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Energy Scenarios & Policy Volume II - Handbook of Energy in Sub-Saharan Africa

  • ID: 4659486
  • Book
  • Region: Europe
  • 398 Pages
  • Claeys & Casteels Publishing
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Sub-Saharan Africa is on the move. Since 2000, the region has seen rapid economic growth (with real GDP growth rates outperforming other major regional economic blocs), improving social conditions (with falling infant mortality rates and rising life expectancies) and progressive political liberalization (if in the 1990s only about 5% of African nations were considered to be democracies, today only a handful of the 55 African states do not have a multiparty constitutional system). Notwithstanding the fact that Africa’s energy sector is vital to its socio-economic development, this remains one of the most poorly understood parts of the global energy system.

This book seeks to contribute to the understanding of such a topical issue, by providing an analysis of the current trends and future prospects of sub-Saharan energy markets. Issues covered include patterns of energy production, demand and trade; energy investments; energy infrastructure; energy access; energy and development; regional energy cooperation; the role of China in Africa’s energy.

The book was carried out by eighteen students supervised by their professors at SciencesPo’s Paris School of International Affairs in the framework of a collective project work in co-operation with the Energy Scenario and Policy (ESP) research program of the Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei (FEEM) and with the Association for the Development of Energy in Africa (ADEA).

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About the book


Executive Summary


Chapter 1 - Energy access in Sub-Saharan Africa


1. Analysis of the current situation
1.1 An overview of energy access and projected electrification trends
1.2 Fossil fuel resources available to tackle the challenge of energy access in Sub-Saharan Africa
1.3 Non-fossil fuel resources available to tackle the challenge of energy access in Africa

2. Urban and rural development and electric. cation
2.1 Urban energy access
2.2 Rural energy access
2.3 The specific case of periurban areas
2.4 The potential of solar energy for electrification
2.5 The potential of hydro for electrification
2.6 The potential of other energy systems for electrification
2.7 Opportunity of promoting small electricity projects vs. big projects

3.  e challenges of access to modern energy in Sub-Saharan Africa
3.1 Financial challenges for households
3.2 Financial challenges to businesses
3.3 Non-financial challenges to households and businesses
3.4 Financial and non-financial challenges to access to clean cooking fuels

4. Overview of private investment and energy project finance in SSA today
4.1 The role of the private investments
4.2 Financial risks associated with energy investments
4.3 Financial institutions and investment instruments
4.4 Using mines as an anchor for investments

5. Conclusions and policy recommendations

Chapter 2 - What development model for oil and gas countries in Sub-Saharan Africa?


1. What issues face the oil producer countries in Sub-Saharan Africa?
1.1 Economic issues
1.2 Political/institutional issues
1.3 Social issues

2. Solutions
2.1 Economic issues
2.2 Political and institutional issues
2.3 How African countries are working to avoid the political resource curse: case studies from Ghana and Nigeria
2.4 Social issues

3. Conclusions and policy recommendations

Chapter 3 - Energy cooperation in Sub-Saharan Africa


1. Energy cooperation: why it is so important to the development
1.1 Why to cooperate?
1.2 An overview of regional institutions and cooperation
1.3 Measures of hard and soft cooperation
1.4 Why is there more cooperation in power than in oil and gas?

2. Cooperation in oil and gas
2.1 East Africa: Uganda-Tanzania Pipeline
2.2 West Africa: The West African Gas Pipeline
2.3 Central Africa: access to petroleum in non-producing states
2.4 Southern Africa: Mozambique-South Africa Pipeline
2.5 Oil and gas cooperation moving forward

3. Cooperation in electricity
3.1 Eastern Africa: East African Power Pool and other cooperation patterns
3.2 Western Africa: West African Power Pool
3.3 Central Africa: Central African Power Pool and Grand Inga
3.4 Southern Africa: Southern Africa Power Pool
3.5 Electricity cooperation moving forward

4. Conclusions and recommendations
4.1 Financing
4.2 Institutional framework
4.3 Conclusion

Chapter 4 - China in Sub-Saharan Africa


1. China in SSA’s energy sector
1.1 Actors in China’s SSA energy projects

2. Motivations for China and Africa’s cooperation
2.1 China evolving goals
2.2 Africa’s changing needs

3. China in Africa - a new form of cooperation?
3.1 Chinese model
3.2 Other forms of south-south cooperation: the case of India and Brazil
3.3 China - a new stakeholder in SSA?

4. Outcomes and prospects
4.1 Access to energy and the development of energy projects in SSA
4.2 Assessing the environmental and social sustainability of the Chinese presence in SSA energy sector
4.3 The arrival of an alternative partner in the energy sector

5. Policy recommendations
5.1 Recommendations for SSA states
5.2 Recommendations for China
5.3 For international stakeholders


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Edited by:

Manfred Hafner

  • Coordinator of the 'Energy: Scenarios and Policy' research programme at FEEM.
  • Professor in international energy studies Johns Hopkins University School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS-Europe) and Sciences-Po, Paris

Philippe Copinschi

  • GdR Energy Consulting,
  • Lecturer at Sciences Po, Paris

Jean-Pierre Favennec

  • Professor IFP School
  • Consultant WDCooperation

Simone Tagliapietra

  • Senior Researcher at the ‘Energy: Scenarios and Policy’ research programme at FEEM.
  • Research Fellow at Bruegel, Brussels

Preface by:

Giacomo Luciani

  • Scientific Director Master International Energy, Sciences Po, Paris
  • Co-Director, Master of Advanced Studies in Oil and Gas Leadership, Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva


  • Elanine Atwood
  • Ines Boubaker
  • Lorenzo Maestripier
  • Paola Rodriguez
  • Paritosh Mulay
  • Raluca Bumboiu
  • Charles Debeugny
  • Brendon Novel
  • Anita Porta
  • Nelson Ajala
  • Olivia Johnson
  • Mandla Makalima
  • Menglu Zhang
  • Adrienne Scott Cox
  • Takuji Sakamoto
  • Louis Thiercelin
  • Maria Weber
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