Unit
  • DVD - $10,000 License Fee Plus 35% on Sales of Equipment and $0.05 Royalty Per Disk
  • DVD - 4% on Sales of Equipment and $0.075 Royalty Per Disk
  • DVD - 1% to 15% on Sales
  • DVD Recorders and Players - Various Rates as Outlined in the Chart Below
  • Fiber Optics - $25,000 Plus 5% on Product Sales Plus 3% on Accessory Sales
  • Fiber Optics - $4 Million Plus 5% on Sales
  • Fiber Optic Display - 4% on Sales
  • Fiber Optic Signs - One-Eighth of One Percent on Sales
  • Flat Panel Displays - 5% of Net Sales
  • Flat Panel Displays - $500,000 License Fee and 2% of Sales
  • Flat Panel Displays - 5% of Sales
  • Global Positioning - 8% of Sales
  • HD Optical Technology - License Fee Plus 10 Cents Per Player and 2 Cents Per Disk
  • Headphone - 5% of Sales
  • Keyboard - 5% of Sales
  • Lasers - 5% of Sales
  • Lasers - 35% to 5% of Domestic Sales and 2% of Foreign Sales
  • Lasers - 125% to 3% of Sales
  • Lasers - 10% of Sales
  • Liquid Crystal Technology - $5 Million Infringement Award
  • Live Video Delivery - 20% of Sales
  • Machine Vision - 5% on Sales
  • Media Management - $1 Million Upfront Fee Plus 1% of Sales
  • Noise Cancellation - $17 Million License Fee
  • Power System - 15% to 5% of Sales
  • Photoactive Materials - $25,000 Plus 6% of Sales
  • Printer - 75% of Sales
  • Remote Controls - $15,000 Per Month and $0.25 Per Unit
  • Remote Meters - 55% on Sales
  • Remote Monitoring - 7% on Sales
  • Security/Face Recognition - 31% on Sales Up to $275 Million
  • Security/Explosives Recognition - Cash, Stock Plus 4% of Sales
  • Sega Game Console - 7% to 12% on Sales
  • Simulation Theater Attractions - $12 Million License Fee
  • Television/High Definition - 18% on Sales
  • Test Devices - $1 Million Infringement Award
  • Video Game - 5% on Sales
  • Video Tape Recorders - 3% on Sales
  • Voltage Converter - 6% on Sales
  • Video Surveillance Software - 20% of Sales
  • Video Surveillance Software - $900,000 Upfront Fee Plus 40% of Sales
  • Video Surveillance Remote Control - $250,000 Plus 20% of Licensing Proceeds
  • Three-Dimensional Imagining - 5% of Sales
  • TV Linkage Product - 5% to 10% of Sales
  • Vending - Common Stock Plus 2% to 28% of Sales

13. Entertainment

  • 3DO Electronic Games - $6 to $9 Per Copy
  • Bingo - 40% on Sales
  • Computer Software Search - 3% on Sales
  • Film - 40% on Sales
  • Gambling Device - $795 a Month for Each Table + $500 a Month for Each Shuffling Machine
  • Gambling Device - Cash, Stock and 10% of Gross Profit
  • Gambling Device - $275 Million Plus Cross License
  • Gaming Device - 10% and 30% of the Gross Revenues
  • Gaming Console - 182% of Sales
  • Gaming Machine/Operation System - $1,000 Plus 5% of Sales
  • Gaming Machine/Operation System - $3 Million Plus 15% to 50% of Sales
  • Games - $90 Million Infringement Settlement
  • Games - $208 Million Infringement Award
  • Games - $100 Million License Fee
  • Internet Game/Bingo - $750,000 Plus 10% of the Gross Revenues Plus 30% of the Gross Profit
  • Internet Game/Bingo - 5% of the Revenues
  • Internet Casino Game - 21% to 25% of Revenues
  • Internet Casino Game - 12% to 15% of Sales
  • Internet Casino Game - $100,000 Plus 28% of Sales
  • Internet Casino Game - $2,500,000 Plus 20% of Sales
  • Internet Game/Gambling- 33% to 40% of Sales
  • Internet Game Operating System- $100,000 Plus 15% of Sales
  • Internet Game Payment System- $100,000 Plus 5% to 28% of Sales
  • Internet Lottery Game - $250,000 Plus 5% of Sales
  • Nintendo - $2083 Million Infringement Award
  • Sound Technology - 10% on Sales
  • Television Programming/Individualized - 5% on Sales
  • Theaters - 8% to 10% on Sales
  • Theaters - 17% to 35% of Net Ticket Revenue

