Europe Waste to Energy Market: Focus on Technology (Thermo Chemical, Bio Chemical), Application (Heat, Electricity, Combined Heat and Power, Fuel), and Waste Type (Municipal Waste, Medical Waste, Agricultural Waste) - Analysis and Forecast, 2018-2023
Despite the massive expansion of the global waste to energy industry from the year 2010 to 2018, hundreds of tons of waste ends up in the unsanitary landfills. For every ton of waste landfilled, there is an increase of 1.3 tons in greenhouse gas emissions in the form of carbon dioxide. To avoid wastage of the natural resources and the reduction in the landfill emissions, the waste should be treated in a more sustainable way with the help of waste to energy technology to generate energy from the waste.
Decreasing number of sanitary waste disposal landfills coupled with the increasing volume of waste is supporting the growth of using waste to energy technology at an increasing rate across the globe. Advanced waste to energy technologies, such as pyrolysis, and anaerobic digestion are expected to register strong growth in the waste to energy industry.
Increasing utilization of renewable energy for power generation mix continues to have a positive impact on the Europe waste to energy market. Waste to energy is the process of generating energy in the form of electricity/heat with the treatment of the waste generated with several technologies such as thermo chemical and bio chemical. Today, the waste to energy sector has evolved to generate electricity with the help of various technologies from different categories of waste such as municipal, agricultural and medical waste ,among others.
The waste to energy market research study offers a wide perspective on where the industry is heading toward. The research is based on extensive primary interviews (in-house experts, industry leaders, and market players) and secondary research (a host of paid and unpaid databases), along with the analytical tools that have been used to build the forecast and the predictive models.
The report answers the following questions about Europe's waste to energy market:
- What is the Europe waste to energy market size in terms of revenue from 2017-2023, and what will be with the growth rate during the forecast period 2018-2023?
- What are the major technologies used in the Europe waste to energy market to convert waste generated into energy in terms of revenue generation and future growth?
- What are the major types of applications in the Europe waste to energy market in terms of revenue generation and future growth?
- What are the major waste types in the Europe waste to energy market in terms of revenue generation and future growth?
- What is the waste volume generated by the key countries in Europe in the year 2012 and the expected volume to be generated by the year 2023?
- What are the key trends and opportunities in the market pertaining to countries included in the Europe region?
- How attractive is the market for different stakeholders present in the industry based on the analysis of the futuristic scenario of Europe waste to energy?
- What are the major driving forces that are expected to increase the demand for Europe waste to energy market during the forecast period?
- What are the major challenges inhibiting the growth of the Europe waste to energy market?
- What kind of new strategies are adopted by the existing market players to expand their market position in the industry?
- What is the competitive strength of the key players in the Europe waste to energy market based on the analysis their recent developments, product offerings, and regional presence?
The report further includes a thorough analysis of the impact of the Porter’s five major forces to understand the overall attractiveness of the industry. The report also focuses on the key developments and investments made in the Europe waste to energy market by the players, research organizations, and governmental bodies.
Further, the report includes an exhaustive analysis of the country split into China, Japan India, South Korea and others. Each country details the individual push and pull forces in addition to the key players from that region. Some of the prominent players in the Europe waste to energy market are The Babcock & Wilcox Company, Ramboll Group, Suez Environment S.A, Waste Management Inc., C&G Environmental Protection Holdings Ltd., Veolia Environment and Foster Wheeler AG.
