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The Global Wind Industry (2018)

  • ID: 4667600
  • Report
  • October 2018
  • Region: Global
  • 53 Pages
  • NRG Expert


  • ABB
  • Edison Electric Institute
  • ISET
  • NGK Insulators
  • PriceWaterhouseCoopers

As a proportion of total renewable capacity, in terms of installed capacity wind energy has overtaken hydro becoming the most widely used renewable. Growth in the wind energy sector is primarily driven by one market, China.

China notwithstanding, a more rapid globalisation of wind energy is becoming evident. Countries previously without wind generation capacity, or with very limited capacity, are now looking at far more ambitious plans than the early adopters considered when wind energy was in its relative infancy and putting in place targets and fiscal incentives to reach them.

Wind power has been a remarkable success story in terms of establishing itself as a mainstream energy resource. Its growth seems certain to continue and that it will be an increasingly valuable source of electricity generation in the future. Wind electricity generation is on the rise in the power generation sector, and this new Wind Industry intelligence product will give you the data and insights that are necessary to understand this growing market. The publisher has researched the wind electricity market to produce an in-depth database and accompanying market research report that focuses on the generation through the use of wind technology. The report and database combine the publisher's research abilities with a keen understanding of the power generation landscape to give you a comprehensive look at the sector.

The Report outlines the structure of the wind industry; presenting definitions, the techniques, applications, manufacturers as well as a look at the incentives and drawbacks of wind energy. A look is taken at some of the world’s major markets for wind presenting analysis and commentary on plans.

The Database contains information on over 90 countries providing, where known, the installed (nameplate) generation capacity for wind installations. The data is presented in an annex to the report and provided to you in a separate Microsoft® Excel® (.xlsx) workbook; for easy analysis and data manipulation.

Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown


  • ABB
  • Edison Electric Institute
  • ISET
  • NGK Insulators
  • PriceWaterhouseCoopers

1. Executive Summary

  • Wind Power Development
  • Renewables Subsidies
  • Turbine Technology

2. The Market for Wind power

  • An Assessment of Factors Affecting Wind Power
  • Terminology
  • Variations of Demand
  • Base Load
  • Peak Load
  • Intermediate Load
  • Intermittency and Variability
  • Capacity Factor
  • Loss of Load Probability (LOLP)
  • Capacity Credit
  • Spinning Reserve
  • Issues for Wind Power
  • Grid Balancing
  • Grid Extension
  • Storage
  • Capacity Credit
  • Mismatch of Supply and Demand
  • Load Following
  • Dispersion
  • Inadequacy of Weather Forecasting
  • Spinning Reserve/Back-up
  • Wake Effects
  • The Way Forward
  • Investing in the Future Competitiveness of the EU Wind Energy Industry
  • Adopting a More Strategic, Coordinated Approach to Offshore Developments
  • Maximising the Environmental Benefits of Offshore Wind
  • Integrating Large-Scale Offshore Wind in the Grid of the Future

3. National Policies for Renewable Energy

  • Renewable Energy Targets
  • Support Mechanisms for Renewables
  • The Evolution of RPS Policy in the United States
  • Comparison of Feed-in Tariffs and RPS
  • Investor Confidence, Price, and Policy Cost
  • Effectiveness
  • Ownership Structure
  • Conclusion
  • Feed-in Tariffs in the United States

4. National Wind Power Markets and Support Plans; Major Markets

  • China
  • Wind Resources
  • Barriers to growth
  • Offshore Wind Power
  • United States
  • The Start of Wind Power
  • Market Potential
  • Intermittency
  • Low-Speed Wind Technology
  • Cost of Wind Energy Generation
  • Technology Development in the USA
  • Understanding Turbulent Wind Patterns
  • R&D
  • Germany
  • Market Size and Forecast
  • Repowering Trend
  • Government Support and R&D in Germany
  • Stromeinspeisungsgesetz - Electricity Feed Law (EFL)

5. Wind Industry Supply Chain

  • Vertical Integration
  • Background to the Supply Chain in the Electro-Technical Industry
  • Raw Materials
  • Lead Times
  • Wind Turbine Production Capacity
  • Local Supply Chains

