The Global Market for Graphene, 2-D Materials and Carbon Nanotubes - Product Image

The Global Market for Graphene, 2-D Materials and Carbon Nanotubes

  • ID: 4523523
  • Report
  • Region: Global
  • 1005 Pages
  • Future Markets, Inc
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Market analysis of the current market, products and players in graphene, other 2D materials and carbon nanotubes (multi-walled, single-walled and other types). These materials occupy the same technological and commercial space; they can also offer complementary benefits as hybrid materials and devices.

The author produced the first ever market study on graphene, in 2009 and has researched the carbon nanotubes market for over 15 years. Carbon nanomaterials have captured the research community’s attention over the past several decades with materials such as buckyballs, carbon nanotubes, carbon nanofibers and graphene.

Carbon nanotubes

Once the most promising of all nanomaterials, CNTs face stiff competition in conductive applications from graphene and other 2D materials and in mechanically enhanced composites from nanocellulose. However, after considerable research efforts, numerous multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs)-enhanced products are commercially available as conductive materials in plastics, elastomers and lithium-ion batteries.

There have also been several recent product launches in X-ray imaging, water harvesting textiles, cables, composites, automotive sensors, membranes and shock-resistant prepreg.

Single-walled carbon nanotubes

Owing to impressive mechanical, structural and electronic properties, single wall carbon nanotubes (SWCNT) are widely researched, and among the variety of semiconducting nanomaterials that have been discovered over the past two decades, remain uniquely well suited for applications in high-performance electronics, sensors and other devices.

SWCNTs exhibit important electric properties that are not shared by multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWNT). They are also more pliable than MWNTs, yet more difficult to produce cost-effectively, limiting their use to niche/high-priced applications. However, large-scale industrial production of SWCNTs has been initiated, promising new market opportunities in transparent conductive films, transistors, sensors and memory devices. SWCNTs possess many unique properties, which are advantageous for a wide variety of applications, including stretchable electronics.

Applications that have been identified with potentially the greatest economic return are:

  • Printed electronics and sensors
  • Printed batteries
  • Printed supercapacitors
  • Micro supercapacitors
  • SWCNT anode additives
  • Biosensors
  • Thermally tolerant plastics
  • Wiring and cables
  • SCWNT wafers
  • SWCNT electrodes

Graphene

Graphene is a ground-breaking two-dimensional (2D) material that possesses extraordinary electrical and mechanical properties that promise a new generation of innovative devices. New methods of scalable synthesis of high-quality graphene, clean delamination transfer and device integration have resulted in the commercialization of state-of-the-art electronics such as graphene touchscreens in smartphones and flexible RF devices on plastics.

Batteries and supercapacitors are also main application markets for graphene and virtually all graphene producers target penetration in these sectors. Products are already commercially available and there have been frequent product launches in the Asian-market recently.

Asia is the largest market for graphene and this trend shows little sign of abating as the emphasis on commercialization by governments in the region appears to be paying dividends. New products, research breakthroughs and production enhancements are occurring on a monthly basis. South Korea committed significant funds to the further development of graphene and most major Asian countries place great emphasis on commercializing graphene to meet future technology challenges, especially in energy and electronics. Most products currently use graphene on a very basic level (mainly as a conductive or temperature regulating additive).

2D Materials

Graphene has a major problem for novel 2D semiconductor applications as it lacks an energy gap between its conduction and valence bands, which makes it difficult to achieve low power dissipation in the OFF state. It therefore requires extensive modification (strain or other gap-opening engineering) to create one.

Researchers have therefore looked beyond graphene in recent years to other layered 2D materials, such as molybdenum disulfide (MoS2), hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN) and phosphorene. These materials possess the intrinsic properties of graphene, such as high electrical conductivity, insulating and semi-conducting properties, high thermal conductivity, high mechanical strength, gas diffusion barriers, high chemical stability and radiation shielding, but crucially also possess a semiconductor band gap. Theoretical and experimental works on these materials have rapidly increased in the past couple of years.

2D materials with high electron mobility are being explored either to replace silicon or to work in conjunction. Tunneling field-effect transistors (TFETs) based on 2D materials provide a possible scheme to extend Moore’s law down to the sub-10-nm region owing to the electrostatic integrity and absence of dangling bonds in 2D materials.

This report on the global market for carbon nanotubes, graphene and 2D materials and markets covers:

  • Production volumes for carbon nanotubes, graphene and 2D materials, historical estimated to 2027.
  • Pricing for carbon nanotubes, graphene and 2D materials, including evolution of pricing and current market prices by type sold.
  • Commercialization timelines and technology trends.
  • Carbon nanotubes and graphene products, current and planned.
  • Comparative analysis of carbon nanotubes and graphene.
  • Production capacities of carbon nanotubes and graphene producers. Production processes used also listed.
  • Assessment of regional market for carbon nanotubes and graphene.
  • Assessment of carbon nanotubes, graphene and 2D materials market including, competitive landscape, commercial prospects, applications, demand by market.
  • Assessment of end user markets for carbon nanomaterials including market drivers and trends, applications, market opportunity, market challenges and application and product developer profiles.
  • Unique assessment tools for the carbon nanomaterials market, end user applications, economic impact, addressable markets and market challenges to provide the complete picture of where the real opportunities in carbon nanomaterials are.
  • Company profiles of 430 carbon nanotubes, graphene, 2D materials and producers and product developers, including products, target markets and contact details.
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1 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

2 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
2.1 CARBON NANOTUBES
2.1.1 Exceptional properties
2.1.2 Products and applications
2.1.3 Competition from graphene
2.1.4 Production
2.1.4.1 Multi-walled nanotube (MWNT) production
2.1.4.2 Single-walled nanotube (SWNT) production
2.1.5 Global demand for carbon nanotubes
2.1.5.1 Current products
2.1.5.2 Future products
2.1.5.3 The market in 2018
2.1.6 Market drivers and trends
2.1.6.1 Electronics
2.1.6.2 Electric vehicles and lithium-ion batteries
2.1.7 Market and production challenges
2.2 2D MATERIALS
2.3 GRAPHENE
2.3.1 The market in 2017
2.3.2 The market in 2018
2.3.3 Production
2.3.4 Products
2.3.5 Graphene investments 2016-2018
2.3.6 Market outlook for 2018
2.3.7 Global funding and initiatives
2.3.8 Products and applications
2.3.9 Production
2.3.9.1 Production capacities by producer
2.3.9.2 Graphite producers
2.3.10 Market drivers and trends
2.3.11 Market and technical challenges
2.3.12 Key players globally
2.3.12.1 Asia-Pacific
2.3.12.2 North America
2.3.12.3 Europe