1 Market Overview
1.1 Global Waste to Energy Market (by Technology)
1.2 Global Waste to Energy Market (by Region)
2 Market Dynamics
2.1 Market Drivers
2.1.1 Stringent European Regulations for Waste Management
2.1.2 Increasing Demand of Renewable Energy for Power Generation
2.2 Market Restraints
2.2.1 High Cost of Operating Waste to Energy Facilities
2.2.2 Incessant Changes in the Government Policies
2.3 Market Opportunities
2.3.1 Collaboration of Information Technology (IT) with Integrated Waste Management Value Chain
2.3.2 Scope of effective Waste to Energy Technologies
3 Competitive Insights
3.1 Key Market Developments and Strategies
3.1.1 Business Expansion and Contracts
3.1.2 Partnerships and Joint Ventures
3.2 Leading Players Analysis
4 Industry Analysis
4.1 Industry Attractiveness
4.1.1 Threat of New Entrants
4.1.2 Bargaining Power of Buyers
4.1.3 Bargaining Power of Suppliers
4.1.4 Threat from Substitutes
4.1.5 Intensity of Competitive Rivalry
4.2 Country Share Analysis
4.3 Emerging Technologies in the Waste to Energy Process
4.3.1 Hydrothermal Carbonisation (HTC)
4.3.2 Dendro Liquid Energy (DLE)
4.4 Municipal Solid Waste Generation in Key Countries of Europe
5 Europe Waste to Energy Market (by Technology)
5.1 Assumptions for Analysis and Forecast of the Europe Waste to Energy Market
5.2 Limitations for Analysis and Forecast of the Europe Waste to Energy Market
5.3 Market Overview
5.4 Thermo Chemical Conversion
5.5 Bio Chemical Conversion
5.6 Others (Chemical Conversion)
6 Europe Waste to Energy Market (by Waste Type)
6.1 Municipal Solid Waste (MSW)
6.1.1 Municipal Solid Waste, by Subtype
6.2 Agricultural Waste
6.3 Medical Waste
6.4 Process Waste
7 Europe Waste to Energy Market (by Application)
7.3 Combined Heat and Power (CHP)
7.4 Transport Fuels
8 Europe Waste to Energy Market (by Country)
8.1 Europe Waste to Energy Market, by Country
8.1.2 The U.K.
8.1.6 The Netherlands
9 Company Profiles
9.1 BTA International GmbH
9.1.1 Company Overview
9.1.2 Product Portfolio
9.1.3 Corporate Summary
9.1.4 SWOT Analysis
9.2 Hitachi Zosen Inova AG
9.2.1 Company Overview
9.2.2 Product Portfolio
220.127.116.11 Financial Summary
9.2.4 SWOT Analysis
9.3 Keppel Seghers
9.3.1 Company Overview
9.3.2 Product Portfolio
9.3.3 Corporate Summary
9.3.4 SWOT Analysis
9.4 MARTIN GmbH
9.4.1 Company Overview
9.4.2 Product Portfolio
9.4.3 Corporate Summary
9.4.4 SWOT Analysis
Waste to Energy Plant/Facility Operator 132
9.5 Covanta Energy
9.5.1 Company Overview
9.5.2 Product Portfolio
18.104.22.168 Financial Summary
9.5.4 SWOT Analysis
9.6 Wheelbrator Technologies Inc.
9.6.1 Company Overview
9.6.2 Product Portfolio
9.6.3 Corporate Summary
9.6.4 SWOT Analysis
Waste to Energy Service Provider 139
9.7 Austrian Energy & Environment Group
9.7.1 Company Overview
9.7.2 Product Portfolio
9.7.3 Corporate Summary
9.7.4 SWOT Analysis
9.8 Babcock & Wilcox Enterprises Inc.
9.8.1 Company Overview
9.8.2 Product Portfolio
22.214.171.124 Financial Summary
9.8.4 SWOT Analysis
9.9.1 Company Overview
9.9.2 Product Portfolio
126.96.36.199 Financial Summary
9.9.4 SWOT Analysis
9.10 SAKO BRNO A.S.
9.10.1 Company Overview
9.10.2 Product Portfolio
9.10.3 Corporate Summary
9.10.4 SWOT Analysis
9.11 Veolia Group
9.11.1 Company Overview
9.11.2 Product Portfolio
188.8.131.52 Financial Summary
9.11.4 SWOT Analysis
9.12 Waste Management Inc.
9.12.1 Company Overview
9.12.2 Product Portfolio
184.108.40.206 Financial Summary
9.12.4 SWOT Analysis
10 Report Scope and Methodology