14. Food & Beverage

  • Beverages - $0.25 (CDN) Per Case
  • Dairy Products - 2% on Net Sales
  • Eggs - $0.01 Per Pound to $0.05 Per Dozen
  • Food Flavor - $30 Million Development Cost Plus 1% to 4% of Sales
  • Food Flavor - $20 Million Development Cost Plus 1% to 4% of Sales
  • Healthy Food - Cash, Stock and 10% of Sales
  • Meatballs - 1% to 6% of Net Sales
  • Packaging/Beverage Container - Stock Plus 2% of Gross Profits
  • Packaging - $335,000 Plus 2% on Sales
  • Packaging - 20% of Sales
  • Packaging - 20% of Sales
  • Tea Manufacturer - 2% of Sales
  • Tobacco - 2% of Sales
  • Vending French Fries - 5% of Sales
  • Water/Beverage - $0.30 to $0.60 Per Case
  • Water - 2% of Sales
  • Water - $300,000 Plus 5% to 75% of Sales
  • Water - 1% to 5% of Sales

15. Franchise

  • Battery - $1 Million Plus 5% on Sales
  • Chocolate - 25% to 10% on Sales
  • Dining Card - 2% of Gross Volume
  • Education - 10% of Gross Volume
  • Food - 5% of Gross Volume and a 3% Advertising Payment
  • Food - 55% on Sales
  • Furniture - 5% on Sales
  • Healthcare - 75% on Sales
  • Muffler Shop - 7% on Sales Plus 10% on Sales Advertising Contribution
  • Oil Change Service - 2% on Sales
  • Restoration/Bathrooms and Kitchens - 6% on Sales
  • Water - $0.02 Cent Per Gallon

16. Fuel - Renewable

  • Aqueous Fuel - $10 Million and $20 Million Plus 1% to 2% on Sales
  • Biofuel Feedstock - $155 Million Upfront Fee Plus Common Stock Plus 35% to 7% on Sales
  • Biodiesel Fuel - 5% on Sales
  • Biodiesel Fuel - 3% on Sales
  • Biomass Fuel - Cash, Stock and $2 Per Ton
  • Coal Production - $750,000 Upfront Fee Plus $100 Per Ton Capped at $4 Million Per Year
  • Corn Oil Extraction Technology - 3% on Sales
  • Corn Extraction Technology - 10% on Pretax Net Income
  • Electric Powered Vehicle Technology - Royalty Free
  • Ethanol Fuel - $30,000 Plus 3% on Sales
  • Ethanol Fuel - 0.25% to 1% on Sales
  • Ethanol Fuel - $1 Million Upfront Fees Plus 4% on Sales
  • Ethanol Fuel - $15 Million Upfront Fee Plus 4% on Sales
  • Ethanol Fuel - $150 Per Ton Plus 25% on Sales
  • Ethanol Fuel - $50,000 Plus 4% on Sales
  • Ethanol from Cotton Gin Waste - $25,000 Plus 0.25% to 3% on Sales
  • Ethanol Fuel from Municipal Waste - $175,000 Upfront Plus 2% to 4% on Sales
  • Hydrodynamic Cavitation Process - 5% of Sales
  • Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicle Technology - Royalty Free
  • Hydrogen Reactor - $500,000 License Plus Stock Plus 5% to 8% of Sales
  • Oil Process - $1 Million License Fee, + a Per-Plant Fee + 1 to 6 Cents Per Gallon of Processed Oil
  • Petroleum Refining - 575 Cents Per Gallon
  • Petroleum Refining - 120 to 340 Cents Per Gallon
  • Syngas - 275% on Sales
  • Wind Turbine - $600,000 Plus 5% on Sales

