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Connected Home - Technologies, Markets, and Applications

  • ID: 4750827
  • Report
  • Region: Global
  • 163 Pages
  • PracTel Inc
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This Report is Based on the Authors’ Experience Working in the Industry that Supports High-Speed Communications Developments for Indoor Connectivity

FEATURED COMPANIES

  • Aerohive
  • Buffalo
  • Huawei
  • Marvell
  • Peraso
  • Sineoji
  • MORE

This report is based on the authors’ experience working in the industry that supports high-speed communications developments for indoor connectivity; as well as their R&D in related areas.

The analysis of several advanced indoor communications technologies and related markets, applications and survey of the industries are presented. Particular, this report concentrates on:

Wireline indoor communications, including:

  • HomePlug AV2 (MIMO)
  • MoCA (2 and 2.5)
  • HomePNA 3.1 - ITU G.hn-MIMO

Wireless indoor communications, including:

  • IEEE802.11ac
  • IEEE802.11ax
  • IEEE802.11ad
  • IEEE802.11ay
  • Visible Light Communications (VLC)

Such a selection was based on the intention to analyze the most advanced techniques that support multi-Gb/s speeds of transmission combined with other latest achievements in indoor wireline/wireless communications. Besides, these techniques are applicable for supporting a wide spectrum of indoor services - from entertainment to Home Area Networks to the broadband Internet.

The report shows that wireline indoor communications are evolving towards ITU G.hn-MIMO as a technology that can use all three existing indoor wirings - electrical, phone and coax to achieve the speed of transmission more than 1 Gb/s. These standard developers believe that it can become the universal standard for home/small office networking; though shipments PLC and MoCA equipment expects to be ahead at least till 2020-2021. Altogether, wireline technologies experience severe competition from rapidly developing wireless advanced indoor communications.

802.11ac and 802.11ad are two advanced WLAN technologies. They are demonstrating the direction of WLANs development towards multi-Gb/s rates and efficient coverage. The major trend in WLAN silicon is towards using tri-band chips - 2.4 GHz, 5 GHz and 60 GHz bands - all implemented in a single device. Such a trend together with the falling electronics prices and convenience of wireless (vs. wireline) connectivity make 802.11xx a winning technology.

Report also addresses next-generation WICT - IEEE802.11ax (5 GHz band) and IEEE802.11ay (mmWave band). Their wide commercialization is expected in 1-2 years.

Visible Light Communications (VLC), which is defined by the ITU as the 5G technology opens additional opportunities for indoor communications. Dual-purpose LED lighting/transmission is an efficient means of communications with the multi-Gb/s speed of transmission and covering offices and homes and similar structures.

All the above-mentioned technologies with their advantages and issues are analyzed in this report, which addresses corresponding markets and applications as well.

The report also surveys 802.11ad and VLC related patents (2017-2018).

The report is written for a wide audience of technical and managerial staff involved in indoor communications development.

Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown
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FEATURED COMPANIES

  • Aerohive
  • Buffalo
  • Huawei
  • Marvell
  • Peraso
  • Sineoji
  • MORE

1. Introduction
1.1 General   
1.2 Statistics   
1.3 Scope   
1.4 Structure   
1.5 Research Methodology   
1.6 Target Audience   

2. Wireline ICT   
2.1 PLC - HomePlug   
2.1.1 HomePlug Alliance   
2.1.1.1 Goal   
2.1.1.2 Timetable   
2.1.2 HomePlug AV2   
2.1.2.1 Advances   
2.1.2.1.1 HomePlug AV2-mimo   
2.1.2.1.1.1 General   
2.1.2.1.1.2 Certification   
2.1.2.1.1.3 Major Improvements   
2.1.2.1.1.4 Specification Details   
2.1.2.1.1.5 MIMO Role   
2.1.2.2 Industry   

  • Aztech
  • Broadcom
  • D-Link
  • Extollo
  • GigaFast Ethernet
  • Lea Networks
  • Netgear
  • Sineoji
  • Trendnet
  • TP-Link
  • Qualcomm Atheros
  • Zyxel

2.2 HomePNA and ITU G.hn MIMO-based Technologies   
2.2.1 HomePNA Alliance (HomeGrid Forum)   
2.2.2. Specifications   
2.2.2.1 General   
2.2.2.2 HomePNA Specification 3.1: Major Features   
2.2.2.3 Fast EoC HomePNA   
2.2.2.4 Major Benefits   
2.2.2.5 ITU G.hn   
2.2.2.5.1 General   
2.2.2.5.2 G.hn Details   
2.2.2.5.2.1 Differences   
2.2.2.5.2.2 Common Features   
2.2.2.5.2.3 Acceptance   
2.2.2.5.3 HomePNA and G.hn Documents   
2.2.2.5.4 G.hn-mimo - G.9963   
2.2.2.5.4.1 Drivers   
2.2.2.5.4.2 G.9963 Details   
2.2.2.5.4.3 Industry   
2.3 MoCA (Multimedia over Coax Alliance)   
2.3.1 General   
2.3.2 Partnerships   
2.3.3 Details   
2.3.3.1 MoCA 2.0   
2.3.3.1.1 MoCA 2.0 Technical Highlights   
2.3.3.2 MoCA 2.5   
2.3.4 Samples of Vendors   