3 MATERIALS OVERVIEW
3.1 Properties of nanomaterials
3.2 Categorization
3.3 CARBON NANOTUBES
3.3.1 Properties
3.3.2 Multi-walled nanotubes (MWNT)
3.3.2.1 Properties
3.3.2.2 Applications
3.3.3 Single-wall carbon nanotubes (SWNT)
3.3.3.1 Properties
3.3.3.2 Applications
3.3.3.3 Single-chirality
3.3.4 Comparison between MWNTs and SWNTs
3.3.5 Double-walled carbon nanotubes (DWNTs)
3.3.5.1 Properties
3.3.5.2 Applications
3.3.6 Few-walled carbon nanotubes (FWNTs)
3.3.6.1 Properties
3.3.6.2 Applications
3.3.7 Carbon Nanohorns (CNHs)
3.3.7.1 Properties
3.3.7.2 Applications
3.3.8 Carbon Onions
3.3.8.1 Properties
3.3.8.2 Applications
3.3.9 Fullerenes
3.3.9.1 Properties
3.3.9.2 Applications
3.3.10 Boron Nitride nanotubes (BNNTs)
3.3.10.1 Properties
3.3.10.2 Applications
3.4 Applications of carbon nanotubes
3.5 GRAPHENE
3.5.1 History
3.5.2 Forms of graphene
3.5.3 Properties
3.5.4 3D Graphene
3.5.5 Graphene Quantum Dots
3.5.5.1 Synthesis
3.5.5.2 Applications
3.5.5.3 Producers
3.6 OTHER 2-D MATERIALS
3.6.1 Beyond moore’s law
3.6.2 Batteries
3.6.3 PHOSPHORENE
3.6.3.1 Properties
3.6.3.2 Fabrication methods
3.6.3.3 Challenges for the use of phosphorene in devices
3.6.4.1 Applications
3.6.5 Market opportunity assessment
3.7 GRAPHITIC CARBON NITRIDE (g-C3N4)
3.7.1 Properties
3.7.2 Synthesis
3.7.3 C2N
3.7.4 Applications
3.7.4.1 Electronics
3.7.4.2 Filtration membranes
3.7.4.3 Photocatalysts
3.7.4.4 Batteries (LIBs)
3.7.4.5 Sensors
3.7.5 Market opportunity assessment
3.8 GERMANENE
3.8.1 Properties
3.8.2 Applications
3.8.2.1 Electronics
3.8.2.2 Batteries
3.8.3 Market opportunity assessment
3.9 GRAPHDIYNE
3.9.1 Properties
3.9.2 Applications
3.9.2.1 Electronics
3.9.2.2 Batteries
3.9.2.3 Separation membranes
3.9.2.4 Water filtration
3.9.2.5 Photocatalysts
3.9.2.6 Photovoltaics
3.9.3 Market opportunity assessment
3.10 GRAPHANE
3.10.1 Properties
3.10.2 Applications
3.10.2.1 Electronics
3.10.2.2 Hydrogen storage
3.10.3 Market opportunity assessment
3.11 HEXAGONAL BORON-NITRIDE
3.11.1 Properties
3.11.2 Applications
3.11.2.1 Electronics
3.11.2.2 Fuel cells
3.11.2.3 Adsorbents
3.11.2.4 Photodetectors
3.11.2.5 Biomedical
3.11.3 Market opportunity assessment
3.12 MOLYBDENUM DISULFIDE (MoS2)
3.12.1 Properties
3.12.2 Applications
3.12.2.1 Electronics
3.12.2.2 Photovoltaics
3.12.2.3 Piezoelectrics
3.12.2.4 Sensors
3.12.2.5 Filtration
3.12.2.6 Batteries
3.12.2.7 Fiber lasers
3.12.3 Market opportunity assessment
3.13 RHENIUM DISULFIDE (ReS2) AND DISELENIDE (ReSe2)
3.13.1 Properties
3.13.2 Applications
3.13.2.1 Electronics
3.13.3 Market opportunity assessment
3.14 SILICENE
3.14.1 Properties
3.14.2 Applications
3.14.2.1 Electronics
3.14.2.2 Photovoltaics
3.14.2.3 Thermoelectrics
3.14.2.4 Batteries
3.14.2.5 Sensors
3.14.3 Market opportunity assessment
3.15 STANENE/TINENE
3.15.1 Properties
3.15.2 Applications
3.15.3 Market opportunity assessment
3.16 TUNGSTEN DISELENIDE
3.16.1 Properties
3.16.2 Applications
3.16.2.1 Electronics
3.16.3 Market opportunity assessment
3.17 ANTIMONENE
3.17.1 Properties
3.17.2 Applications
3.18 DIAMENE
3.18.1 Properties
3.18.2 Applications
3.19 INDIUM SELENIDE
3.19.1 Properties
3.19.2 Applications
3.20 COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF GRAPHENE AND OTHER 2D MATERIALS

4 COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS GRAPHENE AND CARBON NANOTUBES
4.1 Comparative properties
4.2 Cost and production
4.3 Carbon nanotube-graphene hybrids

5 CARBON NANOTUBE SYNTHESIS
5.1 Arc discharge synthesis
5.2 Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD)
5.3 Plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD)
5.4 High-pressure carbon monoxide synthesis
5.5 Flame synthesis
5.6 Laser ablation synthesis
5.7 Silane solution method

6 GRAPHENE SYNTHESIS
6.1 Large area graphene films
6.2 Graphene oxide flakes and graphene nanoplatelets
6.3 Production methods
6.3.1 Production directly from natural graphite ore
6.3.2 Alternative starting materials
6.3.3 Quality
6.4 Synthesis and production by types of graphene
6.4.1 Graphene nanoplatelets (GNPs)
6.4.2 Graphene nanoribbons
6.4.3 Large-area graphene films
6.4.4 Graphene oxide (GO)
6.5 Pros and cons of graphene production methods
6.5.1 Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD)
6.5.2 Exfoliation method
6.5.3 Epitaxial growth method
6.5.4 Wet chemistry method (liquid phase exfoliation)
6.5.5 Micromechanical cleavage method
6.5.6 Green reduction of graphene oxide
6.5.7 Plasma
6.6 Recent synthesis methods
6.7 Synthesis methods by company

7 REGULATIONS AND STANDARDS
7.1 Standards
7.2 Europe
7.3 United States
7.4 Asia
7.4.1 Japan
7.4.2 South Korea
7.4.3 Taiwan
7.4.4 Australia
7.5 Workplace exposure

