In 2017, Belarus’s GDP went up 2.4%, the first positive result since 2014. This meant an exit from a two-year recession, further proof of, which includes an upward trend in industrial production, low inflation and a relatively high level of currency reserves.
It appears that Belarus has returned to the path of economic growth, above all as an effect of the improvement of the situation on the global fuel markets, resulting in increasing income from the sale of petroleum products, one of its main exports.
The Belarusian-Russian dispute over the terms of oil and gas supplies from Russia, which had continued for more than a year, was resolved in April 2017 has also had a positive effect. Another important factor was the improvement of the economic situation in Russia, which is the key market for a significant section of Belarusian exports.
In turn, the Belarusian governments policy has only contributed to improving the countrys' economic situation to a marginal extent, although the record-low inflation level last year is doubtless a merit of the central bank.
Apart from this, moves aimed at preserving the ineffective economic system have prevailed. Heavy industry, most of, which is ineffective, is still supported mainly due to President Alyaksandr Lukashenka’s fear of the social destabilisation that might be provoked by massive dismissals of personnel from decommissioned plants.
The government is continuing its policy of administratively regulating pay rises for the same reason. The reforms launched, for example introduce facilitations for doing business (including the unprecedentedly liberal decree regulating the operation of the IT sector, which has been rapidly developing over the past few years); but they will not lead to a comprehensive reconstruction of the inefficient economic model, nor lay the foundations for stable economic growth.
1.0 Executive summary
3.0 Macro Economy
3.1 Macroeconomic overview
4.0 Real Economy
4.1 Industrial production
4.3 Fixed investment
4.5 Labour and income
4.5.1 Labour market, unemployment dynamics
4.5.1 Nominal wages dynamics
4.5.2 Retail sector dynamics
5.0 External Sector & Trade
5.1 External sector overview
5.2 Balance of payments, current account
5.2.1 Import/export dynamics
5.2.4 Gross international reserves
6.0 Public Sector
6.1.1 Budget dynamics - funding, privatization
7.1 FX issues
8.0 Financial & capital markets
8.1 Bank sector overview
8.2 Central Bank policy rate
8.3 Bank News
8.4 International ratings