17. Glass

  • Engraving - 3%, 10%, 17% and 20% of Sales
  • Recycling - $5 Per Ton
  • Tumblers and Tableware - 5% to 13% on Sales
  • Variable Light Transmission - 5% to 10% on Sales

18. Household Products

  • Buffet Plate - 25% on Sales
  • Child Protection Products - Cash, Stock Plus 6% on Sales
  • Carrier and Diaper Bag - $10,000 Upfront Fee Plus 7% on Sales
  • Crib Mattress - 5% on Sales
  • Disposable Diapers - 0.375% to 5% on Sales
  • Exercise - 10% of Sales
  • Flashlight - $1360 Per Unit
  • Fragrance - 5% of Sales
  • Fragrance - 5% of Sales
  • Fragrance - 5% of Sales
  • Fragrance - $5 Million Plus 5% to 7% of Sales
  • Infant Comfort Change System - 7% on Sales
  • Mood Enhancing Herbal Dyes - 25% of Sales
  • Salad Shooter - $285 Million Infringement Award
  • Scent Additives - 5% of Sales
  • Soap - 35% on Sales
  • Thaw Master Kitchen Utensil - $0.35 to $0.50 Per Unit
  • Water Beds - 94% on Sales

19. Internet

  • Advertising Technology - $30 Million Damages Plus 35% of Revenues
  • Barter System - $30,000, Stock Plus 3% on Barter Fees
  • Collaborative Interactivity - 7% to 10% on Sales
  • Domain Names

20. The Top 10 Most Expensive Domain Names as Reported by Go Daddy, July 24, 2017

  • E-Business - $50,000 Plus 15% on Sales
  • Encryption Downloading - 1% to 5% on Sales
  • Geocities Social Network - 10% Royalty on Net Revenue
  • Hospitality - $5,000 Plus Common Stock Plus 1% to 2% of Net Sales
  • Indian Language Internet Search Tool - 10% of Sales
  • Insurance Claims - 15%, 25% and 50% on Net Sales
  • Internet Data Compression - 10% Royalty on Net Revenue Per Transaction
  • Internet of Things - 1% to 2% of Sales
  • Internet Gaming - 40% on Sales
  • Internet Security - 0.98% of Sales
  • Internet Services - 10% of Sales
  • Ieee 80211 Wifi Standard - $0.90 to $190 Per Unit
  • Ieee 80211 Wifi Standard - $0.956 Per Unit
  • Ieee 80211 Wireless Networking + Itu-T H264 Video Coding Standards - 4 to 36 Cents Per Unit
  • Social Media - 49% of Sales
  • Social Media Platform - $22 Million Over Five Years Plus 5% of Sales
  • Social Media Platform - $1,000,000 Annually Plus 3% of Gross Profits
  • Wireless Application Protocol - 10% on Sales