8 CARBON NANOTUBES PATENTS

9 GRAPHENE PATENTS

10 CARBON NANOTUBES TECHNOLOGY READINESS LEVEL

11 GRAPHENE TECHNOLOGY READINESS LEVEL

12 CARBON NANOTUBES MARKET STRUCTURE

13 GRAPHENE MARKET STRUCTURE

14 CARBON NANOTUBES PRODUCTION ANALYSIS
14.1 Production volumes in metric tons, 2010-2027
14.2 Carbon nanotube producer production capacities
14.3 Regional demand for carbon nanotubes
14.3.1 Japan
14.3.2 China
14.4 Main carbon nanotubes producers
14.4.1 SWNT production
14.4.1.1 OCSiAl
14.4.1.2 FGV Cambridge Nanosystems
14.4.1.3 Zeon Corporation
14.5 Price of carbon nanotubes-MWNTs, SWNTs and FWNTs
14.5.1 MWNTs
14.5.2 SWNTs
14.6 APPLICATIONS

15 GRAPHENE PRODUCTION AND PRICING ANALYSIS
15.1 Graphene production volumes 2010-2027
15.2 Graphene pricing
15.2.1 Pristine Graphene Flakes pricing
15.2.2 Few-Layer Graphene pricing
15.2.3 Graphene Nanoplatelets pricing
15.2.4 Reduced Graphene Oxide pricing
15.2.5 Graphene Quantum Dots pricing
15.2.6 Graphene Oxide Nanosheets pricing
15.2.7 Multilayer Graphene (MLG) pricing
15.2.8 Mass production of lower grade graphene materials
15.2.9 High grade graphene difficult to mass produce
15.2.10 Bulk supply
15.2.11 Commoditisation
15.3 Graphene producers and production capacities

16 CARBON NANOTUBES INDUSTRY NEWS 2013-2018-INVESTMENTS, PRODUCTS AND PRODUCTION

17 GRAPHENE INDUSTRY DEVELOPMENTS 2013-2018-INVESTMENTS, PRODUCTS AND PRODUCTION

18 END USER MARKET ANALYSIS FOR CARBON NANOMATERIALS
18.1 3D PRINTING
18.1.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
18.1.2 APPLICATIONS
18.1.3 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
18.1.4 MARKET CHALLENGES
18.1.5 PRODUCT DEVELOPERS
18.2 ADHESIVES
18.2.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
18.2.2 APPLICATIONS
18.2.3 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
18.2.4 MARKET CHALLENGES
18.2.5 PRODUCT DEVELOPERS
18.3 AEROSPACE AND AVIATION
18.3.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
18.3.2 APPLICATIONS
18.3.2.1 Composites
18.3.2.2 Coatings
18.3.3 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
18.3.4 MARKET CHALLENGES
18.3.5 PRODUCT DEVELOPERS
18.4 AUTOMOTIVE
18.4.1 MARKET DRIVER AND TRENDS
18.4.2 APPLICATIONS
18.4.2.1 Composites
18.4.2.2 Thermally conductive additives
18.4.2.3 Tires
18.4.2.4 Heat dissipation in electric vehicles
18.4.3 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
18.4.4 MARKET CHALLENGES
18.4.5 PRODUCT DEVELOPERS
18.5 COATINGS
18.5.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
18.5.2 APPLICATIONS
18.5.3 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
18.5.4 MARKET CHALLENGES
18.5.5 PRODUCT DEVELOPERS
18.6 COMPOSITES
18.6.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
18.6.2 APPLICATIONS
18.6.2.1 Polymer composites
18.6.2.2 Barrier packaging
18.6.2.3 Electrostatic discharge (ESD) and electromagnetic interference (EMI) shielding
18.6.2.4 Wind turbines
18.6.2.5 Ballistic protection
18.6.3 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
18.6.4 MARKET CHALLENGES
18.6.5 PRODUCT DEVELOPERS
18.7 ELECTRONICS
18.7.1 FLEXIBLE ELECTRONICS, CONDUCTIVE FILMS AND DISPLAYS
18.7.1.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
18.7.1.2 APPLICATIONS
18.7.1.3 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
18.7.1.4 MARKET CHALLENGES
18.7.1.6 PRODUCT DEVELOPERS
18.7.2 CONDUCTIVE INKS
18.7.2.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
18.7.2.2 APPLICATIONS
18.7.2.3 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
18.7.2.4 MARKET CHALLENGES
18.7.2.5 PRODUCT DEVELOPERS
18.7.3 TRANSISTORS, INTEGRATED CIRCUITS AND OTHER COMPONENTS
18.7.3.1 APPLICATIONS
18.7.3.2 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
18.7.3.3 MARKET CHALLENGES
18.7.3.4 PRODUCT DEVELOPERS
18.7.4 MEMORY DEVICES
18.7.4.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
18.7.4.2 APPLICATIONS
18.7.4.3 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
18.7.4.4 MARKET CHALLENGES
18.7.4.5 PRODUCT DEVELOPERS
18.7.5 PHOTONICS
18.7.5.1 MARKET DRIVERS
18.7.5.2 APPLICATIONS
18.7.5.3 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
18.7.5.4 MARKET CHALLENGES
18.7.6 PRODUCT DEVELOPERS
18.8 ENERGY STORAGE AND CONVERSION
18.8.1 BATTERIES
18.8.1.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
18.8.1.2 APPLICATIONS
18.8.1.3 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
18.8.1.4 MARKET CHALLENGES
18.8.2 SUPERCAPACITORS
18.8.2.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
18.8.2.2 APPLICATIONS
18.8.2.3 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
18.8.2.4 MARKET CHALLENGES
18.8.3 PHOTOVOLTAICS
18.8.3.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
18.8.3.2 APPLICATIONS
18.8.3.3 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
18.8.3.4 MARKET CHALLENGES
18.8.4 FUEL CELLS AND HYDROGEN STORAGE
18.8.4.1 MARKET DRIVERS
18.8.4.2 APPLICATIONS
18.8.4.3 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
18.8.4.4 MARKET CHALLENGES
18.8.4.5 PRODUCT DEVELOPERS
18.9 LED LIGHTING AND UVC
18.9.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
18.9.2 PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS
18.9.2.1 Flexible OLED lighting
18.9.3 GLOBAL MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
18.9.4 MARKET CHALLENGES
18.9.5 PRODUCT DEVELOPERS
18.10 FILTRATION AND SEPARATION
18.10.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
18.10.2 APPLICATIONS
18.10.3 Water filtration
18.10.4 Gas separation
18.10.5 Photocatalytic absorbents
18.10.6 Air filtration
18.10.7 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
18.10.8 MARKET CHALLENGES
18.10.9 PRODUCT DEVELOPERS
18.11 LIFE SCIENCES AND MEDICAL
18.11.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
18.11.2 APPLICATIONS
18.11.2.1 Cancer therapy
18.11.2.2 Medical implants and devices
18.11.2.3 Wound dressings
18.11.2.4 Biosensors
18.11.2.5 Medical imaging
18.11.2.6 Tissue engineering
18.11.2.7 Dental
18.11.2.8 Electrophysiology
18.11.2.9 Wearable and mobile health monitoring
18.11.3 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
18.11.3.1 Wearable healthcare
18.11.4 MARKET CHALLENGES
18.11.5 PRODUCT DEVELOPERS
18.12 LUBRICANTS
18.12.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
18.12.2 APPLICATIONS
18.12.3 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
18.12.4 MARKET CHALLENGES
18.12.5 PRODUCT DEVELOPERS
18.13 OIL AND GAS
18.13.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
18.13.2 APPLICATIONS
18.13.2.1 Sensing and reservoir management
18.13.2.2 Coatings
18.13.2.3 Drilling fluids
18.13.2.4 Sorbent materials
18.13.2.5 Catalysts
18.13.2.6 Separation
18.13.3 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
18.13.4 MARKET CHALLENGES
18.13.5 PRODUCT DEVELOPERS
18.14 RUBBER AND TIRES
18.14.1 APPLICATIONS
18.14.2 GLOBAL MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
18.14.3 MARKET CHALLENGES
18.14.4 PRODUCT DEVELOPERS
18.15 SENSORS
18.15.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
18.15.2 APPLICATIONS
18.15.2.1 Infrared (IR) sensors
18.15.2.2 Electrochemical and gas sensors
18.15.2.3 Pressure sensors
18.15.2.4 Biosensors
18.15.2.5 Optical sensors
18.15.2.6 Humidity sensors
18.15.2.7 Strain sensors
18.15.2.8 Acoustic sensors
18.15.2.9 Wireless sensors
18.15.2.10 Surface enhanced Raman scattering
18.15.3 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
18.15.4 MARKET CHALLENGES
18.15.5 PRODUCT DEVELOPERS
18.16 SMART TEXTILES AND APPAREL
18.16.1 MARKET DRIVERS AND TRENDS
18.16.2 APPLICATIONS
18.16.3 Conductive coatings
18.16.4 Conductive yarns
18.16.5 MARKET SIZE AND OPPORTUNITY
18.16.6 MARKET CHALLENGES
18.16.7 PRODUCT DEVELOPERS