10.1 Report Scope
10.2 Europe Waste to Energy Market Research Methodology
10.2.3 Primary Data Sources
10.2.4 Secondary Data Sources
10.2.5 Data Triangulation
10.2.6 Market Estimation and Forecast
List of Tables
Table 1 Market Snapshot: Europe Waste to Energy Market
Table 1.1 Global Waste to Energy Market( by Technology), $Billion, 2017–2023
Table 1.2 Global Waste to Energy Market (by Region), 2017-2023
Table 3.1 Business Expansion and Contracts by the Leading Companies (2016-2018)
Table 3.2 Partnerships and Joint Ventures by the Leading Companies (2016-2018)
Table 3.3 Competitive Analysis
Table 4.1 Analyzing the Threat of New Entrants
Table 4.2 Analyzing the Bargaining Power of Buyers
Table 4.3 Analyzing the Bargaining Power of Suppliers
Table 4.4 Analyzing the Threat from Substitutes
Table 4.5 Analyzing the Intensity of Competitive Rivalry
Table 4.6 Carbon Efficiency Comparison of Several Biofuel Production Process
Table 4.7 Municipal Solid Waste in Key Countries of Europe
Table 5.1 Europe Waste to Energy Market (by Technology), 2017-2023
Table 5.2 Technology Comparison
Table 5.3 Recent Developments pertaining to Thermo Chemical Technology
Table 5.4 Anaerobic Digestion: Fuels Required and Output
Table 5.5 Technology Comparison
Table 5.6 Recent Developments pertaining to Bio Chemical Technology
Table 6.1 Sources of Waste
Table 6.2 Europe Waste to Energy Market (by Waste Type), 2017-2023
Table 6.3 Recent Developments: Municipal Solid Waste
Table 6.4 Municipal Waste (by Subtype), 2017-2023
Table 6.5 Companies providing Medical Waste Treatment and Disposal Facilities
Table 7.1 Europe Waste to Energy Market (by Application), $Billion ,2017-2023
Table 7.2 Recent Developments: Combined Heat and Power
Table 8.1 Upcoming Waste to Energy Plants in Europe by 2030
Table 8.2 Europe Waste to Energy Market (by Country), 2017–2023
Table 9.1 BTA International GmbH: Waste to Energy Technology
Table 9.2 Hitachi Zosen Inova Ag: Energy to Waste Process
Table 9.3 Keppel Seghers: Waste to Energy Generation Plants
Table 9.4 MARTIN GmbH: Waste to Energy Facilities
Table 9.5 Wheelbrator Technologies Inc.: Waste to Energy Facilities
Table 9.6 Austrian Energy & Environment Group: Waste to Energy Technologies
Table 9.7 Babcock & Wilcox Enterprises Inc.: Waste to Energy Technology
Table 9.8 Orsted: Project Details
Table 9.9 SAKO BRNO A.S.: Waste to Energy Facility
Table 9.10 Veolia Environment S.A.: Waste to Energy Generation Solutions
List of Figures
Figure 1 Key Issues in the Waste to Energy Sector in Europe
Figure 2 Europe Waste to Energy Market Snapshot
Figure 3 Europe Waste to Energy Market (by Technology), Market Share (%) and Market Size
Figure 4 Europe Waste to Energy Market, (by Application)
Figure 5 Europe Waste to Energy Market (by Waste Type)
Figure 6 Europe Waste to Energy Market (by Country), 2018
Figure 1.1 Global Waste to Energy Market, 2017-2023
Figure 1.2 Global Waste to Energy Market(by Technology), 2017 and 2023
Figure 1.3 Global Waste to Energy Market(by Region), 2017
Figure 2.1 Market Dynamics
Figure 2.2 Impact Analysis of Drivers
Figure 2.3 Global Electricity Generation Mix
Figure 2.4 Impact Analysis of Restraints
Figure 2.5 Impact Analysis of Opportunities
Figure 3.1 Strategies Adopted by the Key Players
Figure 3.2 Share of Key Market Strategies and Developments, June 2016- June 2018
Figure 4.1 Porter’s Five Forces Analysis
Figure 4.2 Country Share Analysis of Europe Waste to Energy Market, 2017
Figure 5.1 Europe Waste to Energy Market(by Technology), 2017 and 2023