21. Mechanical

  • Amorphous Alloys - 10% of Sales
  • 3D Printing - 8% of Sales
  • Abrasive Cutting Technology - 2% of Sales
  • Air Purification - 5% of Sales
  • Bicycle - $200,000 Plus 0.50% to 1% on Sales
  • Bucky Paper - Multiple of Initial Investment
  • Carbon Nanotube Materials - 10% on Sales
  • Closures - $20,000 Plus 5% on Sales
  • Cooking Technology - 10% of the Wholesale Price
  • Compressor Technology - 5% to 8% on Sales
  • Compressor Technology - 6% to 15% on Sales
  • Design/Boat - $2 Million Infringement Award
  • Drilling Technology - 18% of Earnings Plus Royalties on Sales Between 1% and 4%
  • Diamonds - $250,000 Plus 30% Ownership of Joint Venture Plus $250 Per Machine Per Month
  • Electromagnetic Motor - $50,000 Plus 5% of Sales
  • Ergonomic Design/Chair - 3% on Sales
  • Emulsion System - 2% and 10% on Sales
  • Filtration - 165% of Sales
  • Filtration - 25% of Sales
  • Fluid Flow Meters - $262 Million Infringement Award
  • HVAC Chillers - 5% of Sales
  • Hydraulic Fracturing - $75 Million Plus $15 Million Per Machine Per Year
  • Injection Molded Fans - 65% on Sales Infringement Award
  • Lawn Mower - 5% of Sales ($250 Per Mower)
  • Nanocomposite Materials - $100,000 Plus 25% of Sales
  • Nanocrystalline Materials - $14 Million Plus 2% to 5% on Sales Infringement Award
  • Oil Burner Technology - 15% on Sales
  • Pipe Joining - $1 Per Unit
  • Plasma Pulse Oil Recovery - $350,000 Plus 75% of Net Service Sales
  • Plumbing - 3% on Sales
  • Radiation Shielding - 8% of Sales
  • Retractable Piping System - $545 Million Plus 3% on Sales
  • Slide-Out Mechanisms - 1% to 15% of Sales
  • Tank Testing System - $185 Million