19 CARBON NANOTUBES PRODUCERS AND PRODUCT DEVELOPERS
220 Company profiles

20 GRAPHENE PRODUCERS
20.1 TYPES OF GRAPHENE PRODUCED, BY PRODUCER
119 Company profiles

21 GRAPHENE PRODUCT AND APPLICATION DEVELOPERS
21.1 Industrial collaborations and licence agreements
21.2 Markets targeted, by product developers and end users
110 Company profiles

22 REFERENCES

LIST OF TABLES
Table 1: Market summary for carbon nanotubes-Selling grade particle diameter, usage, advantages, average price/ton, high volume applications, low volume applications and novel applications
Table 2: Properties of CNTs and comparable materials
Table 3: Market opportunity assessment for CNTs in order of opportunity from high to low
Table 4: Annual production capacity of MWNT producers 2017
Table 5: SWNT producers production capacities 2017
Table 6: Production volumes of MWNTs (tons), 2010-2027
Table 7: Competitive analysis of Carbon nanotubes and graphene by application area and potential impact by 2027
Table 8: Demand for graphene (tons), 2010-2027
Table 9: Consumer products incorporating graphene
Table 10: Graphene investments and financial agreements 2017
Table 11: Market opportunity assessment matrix for graphene applications
Table 12: Graphene target markets-Applications and potential addressable market size
Table 13: Main graphene producers by country and annual production capacities
Table 14: Categorization of nanomaterials
Table 15: Properties of carbon nanotubes
Table 16: Applications of multi-walled carbon nanotubes
Table 17: Markets, benefits and applications of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes
Table 18: Comparison between single-walled carbon nanotubes and multi-walled carbon nanotubes
Table 19: Markets, benefits and applications of fullerenes
Table 20: Applications of carbon nanotubes
Table 21: Properties of graphene
Table 22: Comparison of graphene QDs and semiconductor QDs
Table 23: Graphene quantum dot producers
Table 24: Electronic and mechanical properties of monolayer phosphorene, graphene and MoS2
Table 25: Market opportunity assessment for phosphorene applications
Table 26: Market opportunity assessment for graphitic carbon nitride applications
Table 27: Market opportunity assessment for germanene applications
Table 28: Market opportunity assessment for graphdiyne applications
Table 29: Market opportunity assessment for graphane applications
Table 30: Market opportunity assessment for hexagonal boron nitride applications
Table 31: Market opportunity assessment for molybdenum disulfide applications
Table 32: Market opportunity assessment for Rhenium disulfide (ReS2) and diselenide (ReSe2) applications
Table 33: Market opportunity assessment for silicene applications
Table 34: Market opportunity assessment for stanine/tinene applications
Table 35: Market opportunity assessment for tungsten diselenide applications
Table 36: Comparative analysis of graphene and other 2-D nanomaterials
Table 37: Comparative properties of carbon materials
Table 38: Comparative properties of graphene with nanoclays and carbon nanotubes
Table 39: SWNT synthesis methods
Table 40: Large area graphene films-Markets, applications and current global market
Table 41: Graphene oxide flakes/graphene nanoplatelets-Markets, applications and current global market
Table 42: Main production methods for graphene
Table 43: Large area graphene films-Markets, applications and current global market
Table 44: Graphene synthesis methods, by company
Table 45: National nanomaterials registries in Europe
Table 46: Nanomaterials regulatory bodies in Australia
Table 47: Top ten countries based on number of nanotechnology patents in USPTO 2014-2015
Table 48: Published patent publications for graphene, 2004-2016
Table 49: Leading graphene patentees
Table 50: Industrial graphene patents
Table 51: Carbon nanotubes market structure
Table 52: Graphene market structure
Table 53: Production volumes of carbon nanotubes (tons), 2010-2027
Table 54: Annual production capacity of MWNT producers
Table 55: SWNT producer’s production capacities 2016
Table 56: Example carbon nanotubes prices
Table 57: Markets, benefits and applications of Carbon Nanotubes
Table 58: Global production of graphene, 2010-2027 in tons/year. Base year for projections is 2015
Table 59: Types of graphene and prices
Table 60: Pristine graphene flakes pricing by producer
Table 61: Few-layer graphene pricing by producer
Table 62: Graphene nanoplatelets pricing by producer
Table 63: Reduced graphene oxide pricing, by producer
Table 64: Graphene quantum dots pricing by producer
Table 65: Graphene oxide nanosheets pricing by producer
Table 66: Multi-layer graphene pricing by producer
Table 67: Production capacities of graphene producers, current and planned, metric tons
Table 68: Market drivers for use of carbon nanomaterials in 3D printing
Table 69: Graphene properties relevant to application in 3D printing
Table 70: Applications and benefits of carbon nanomaterials in 3D printing
Table 71: Market size for carbon nanomaterials in 3D printing
Table 72: Market opportunity assessment for CNTs in 3D printing
Table 73: Market opportunity assessment for graphene in 3D printing
Table 74: Market challenges for carbon nanomaterials in 3D printing
Table 75: Market challenges rating for carbon nanomaterials in the 3D printing market
Table 76: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the 3D printing industry
Table 77: Graphene product and application developers in the 3D printing industry
Table 78: Market drivers for use of carbon nanomaterials in adhesives
Table 79: Graphene properties relevant to application in adhesives
Table 80: Applications and benefits of carbon nanomaterials in adhesives
Table 81: Market size for carbon nanomaterials in adhesives
Table 82: Market opportunity assessment for CNTs in adhesives
Table 83: Market opportunity assessment for graphene in adhesives
Table 84: Market challenges rating for carbon nanomaterials in the adhesives market
Table 85: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the adhesives industry
Table 86: Graphene product and application developers in the adhesives industry
Table 87: Market drivers for use of carbon nanomaterials in aerospace
Table 88: Applications and benefits of CNTs in aerospace
Table 89: Applications in aerospace composites, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
Table 90: Types of nanocoatings utilized in aerospace and application
Table 91: Market size for carbon nanomaterials in aerospace
Table 92: Market opportunity assessment for CNTs in aerospace
Table 93: Market opportunity assessment for graphene in aerospace
Table 94: Market challenges rating for carbon nanomaterials in the aerospace market
Table 95: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the aerospace industry
Table 96: Graphene product and application developers in the aerospace industry
Table 97: Market drivers for use of carbon nanomaterials in automotive
Table 98: Applications and benefits of carbon nanomaterials in automotive
Table 99: Market size for carbon nanomaterials in automotive
Table 100: Market opportunity assessment for CNTs in automotive
Table 101: Market opportunity assessment for graphene in the automotive industry
Table 102: Applications and commercialization challenges for carbon nanomaterials in the automotive market
Table 103: Market challenges rating for CNTs in the automotive market
Table 104: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the automotive market
