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High-speed Wireless and Wired Communications and MIMO

  • ID: 4832647
  • Report
  • 139 Pages
  • PracTel Inc
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FEATURED COMPANIES

  • AceAxis
  • Celeno
  • Fortinet
  • Marvell
  • Ruckus
  • TI
  • MORE

This report researches advanced technologies and markets for wireless and wired communications systems that are supported by MIMO - Multiple Input/Multiple Output structures - to enhance their performance. It revises and updates earlier issues of the report as well as adds the analysis of latest technologies.

Users' demand for more efficient networking brought to life many technological innovations. One of them is MIMO, which became very popular in wireless systems - almost all recent and future 3GPP standards use (or will be using) variations of such a technique. MIMO is also used in wireline systems.

This report is based on the analysis of MIMO-based communications systems, their technologies and markets specifics.

Particular, the following industry standards that utilize MIMO have been considered:

  • 3GPP LTE
  • IEEE802.11ax
  • IEEE802.11ay
  • IEEE 802.11ac
  • HomePlug AV2
  • ITU G.hn - MIMO

The goal of this report is to characterize MIMO advantages and specifics for each standard. It also addresses the market characteristics of the discussed technologies. The report concentrates on profiling the industry players and their products.

MIMO characteristics, structures, and types are also addressed and compared. The report also surveys patents related to the discussed subjects.

The report is written for a wide audience of managers and technical staff who are involved in the design and implementation of advanced communications systems.

Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown
2 of 4

FEATURED COMPANIES

  • AceAxis
  • Celeno
  • Fortinet
  • Marvell
  • Ruckus
  • TI
  • MORE

1. Introduction
1.1 General
1.2 Goal
1.3 Structure
1.4 Research Methodology
1.5 Target Audience

2. MIMO - Concept, Functions and Types
2.1 History
2.2 Concept
2.3 Types of MIMO: Examples
2.3.1 CoMP MIMO
2.3.2 Massive MIMO
2.3.3 MU-MIMO
2.3.4 MIMO-OFDM
2.3.5 Mobile Networked MIMO
2.3.6 MIMO - by Type of Communications Media
2.3.7 Summary
2.4 MIMO Benefits (Wireless Systems)

3. MIMO in Wireless Systems
3.1 LTE Development and MIMO
3.1.1 Releases - 3GPP
3.1.2 LTE Timetable
3.1.3 Broadband Mobile Communications-Phases
3.1.4 LTE Standardization-Industry Collaboration
3.1.5 Industry Initiative
3.1.6 Intellectual Property
3.1.7 Key Features of LTE
3.1.8 Details
3.1.8.1 Evolved UMTS Radio Access Network (EUTRAN)
3.1.8.2 UE Categories
3.1.8.3. Evolved Packet Core (EPC)
3.1.9 LTE Advanced
3.1.10 SON
3.1.11 Voice Support
3.1.11.1 VoLTE
3.1.12 Market
3.1.12.1 Drivers
3.1.12.2 Demand: Wireless Broadband
3.1.12.3 LTE Market Projections
3.1.13 Summary: LTE Benefits
3.1.14 Industry

  • Altair Semiconductor (a Sony Group Company)
  • Aricent (now Altran)
  • AceAxis
  • Cisco
  • CommAgility
  • Ericsson
  • Fujitsu
  • Huawei
  • Lime Microsystems
  • Motorola Solutions
  • Nokia
  • Qualcomm
  • Samsung
  • Sequans
  • Signalion
  • TI
  • U-blox
  • ZTE

3.1.15 Specifics LTE MIMO
3.1.15.1 Techniques
3.1.15.2 Major Applications
3.1.15.3 Modes
3.1.15.4 MIMO: LTE Release 8
3.1.15.5 MIMO: LTE Release 9
3.1.15.6 MIMO: LTE Advanced and Further Developments
3.1.15.7 LTE/LTE-A - MIMO Benefits
3.1.15.8 Market Projections
3.1.16 5G NR and MIMO
3.2 IEEE802.11ax (Wi-Fi 6) and MIMO
3.2.1 Background
3.2.2 Focal Points
3.2.3 Major Features
3.2.4 Major Applications
3.2.5 Physical Layer
3.2.5.1 Multi-User Operation
3.2.5.2 Role of MU-MIMO
3.2.5.3 Multi-User OFDMA
3.2.6 MAC
3.2.6.1 Spatial Reuse with Color Codes
3.2.6.2 Power-saving with Target Wake Time
3.2.6.3 Density
3.2.7 802.11ax Operating Modes
3.2.8 Industry

  • Aerohive
  • Asus
  • Broadcom
  • Huawei
  • Marvell
  • Ruckus
  • Quantenna (acquired by On Semiconductor in 2019)
  • Qualcomm

3.2.9 Extreme High Throughput Wi-Fi
3.3 MIMO Role in 802.11ac Development
3.3.1 General - Improving 802.11n Characteristics
3.3.2 Approval
3.3.3 Major Features: Summary
3.3.4 Major Benefits
3.3.5 Usage Models
3.3.6 Waves
3.3.7 Market Projections
3.3.8 Industry

  • Aruba - HP
  • Celeno
  • Broadcom
  • Buffalo
  • Cisco
  • D-Link
  • Fortinet
  • Linksys
  • Marvell
  • Netgear
  • Qualcomm
  • Quantenna (acquired by On Semiconductor in 2019)
  • Redpine Signals