22. Medical

  • Allergy Testing System - 3% on Sales Infringement Settlement
  • Ambulatory Infusion Products - $13 Million Plus 2% on Sales
  • Antimicrobial Technology - One Time Royalty of $600,000
  • Articular Disorders and Disorders of the Human Spine - 6% of Sales
  • Artificial Intelligence Physical Therapy - 6% of Sales
  • Balms, Lotions & Soaps - $200,000 Plus 6% of Sales
  • Birth Control - $2 Million Plus 325% of Sales Over $75 Million
  • Bio-Cleanse Solution - 5% of Sales
  • Biometric Display System - 30% of Net Profits
  • Biopsy System - One Time Royalty of $500,000
  • Bio-Sensor Implantable Rfid - 10% to 20% of Sales
  • Bioptron Lamp - $2 Million Plus 4% on Sales
  • Bio Threat Detection - $25 Million Plus Business Profit Potential
  • Blood/Artificial - $18 Million Plus 3% on Sales
  • Blood Clot Detection - 5% on Sales
  • Blood Freezing - 5% on Sales
  • Blood Glucose Test - $1 Million Settlement
  • Blood Coagulation Monitoring - 15% on Sales With $5 Million Cap on Royalties
  • Blood Collection - 15% on Sales
  • Blood Oxygen Saturation - 775% on Sales
  • Blood Protein Harvesting - $400,000 License Fee Plus 10% on Sales
  • Blood Purification - Stock Plus 875% of Sales
  • Blood Purification - 25% to 5% of Sales
  • Blood Safety - 3% to 10% of Sales
  • Blood Vessels/Artificial - 125% to 20% of Sales
  • Blood Sampling System - $25 Million Plus Undisclosed Royalties
  • Bone Regeneration - 2% and 3% of Sales
  • Breast Cancer Diagnosis - $250,000M License Fee Plus Stock Plus 15% on Sales
  • Breast Cancer Diagnosis - 6% to 10% on Sales
  • Burn Treatment - 5% on Sales
  • Cancer Detection/Cervical - 20% on Sales
  • Cancer Detection - 4% on Sales
  • Cancer Detection - Cash, Stock and Warrants Plus 1% and 325% on Sales
  • Cancer Detection/Cervical - 1% to 3% on Sales
  • Cancer Detection/Cervical - 4% on Sales
  • Cancer Treatment - 1% to 2% of Gross Profits
  • Cardiac - 26% and 44% of Sales
  • Cardiovascular - 10% of Sales
  • Cardiovascular - 1% and 5% of Sales
  • Cardiovascular - 25% of Net Sales Settlement
  • Cardiovascular - $22 Million Infringement Settlement
  • Cardiac Stents - 25% of Sales
  • Cardiac Septal Repair Implant - 75% to 105% of Net Sales
  • Cardiac Surgical Instruments - $375,000 Plus 4% of Sales
  • Cardiovascular/Valve Replacement - Cross-License Plus $750 Million Plus Royalties on Sales
  • Cardiovascular/Heart Valve - 5% of Sales
  • Casts/Fiberglass - $107 Million Infringement Award
  • Catheter - $635 Million Infringement Award
  • Catheter - 75% to 20% on Sales
  • Coating/Catheters - $120,000 Upfront Fee Plus 2% of Sales
  • Cell Processing - 5% of Sales
  • Chest Tube Insertion Tool - 6% of Sales
  • Chest Tube Repositioning Tool - 6% of Sales
  • Contact Lenses - 3% to 5% of Sales
  • Cytology Device - $300,000 Plus 10% on Sales
  • Dental - $75 Million
  • Dental - $462,500 Plus 4% to 7% of Sales
  • Dental - 5% to 8% of Sales
  • Dental - 5% on Sales
  • Dental Material - $250,000 Plus 25% to 5% of Sales
  • Dental/Tooth Decay Prevention Additive - 4% to 7% of Sales
  • Dentures - 7% on Sales
  • Dental Implants - 7% on Sales
  • Dental Lighting Wand - 25% to 20% on Sales
  • Dermal - $5 Million
  • Dermal - 15% on Sales
  • Diabetes Monitoring - $12 Per Unit
  • Diagnostic/Bacteria - $100,000 Plus 6% on Sales
  • Diagnostic/Cardiovascular - 575% on Sales
  • Diagnostic/Cardiovascular - 10 to 15%% on Sales
  • Diagnostic/Cardiovascular - 5% on Sales
  • Diagnostic - 10% on Sales
  • Diagnostic Test - $9 Per Test
  • Dialysis - 10% of Sales and Rentals
  • Diet - 15% of Gross Margin
  • Digital Scanner - 10% on Sales
  • Disinfectant/Iodine - $100,000 Upfront Fee Plus 10% of Sales
  • Drug Abuse Detection - 1% to 3% of Sales
  • Drug Delivery - 5% of Sales
  • Drug Delivery - 65% to 85% on Sales
  • Drug Delivery - 2% to 3% of Sales
  • Drug Delivery - 4% to 6% on Sales
