Survey of American College Students: Use of Textbooks & Open Access Educational Materials

  • ID: 4587289
  • Report
  • Region: United States
  • 89 pages
  • Primary Research Group
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This report, based on a survey of 1,065 students at 4-year colleges in the United States, presents detailed data on how much students spend on textbooks, how often they buy and how often they rent.  In addition, the study looks at who and how often students take classes that provide open access or other low-cost materials and which students forego the purchase or rent of textbooks, even when required.  The report also looks at the popularity of used vs new textbooks, and at how satisfied college students are with the current circumstances in textbook pricing and availability.  The report also looks at student reaction to textbook licensing plans by academic libraries.

Data in the report is presented in the aggregate and then broken out separately for sixteen different variables including but not limited to: college grades, gender, income level, year of college standing, SAT/ACT scores, regional origin, age, sexual orientation, race & ethnicity, college major and other personal variables, and by Carnegie class, enrollment size and public/private status of the survey participants institutions of higher education.

Just a few of this 89-page report’s many findings are that:

  • Mean spending in the most recent semester for textbooks by students in the sample was $223.38 with a median of $200 and a range of 0 to $1,500.
  • The higher the family income of the student, the more new vs used textbooks they purchased. Those with family incomes of less than $45,000 purchased a mean of 1.25 new textbooks in the past semester while those from families with annual incomes of greater than $150,000 purchased 1.83 new textbooks per semester.
  • Students who grew up in major cities were much more likely than those who grew up in rural areas to take classes that use open access or very low-cost materials.
  • The most secular students were much more dissatisfied with current textbook prices than were the most religious students.
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SURVEY OF AMERICAN COLLEGE STUDENTS: USE OF TEXTBOOKS & OPEN ACCESS EDUCATIONAL MATERIALS

THE QUESTIONNAIRE
Characteristics of the Sample

SUMMARY OF MAIN FINDINGS
Student Spending for Textbooks in the Current Semester
Number of New Textbooks Purchased or Rented in the Current Semester
Number of Used Textbooks Purchased or Rented in the Current Semester
Rental of New or Used Textbooks in the Current Semester
Percentage of Students Who Have Foregone the Purchase of a Required Textbook and
Borrowed one from a Friend, the College Library or Another Source
Student Use of Open Access or Other Textbooks Supplied at No Charge
Student Opinions on the Use of Textbooks Licensed by the Library
Percentage of Courses for Which Students Did Not Use a Commercial Textbook but
Instead Used Open Access or Very Low Cost Materials
Student Satisfaction Level with the Price of Textbooks and Other Educational Materials

List of Tables
Table 1.1 How much did you spend (in US$) for textbooks this semester? 
Table 1.2 How much did you spend (in US$) for textbooks this semester? Broken out by age of survey participant 
Table 1.3 How much did you spend (in US$) for textbooks this semester? Broken out for survey participants from rural, suburban and urban areas of origin
Table 1.4 How much did you spend (in US$) for textbooks this semester? Broken out regional origins of the survey participant 
Table 1.5 How much did you spend (in US$) for textbooks this semester? Broken out by college year class standing 
Table 1.6 How much did you spend (in US$) for textbooks this semester? Broken out by approximate student family annual income 
Table 1.7 How much did you spend (in US$) for textbooks this semester? Broken out by degree of religiosity of the survey participant 
Table 1.8 How much did you spend (in US$) for textbooks this semester? Broken out by type of political beliefs of the survey participant 
Table 1.9 How much did you spend (in US$) for textbooks this semester? Broken out by college grades of the survey participant 
Table 1.10 How much did you spend (in US$) for textbooks this semester? Broken out by current or likely college major of the survey participant 
Table 1.11 How much did you spend (in US$) for textbooks this semester? Broken out by gender of the survey participant 
Table 1.12 How much did you spend (in US$) for textbooks this semester? Broken out for students in public or private colleges 
Table 1.13 How much did you spend (in US$) for textbooks this semester? Broken out by type of domestic housing arrangement of the survey participant 
Table 1.14 How much did you spend (in US$) for textbooks this semester? Broken out by employment circumstance of the survey participant 
Table 1.15 How much did you spend (in US$) for textbooks this semester? Broken out by sexual orientation of the survey participant 
Table 1.16 How much did you spend (in US$) for textbooks this semester? Broken out by ACT or SAT scores of the survey participant   
Table 1.17 How much did you spend (in US$) for textbooks this semester? Broken out by racial or ethnic identity 
Table 2 How many textbooks of the following type did you rent or buy for courses for the current semester? 