Table 105: Graphene product and application developers in the automotive market
Table 106: Properties of nanocoatings
Table 107: Graphene properties relevant to application in coatings
Table 108: Markets for nanocoatings
Table 109: Market opportunity assessment for carbon nanomaterials in the coatings market
Table 110: Market challenges rating for carbon nanomaterials in the coatings market
Table 111: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the coatings industry
Table 112: Graphene product and application developers in the coatings industry
Table 113: Market drivers for use of carbon nanomaterials in composites
Table 114: Comparative properties of polymer composites reinforcing materials
Table 115: Applications and benefits of carbon nanomaterials in composites
Table 116: Market size for carbon nanomaterials in composites
Table 117: Market opportunity assessment for CNTs in composites
Table 118: Market opportunity assessment for graphene in composites
Table 119: Applications and commercialization challenges for carbon nanomaterials in composites
Table 120: Market challenges rating for carbon nanomaterials in the composites market
Table 121: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the composites market
Table 122: Graphene product and application developers in the composites market
Table 123: Market drivers for use of carbon nanomaterials in flexible electronics and conductive films
Table 124: Applications and benefits of carbon nanomaterials in flexible electronics and conductive films
Table 125: Comparison of ITO replacements
Table 126: Wearable electronics devices and stage of development
Table 127: Graphene properties relevant to application in sensors
Table 128: Market size for carbon nanomaterials in flexible electronics and conductive films
Table 129: Market opportunity assessment for CNTs in flexible electronics, wearables, conductive films and displays
Table 130: Market opportunity assessment for graphene in flexible electronics, wearables, conductive films and displays
Table 131: Global market for wearable electronics, 2015-2027, by application, billions $
Table 132: Applications and commercialization challenges for CNTs in flexible electronics and conductive films
Table 133: Market challenges rating for carbon nanomaterials in the flexible electronics and conductive films market
Table 134: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in transparent conductive films and displays
Table 135: Graphene product and application developers in transparent conductive films
Table 136: Market drivers for use of carbon nanomaterials in conductive inks
Table 137: Comparative properties of conductive inks
Table 138: Opportunities for advanced materials in printed electronics
Table 139: Applications in flexible and stretchable batteries, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
Table 140: Market opportunity assessment for graphene in conductive inks
Table 141: Market opportunity assessment for CNTs in conductive inks
Table 142: Conductive inks in the flexible and stretchable electronics market 2017-2027 revenue forecast (million $), by ink types
Table 143: Market challenges for carbon nanomaterials in conductive inks
Table 144: Market challenges rating for carbon nanomaterials in the conductive inks market
Table 145: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in conductive inks
Table 146: Graphene product and application developers in conductive inks
Table 147: Market drivers for carbon nanomaterials in transistors, integrated circuits and other components
Table 148: Applications and benefits of CNTs in transistors, integrated circuits and other components
Table 149: Comparative properties of silicon and graphene transistors
Table 150: Applications and benefits of graphene in transistors, integrated circuits and other components
Table 151: Market size for carbon nanomaterials in transistors, integrated circuits and other components
Table 152: Market opportunity assessment for CNTs in transistors, integrated circuits and other components
Table 153: Market opportunity assessment for graphene in transistors, integrated circuits and other components
Table 154: Market challenges rating for graphene in the transistors and integrated circuits market
Table 155: Applications and commercialization challenges for CNTs in the transistors, integrated circuits and other components market
Table 156: Market challenges rating for CNTs in the transistors, integrated circuits and other components market
Table 157: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in transistors, integrated circuits and other components
Table 158: Graphene product and application developers in transistors and integrated circuits
Table 159: Market drivers for use of carbon nanomaterials in memory devices
Table 160: Applications and benefits of CNTs in memory devices
Table 161: Market size for carbon nanomaterials in memory devices
Table 162: Market opportunity assessment for CNTs in memory devices
Table 163: Market challenges rating for carbon nanomaterials in the memory devices market
Table 164: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in memory devices
Table 165: Graphene product and application developers in memory devices
Table 166: Market drivers for use of carbon nanomaterials in photonics
Table 167: Applications and benefits of CNTs in photonics
Table 168: Graphene properties relevant to application in optical modulators
Table 169: Applications and benefits of graphene in photonics
Table 170: Market size for carbon nanomaterials in photonics
Table 171: Market challenges rating for carbon nanomaterials in the photonics market
Table 172: Graphene product and application developers in photonics
Table 173: Market drivers for use of carbon nanomaterials in batteries
Table 174: Applications and benefits of CNTs in batteries
Table 175: Applications in flexible and stretchable batteries, by materials type and benefits thereof
Table 176: Market size for carbon nanomaterials in batteries
Table 177: Potential addressable market for thin film, flexible and printed batteries
Table 178: Market opportunity assessment for graphene in batteries
Table 179: Market challenges in CNT batteries
Table 180: Market challenges rating for CNTs in the batteries market
Table 181: Market challenges rating for graphene in the batteries market
Table 182: Market drivers for use of carbon nanomaterials in supercapacitors
Table 183: Applications and benefits of CNTs in supercapacitors
Table 184: Comparative properties of graphene supercapacitors and lithium-ion batteries
Table 185: Applications and benefits of graphene in supercapacitors
Table 186: Properties of carbon materials in high-performance supercapacitors
Table 187: Applications in flexible and stretchable supercapacitors, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
Table 188: Market size for carbon nanomaterials in supercapacitors
Table 189: Market opportunity assessment for CNTs in supercapacitors
Table 190: Market opportunity assessment for graphene in supercapacitors
Table 191: Market challenges in supercapacitors
Table 192: Market challenges rating for CNTs in the supercapacitors market
Table 193: Market challenges rating for graphene in the supercapacitors market
Table 194: Market drivers for use of carbon nanomaterials in photovoltaics
Table 195: Applications and benefits of CNTs in photovoltaics
Table 196: Market size for carbon nanomaterials in photovoltaics