  • Arris
  • Broadcom
  • Cisco
  • MaxLinear
  • Netgear

  2.3.5 Comparison   

3. Wireless ICT   
3.1 IEEE 802.11ac   
3.1.1 Approval   
3.1.2 Advanced Wi-Fi Standard   
3.1.3 Major Features: Summary   
3.1.4 Benefits   
3.1.5 Usage Models   
3.1.6 Waves   
3.1.7 Market Projections   
3.1.8 Industry   

  • Aerohive
  • Broadcom
  • Buffalo
  • D-Link
  • Huawei
  • Linksys
  • Marvell
  • Netgear
  • Qorvo
  • Quantenna
  • Redpine Signals

3.1.9 MIMO and 802.11ac Standard   
3.1.9.1 Comparison   
3.2 P802.11ax   
3.2.1 Scope   
3.2.2 Pre-standard Products   

  • Aerohive
  • Asus
  • Broadcom
  • Huawei
  • Intel
  • Marvell
  • Qualcomm

3.3 60 GHz WLAN   
3.3.1 Benefits and Issues   
3.3.2 WiGig Alliance   
3.3.2.1 Specification: 60 GHz Wi-Fi   
3.3.2.2 WiGig Protocol Adaption Layer Specifications   
3.3.2.3 WiGig Bus Extension and WiGig Serial Extension Specification   
3.3.2.4 WiGig Display Extension Specification   
3.3.2.5 Union   
3.3.3 IEEE 802.11ad - 60 GHz Wi-Fi   
3.3.3.1 Status   
3.3.3.2 Coexistence   
3.3.3.3 Scope   
3.3.3.4 Channelization   
3.3.3.5 PHY   
3.3.3.6 MAC   
3.3.3.7 Specifics   
3.3.3.8 Use Cases   
3.3.3.9 Industry   

  • Blu Wireless
  • Lattice
  • Peraso
  • Qualcomm
  • SiBeam (a Lattice Company)
  • Tensorcom
  • TP-Link

3.3.3.10 Market   
3.3.3.10.1 Market Drivers   
3.3.3.10.2 Estimate   
3.3.4 P802.11ay - Next Generation 60 GHz Wi-Fi   
3.3.4.1 Purpose and Schedule   
3.3.4.2 Scope   
3.4 Visible Light Communications (VLC)   
3.4.1 VLC - Innovation   
3.4.2 LED Specifics   
3.4.2.1 Properties   
3.4.2.2 Spectrum   
3.4.3 Types   
3.4.4 LED Modulation   
3.4.4.1 Limitations   
3.4.5 LED - Dual Functionality   
3.4.6 Developments - History   
3.4.7 Technical/Economic Characteristics   
3.4.8 Communications Aspects: VLC   
3.4.8.1 Place   
3.4.8.2 Drivers   
3.4.8.3 Industry Activity   
3.4.8.4 VLC Standards Development   
3.4.8.4.1 The IEEE 802.15.7 Standard   
3.4.8.4.1.1 Considerations   
3.4.8.4.1.2 Project   
3.4.8.4.2 IEEE802.15.7r1   
3.4.8.4.3 JEITA (Japan Electronics and Information Technology Industries Association) Standards   
3.4.8.4.3.1 JEITA CP-1221   
3.4.8.4.3.2 JEITA CP-1222   
3.4.8.4.3.3 JEITA CP-1223 (2013)   
3.4.8.4.4 Visible Light Communications Association (VLCA)   
3.4.8.4.4.1 General   
3.4.8.4.4.2 Experimental Systems- VLCA Projects   
3.4.8.4.5 ARIB T50   
3.4.8.4.6 ECMA 397-2010   
3.4.8.4.7 Li-Fi Consortium   
3.4.9 VLC Channel - Details   
3.4.9.1 General   
3.4.9.2 Communications Channel   
3.4.9.3 Transmitter   
3.4.9.4 Receiver   
3.4.9.4.1 Image Sensors   
3.4.9.4.2 LED as Receiver   
3.4.9.5 Major Characteristics   
3.4.9.5.1 General   
3.4.9.5.2 Modulation   
3.4.9.5.3 VLC Channel: Characteristics Summary   
3.4.9.6 Emerging Areas   
3.4.9.7 Limitations   
3.4.10 Applications: Summary   
3.4.10.1 Indoor VLC Channel   
3.4.11 Market   
3.4.12 Industry   