Table 2.1.1 How many new textbooks did you rent or buy for courses for the current semester? 
Table 2.1.2 How many new textbooks did you rent or buy for courses for the current semester? Broken out by age of survey participant 
Table 2.1.3 How many new textbooks did you rent or buy for courses for the current semester? Broken out for survey participants from rural, suburban and urban areas of origin 
Table 2.1.4 How many new textbooks did you rent or buy for courses for the current semester? Broken out regional origins of the survey participant
Table 2.1.5 How many new textbooks did you rent or buy for courses for the current semester? Broken out by college year class standing 
Table 2.1.6 How many new textbooks did you rent or buy for courses for the current semester? Broken out by approximate student family annual income 
Table 2.1.7 How many new textbooks did you rent or buy for courses for the current semester?  Broken out by degree of religiosity of the survey participant 
Table 2.1.8 How many new textbooks did you rent or buy for courses for the current semester? Broken out by type of political beliefs of the survey participant 
Table 2.1.9 How many new textbooks did you rent or buy for courses for the current semester? Broken out by college grades of the survey participant
Table 2.1.10 How many new textbooks did you rent or buy for courses for the current semester? Broken out by current or likely college major of the survey participant 
Table 2.1.11 How many new textbooks did you rent or buy for courses for the current semester? Broken out by gender of the survey participant 
Table 2.1.12 How many new textbooks did you rent or buy for courses for the current semester? Broken out for students in public or private colleges 
Table 2.1.13 How many new textbooks did you rent or buy for courses for the current semester? Broken out by type of domestic housing arrangement of the survey participant  
Table 2.1.14 How many new textbooks did you rent or buy for courses for the current semester? Broken out by employment circumstance of the survey participant 
Table 2.1.15 How many new textbooks did you rent or buy for courses for the current semester? Broken out by sexual orientation of the survey participant 
Table 2.1.16 How many new textbooks did you rent or buy for courses for the current semester? Broken out by ACT or SAT scores of the survey participant 
Table 2.1.17 How many new textbooks did you rent or buy for courses for the current semester? Broken out by Which phrase best describes your racial or ethnic identity? 
Table 2.2.1 How many used textbooks did you rent or buy for courses for the current semester? 
Table 2.2.2 How many used textbooks did you rent or buy for courses for the current semester? Broken out by age of survey participant 
Table 2.2.3 How many used textbooks did you rent or buy for courses for the current semester? Broken out for survey participants from rural, suburban and urban areas of origin 
Table 2.2.4 How many used textbooks did you rent or buy for courses for the current semester? Broken out regional origins of the survey participant
Table 2.2.5 How many used textbooks did you rent or buy for courses for the current semester? Broken out by college year class standing 
Table 2.2.6 How many used textbooks did you rent or buy for courses for the current semester? Broken out by approximate student family annual income 
Table 2.2.7 How many used textbooks did you rent or buy for courses for the current semester?  Broken out by degree of religiosity of the survey participant 
Table 2.2.8 How many used textbooks did you rent or buy for courses for the current semester? Broken out by type of political beliefs of the survey participant 
Table 2.2.9 How many used textbooks did you rent or buy for courses for the current semester? Broken out by college grades of the survey participant
Table 2.2.10 How many used textbooks did you rent or buy for courses for the current semester? Broken out by current or likely college major of the survey participant 
Table 2.2.11 How many used textbooks did you rent or buy for courses for the current semester? Broken out by gender of the survey participant 
Table 2.2.12 How many used textbooks did you rent or buy for courses for the current semester? Broken out for students in public or private colleges 
Table 2.2.13 How many used textbooks did you rent or buy for courses for the current semester? Broken out by type of domestic housing arrangement of the survey participant  
Table 2.2.14 How many used textbooks did you rent or buy for courses for the current semester? Broken out by employment circumstance of the survey participant 
Table 2.2.15 How many used textbooks did you rent or buy for courses for the current semester? Broken out by sexual orientation of the survey participant 
Table 2.2.16 How many used textbooks did you rent or buy for courses for the current semester? Broken out by ACT or SAT scores of the survey participant 
Table 2.2.17 How many used textbooks did you rent or buy for courses for the current semester? Broken out by Which phrase best describes your racial or ethnic identity? 
