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Study of Biocompatible and Biological Materials

  • ID: 4543206
  • Book
  • 220 pages
  • Materials Research Forum
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The book gives an overview on biomineralization, biological, biocompatible and biomimetic materials. It reveals the use of biomaterials alone or in composites, how their performance can be improved by tailoring their surface properties by external factors and how standard surface modification techniques can be applied in the area of biomaterials to beneficially influence their growth on surfaces.

The book focuses on the topic of bio-mineralization and discusses the properties of biological, biocompatible and biomimetic materials. The aim is to improve the performance of these materials. This can be accomplished by tailoring their surface properties by means of external factors and various surface modification techniques. In this way, the growth of biomaterials on surfaces can be influenced beneficially.
Chapter 2 explores typical techniques for surface characterization and shows how these techniques can be modified to serve specific needs in the study of biomaterials. Chapters 3 and 4 reveal factors that can be used to influence the growth of the biomaterial hydroxyapatite (the main inorganic constituent in mammal bones and teeth). Proteins are also used to modulate the cellular interactions with the hydroxyapatite. The remaining chapters are devoted to an example of the pathological mineralization, namely the formation of bacterial films on teeth and soft tissues in the mouth and how it can be removed to achieve better oral health.
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Chapter 1 Introduction
Chapter 2 Characterization of Biomaterials and Improved Techniques for Better Imaging
Chapter 3 Laser-Liquid-Solid Interaction Method: Stimulation of the Growth of Biocompatible Layers by Using External Laser Energy
Chapter 4 Composites Based on Biocompatible Layers – Advantages and Biocompatibility Testing
Chapter 5 Development of In vitro Bacterial Models of Dental Plaque
Chapter 6 Disruption of In vitro Dental Plaque Using the Energy of Cavitation
Chapter 7 Cleaning Efficacy of Commercial Toothpastes and Toothbrushes
Chapter 8 Concluding Remarks
About the author
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Emilia Pecheva
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