3.3.9 MIMO and 802.11ac Standard
3.3.9.1 Comparison
3.4 802.11ay and MIMO Technology
3.4.1 Timetable
3.4.2 Scope
3.4.3 Need
3.4.4 Usage Cases (Examples)
3.4.5 Expected Characteristics
3.4.6 MIMO - Preliminary View

4. MIMO in Wireline Communications
4.1 HomePNA and ITU MIMO-based Technologies
4.1.1 HomeGrid Forum
4.1.1.1. Specifications
4.1.1.1.1 Background
4.1.1.1.2 HomePNA Specification 3.1: Major Features
4.1.1.1.3 Fast EoC HomePNA
4.1.1.2 Major Benefits
4.1.2 ITU G.hn
4.1.2.1 General
4.1.2.2 G.hn Details
4.1.2.2.1 Differences
4.1.2.2.2 Common Features
4.1.2.3 Acceptance
4.1.2.4 HomePNA and G.hn Documents
4.1.2.5 G.hn-mimo - G.9963
4.1.2.5.1 Drivers
4.1.2.5.2 G.9963 Details
4.1.2.5.2.1 General
4.1.2.5.2.2 Wireline Specifics - G.hn-mimo
4.1.2.5.2.3 Scope
4.1.2.5.2.4 Performance
4.1.2.6 Industry

  • Comtrend
  • Marvell
  • MaxLinear/devolo
  • Sigma Designs
  • ST&T
  • Xingtera

4.2 HomePlugAV2-mimo
4.2.1 General
4.2.1.1 Certification
4.2.2 Major Improvements
4.2.3 Specification Details
4.2.3.1 MIMO Role
4.2.4 Industry

  • Broadcom
  • Extollo
  • Gigafast Ethernet
  • Intersil (acquired by Renesas in 2017)
  • Lea Networks
  • Sineoji
  • Trendnet
  • TP-Link
  • Qualcomm Atheros
  • Zyxel

5. Conclusions

Attachments
Attachment I: Patents Survey LTE - MIMO (2018)
Attachment II: Patents Survey - 802.11ac MIMO (2018)
Attachment III: Patents Survey - 802.11ax and MIMO (2018)
Attachment IV: Patents Survey - 802.11ay and MIMO (2018)
Attachment V: Patents Survey - G.hn-MIMO (2014-2018)

List of Figures
Figure 1: 2x2 MIMO
Figure 2: Major Antenna Configurations
Figure 3: MIMO Concept (2x2)
Figure 4: Illustration - Beamforming
Figure 5: MMIMO - Benefits
Figure 6: MU-MIMO - Downlink
Figure 7: Differences - SU vs. MU MIMO
Figure 8: Evolution Path
Figure 9: Towards Wireless Mobile Broadband
Figure 10: LTE - IP
Figure 11: EPC - Reference Architecture
Figure 12: Estimate: LTE Subscribers Global Base (Bil.)
Figure 13: Estimate: LTE Equipment Global Sales ($B)
Figure 14: LTE MIMO Evolution Path
Figure 15: 3 GPP Releases and MIMO
Figure 16: Spectral Efficiency DL (b/s/Hz)
Figure 17: Estimate: Global - LTE MIMO Sales ($B)
Figure 18: Channel Assignment
Figure 19: Estimate - 802.11ac Consumers AP Shipping-Global (Bil. Units)
Figure 20: PLC-MIMO (2x2)
Figure 21: MIMO - Details
Figure 22: Maximum Theoretical PHY Rates (home media) based on Published Data
Figure 23: HomePlug AV2 Features
Figure 24: MIMO PLC Channels

List of Tables
Table 1: MIMO Evolution
Table 2: MIMO Benefits
Table 3: 3GPP Releases
Table 4: Initial LTE Characteristics: Illustration
Table 5: LTE Frequency Bands
Table 6: Users Equipment Categories (Rel. 8)
Table 7: UE Categories (Rel. 10)
Table 8: Extended - Rel.13
Table 9: Transmission Modes
Table 10: LTE Transmission Modes - MIMO
Table 11: Additional Details
Table 12: Comparison - Wi-Fi Generations
Table 13: PHY: 802.11ax vs 802.11ac
Table 14: Functionalities - 802.11ac
Table 15: Specifics
Table 16: Rates
Table 17: Usage Models - 802.11ac
Table 18: 802.11ac Waves
Table 19: 802.11n vs. 802.11ac
Table 20: ITU and HomePNA Standards
Table 21: Comparative Characteristics
Table 22: Frequency-Rate Characteristics

Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown
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4 of 4
  • AceAxis
  • Aerohive
  • Altair Semiconductor (a Sony Group Company)
  • Aricent (now Altran)
  • Aruba - HP
  • Asus
  • Broadcom
  • Buffalo
  • Celeno
  • Cisco
  • CommAgility
  • Comtrend
  • D-Link
  • Ericsson
  • Extollo
  • Fortinet
  • Fujitsu
  • Gigafast Ethernet
  • Huawei
  • Intersil (acquired by Renesas in 2017)
  • Lea Networks
  • Lime Microsystems
  • Linksys
  • Marvell
  • MaxLinear/devolo
  • Motorola Solutions
  • Netgear
  • Nokia
  • Qualcomm
  • Quantenna (acquired by On Semiconductor in 2019)
  • Redpine Signals
  • Ruckus
  • Samsung
  • Sequans
  • Sigma Designs
  • Signalion
  • Sineoji
  • ST&T
  • TI
  • TP-Link
  • Trendnet
  • U-blox
  • Xingtera
  • ZTE
  • Zyxel
Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown
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