Figure 5.2 Advantages and Disadvantages of using Gasification Technology
Figure 5.3 Advantages and Disadvantages of using Pyrolysis Technology
Figure 5.4 Waste to Energy Market Based on Thermo Chemical Technology, (2017-2023)
Figure 5.5 Bio Chemical Waste to Energy Conversion Process
Figure 5.6 Anaerobic Systems
Figure 5.7 Advantages and Disadvantages of using Fermentation Technology
Figure 5.8 Waste to Energy Market Based on Bio Chemical Technology, (2017-2023)
Figure 5.9 Waste to Energy Market Based on Other Technology, (2017-2023)
Figure 6.1 Europe Waste to Energy Market, (by Waste Type)
Figure 6.2 Composition of MSW
Figure 6.3 Energy Production from Municipal Solid Waste in Europe, (1995-2015)
Figure 6.4 Waste to Energy from MSW, (2017-2023)
Figure 6.5 Municipal Waste (by Subtype), 2017 and 2023
Figure 6.6 Waste to Energy from Agricultural Waste, (2017-2023)
Figure 6.7 Waste to Energy from Medical Waste, (2017-2023)
Figure 6.8 Waste to Energy from Process Waste, (2017-2023)
Figure 6.9 Other Type of Waste
Figure 6.10 Waste to Energy from Other Waste, (2017-2023)
Figure 7.1 Europe Waste to Energy Market (by Application), 2017 and 2023
Figure 7.2 Europe Waste to Energy Market (by Application)
Figure 7.3 Waste to Energy in Electricity, (2017-2023)
Figure 7.4 Waste to Energy in Heat, (2017-2023)
Figure 7.5 Waste to Energy in CHP, (2017-2023)
Figure 7.6 Waste to Energy in Transport Fuels, (2017-2023)
Figure 7.7 Other Applications
Figure 7.8 Waste to Energy in Others, (2017-2023)
Figure 8.1 Europe Waste to Energy Market (by Country)
Figure 8.2 Europe Waste to Energy Market (by Country), 2017, 2018 and 2023
Figure 8.3 Germany Waste to Energy Market, (2017-2022)
Figure 8.4 The U.K. Number of Waste to Energy Facilities, (2014-2016)
Figure 8.5 The U.K. Waste to Energy Market, (2017-2023)
Figure 8.6 Poland Waste to Energy Market, (2017-2023)
Figure 8.7 Waste Management Practices in France, 2010
Figure 8.8 Type of Waste Production in France, 2010 (%)
Figure 8.9 France Waste to Energy Market, (2017-2023)
Figure 8.10 Norway Waste to Energy Market, (2017-2023)
Figure 8.11 The Netherlands Waste Generation Data, (1995-2015)
Figure 8.12 The Netherlands Waste to Energy Market, (2017-2023)
Figure 8.13 Sweden Waste to Energy Market, (2017-2023)
Figure 8.14 Denmark Waste to Energy Market, (2017-2023)
Figure 8.15 Austria Waste to Energy Market, (2017-2023)
Figure 8.16 Italy Waste to Energy Market, (2017-2023)
Figure 8.17 Rest of Europe Waste to Energy Market, (2017-2023)
Figure 9.1 Share of Key Companies
Figure 9.2 BTA International GmbH: SWOT Analysis
Figure 9.3 Hitachi Zosen Inova Ag: Overall Financials, 2014-2016
Figure 9.4 Hitachi Zosen Inova Ag: Net Revenue by Business Segment, 2015
Figure 9.5 Hitachi Zosen Inova Ag: Net Revenue by Business Segment, 2016
Figure 9.6 Hitachi Zosen Inova Ag: Net Revenue by Regional Segment, 2015-2016
Figure 9.7 Hitachi Zosen Inova AG: SWOT Analysis
Figure 9.8 Keppel Seghers: SWOT Analysis
Figure 9.9 MARTIN GmbH: SWOT Analysis
Figure 9.10 Covanta Ltd.: Overall Financials, 2015-2017
Figure 9.11 Covanta Ltd.: Net Revenue by Business Segment, 2015-2017
Figure 9.12 Covanta Ltd.: Net Revenue by Region Segment, 2015-2017
Figure 9.13 Covanta Energy: SWOT Analysis
Figure 9.14 Wheelbrator Technologies Inc.: SWOT Analysis
Figure 9.15 Austrian Energy & Environment Group: SWOT Analysis
Figure 9.16 Babcock & Wilcox Enterprises Inc.: Overall Financials, 2015-2017