Table 2.3.1 How many new or used textbooks did you rent for courses for the current semester? 
Table 2.3.2 How many new or used textbooks did you rent for courses for the current semester? Broken out by age of survey participant 
Table 2.3.3 How many new or used textbooks did you rent for courses for the current semester? Broken out for survey participants from rural, suburban and urban areas of origin 
Table 2.3.4 How many new or used textbooks did you rent for courses for the current semester? Broken out regional origins of the survey participant
Table 2.3.5 How many new or used textbooks did you rent for courses for the current semester? Broken out by college year class standing 
Table 2.3.6 How many new or used textbooks did you rent for courses for the current semester? Broken out by approximate student family annual income 
Table 2.3.7 How many new or used textbooks did you rent for courses for the current semester?  Broken out by degree of religiosity of the survey participant 
Table 2.3.8 How many new or used textbooks did you rent for courses for the current semester? Broken out by type of political beliefs of the survey participant 
Table 2.3.9 How many new or used textbooks did you rent for courses for the current semester? Broken out by college grades of the survey participant
Table 2.3.10 How many new or used textbooks did you rent for courses for the current semester? Broken out by current or likely college major of the survey participant 
Table 2.3.11 How many new or used textbooks did you rent for courses for the current semester? Broken out by gender of the survey participant   
Table 2.3.12 How many new or used textbooks did you rent for courses for the current semester? Broken out for students in public or private colleges 
Table 2.3.13 How many new or used textbooks did you rent for courses for the current semester? Broken out by type of domestic housing arrangement of the survey participant  
Table 2.3.14 How many new or used textbooks did you rent for courses for the current semester? Broken out by employment circumstance of the survey participant 
Table 2.3.15 How many new or used textbooks did you rent for courses for the current semester? Broken out by sexual orientation of the survey participant 
Table 2.3.16 How many new or used textbooks did you rent for courses for the current semester? Broken out by ACT or SAT scores of the survey participant 
Table 2.3.17 How many new or used textbooks did you rent for courses for the current semester? Broken out by Which phrase best describes your racial or ethnic identity? 
Table 3.1 Have you ever decided not to buy the required textbook for a course and instead borrow the required textbook from friends or use copies available in the college library or from some other source? 
Table 3.2 Have you ever decided not to buy the required textbook for a course and instead borrow the required textbook from friends or use copies available in the college library or from some other source? Broken out by age of survey participant 
Table 3.3 Have you ever decided not to buy the required textbook for a course and instead borrow the required textbook from friends or use copies available in the college library or from some other source? Broken out for survey participants from rural, suburban and urban areas of origin 
Table 3.4 Have you ever decided not to buy the required textbook for a course and instead borrow the required textbook from friends or use copies available in the college library or from some other source? Broken out regional origins of the survey participant 
Table 3.5 Have you ever decided not to buy the required textbook for a course and instead borrow the required textbook from friends or use copies available in the college library or from some other source? Broken out by college year class standing
Table 3.6 Have you ever decided not to buy the required textbook for a course and instead borrow the required textbook from friends or use copies available in the college library or from some other source? Broken out by approximate student family annual income 
Table 3.7 Have you ever decided not to buy the required textbook for a course and instead borrow the required textbook from friends or use copies available in the college library or from some other source? Broken out by degree of religiosity of the survey participant 
Table 3.8 Have you ever decided not to buy the required textbook for a course and instead borrow the required textbook from friends or use copies available in the college library or from some other source? Broken out by type of political beliefs of the survey participant 
Table 3.9 Have you ever decided not to buy the required textbook for a course and instead borrow the required textbook from friends or use copies available in the college library or from some other source? Broken out by college grades of the survey participant 
Table 3.10 Have you ever decided not to buy the required textbook for a course and instead borrow the required textbook from friends or use copies available in the college library or from some other source? Broken out by current or likely college major of the survey participant 
Table 3.11 Have you ever decided not to buy the required textbook for a course and instead borrow the required textbook from friends or use copies available in the college library or from some other source? Broken out by gender of the survey participant   
Table 3.12 Have you ever decided not to buy the required textbook for a course and instead borrow the required textbook from friends or use copies available in the college library or from some other source? Broken out for students in public or private colleges 
Table 3.13 Have you ever decided not to buy the required textbook for a course and instead borrow the required textbook from friends or use copies available in the college library or from some other source? Broken out by type of domestic housing arrangement of the survey participant 
Table 3.14 Have you ever decided not to buy the required textbook for a course and instead borrow the required textbook from friends or use copies available in the college library or from some other source? Broken out by employment circumstance of the survey participant 
Table 3.15 Have you ever decided not to buy the required textbook for a course and instead borrow the required textbook from friends or use copies available in the college library or from some other source? Broken out by sexual orientation of the survey participant 
Table 3.16 Have you ever decided not to buy the required textbook for a course and instead borrow the required textbook from friends or use copies available in the college library or from some other source? Broken out by ACT or SAT scores of the survey participant 
Table 3.17 Have you ever decided not to buy the required textbook for a course and instead borrow the required textbook from friends or use copies available in the college library or from some other source? Broken out by racial or ethnic identity 
Table 4.1 Have you ever taken a class for which the college you attend provides a textbook without charge to you? 
