Global fuel ethanol production kept increasing from year to year to 26,584m of gallons in 2016. Since 2011, ethanol supply has been largely led by the US and Brazil. The US and Brazil accounted for 85% of global ethanol production, in 2016. Output in the rest of the world grew rapidly although not significantly from 2011 to 2016, one third of which came from Europe.
- Identification of the most promising countries in the biofuel and highlights how various geographic markets are expanding their share in the total energy supply mix using biofuel.
- Five-year assessment of the latest biofuel technology and installed biofuel capacity.
- Liquid biofuel market trends and costs.
- List of major key players of biofuel renewable energy.
- Information on government policy framework on biofuel for supporting the biofuel market.
- Identification of biofuel energy development and potential resource globally and in major countries in the future.
- Analysis across countries with abundant feedstock availability including Brazil, India, Germany, China, and the UK – biofuel feedstock production is led by competition for available land and water resources, oil and electric vehicle prices.
- Realize up to date competitive intelligence through a comprehensive assessment of the biofuel and installed biofuel capacity in biofuel markets.
- Achieve a comprehensive understanding of the drivers and resistors effecting the biofuel market.
- Analyze the cost of biofuel power technology against that of other renewable power technologies.
- Understand government policy framework on biofuel for each country and learn which technology trends are likely to allow greater market impact.
- Identify the growth of biofuel development and biofuel resource potential in the future and examine how it is changing the economics the biofuel technologies.
- Assess global future outlook in energy demand by fuel and scenario by technology.
Key Market Issues:
The economics of biofuels:
- There is a growing sense that biofuels produced from biomass are now an economically and technically feasible proposition.
- The production costs of biofuels vary significantly between regions and are dependent on the price of raw materials (biomass), the method of production, the refining process, and the use of by-products and waste. Thus costs can be highly variable dependent on the various combinations used in each country or location.
Biofuel technologies and technology trends:
- Lignocellulosic biomass (e.g. from wood and grasses) as well as methanol and Fischer-Tropsch diesel are viewed by many as likely candidates for biofuels in the long-term, but the rate of uptake and cost decrease has not been as high as previously anticipated. Some of the currently available biofuels have a number of disadvantages that are related to their feedstock. The current costs of rapeseed biodiesel and ethanol from cereals or beets are much higher than the costs of petrol or diesel, with substantial subsidies required to make them competitive.
- Second generation biofuels had been developed due to limitations of first generation biofuels, primarily that the resources used threatens food supplies. Second generation biofuels production processes include use a variety of non-food crops such as waste biomass, the stalks of wheat, corn, wood and miscanthus.
- The term ‘Third generation biofuel’ primarily references fuel derived from algae. Algae has a much higher production volume than other noted biofuels crops to date such as soybeans.
Biofuels drivers and inhibitors:
- Developing economies such as India, China and Africa are likely to see demand for fossil fuels multiply many times over in the coming decades, in order to drive economic growth.
- The majority of Brazilian drivers now use 25% blended ethanol fuel, while a new generation of ‘flex-fuel’ cars, which can run on 100% ethanol, are increasing in popularity.
- Demand for biodiesel from Germany continues to be very high. Demand has grown strongly, especially in the EU-28.
Table of Contents
Expert Author Profile
Table of figures
Table of tables
- Biofuels, the biofuel resource and the growth of biofuels
- Biofuel technologies and technology trends
- The economics of biofuels
- Biofuels drivers and inhibitors
- Biofuels policies and regulations
- Market sizing and growth, Future market and economic prospects for biofuel
Chapter 1 Biofuels, the biofuel resource and the growth of biofuels
- World energy demand
- Climate change
- Renewable energy
- What are biofuels?