Figure 9.17 Babcock & Wilcox Enterprises Inc.: Net Revenue by Business Segment, 2015-2017
Figure 9.18 Babcock & Wilcox Enterprises Inc.: Net Revenue by Region Segment, 2015-2017
Figure 9.19 Babcock & Wilcox Enterprises Inc.: SWOT Analysis
Figure 9.20 Orsted: Overall Financials, 2015-2017
Figure 9.21 Orsted: Net Revenue by Business Segment, 2017
Figure 9.22 Orsted: Net Revenue by Region Segment, 2015-2016
Figure 9.23 Orsted: SWOT Analysis
Figure 9.24 SAKO BRNO A.S.: SWOT Analysis
Figure 9.25 Veolia Group: Overall Financials, 2015-2017
Figure 9.26 Veolia Group: Business Segment, 2015-2017
Figure 9.27 Veolia Group.: SWOT Analysis
Figure 9.28 Waste Management Inc.: Waste to Energy Facilities
Figure 9.29 Waste Management Inc.: Overall Financials, 2015-2017
Figure 9.30 Waste Management Inc.: Net Revenue by Business Segment, 2015-2017
Figure 9.31 Waste Management Inc.: Net Revenue by Region Segment, 2015-2017
Figure 9.32 Waste Management Inc.: SWOT Analysis
Figure 10.1 Europe Waste to Energy Market Scope
Figure 10.2 Report Methodology
Figure 10.3 Primary Interviews Breakdown, by Player, Designation, and Country
Figure 10.4 Sources of Secondary Research
Figure 10.5 Data Triangulation
Figure 10.6 Top Down-Bottom-Up Approach for Market Estimation
Energy being the core necessity of various end use industries such as residential, commercial, industrial, electric power, and transportation, has considerable environmental impacts.
As per the International Energy Outlook 2017, the global energy consumption is expected to grow by 50% between the year 2010 and 2040, along with the increasing use of fossil fuels. Around 29 countries globally fulfil more than 90% of their energy requirements from fossil fuels. As per the data by Eurostat, the population of Europe has increased by more than 3 million people from the year 2015 to 2017, and urbanization in most of its countries is also increasing. These factors have led to the rise in energy demand from the region.
Since the fossil fuels were formed over millions of years by decomposing carbon-based life forms, these resources are entirely non-renewable. Moreover, these fossil fuels are the origin of greenhouse gases and carbon emissions, which further lead to global warming. As per the data by Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), the global carbon dioxide emissions from fuel combustion increased from 20.623 billion tons in 1990 to 32.381 billion tons in 2014. Thus, the shift from fossil fuels to the renewable and clean sources of energy is of utmost importance for effectively dealing with climate change and its effects.
One key resort to these concerns is use of waste disposed globally to generate electricity, heat, and transport fuels, among others. The treatment of waste that would otherwise have been sent to landfills, in order to generate energy, reduces the amount of greenhouse gases and carbon emissions released into the atmosphere. This also reduces the dependency on energy imports. The conversion of waste to energy has progressed from the basic collection and disposal of waste to the technology driven treatment systems used to convert waste.
Waste to energy is the process of generating energy in the form of electricity/heat with the treatment of the waste generated with several technologies such as thermo chemical and bio chemical. The depletion of fossil fuels, and the hazards of improper waste management, have led to the expansion of waste to energy facilities substantially over the last ten years.