Table 4.2 Have you ever taken a class for which the college you attend provides a textbook without charge to you? Broken out by age of survey participant 
Table 4.3 Have you ever taken a class for which the college you attend provides a textbook without charge to you? Broken out for survey participants from rural, suburban and urban areas of origin 
Table 4.4 Have you ever taken a class for which the college you attend provides a textbook without charge to you? Broken out regional origins of the survey participant 
Table 4.5 Have you ever taken a class for which the college you attend provides a textbook without charge to you? Broken out by college year class standing
Table 4.6 Have you ever taken a class for which the college you attend provides a textbook without charge to you? Broken out by approximate student family annual income 
Table 4.7 Have you ever taken a class for which the college you attend provides a textbook without charge to you? Broken out by degree of religiosity of the survey participant 
Table 4.8 Have you ever taken a class for which the college you attend provides a textbook without charge to you? Broken out by type of political beliefs of the survey participant 
Table 4.9 Have you ever taken a class for which the college you attend provides a textbook without charge to you? Broken out by college grades of the survey participant 
Table 4.10 Have you ever taken a class for which the college you attend provides a textbook without charge to you? Broken out by current or likely college major of the survey participant 
Table 4.11 Have you ever taken a class for which the college you attend provides a textbook without charge to you? Broken out by gender of the survey participant 
Table 4.12 Have you ever taken a class for which the college you attend provides a textbook without charge to you? Broken out for students in public or private colleges 
Table 4.13 Have you ever taken a class for which the college you attend provides a textbook without charge to you? Broken out by type of domestic housing arrangement of the survey participant 
Table 4.14 Have you ever taken a class for which the college you attend provides a textbook without charge to you? Broken out by employment circumstance of the survey participant  
Table 4.15 Have you ever taken a class for which the college you attend provides a textbook without charge to you? Broken out by sexual orientation of the survey participant 
Table 4.16 Have you ever taken a class for which the college you attend provides a textbook without charge to you? Broken out by ACT or SAT scores of the survey participant 
Table 4.17 Have you ever taken a class for which the college you attend provides a textbook without charge to you? Broken out by racial or ethnic identity 
Table 5.1 If your college library licensed an online version of a textbook needed for one of your classes and made it available to you at a total cost to you similar to your current cost how often do you think you would choose this library-provided option? 