  • Drug Delivery Stent - $22 Million Upfront Fee Plus 8% of Sales
  • Drug Delivery Transdermal - Cash, Stock, Debt Assumption and 25% on Sales
  • Drug Delivery Transdermal - Cash, Stock, Plus 5% of Sales
  • Electronic Imagining - $300,000 License Fee Plus 5% on Sales
  • Emergency Monitoring - $100,000 License Fee Plus 20% on Net Profits
  • Hearing Aid - 0.5% on Sales
  • Hearing Aid - 3% on Sales
  • Hearing Aid - Tiered by Units Sold from 15% to 10% of Sales
  • Hemodialysis Machine Touchscreen Interface - 10% on Machine Sales and 7% on Disposables
  • High Intensity Focused Ultrasound Technology - 5% to 7% of Sales
  • HIV Detection - $50,000 Plus 3% on Sales
  • HIV Test - 5% of Sales
  • Lasers for Cosmetic Surgery - $300,000 Annually Plus 3% of Sales
  • Laser for Carpal Tunnel Syndrome - 3% on Sales
  • Laser for Dermatology and Ophthalmology - 5% to 75% on Sales
  • Laser Finger Perforator Technology - 7% on Sales
  • Laser Hair Removal - 75% on Sales
  • Laser Surgery for Vision - $100 Per Procedure
  • Liposuction - $500,000 Plus 5% on Sales
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging - $62 Million Infringement Award
  • MRI Systems Contrast Agent - $5 Million Plus $5 Million When Approved for Marketing
  • Mattress - 2% of Sales
  • Microarraying Components Chemistry - $100,000 Plus 5% of Sales, Capped at $2 Million
  • Microgravity Instruments - $100,000 Plus 5% of Sales, Capped at $2 Million
  • Monitoring - 3% on Sales
  • MRI - 3% on Sales
  • MRI-Guided Radiation Therapy - 1% on Sales
  • Neuromodulation - 3% on Sales
  • Neuromodulation Stimulator - 4% to 7% of Sales
  • Nitric Oxide Therapy - $150,000 Upfront Fee Plus 5% of Sales
  • Nutritional Formulation - 5% of Sales
  • Nutritional Supplements - 5% of Sales
  • Nutritional Supplements - 3% to 5% of Sales
  • Ophthalmic Water Jet Surgery - 5%, 6% and 7% of Sales
  • Pet Medicine/Animal Production - $1 Million Plus 5% on Sales
  • Pet Medicine/Cannabis - 10% to 15% on Sales
  • Pet Medicine/Cushing’s Disease Therapy- 5% on Sales
  • Pet/Dog Food- $500,000 Plus 185% on Sales
  • Petscan - 4% on Sales
  • Peripheral Nerve Injury Treatment - 1% to 3% on Sales
  • Personal Care Products - 1%, 5% and 6% on Sales
  • Obesity Therapy - 35% to 75% on Sales
  • Ophthalmic Therapy - 1% of Sales
  • Ophthalmic Therapy - 1% to 2% on Sales
  • Pacemaker Settlement of $300 Million
  • Polymer/Biomedical - $750,000 Plus 5% on Sales
  • Prostate Treatment - $15 Million Plus 4% on Sales
  • Radiation Therapy - 1% of Gross Profits
  • Radiation Therapy Breathing Motion Management - $35 Million Settlement
  • Skin Barrier Repair - $1 Million License Fee Plus 3% Escalating to 5% of Sales
  • Skin Care - $1 Million Upfront Fee Plus 5% of Sale
  • Skin Care - 5% of Sale
  • Skin Treatment - 5% of Sales
  • Spinal Implants - 1375% and 825% on Net Sales
  • Spinal Implants - 5% on Net Sales
  • Spinal Implants - 15% on Net Sales
  • Syringe Disposal - $14,206, Stock Options and 5% on Net Sales
  • Syringe - 20% on Sales
  • Syringe - 25% of Sales
  • Safety Syringe - $500,000 Plus 5% on Net Sales
  • Surgical Device - $58 Million Insurance Contract Failure
  • Surgical Device - 6% on Sales
  • Surgical Device - 25% to 3% on Sales Plus Stock Options
  • Surgical Procedure - $5 for Every No-Stitch Slice
  • Tissue Expanders/Breast Reconstruction - 3% of Sales
  • Tissue Growth and Repair - 10% to 12% on Net Sales
  • Transcatheter Valve Technology - $750 Million Settlement Plus $40 Million Minimum Royalties
  • Vascular Closure Device - 2625% on Net Sales
  • Vascular Closure Device - 6% on Net Sales
  • Vascular - 25% on Net Sales
  • Vascular Graphs - 125% to 20% of Net Sales
  • Vascular Plug - 11% on Sale
  • Vessel Sealing - 5% of Sales
  • Voiding Dysfunction Therapy - 7% on Sales
  • Wound Closure - 10% on Net Sales
  • Wound Management - $500,000 Plus 10% to 13% on Net Sales
  • X-Ray Product - 5% on Sales