The Europe waste to energy market is projected to grow from $XX billion in the year 2018 to $21.99 billion by 2023, at a CAGR of XX% from 2018 to 2023. Europe has significantly been the leading the market in the waste to energy technologies. The region has witnessed a strong growth in terms of waste to energy capacities since 2008 The economy of the region and the European Union’s legislation are the major factors driving the growth of the market. The Europe waste to energy market is dominated by Germany in the year 2018. However, during the forecast period, the U.K. is expected to display the highest growth rate. Germany is one of the top countries in the best waste to energy technologies used in the energy generation process, recording significant levels of e-waste recovery and exploring new business opportunities.
From the year 2010, the countries in the region have significantly shifted their focus with respect to municipal waste disposal methods to prevention and recycling. Although municipal waste represents only around 10% of total waste generated in the region, it is important to understand that prevention of this waste has the potential to reduce the environmental impact not only during the waste conversion phase but also through the life cycle of the products consumed.
As per the industry experts, the recent trends in the Europe region demonstrate that this is a suitable time to enter into new growth opportunities by setting up the waste to energy projects across the region. The leading countries such as Denmark, France and Germany and recent market entrants such as Poland in the waste to energy market are expected to see major technological advancements irrespective of the regulatory and the cultural challenges.
The countries which have huge potential but limited land availability such as Poland, are focusing on the development of new waste to energy technologies. Waste to energy is one of the growing green energy technology segments in the region. The presence of several high potential sites in the region, supporting initiatives by the government, regulations, and increasing foreign investment are some of the factors driving the growth of the market in the region.
The competitive landscape for the Europe waste to energy market demonstrates an inclination toward companies adopting strategies such as business expansion, partnerships/joint ventures and collaboration, and others. The result of the emerging strategies and developments is helping the market in the form of more business expansion being done by the key players in the waste to energy market. Moreover, the growing market of waste to energy is further expected to increase the involvement of companies across different segments of the value chain.
Europe region is fragmented with the presence of both local and regional players in the market. The key players present in the waste to energy market are Wheelbrator Inc., The Babcock & Wilcox Company, Ramboll Group, Suez Environment S.A, Waste Management Inc., C&G Environmental Protection Holdings Ltd., and Veolia Environment and Foster Wheeler AG ,among others.
The key players operating in Europe waste to energy market have improved their business expansion activities from the year 2013 to 2018. This was majorly done to enhance their company’s regional presence, enter into new ventures, and increase their customer base across the globe. Business expansion and contracts has been the most widely adopted strategy done by the key players in the market. For instance, in June 2018, Veolia Environment received a contract of $136.2 million to operate the VESTA plant, at Rouen, in the north-central region of France.
Partnerships/ agreements and joint ventures has also been a significantly adopted strategy in the waste to energy market. With the increasing growth in the market, companies operating in this industry are coming up with new technologies for converting waste to energy, for generating public awareness about their existing and new products and competing with the competitors’ product portfolio. For instance, in July 2018, Geminor entered into an agreement with Amey’s Allerton Waste Recovery Park in North Yorkshire. The agreement will support Geminor in supplying a maximum of 50,000 tons of residual waste per annum to the waste to energy facility.
The need for more research and development activities and a proper regulatory environment is a must for key companies attaining a sustained growth in the region. Several government and private research institutes, regulatory bodies and associations are working upon identifying significant efforts on how waste to energy can be useful for meeting the growing demand for power generation. The technological advancements in the waste to energy industry can provide good growth opportunities to the key players in the region. Moreover, the emergence of wind/solar hybrids, more sophisticated grid management, and increasingly affordable storage systems are expected to define the future of this commercial fossil-free power sector.
- Austrian Energy & Environment Group
- BTA International GmbH
- Babcock & Wilcox Enterprises Inc.
- Covanta Energy
- Hitachi Zosen Inova AG
- Keppel Seghers
- MARTIN GmbH
- SAKO BRNO A.S.
- Veolia Group
- Waste Management Inc.
- Wheelbrator Technologies Inc.