- Solid biofuels
- Liquid biofuels
- Gas biofuels
- Biofuels in current use
- Distribution, storage and blending
- Distribution, storage and blending
Chapter 2 Biofuel technologies and technology trends
- Second generation biofuels
- Second generation biofuels under development
- Butanol and Isobutanol
- Dimethylfuran (DMF)
- Hydro Thermal Upgrading (HTU) diesel
- Fischer-Tropsch fuels
- Bioconversion of biomass to mixed alcohol fuels
- Wood diesel
- Key players in second generation / advanced biofuels
- Market possibilities for second generation / advanced biofuels
- Third generation biofuels
- Algae fuel
- Background to Algae for fuel
- Limitations of previous biofuels
- Algae types
- Algae cultivation
- Closed-loop systems
- Open pond systems
- Algae fuel potential
- Development timeline
- Aircraft biofuels testing
- Key players for third generation biofuel
- Market possibilities for algae biofuel
Chapter 3 The economics of biofuels
- American market
- American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009
- Biofuels direction away from corn-based ethanol
- The biofuels economy
- Production costs
- Cost of distribution
- Third generation algae fuel costs
- Algae fuel leading players costs comparison
- Transport fuel blends
- Car costs and fuel efficiency
- Biofuels compared
- Hydrogen versus electric vehicles versus biofuels
Chapter 4 Biofuels drivers and inhibitors
- Market Background
- Drivers of the biofuels market
- Greenhouse gases and environmental concerns
- Regulatory incentives/pressure
- Concern about energy security
- Rising cost of existing fuel supplies
- Consumer pressure
- Inhibitors of the biofuels market
- Cost of production
- Sustainability concerns and the rising price of food crops
- Limited biofuels infrastructure
- Biomass and land availability
Chapter 5 Biofuels policies and regulations
- Policy framework
- Renewable energy targets
- Kyoto Protocol
- European Union
- Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS)
- Renewable Portfolio Standards (RPS)
- Developing nations
- Biofuels Targets
- Biofuels policy overview by region
- The European Union
- Biofuels Directive
- Directive 2003/96/EC
- Incentives for biofuels
- National Renewable Energy Action Plans
- The United States
- US Energy Policy Act 2005
- Proalcool Program
- Biodiesel Policy
- Bioethanol Policy
- Environmental Commitments Support Long-Term Ethanol Prospects
- The renewable Energy Law of the People’s Republic of China
- Biofuels policy overview of selected countries
Chapter 6 Market sizing and growth, future market and economic prospects for biofuel
- Worldwide energy demand
- Biofuels market sizing
- EU Biodiesel
- US Biodiesel
- Ethanol Production
- Brazil Biodiesel
- India’s fuel economy
- India Ethanol
- India Biodiesel
- China’s fuel economy
- China Ethanol
- China Biodiesel
Energy content and conversion rates
The report gathers data on biofuel across the countries leading the market for biofuel. The report covers: costs, drivers, inhibitors, market growth, forecasts, the key players, key feedstock available, and the prominent biofuel power technology utilized in each of the key countries, including: the US, Germany, Brazil, the UK.
- The potential for liquid biofuels is indicated by the world’s dependence on crude oil for transportation, with estimations signaling that fuels from crude oil currently supply about 96% of the worldwide energy demand for transport purposes.
- The combination of biomass and biofuels accounted for around 71% of the world’s total renewable energy production in 2015 and comprised around 10% of total global energy supply.
- All renewables together currently represent around 19% of final energy consumption and biofuels for transport comprising around 4% of renewable energy consumption.
Biofuels policies and regulations:
- To date, 192 countries and governmental entities have ratified the Kyoto Protocol, representing over 60% of the world’s greenhouse gas emissions.
- In 2017, President Donald Trump stated that the RFS has reenergized rural America. The 300 biorefineries operating across the country today support hundreds of thousands of manufacturing jobs, reduce foreign oil dependence and keep fuel prices down.
- India had a 20% biofuels mandate by 2017, which was missed.
- European Parliament voted to cap crop-based biofuels at 2017 levels brought in by a last minute amendment submitted by three key party groups on the day of the vote.
Market sizing and growth, Future market and economic prospects for biofuel:
- Worldwide production of bioethanol and biodiesel reached 98.3bn litres and 30.1bn litres in 2015, respectively.
- While biofuels accounted for just 1% of total fuel production in 2016, the biofuels market is predicted to grow significantly in the medium to long-term. For example, some forecasts estimate that biofuels could replace 10% of the global demand for transport fuels by 2025.
- Global fuel ethanol production kept increasing from year to year to 26,584m of gallons in 2016.