Table 5.2 If your college library licensed an online version of a textbook needed for one of your classes and made it available to you at a total cost to you similar to your current cost how often do you think you would choose this library-provided option? Broken out by age of survey participant 
Table 5.3 If your college library licensed an online version of a textbook needed for one of your classes and made it available to you at a total cost to you similar to your current cost how often do you think you would choose this library-provided option? Broken out for survey participants from rural, suburban and urban areas of origin
Table 5.4 If your college library licensed an online version of a textbook needed for one of your classes and made it available to you at a total cost to you similar to your current cost how often do you think you would choose this library-provided option? Broken out regional origins of the survey participant 
Table 5.5 If your college library licensed an online version of a textbook needed for one of your classes and made it available to you at a total cost to you similar to your current cost how often do you think you would choose this library-provided option? Broken out by college year class standing 
Table 5.6 If your college library licensed an online version of a textbook needed for one of your classes and made it available to you at a total cost to you similar to your current cost how often do you think you would choose this library-provided option? Broken out by approximate student family annual income 
Table 5.7 If your college library licensed an online version of a textbook needed for one of your classes and made it available to you at a total cost to you similar to your current cost how often do you think you would choose this library-provided option? Broken out by degree of religiosity of the survey participant 
Table 5.8 If your college library licensed an online version of a textbook needed for one of your classes and made it available to you at a total cost to you similar to your current cost how often do you think you would choose this library-provided option? Broken out by type of political beliefs of the survey participant 
Table 5.9 If your college library licensed an online version of a textbook needed for one of your classes and made it available to you at a total cost to you similar to your current cost how often do you think you would choose this library-provided option? Broken out by college grades of the survey participant 
Table 5.10 If your college library licensed an online version of a textbook needed for one of your classes and made it available to you at a total cost to you similar to your current cost how often do you think you would choose this library-provided option? Broken out by current or likely college major of the survey participant 
Table 5.11 If your college library licensed an online version of a textbook needed for one of your classes and made it available to you at a total cost to you similar to your current cost  how often do you think you would choose this library-provided option? Broken out by gender of the survey participant 
Table 5.12 If your college library licensed an online version of a textbook needed for one of your classes and made it available to you at a total cost to you similar to your current cost how often do you think you would choose this library-provided option? Broken out for students in public or private colleges 
Table 5.13 If your college library licensed an online version of a textbook needed for one of your classes and made it available to you at a total cost to you similar to your current cost how often do you think you would choose this library-provided option? Broken out by type of domestic housing arrangement of the survey participant 
Table 5.14 If your college library licensed an online version of a textbook needed for one of your classes and made it available to you at a total cost to you similar to your current cost how often do you think you would choose this library-provided option? Broken out by employment circumstance of the survey participant 
Table 5.15 If your college library licensed an online version of a textbook needed for one of your classes and made it available to you at a total cost to you similar to your current cost how often do you think you would choose this library-provided option? Broken out by sexual orientation of the survey participant 
Table 5.16 If your college library licensed an online version of a textbook needed for one of your classes and made it available to you at a total cost to you similar to your current cost how often do you think you would choose this library-provided option? Broken out by ACT or SAT scores of the survey participant 
Table 5.17 If your college library licensed an online version of a textbook needed for one of your classes and made it available to you at a total cost to you similar to your current cost how often do you think you would choose this library-provided option? Broken out by racial or ethnic identity 
Table 6.1 About what percentage of your courses meet the following definition:  We did not use a commercial textbook but largely used free or very low-cost materials written by faculty at my college or obtained as public domain or open access materials. 
Table 6.2 About what percentage of your courses meet the following definition:  We did not use a commercial textbook but largely used free or very low-cost materials written by faculty at my college or obtained as public domain or open access materials. Broken out by age of survey participant 
Table 6.3 About what percentage of your courses meet the following definition:  We did not use a commercial textbook but largely used free or very low-cost materials written by faculty at my college or obtained as public domain or open access materials. Broken out for survey participants from rural, suburban and urban areas of origin
Table 6.4 About what percentage of your courses meet the following definition:  We did not use a commercial textbook but largely used free or very low-cost materials written by faculty at my college or obtained as public domain or open access materials. Broken out regional origins of the survey participant 
Table 6.5 About what percentage of your courses meet the following definition:  We did not use a commercial textbook but largely used free or very low-cost materials written by faculty at my college or obtained as public domain or open access materials. Broken out by college year class standing 
Table 6.6 About what percentage of your courses meet the following definition:  We did not use a commercial textbook but largely used free or very low-cost materials written by faculty at my college or obtained as public domain or open access materials. Broken out by approximate student family annual income   
