Mobile communication systems rely on radiofrequency waves to operate. Given the popularity and ubiquity of mobile communication devices as well as network densification, the level of Electromagnetic Field (EMF) exposure to the public is expected to rise significantly over the next few years. Although there is no clear evidence linking short-term exposure to EMF emission from wireless communication systems with adverse health effects, the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) has concluded that EMF radiation is possibly carcinogenic. To cope with the concerns of the general public, the European Environmental Agency has recommended non-technical precautionary approaches to minimize exposure to EMF emissions. Rather than relying on these non-technical approaches, EMF, latency, network resilience and connection density, alongside traditional criteria such as spectral efficiency and energy efficiency are expected to take centre stage in the development of 5G systems.
This book focuses on innovative EMF exposure research for future generations of mobile and wireless communications. This timely publication highlights the novel work done on reducing EMF emissions in future mobile communication systems and how to develop smart integrated technical solutions.
- Chapter 1: EMF exposure definition, metrics, effects and regulations
- Chapter 2: Electromagnetic field (EMF) monitoring tools
- Chapter 3: Large-scale EMF characterization considering real network deployments
- Chapter 4: EMF exposure in heterogeneous networks environments
- Chapter 5: Architecture of public mobile networks and its impact on EMF exposure
- Part II: EMF reduction techniques
- Chapter 6: EMF emission-aware resource allocation for uplink OFDM systems
- Chapter 7: Multicell uplink scheduling for EMF emission minimization in OFDMA systems
- Chapter 8: EMF: RF device end of things - low-exposure user terminal radio design concepts
- Chapter 9: Millimetre-wave flexible wearable antenna design and challenges for 5G and beyond
- Chapter 10: Reducing EMF emissions in ultra-reliable low-latency communications with HARQ
- Chapter 11: Reducing EMF via energy-efficient inter-frequency small cell discovery
- Chapter 12: Conclusion and future perspectives
University of Glasgow, UK.
Muhammad Ali Imran is the Vice Dean of Glasgow College UESTC and Professor of Communication Systems at the School of Engineering, University of Glasgow, UK. He is also an Affiliate Professor at the University of Oklahoma, USA and a Visiting Professor at the 5G Innovation Centre, University of Surrey, UK.Fabien Héliot Lecturer.
University of Surrey, Institute for Communication Systems (ICS), UK.
Fabien Héliot is currently a Lecturer at the Institute for Communication Systems (ICS), University of Surrey, UK. His main research interests cover energy efficiency, EM exposure reduction, cooperative communication, MIMO, and radio resource management.Yusuf Abdulrahman Sambo Research Associate.
University of Glasgow, UK.
Yusuf Abdulrahman Sambo is a Research Associate and the 5G-SON testbed lead at the University of Glasgow, UK. His main research interests include EMF exposure reduction, radio resource management, energy efficiency, wireless sensor networks and device-to-device (D2D) communication.