Table 197: Market size for CNTs in photovoltaics
Table 198: Market size for graphene in photovoltaics
Table 199: Potential addressable market for CNTs in photovoltaics
Table 200: Market challenges for CNTs in solar
Table 201: Market challenges rating for CNTs in the solar market
Table 202: Market challenges rating for graphene in the solar market
Table 203: Market drivers for use of carbon nanomaterials in fuel cells and hydrogen storage
Table 204: Electrical conductivity of different catalyst supports compared to carbon nanotubes
Table 205: Market size for carbon nanomaterials in fuel cells and hydrogen storage
Table 206: Market opportunity assessment for carbon nanomaterials in fuel cells and hydrogen storage
Table 207: Market challenges rating for carbon nanomaterials in the fuel cells and hydrogen storage market
Table 208: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the energy storage, conversion and exploration industries
Table 209: Graphene product and application developers in the energy storage and conversion industry
Table 210: Market drivers for use of carbon nanomaterials in LED lighting and UVC
Table 211: Applications of carbon nanomaterials in lighting
Table 212: Market size for carbon nanomaterials in LED lighting and UVC
Table 213: Investment opportunity assessment for carbon nanomaterials in the lighting market
Table 214: Market impediments for carbon nanomaterials in lighting
Table 215: Carbon nanomaterials product and application developers in the LED and UVC lighting market
Table 216: Market drivers for use of carbon nanomaterials in filtration
Table 217: Comparison of CNT membranes with other membrane technologies
Table 218: Applications and benefits of CNTs in filtration and separation
Table 219: Applications and benefits of graphene in filtration and separation
Table 220: Market size for carbon nanomaterials in filtration
Table 221: Market opportunity assessment for CNTs in filtration
Table 222: Market opportunity assessment for graphene in the filtration and separation market
Table 223: Market challenges for carbon nanomaterials in filtration
Table 224: Market challenges rating for carbon nanomaterials in the filtration market
Table 225: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the filtration industry
Table 226: Graphene product and application developers in the filtration industry
Table 227: Market drivers for use of carbon nanomaterials in the life sciences and medical market
Table 228: CNTs in life sciences and biomedicine
Table 229: Graphene properties relevant to application in biomedicine and healthcare
Table 230: Applications and benefits of carbon nanomaterials in life sciences and medical
Table 231: Applications in flexible and stretchable health monitors, by advanced materials type and benefits thereof
Table 232: Market size for carbon nanomaterials in life sciences and medical
Table 233: Potential addressable market for smart textiles and wearables in medical and healthcare
Table 234: Market opportunity assessment for graphene in biomedical & healthcare markets
Table 235: Market opportunity assessment for CNTs in life sciences and medical
Table 236: Applications and commercialization challenges for carbon nanomaterials in life sciences and medical
Table 237: Market challenges rating for carbon nanomaterials in the life sciences and medical
Table 238: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the medical and healthcare industry
Table 239: Graphene product and application developers in the biomedical and healthcare industry
Table 240: Market drivers for use of carbon nanomaterials in lubricants
Table 241: Applications of graphene in the lubricants market
Table 242: Applications of carbon nanotubes in lubricants
Table 243: Applications in lubricants, by nanomaterials type and benefits thereof
Table 244: Market size for carbon nanomaterials in lubricants
Table 245: Market opportunity assessment for CNTs in lubricants
Table 246: Market opportunity assessment for graphene in lubricants
Table 247: Market challenges rating for carbon nanomaterials in the lubricants market
Table 248: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the lubricants industry
Table 249: Graphene product and application developers in the lubricants industry
Table 250: Market drivers for carbon nanomaterials in oil and gas
Table 251: Applications of graphene in the oil and gas market
Table 252: Market summary and revenues for carbon nanomaterials in the oil and gas market
Table 253: Investment opportunity assessment for CNTs in the oil and gas market
Table 254: Investment opportunity assessment for graphene in the oil and gas market
Table 255: Market challenges rating for carbon nanomaterials in the oil and gas exploration market
Table 256: Carbon nanomaterial product and application developers in the oil and gas market
Table 257: Applications of carbon nanomaterials in rubber and tires
Table 258: Market summary and revenues for carbon nanomaterials in the rubber and tires market
Table 259: Investment opportunity assessment for carbon nanomaterials in the rubber and tires market
Table 260: Market challenges for carbon nanomaterials in rubber and tires
Table 261: Companies developing graphene-based products in rubber and tires
Table 262: Market drivers for use of carbon nanomaterials in sensors
Table 263: Applications and benefits of CNTs in sensors
Table 264: Applications and benefits of graphene in sensors
Table 265: Graphene properties relevant to application in sensors
Table 266: Comparison of ELISA (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) and graphene biosensor
Table 267: Market size for carbon nanomaterials in sensors
Table 268: Market opportunity assessment for CNTs in sensors
Table 269: Market opportunity assessment for graphene in the sensors market
Table 270: Market challenges rating for graphene in the sensors market
Table 271: Market challenges for CNTs in sensors
Table 272: Market challenges rating for CNTs in the sensors market
Table 273: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the sensors industry
Table 274: Graphene product and application developers in the sensors industry
Table 275: Types of smart textiles
Table 276: Smart textile products
Table 277: Market drivers for use of carbon nanomaterials in smart textiles and apparel
Table 278: Desirable functional properties for the textiles industry afforded by the use of nanomaterials
Table 279: Applications and benefits of CNTs in textiles and apparel
Table 280: Applications and benefits of graphene in textiles and apparel
Table 281: Global smart clothing, interactive fabrics and apparel market
Table 282: Market opportunity assessment for CNTs in smart textiles and apparel
Table 283: Market opportunity assessment for graphene in smart textiles and apparel
Table 284: Applications and commercialization challenges for carbon nanomaterials in smart textiles and apparel
Table 285: Market challenges rating for CNTs in the smart textiles and apparel market
Table 286: Carbon nanotubes product and application developers in the textiles industry
Table 287: Graphene product and application developers in the textiles industry
Table 288: CNT producers and companies they supply/licence to
Table 289: Graphene producers and types produced
Table 290: Graphene producers target market matrix
Table 291: Graphene industrial collaborations, licence agreements and target markets
Table 292: Graphene product developers and end users target market matrix