6. Rare Earth Metals

7. Operation and Maintenance (O&M)

8. Energy Storage

  • Mechanical Storage
  • Electrochemical Storage
  • Electromagnetic Storage
  • Coupling to New Energies

9. Advantages and Disadvantages of Wind Energy Compared with Other Forms of Energy

10. Offshore Wind Power

  • The Benefits
  • Higher Wind Speeds
  • More Stable Winds
  • Huge Offshore Wind Resources
  • Low Surface Roughness: Cheaper Turbines
  • Lower Turbulence: Longer Lifetime
  • Shipping and Transport
  • Closer to Demand Centres
  • The Challenges
  • Installation Vessels
  • Operation and Maintenance
  • Port Facilities
  • Subsea Cabling
  • A European Offshore Grid

11. Repowering

  • Market for Old Turbines
  • Recycling Turbines

12. Forecasting a new technology - Experience Curves and Progress Ratios (PR)

List of Figures
Figure 1 - Base, Intermediate and Peak Load by time of Day
Figure 2 - Capacity factors by month for wind power for Denmark, Sweden, Germany, and Netherlands
Figure 3 - Wind Energy Investments in the EU, 2000 to 2030
Figure 4 - Distribution of wind turbines in China
Figure 5 - Potential output of 15 MW wind turbines in China, % of maximum output over time
Figure 6 - Offshore Wind Potential along China's East Coast
Figure 7 - Wind Resources in the Great Lakes
Figure 8 -US Annual Average Wind Speed at 80m
Figure 9 - Advanced tower design
Figure 10 - Annual onshore and offshore build and repowering in Germany, MW, 1993 to 2030
Figure 11 - Cumulative installed capacity, onshore and offshore in Germany, MW, 1993 to 2030
Figure 12 - Turbine Parts
Figure 13 - How much neodymium will the offshore sector need?
Figure 14 - Lifecycle breakdown of wind energy investment project costs, %
Figure 15 - Frequency of ‘failure rate’ with increasing operational age
Figure 16 - Downtime per component failure, days
Figure 17 - Weak point analysis for wind turbine subassemblies including failure causes
Figure 18 - Estimated investment costs, EUR per kW
Figure 19 - Estimated operation and maintenance costs, EUR per kW per annum
Figure 20 - Levelised Cost of Electricity, EUR cents per kWh
Figure 21 - Estimated grid parity for wholesale onshore wind, EUR per MWh
Figure 22 - Estimated grid parity for wholesale onshore wind, EUR per MWh
Figure 23 - Properties of the three main offshore installation vessels
Figure 24 - Offshore operating conditions
Figure 25 - Repowering of the Bassens Windfarm in Lower Saxony, Germany
Figure 26 - Estimates new annual EU wind energy capacity, GW, 2000 to 2030
Figure 27 - Price of used turbines compared to the price when new as a percentage

List of Tables
Table 1 - Typical capacity factors for different generating technologies
Table 2 - Energy storage technologies
Table 3 - Estimated date that grid parity will be reached for on and offshore wind
Table 4 - Water footprint of different primary energy carriers
Table 5 - Advantages and disadvantages of different types of renewable energy
Table 6 - Comparison of onshore and offshore wind technologies
Table 7 - Suitable ports in Europe for development of offshore wind installations
Table 8 - Advantages and Disadvantages of Repowering
Table 9 - Recycling of Wind Turbine Components
Table 10 - Progress ratios for wind turbines
Table 11 - Technology characteristics of wind turbines

Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown


  • ABB
  • American Public Power Association
  • AWEA
  • BEE
  • Berger/Abam Engineers
  • China National Offshore Oil Corp
  • DoE
  • E.ON
  • E.ON Netz
  • Edison Electric Institute
  • Electric Power Research Institute
  • Ercom
  • European Network of Transmission System Operators (ENTSO)
  • EWEA
  • German Reserve Market Platform
  • ISET
  • National Energy Administration
  • National Grid
  • National Wind Coordinating Committee
  • National Wind Technology Centre
  • NEA
  • Nexans
  • NGK Insulators
  • NREL
  • NWCC
  • NWTC
  • PriceWaterhouseCoopers
  • Prysmian
  • Refibre Aps
  • REpower Multibrid
  • Seawolf Design
  • Siemens
  • WeserWind Offshore Construction
  • WindPACT
  • Z-Tek
Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown