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5G Broadband Networks: Wireline Access - Technologies, Markets and Standardization

  • ID: 4771544
  • Report
  • 155 Pages
  • PracTel Inc
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FEATURED COMPANIES

  • Ad-Net
  • Broadcom
  • Electroline
  • Metanoia
  • PCT
  • Siligence
  • MORE

This report updates the status of wireline broadband access technologies, their markets, applications, and industries as they relate to the 5G development.

Wireline broadband access technologies are playing an important role in today networks- cable accounts for 60% of the U.S. fixed broadband market, and 55%-65% of local loops are still on copper wire. However, until recently, technical and economic problems with such access did not allow effective use of a broadband pipe from a core to a subscriber side, minimizing the value of broadband communications.

The problems have been known for a long time, but the absence of a cost-effective technology in the distribution plant prevented making any practical improvements. The specifics of access, such as the necessity to create highly distributed infrastructure and the price to support access service always contradicted each other. The situation changed with appearance Passive Optical Networks (PONs), their various modifications and progress in architecting of high-speed DSL, such as vectoring DSL.

The goal of this report is to address current and near-term advances in wireline broadband access networks that are transforming them into broadband pipes with characteristics similar to characteristics of the core networks.

The report concentrates on the analysis technologies and markets for the following access architectures:

  • Passive Optical Networks - standardized or planning to be standardized by the IEEE and ITU-FSAN. Evolving PONs will allow transmission up to 100 Gb/s (shared).
  • New generations DSL - in the development and standardization by the ITU and the industry, including vectoring and G.fast. The technologies may support short reaches connectivity on the existing copper structures with speeds near 1 Gb/s (non-shared).
  • RFoG - technology that allows efficient use of fiber combined with a short coaxial path to the user, allowing to reach gigabit per second speed and improving the economics of broadband access.

The report shows that the copper infrastructure continues to play an important role in connecting the last hundreds of meters from/to subscriber equipment with the rest of the network. Advanced gigabit speed access technologies, such as DSL (G.fast, VDSL2-vec), are key in creating a homogenous and cost-efficient core-access infrastructure. For example, in 2017, AT&T has begun rolling out G.fast-based services in 22 metro markets across the United States, signaling the service provider’s desire to extend higher speed wireline broadband services in premises where it can’t make a business case for all fiber.

PONs provide cost-efficient connectivity of the core with subscriber’s equipment, supporting required by users characteristics, such as the speed of transmission and other. Currently, service providers have three major next-generation FSAN PON paths: 10G-PON, XGS-PON and NG-PON2. Verizon, for example, plans to move directly to NG-PON2.

The IEEE NG-EPON standard 802.3ca, which promises the 100 Gb/s speed, planned to be finalized by 2020.

The report also stresses an important trend in the broadband wireline access: utilization of multi-functional platforms that allow flexibility and cost efficiency to serve a diversified group of users required different technologies.

The standardization processes are analyzed in details. Marketing statistics have been developed (2018-2022). The report also presents detailed surveys of companies that are working in the related industries and their products portfolios. Attachments contain the survey of recently approved patents related to the report subject.

The report is written for a wide audience of technical, managerial and sales staff involved in the development of wireline broadband access networks.

Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown
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FEATURED COMPANIES

  • Ad-Net
  • Broadcom
  • Electroline
  • Metanoia
  • PCT
  • Siligence
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1. Introduction   
1.1 Issue   
1.2 Changes   
1.2.1 5G Necessity   
1.3 PON Appearance   
1.4 DSL Developments   
1.5 RFoG   
1.6 Scope   
1.7 Research Methodology   
1.8 Target Audience   

2. PON: Today and Tomorrow   
2.1 Concept   
2.1.1 PON Benefits   
2.1.2 The PON Proposition   
2.1.3 Details   
2.1.4 PON Classification   
2.1.5 PON Elements   
2.1.5.1 Optical Line Termination (OLT)   
2.1.5.1.1 PON Core Shell   
2.1.5.1.2 Cross-connect Shell   
2.1.5.1.3 Service Shell   
2.1.5.1.4 OLT Responsibilities   
2.1.5.1.4.1 Bandwidth Allocation   
2.1.5.1.4.2 Grant Mechanism   
2.1.5.1.4.3 Capture Effect   
2.1.5.1.4.4 Ranging   
2.1.5.1.4.5 Burst Mode Transceiver   
2.1.5.2 Optical Network Unit (ONU)   
2.1.5.3 Optical Distribution Network (ODN)   
2.2 PON: ITU-FSAN Family   
2.2.1 Beginning - A/B-PON - G.983.x   
2.2.2 G-PON - G.984.x   
2.2.3 XG-PON - G.987x   
2.2.4 NG-PON2 - G.989x   
2.2.4.1 Project   
2.2.4.2 NG-PON2 - General   
2.2.4.3 Major Properties   
2.2.4.4 Characteristics   
2.2.4.4.1 Support   
2.2.4.4.2 Rates and Reaches   
2.2.4.4.3 Combinations   
2.2.4.5 Services   
2.2.4.6 Capacity   
2.2.4.7 Spectrum Allocation   
2.2.4.8 Line Rate Summary   
2.2.5 XGS-PON   
2.2.6 Plans   
2.3 PON: IEEE Family   
2.3.1 802.3ah - GE - PON   
2.3.2 802.3av- 10GE-PON   
2.3.2.1 Goal   
2.3.2.2 Status   
2.3.2.3 Standard’s Scope and Objectives   
2.3.2.4 10GE-PON Technology Specifics   
2.3.2.4.1 Inheritance   
2.3.2.4.2 Properties   
2.3.2.4.3 Dynamic Bandwidth Allocation   
2.3.2.5 10GE-PON: Drivers and Target Applications   
2.3.3 IEEE P802.3ca PON   
2.4 PON Market   
2.4.1 PON Commercialized   
2.4.2 Factor   
2.4.3 Services   
2.4.4 Market Estimate   
2.4.4.1 Equipment Sales   
2.4.4.2 Market Geography   
2.4.4.3 Service Providers Revenue   
2.5 Industry   

  • Ad-Net
  • Adtran
  • Alphion
  • Broadcom
  • Calix
  • Cisco
  • Corecess
  • GigaLight
  • Hisense
  • Huawei
  • Marvell
  • Mitsubishi Electric
  • NEC
  • Nokia
  • PBN
  • Qualcomm Atheros
  • Raisecom
  • Source Photonics
  • Sumitomo Electric Networks
  • Tainet
  • Tellabs

3. DSL Evolution   
3.1 Developments   
3.1.1 Statistics   
3.2 DSL Family   
3.2.1 ADSL   
3.2.2. R-ADSL   
3.2.3 HDSL   
3.2.4 IDSL   
3.2.5 VDSL   
3.2.6 SDSL   
3.2.7 Summary   
3.3 Vectored DSL - G.993.5-2010   
3.3.1 Scope   
3.3.2 Details   
3.3.2.1 Summary   
3.3.2.2 Broadband Forum Contributions   
3.3.3 Market   
3.3.4 Vendors   

  • Adtran
  • Assia
  • Broadcom
  • Calix
  • Huawei
  • Intel/Lantiq
  • Nokia
  • Siligence
  • Zyxel
  • ZTE

3.4 G.fast   
3.4.1 Standards   
3.4.1.1 Broadband Forum –G.fast   
3.4.2 Improvements over Vectoring   
3.4.3 Models - FTTdp   
3.4.4 Major Characteristics   
3.4.5 Testing and Trialing   
3.4.6 Further Developments - G.mgfast   
3.4.7 Industry   

  • Adtran
  • Arris (Commscope)
  • Broadcom
  • Calix
  • Cisco
  • Dasan Networks
  • Huawei
  • Metanoia
  • Nokia
  • Qualcomm/Ikonos
  • Sagemcom
  • Sckipio
  • XAVi
  • Zinwell

3.4.8 Market   

4. RFoG Development   
4.1 Hybrid Fiber Coaxial (HFC) Technology   
4.2 RFoG Solution   
4.2.1 General   
4.2.2 Standardization   
4.2.2.1 Process   
4.2.2.2 Details   
4.2.2.2.1 ANSI/SCTE 174 2010   
4.2.2.2.2 Summary   
4.2.2.2.3 IEC   
4.2.2.3 Industry Needs   
4.2.2.4 Target   
4.3 Similarities and Differences (HFC and RFoG)   
4.4 RFoG Major Benefits and Issues   
4.5 Future Extensions - RF-PON   
4.6 Market Estimate   
4.6.1 Need   
4.6.2 Forecast   
4.7 RFoG Industry   

  • Adtran
  • Arris (Commscope)
  • BKtel
  • Calix
  • Cisco
  • CTDI
  • Electroline
  • Multicom
  • PBN
  • PCT

5. Conclusions   

Attachments
Attachment 1: Vectoring DSL-related Patents Survey (2015-2019)   
Attachment 2: NG-PON2-related Patents Survey (2015-2019)   
Attachment 3: RFoG-related Patents Survey (2015-2019)   

List of Figures
Figure 1: PON Reference Model   
Figure 2: PON Details   
Figure 3: PON Architecture Example   
Figure 4: OLT Functional Block Diagram   
Figure 5: ONU Functional Block Diagram   
Figure 6: PON Evolution Path   
Figure 7: FSAN Roadmap   
Figure 8: B-PON Frequency Arrangements   
Figure 9: ITU Process   
Figure 10: Functional Diagram - G.989 System   
Figure 11: NG-PON2 Frequency Plan   
Figure 12: GE-PON - 10GE-PON Scenario   
Figure 13: GE/10GE-PON Spectrum Allocation   
Figure 14: 802.3ca Time Schedule   
Figure 15: Price vs Wired Houses %   
Figure 16: Estimate-PON Equipment Global Sales ($B)   
Figure 17: Estimate-PON ONUs Global Sales ($B)   
Figure 18: Estimate - xGPON Equipment Global Sales ($B)   
Figure 19: PON Technology Geography - Major Regions (2018)   
Figure 20: PON U.S. Providers (2018)   
Figure 21: Estimate: U.S. PON Service Providers Revenue ($B)   
Figure 22: Market Share (%) - Major Broadband Access Technologies (2018)   
Figure 23: FEXT Illustration   
Figure 24: Reference Model - Vectored System (ITU Rec. G.993.5)   
Figure 25: Vectored DSL - Characteristics Improvement   
Figure 26: Vectored DSL Channel   
Figure 27: Estimate: Premises Passed –VDSL2 - Global (Mil.)   
Figure 28: Estimate: Global Shipments of Vectored VDSL2 Ports (Mil. units)   
Figure 29: DPU - Illustration   
Figure 30: G.fast Illustration   
Figure 31: Illustration - G.fast Link Arrangements   
Figure 32: Estimate: G.fast Market Worth-Global ($B)   
Figure 34: HFC Frequencies Assignment Illustration   
Figure 35: RFoG Reference Architecture   
Figure 36: ONU-R Block Diagrams   
Figure 37: HFC and RFoG Illustration   
Figure 38: Illustration: PON Overlay   
Figure 39: Comparative Characteristics   
Figure 40: Estimate: Global - RFoG Market Size ($B)   
Figure 41: Estimate: Global - RFoG Service Providers Revenue ($B)   

List of Tables
Table 1: G-PON Transmission Rates   
Table 2: G.987 Family   
Table 3: NG-PON2 - Line Rates   
Table 4: EFM Signaling Schemes   
Table 5: Interfaces - 10GE PON   
Table 6: PONs Compared   
Table 7: PON Service Scenarios   
Table 8: DSL Family Evolution   
Table 9: ADSL Characteristics   
Table 10: Parameters   
Table 11: Bandwidth   
Table 12: Optical Budget   
Table 13: Downstream Transmission   
Table 14: Frequency Plans   

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  • Ad-Net
  • Adtran
  • Alphion
  • Arris (Commscope)
  • Assia
  • BKtel
  • Broadcom
  • Calix
  • Cisco
  • Corecess
  • CTDI
  • Dasan Networks
  • Electroline
  • GigaLight
  • Hisense
  • Huawei
  • Intel/Lantiq
  • Marvell
  • Metanoia
  • Mitsubishi Electric
  • Multicom
  • NEC
  • Nokia
  • PBN
  • PCT
  • Qualcomm Atheros
  • Qualcomm/Ikonos
  • Raisecom
  • Sagemcom
  • Sckipio
  • Siligence
  • Source Photonics
  • Sumitomo Electric Networks
  • Tainet
  • Tellabs
  • XAVi
  • Zinwell
  • ZTE
  • Zyxel
Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown
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