23. Photography

  • Auto Focus - $96 Million Infringement Award
  • Camera/Film to Digital Conversion - 15% of Sales
  • Digital/Compactflash - Royalty-Free
  • Document Security - 30/70 Split of Economic Benefits
  • Photochemicals - 3% to 5% of Sales

24. Semiconductors

  • Chip Interface Technology - 35% on DDR DRAM Sales and 0.75% on Sdram Sales
  • Chip Stacking Technology - 1% on Gross Sales
  • Cortex Processor - 11% to 12% of Sales
  • DRAM - 15% of Sales
  • Full Duplex Single Chip Video Codec - $0.25 Per Unit
  • High-Bandwidth Chip Connection Technology - $10 Million
  • Laser Technology - 1% to 4% on Sales
  • Lightning Resistance - 3% on Sales
  • Manufacturing - 3% on Sales
  • Manufacturing - 325% on Sales
  • Metal Oxide Semiconductor Field Effect Transistors - $7 Million Settlement
  • Nanocomposites - 3% of Net Sales
  • Pentium II Processor - $4 to $5 Per Chipset
  • Power Conversion - 925% on Sales
  • Programmable Logic - $20 Million Fee Plus Cross-Licensing
  • Superconductor Material - 4% on Sales
  • Texas Instruments - $1 Billion Fee
  • Texas Instruments - 3% to 45% on Sales
  • Texas Instruments - 10% on Sales
  • Texas Instruments - 2% to 4% on Sales
  • Texas Instruments - 6% on Sales
  • Texas Instruments - 1% to 3% on Sales May Increase to 10% on Sales
  • Texas Instruments - $518 Million Infringement Award
  • Texas Instruments - Cross License and Royalty Payments
  • Thin Film Ferroelectric Technology - 1% to 2% on Sales
  • Thin Film Silicon - 25% to 5% on Sales
  • Video Codec Technology - $0.25 Per Unit

25. Sports

  • Exercise Equipment/Tread Climber - 3% on Sales
  • In-Line Skates - 1% on Sales
  • Personal Watercraft - $205 Per Unit
  • Recreational Sonar Equipment - 10% on Sales
  • Turf Sports Surfaces - $416,067 Plus 5% on Sales

26. Steel

  • Alloy - 2% of Sales
  • Alloy Overlay - Stock Plus 2% of Net Sales
  • Grain Oriented Silicon Electric Steel - $5 Million Infringement Award

27. Toys and Games

  • Toy Industry - 5% to 8% to 12% of Sales
  • Casino Games - $240,000 Plus 10% to 30% on Gross Profits
  • Controller Device - 5% on Sales
  • Controller Devices - 0.5% on Sales
  • Disney - 10% to 12% on Sales
  • Golf Training Aid - Stock and 5% of Net Profits
  • Lockheed Martin F-16 Design - 1% to 10% on Sales
  • Lockheed Martin F-16 Design - $500,000 Plus 3% on Sales
  • Video Game Exercise Mat Controller - $5,000 Upfront Fee Plus 5% to 8% on Sales

28. Waste Treatment

  • Aluminum Can Recycling - 10% on Sales
  • Ammonia Recovery Process - 5% of Sales
  • Asphalt Roofing Materials - $250,000 License Fee Plus 6% on Sales
  • Ceramic Materials Process - $5 Million Plus 3% of Sales
  • Chemical Weapons - $85 Million License Fee Plus 35% on Sales
  • Containers - 5% on Sales
  • Diesel Fuel Recovery - 4 Cents Per Gallon
  • Fiberglass/Reclamation - $250,000 Plus 5% of Adjusted Gross Receipts
  • Fiberglass/Reclamation - 12% of Net Profits
  • Oil Process - 6 Cents Per Gallon
  • Oil Sludge Remediation - $50,000 License Fee Plus 5% of Us Sales and 3% of Sales Outside US
  • Oil Sludge Remediation - $25 Million License Fee Plus $2 Million in Future Royalties
  • Organic Waste Conversion - $1 Million License Fee Plus 5% of Sales Plus 10% of Net Income
  • Pollution Scrubber - 5% on Sales
  • Rubber Recycling - Common Stock Plus 3% Sales
  • Tire Recycling - 5% on Sales
  • Tire Recycling - 2% on Sales
  • Tire Recycling - $1 Million License Fee Plus $4 Per Ton of Processed Tires
  • Tire Incinerator - Cash, Common Stock and 2% of Sales
  • Toxic Recycling - $525,000 Plus 3% of Sales
  • Toxic Waste Furnaces - Common Stock and 2% of Sales
  • Waste to Energy Conversion - $10 Million
  • Waste to Oil - $100,000 Plus 10% of Sales
  • Waste Water Treatment- Common Stock and 2% of Sales
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