Table 6.7 About what percentage of your courses meet the following definition:  We did not use a commercial textbook but largely used free or very low-cost materials written by faculty at my college or obtained as public domain or open access materials. Broken out by degree of religiosity of the survey participant 
Table 6.8 About what percentage of your courses meet the following definition:  We did not use a commercial textbook but largely used free or very low-cost materials written by faculty at my college or obtained as public domain or open access materials. Broken out by type of political beliefs of the survey participant 
Table 6.9 About what percentage of your courses meet the following definition:  We did not use a commercial textbook but largely used free or very low-cost materials written by faculty at my college or obtained as public domain or open access materials. Broken out by college grades of the survey participant 
Table 6.10 About what percentage of your courses meet the following definition:  We did not use a commercial textbook but largely used free or very low-cost materials written by faculty at my college or obtained as public domain or open access materials. Broken out by current or likely college major of the survey participant 
Table 6.11 About what percentage of your courses meet the following definition:  We did not use a commercial textbook but largely used free or very low-cost materials written by faculty at my college or obtained as public domain or open access materials. Broken out by gender of the survey participant 
Table 6.12 About what percentage of your courses meet the following definition:  We did not use a commercial textbook but largely used free or very low-cost materials written by faculty at my college or obtained as public domain or open access materials. Broken out for students in public or private colleges 
Table 6.13 About what percentage of your courses meet the following definition:  We did not use a commercial textbook but largely used free or very low-cost materials written by faculty at my college or obtained as public domain or open access materials. Broken out by type of domestic housing arrangement of the survey participant 
Table 6.14 About what percentage of your courses meet the following definition:  We did not use a commercial textbook but largely used free or very low-cost materials written by faculty at my college or obtained as public domain or open access materials. Broken out by employment circumstance of the survey participant 
Table 6.15 About what percentage of your courses meet the following definition:  We did not use a commercial textbook but largely used free or very low-cost materials written by faculty at my college or obtained as public domain or open access materials. Broken out by sexual orientation of the survey participant 
Table 6.16 About what percentage of your courses meet the following definition:  We did not use a commercial textbook but largely used free or very low-cost materials written by faculty at my college or obtained as public domain or open access materials. Broken out by ACT or SAT scores of the survey participant 
Table 6.17 About what percentage of your courses meet the following definition:  We did not use a commercial textbook but largely used free or very low-cost materials written by faculty at my college or obtained as public domain or open access materials. Broken out by racial or ethnic identity 
Table 7.1 How satisfied are you with the price of textbooks and other educational materials and with the role your college plays in this issue? 
Table 7.2 How satisfied are you with the price of textbooks and other educational materials and with the role your college plays in this issue? Broken out by age of survey participant    
Table 7.3 How satisfied are you with the price of textbooks and other educational materials and with the role your college plays in this issue? Broken out for survey participants from rural, suburban and urban areas of origin 
Table 7.4 How satisfied are you with the price of textbooks and other educational materials and with the role your college plays in this issue? Broken out regional origins of the survey participant 
Table 7.5 How satisfied are you with the price of textbooks and other educational materials and with the role your college plays in this issue? Broken out by college year class standing  
Table 7.6 How satisfied are you with the price of textbooks and other educational materials and with the role your college plays in this issue? Broken out by approximate student family annual income 
Table 7.7 How satisfied are you with the price of textbooks and other educational materials and with the role your college plays in this issue? Broken out by degree of religiosity of the survey participant 
Table 7.8 How satisfied are you with the price of textbooks and other educational materials and with the role your college plays in this issue? Broken out by type of political beliefs of the survey participant 
Table 7.9 How satisfied are you with the price of textbooks and other educational materials and with the role your college plays in this issue? Broken out by college grades of the survey participant 
Table 7.10 How satisfied are you with the price of textbooks and other educational materials and with the role your college plays in this issue? Broken out by current or likely college major of the survey participant 
Table 7.11 How satisfied are you with the price of textbooks and other educational materials and with the role your college plays in this issue? Broken out by gender of the survey participant 
Table 7.12 How satisfied are you with the price of textbooks and other educational materials and with the role your college plays in this issue? Broken out for students in public or private colleges 
Table 7.13 How satisfied are you with the price of textbooks and other educational materials and with the role your college plays in this issue? Broken out by type of domestic housing arrangement of the survey participant 
Table 7.14 How satisfied are you with the price of textbooks and other educational materials and with the role your college plays in this issue? Broken out by employment circumstance of the survey participant 
Table 7.15 How satisfied are you with the price of textbooks and other educational materials and with the role your college plays in this issue? Broken out by sexual orientation of the survey participant 
Table 7.16 How satisfied are you with the price of textbooks and other educational materials and with the role your college plays in this issue? Broken out by ACT or SAT scores of the survey participant 
Table 7.17 How satisfied are you with the price of textbooks and other educational materials and with the role your college plays in this issue? Broken out by racial or ethnic identity 

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