LIST OF FIGURES
Figure 1: Molecular structures of SWNT and MWNT
Figure 2: The SGCNT synthesis method
Figure 3: Production capacities for SWNTs in kilograms, 2005-2017
Figure 4: Global demand for MWNTs (tons), 2010-2027
Figure 5: Graphene production capacity, current and planned
Figure 6: Demand for graphene, 2010-2027
Figure 7: Vittoria bike tires incorporating graphene
Figure 8: Demand for graphene, by market, 2027
Figure 9: Global government funding for graphene in millions USD to 2017
Figure 10: Global consumption of graphene 2016, by region
Figure 11: 15-inch single-layer graphene sheet being prepared in the Chongqing Institute of Green and Intelligent Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Figure 12: Schematic of single-walled carbon nanotube
Figure 13: TIM sheet developed by Zeon Corporation
Figure 14: Double-walled carbon nanotube bundle cross-section micrograph and model
Figure 15: Schematic representation of carbon nanohorns
Figure 16: TEM image of carbon onion
Figure 17: Fullerene schematic
Figure 18: Schematic of Boron Nitride nanotubes (BNNTs). Alternating B and N atoms are shown in blue and red
Figure 19: Graphene layer structure schematic
Figure 20: Graphite and graphene
Figure 21: Graphene and its descendants: top right: graphene; top left: graphite = stacked graphene; bottom right: nanotube=rolled graphene; bottom left: fullerene=wrapped graphene
Figure 22: Schematic of (a) CQDs and (c) GQDs. HRTEM images of (b) C-dots and (d) GQDs showing combination of zigzag and armchair edges (positions marked as 1-4)
Figure 23: Green-fluorescing graphene quantum dots
Figure 24: Graphene quantum dots
Figure 25: Black phosphorus structure
Figure 26: Black Phosphorus crystal
Figure 27: Bottom gated flexible few-layer phosphorene transistors with the hydrophobic dielectric encapsulation
Figure 28: Graphitic carbon nitride
Figure 29: Structural difference between graphene and C2N-h2D crystal: (a) graphene; (b) C2N-h2D crystal. Credit: Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology
Figure 30: Schematic of germanene
Figure 31: Graphdiyne structure
Figure 32: Schematic of Graphane crystal
Figure 33: Structure of hexagonal boron nitride
Figure 34: BN nanosheet textiles application
Figure 35: Structure of 2D molybdenum disulfide
Figure 36: SEM image of MoS2
Figure 37: Atomic force microscopy image of a representative MoS2 thin-film transistor
Figure 38: Schematic of the molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) thin-film sensor with the deposited molecules that create additional charge
Figure 39: Schematic of a monolayer of rhenium disulfide
Figure 40: Silicene structure
Figure 41: Monolayer silicene on a silver (111) substrate
Figure 42: Silicene transistor
Figure 43: Crystal structure for stanene
Figure 44: Atomic structure model for the 2D stanene on Bi2Te3(111)
Figure 45: Schematic of tungsten diselenide
Figure 46: Schematic of Indium Selenide (InSe)
Figure 47: Graphene can be rolled up into a carbon nanotube, wrapped into a fullerene, and stacked into graphite
Figure 48: Schematic representation of methods used for carbon nanotube synthesis (a) Arc discharge (b) Chemical vapor deposition (c) Laser ablation (d) hydrocarbon flames
Figure 49: Arc discharge process for CNTs
Figure 50: Schematic of thermal-CVD method
Figure 51: Schematic of plasma-CVD method
Figure 52: CoMoCAT® process
Figure 53: Schematic for flame synthesis of carbon nanotubes (a) premixed flame (b) counter-flow diffusion flame (c) co-flow diffusion flame (d) inverse diffusion flame
Figure 54: Schematic of laser ablation synthesis
Figure 55: Graphene synthesis methods
Figure 56: TEM micrographs of: A) HR-CNFs; B) GANF® HR-CNF, it can be observed its high graphitic structure; C) Unraveled ribbon from the HR-CNF; D) Detail of the ribbon; E) Scheme of the structure of the HR-CNFs; F) Large single graphene oxide sheets derived from GANF
Figure 57: Graphene nanoribbons grown on germanium
Figure 58: Methods of synthesizing high-quality graphene
Figure 59: Roll-to-roll graphene production process
Figure 60: Schematic of roll-to-roll manufacturing process
Figure 61: Microwave irradiation of graphite to produce single-layer graphene
Figure 62: Nanotechnology patent applications, 1991-2015
Figure 63: Share of nanotechnology related patent applications since 1972, by country
Figure 64: CNT patents filed 2000-2016
Figure 65: Published patent publications for graphene, 2004-2016
Figure 66: Technology Readiness Level (TRL) for Carbon Nanotubes
Figure 67: Technology Readiness Level (TRL) for graphene
Figure 68: Schematic of typical commercialization route for graphene producer
Figure 69: Global demand for carbon nanotubes (tons), 2010-2027
Figure 70: Demand for carbon nanotubes, by market in 2017, total
Figure 71: Demand for single-walled carbon nanotubes, by market, 2017
Figure 72: Demand for single-walled carbon nanotubes, by market, 2027
Figure 73: Production volumes of Carbon Nanotubes 2017, by region
Figure 74: Global market for graphene 2010-2027 in tons/year
Figure 79: 3D Printed tweezers incorporating Carbon Nanotube Filament
Figure 80: Graphene Adhesives
Figure 81: Carbon nanotube Composite Overwrap Pressure Vessel (COPV) developed by NASA
Figure 82: Veelo carbon fiber nanotube sheet
Figure 83: HeatCoat CNT anti-icing coatings
Figure 84: Potential addressable market for carbon nanomaterials in aerospace
Figure 85: Graphene-based automotive components
Figure 86: Antistatic graphene tire
Figure 87: Schematic of CNTs as heat-dissipation sheets
Figure 88: Heat transfer coating developed at MIT
Figure 89: Water permeation through a brick without (left) and with (right) "graphene paint" coating
Figure 90: Four layers of graphene oxide coatings on polycarbonate
Figure 91: Global Paints and Coatings Market, share by end user market
Figure 92: Potential addressable market for carbon nanomaterials in the coatings market