  • Axrtek
  • Casio
  • Firefly Wireless Networks
  • LVX
  • Luciom
  • Nakagawa Laboratories
  • NEC
  • Oledcomm
  • Outstanding Technology
  • PureLi-Fi
  • Siemens
  • Supreme Architecture
  • Tamura

3.4.13 5G View   
3.4.13.1 Attocell   
3.4.13.2 Cell Structures   

4. Conclusions   

Attachments
Attachment I: 802.11ad - related Patents Survey (2017-2018)   
Attachment II: VLC - related Patents Survey (2017-2018)   

List of Figures
Figure 1: HomePlug Major Milestones   
Figure 2: HomePlug AV2 Features   
Figure 3: MIMO HomePlug AV2 Channels   
Figure 4: ITU G.hn and HomePNA Standards   
Figure 5: G.hn Standards and Technologies   
Figure 6: HomePNA and G.hn Characteristics   
Figure 7: G.9963-MIMO (2x2)   
Figure 8: G.hn- MIMO -Details   
Figure 9: Maximum Theoretical PHY Rates (home media-wireline communications)   
Figure 10: Comparative Characteristics   
Figure 11: G.hn-mimo - Frequency-Rate Characteristics   
Figure 12: MoCA Roadmap   
Figure 13: Comparative Characteristics: MoCA Technologies   
Figure 14: Comparison   
Figure 15: Evolution of 802.11 Technology   
Figure 16: Properties - 802.11ac   
Figure 17: Channel Assignment-802.11ac   
Figure 18: Specifics-802.11ac   
Figure 19: Rates/Spatial Streams - 802.11ac   
Figure 20: Usage Models - 802.11ac   
Figure 21: 802.11ac WAVEs   
Figure 22: Estimate-802.11ac Consumers AP Shipping-Global (Bil. Units)   
Figure 23: Projections-802.11ac Consumers AP Shipping-Global ($B)   
Figure 24: Estimate: Global Shipping - 802.11ac MU-MIMO Consumers AP ($B)   
Figure 25: 802.11n vs. 802.11ac   
Figure 26: Preliminary Schedule   
Figure 27: Characteristics - 802.11ac and 802.11ax   
Figure 28: 802.11ad Major Features   
Figure 29: PHY Characteristics - 802.11ad   
Figure 30: 802.11ad MAC Structure   
Figure 31: Use Cases - 802.11ad   
Figure 32: Estimate: Global Sales of 802.1ad Chipsets (Bil. Units)   
Figure 33: Estimate: Global Sales of 802.11ad Chipsets ($B)   
Figure 34: 802.11ay - Proposed Timeline   
Figure 35: LED Structure   
Figure 36: Spectrum (450-750 nm - visible)   
Figure 37: Wavelengths (nm)   
Figure 38: LED Properties Illustration   
Figure 39: Laser vs. LED   
Figure 40: Estimate: U.S. Lighting LED Market ($B)   
Figure 41: Estimate: U.S. Lighting LED Market (Bil. Units)   
Figure 42: LED Price Factor (Cents/Lumen)   
Figure 43: Cost and Brightness- Light Sources   
Figure 44: WPAN/WLAN Family and VLC   
Figure 45: Use Cases - VLC   
Figure 46: Devices and Characteristics - VLC   
Figure 47: Frequency Plan - 802.15.7   
Figure 48: Illustration-VLC Channel   
Figure 49: VLC Properties   
Figure 50: VLC Applications   
Figure 51: VLC, IR and RF Communications ITS Applications Comparison   
Figure 52: Locations Technologies-VLC Place   
Figure 53: Estimate - Global VLC Market ($B)   

Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown
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  • Aerohive
  • Arris
  • Asus
  • Axrtek
  • Aztech
  • Blu Wireless
  • Broadcom
  • Buffalo
  • Casio
  • Cisco
  • D-Link
  • Extollo
  • Firefly Wireless Networks
  • GigaFast Ethernet
  • Huawei
  • Intel
  • Lattice
  • Lea Networks
  • Linksys
  • Luciom
  • LVX
  • Marvell
  • MaxLinear
  • Nakagawa Laboratories
  • NEC
  • Netgear
  • Oledcomm
  • Outstanding Technology
  • Peraso
  • PureLi-Fi
  • Qorvo
  • Qualcomm Atheros
  • Quantenna
  • Redpine Signals
  • SiBeam (a Lattice Company)
  • Siemens
  • Sineoji
  • Supreme Architecture
  • Tamura
  • Tensorcom
  • TP-Link
  • Trendnet
  • Zyxel
Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown
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