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Coal Liquefaction Industry in United States 2018

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  • 111 Pages
  • April 2018
  • Region: United States
  • Aruvian Research
  • ID: 4496075

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Table of Contents

A. Executive SummaryB. Current Market for Coal
C. Coal Liquefaction
C.1 What is Coal Liquefaction?
C.2 Historical Background
C.3 Market for Coal Liquefaction
D. Process Technologies in Coal Liquefaction
D.1 Direct Coal Liquefaction
D.2 Indirect Coal Liquefaction
D.3 Fischer- Tropsch Process
D.4 Methanol Synthesis
D.5 Gasoline Synthesis
D.6 Basic Process Configurations
D.7 Solvent Refined Coal Process
D.8 Consol Synthetic Fuels
D.9 Exxon Donor Solvent
D.10 H-Coal
D.11 Third Generation Liquefaction Processes
E. Chemistry of Coal LiquefactionF. Properties of Coal LiquidsG. Commercialization & Economics of Synfuel Production
H. Economics of Coal Liquefaction
H.1 Cost of Overall Process & Fuel
H.2 Polygeneration Costs
I. Growth Drivers for Coal Liquefaction
I.1 Global Climate Change
I.2 Exhaustion of Fossil Fuels
I.3 Energy, National Security & High Oil Prices
I.4 Large Quantity of Coal Supply
I.5 Emergence of Methanol as a Renewable Fuel
J. Challenges & Issues in Coal Liquefaction
J.1 Costing of Liquefaction Process & High Coal Prices
J.2 Carbon Dioxide as a By-Product
J.3 Consumption of Water
K. Case Study: Chinese Investment in Direct Coal Liquefaction
K.1 Coal Liquefaction in China
K.2 Shenhua’s Coal Liquefaction Project
K.3 Issues & Challenges
K.4 Conclusion
L. Case Study: Indirect Liquefaction of Coal-Biomass Mixtures for Production of Jet Fuel
M. Leading Players
M.1 BRI Energy
M.2 Chevron Corporation
M.3 FMC Corporation
M.4 Headwaters Group
M.5 Pall Corporation
M.6 Rentech
M.7 Sasol
M.8 Shenhua Group
N. Major Projects
N.1 Adams Fork Energy - TransGas WV CTL
N.2 East Dubuque
N.3 Gilberton
N.4 Medicine Bow
N.5 Monash Energy
N.6 Sasol I, II, & III
N.7 Shaanxi
N.8 Yinchuan
N.9 Catoosa
O. AppendixP. Glossary of Terms
List of Figures
Figure 1: Coal Production by Coal-Producing Region, 2017
Figure 2: Coal Production by Region, 2010-2017 (in Million Short Tons)
Figure 3: Major Producers of Hard Coal, 2017
Figure 4: Two Basic Process Configurations for Liquid Fuel Production by Indirect Coal Liquefaction
Figure 5: Solvent Refined Coal Process
Figure 6: CSF Process
Figure 7: The EDS Process
Figure 8: H-coal Process
Figure 9: Methanol-to-Gasoline Route
Figure 10: Distillation Curves for Coal Liquids
Figure 11: Capital Cost for Coal-to-Liquid Technology, 2017
Figure 12: US Reserves/Production Ratio
Figure 13: SH-I Direct Liquefaction Process
Figure 14: Figure 6: Fischer-Tropsch Technology used by Sasol
Figure 15: Coal Production by Type, 2017
Figure 16: SRI's Pressurized Radiant Coal Flow Reactor
Figure 17: Comparison of World Oil and Coal Reserves, 2017
Figure 18: Estimated Recoverable Coal, 2017
Figure 19: Coal Reserves and Resources
Figure 20: Direct Coal Liquefaction Process
Figure 21: Hybrid DCL/ICL Plant Concept
Figure 22: Shenhua DCL Process
Figure 23: Indirect Coal Liquefaction Overview
Figure 24: Location of Proposed CTL Projects in the US, 2017
Figure 25: CTL Projects Worldwide, 2017
Figure 26: US Oil Situation: Past, Present and Projected Future
Figure 27: US Coal Production
Figure 28: Process Flow Chart for CTL
Figure 29: Gasification-based Polygeneration
List of Tables
Table 1: US Coal Supply, Disposition, and Prices, 2011 – 2017
Table 2: Product Distribution for Solvent Refined Coal (SRCI)
Table 3: Product Yields of EDS Process for Different Coals
Table 4: Product Yields of H-Coal Process
Table 5: Composition of Coal Liquids
Table 6: Major Products of SH-I
Table 7: Coal Liquefaction Technologies

Companies Mentioned

  • BRI Energy
  • Chevron Corporation
  • FMC Corporation
  • Headwaters Group
  • Pall Corporation
  • Rentech
  • Sasol
  • Shenhua Group