Figure 93: CNT anti-icing coating for wind turbines
Figure 94: Potential addressable market for carbon nanomaterials in composites
Figure 95: Carbon nanotube thin-film transistors and integrated circuits on a flexible and transparent substrate
Figure 96: Moxi flexible film developed for smartphone application
Figure 97: Flexible graphene touch screen
Figure 98: Galapad Settler smartphone
Figure 99: 3D printed carbon nanotube sensor
Figure 100: Flexible organic light emitting diode (OLED) using graphene electrode
Figure 101: Graphene electrochromic devices. Top left: Exploded-view illustration of the graphene electrochromic device. The device is formed by attaching two graphene-coated PVC substrates face-to-face and filling the gap with a liquid ionic electrolyte
Figure 102: Flexible mobile phones with graphene transparent conductive film
Figure 103: Carbon nanotube-based color active matrix electrophoretic display (EPD) e-paper
Figure 104: Foldable graphene E-paper
Figure 105: Covestro wearables
Figure 106: Softceptor sensor
Figure 107: BeBop Media Arm Controller
Figure 108: LG Innotek flexible textile pressure sensor
Figure 109: C2Sense flexible sensor
Figure 110: Wearable gas sensor
Figure 111: BeBop Sensors Marcel Modular Data Gloves
Figure 112: BeBop Sensors Smart Helmet Sensor System
Figure 113: Torso and Extremities Protection (TEP) system
Figure 114: Potential addressable market for CNTs in flexible electronics, conductive films and displays
Figure 115: Global market for wearable electronics, 2015-2027, by application, billions $
Figure 116: Global transparent conductive electrodes market forecast by materials type, 2012-2027, millions $
Figure 117: Schematic of the wet roll-to-roll graphene transfer from copper foils to polymeric substrates
Figure 118: The transmittance of glass/ITO, glass/ITO/four organic layers, and glass/ITO/four organic layers/4-layer graphene
Figure 119: Nanotube inks
Figure 120: BGT Materials graphene ink product
Figure 121: Flexible RFID tag
Figure 122: Enfucell Printed Battery
Figure 123: Graphene printed antenna
Figure 124: Conductive inks in the flexible and stretchable electronics market 2017-2027 revenue forecast (million $), by ink types
Figure 125: Graphene IC in wafer tester
Figure 126: A monolayer WS2-based flexible transistor array
Figure 127: Emerging logic devices
Figure 128: Thin film transistor incorporating CNTs
Figure 129: Schematic cross-section of a graphene based transistor (GBT, left) and a graphene field-effect transistor (GFET, right)
Figure 130: Potential addressable market for carbon nanomaterials in transistors and integrated circuits
Figure 131: Carbon nanotubes NRAM chip
Figure 132: Stretchable SWCNT memory and logic devices for wearable electronics
Figure 133: Carbon nanotubes NRAM chip
Figure 134: Schematic of NRAM cell
Figure 135: Hybrid graphene phototransistors
Figure 136: Wearable health monitor incorporating graphene photodetectors
Figure 137: Flexible PEN coated with graphene and a QD thin film (20nm) is highly visibly transparent and photosensitive
Figure 138: The SkelStart Engine Start Module 2.0 based on the graphene-based SkelCap ultracapacitors
Figure 139: Energy densities and specific energy of rechargeable batteries
Figure 140: Nano Lithium X Battery
Figure 141: H600 concept car
Figure 142: Anion concept car
Figure 143: Skeleton Technologies ultracapacitor
Figure 144: Zapgo supercapacitor phone charger
Figure 145: Stretchable graphene supercapacitor
Figure 146: Suntech/TCNT nanotube frame module
Figure 147: Solar cell with nanowires and graphene electrode
Figure 148: Schematic illustration of the fabrication concept for textile-based dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) made by sewing textile electrodes onto cloth or paper
Figure 149: LG OLED flexible lighting panel
Figure 150: Flexible OLED incorporated into automotive headlight
Figure 151: Degradation of organic dye molecules by graphene hybrid composite photocatalysts
Figure 152: Graphene anti-smog mask
Figure 153: Graphene Frontiers’ Six™ chemical sensors consists of a field effect transistor (FET) with a graphene channel. Receptor molecules, such as DNA, are attached directly to the graphene channel
Figure 154: Graphene-Oxide based chip prototypes for biopsy-free early cancer diagnosis
Figure 155: Connected human body
Figure 156: Flexible, lightweight temperature sensor
Figure 157: Graphene-based E-skin patch
Figure 158: Smart e-skin system comprising health-monitoring sensors, displays, and ultra flexible PLEDs
Figure 159: Graphene medical patch
Figure 160: TempTraQ wearable wireless thermometer
Figure 161: Mimo baby monitor
Figure 162: Nanowire skin hydration patch
Figure 163: Wearable sweat sensor
Figure 164: GraphWear wearable sweat sensor
Figure 165: Global medical and healthcare smart textiles and wearables market, 2015-2027, billions $
Figure 166: Global medical and healthcare smart textiles and wearables market, 2015-2027, billions $
Figure 167: Schematic of boron doped graphene for application in gas sensors
Figure 168: Directa Plus Grafysorber
Figure 169: Nanometer-scale pores in single-layer freestanding graphene membrane can effectively filter NaCl salt from water
Figure 170: GFET sensors
Figure 171: First generation point of care diagnostics
Figure 172: Graphene Field Effect Transistor Schematic
Figure 173: Conductive yarns
Figure 174: Global smart clothing, interactive fabrics and apparel market 2013-2027 revenue forecast (million $)
Figure 175: Global smart clothing, interactive fabrics and apparel sales by market segment, 2016
Figure 176: Global market revenues for nanotech-enabled smart clothing and apparel 2014-2021, in US$, conservative estimate
Figure 177: Global market revenues for nanotech-enabled smart clothing and apparel 2014-2021, in US$, optimistic estimate

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