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Governance in China since 1949

  • ID: 4850282
  • Book
  • June 2019
  • Region: China
  • 166 Pages
  • Paths International
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The year 2019 is the 80th anniversary of the finding of the People’s Republic of China. This book outlines the development of governance in China since its foundation. This should attract the interest of a variety of audiences.  Although its core readership should be academicians and students of Chinese and Comparative Public Policy, it is also hoped that it inspires the interest of academics studying the history of institutions.  Because of the nature of the topic, this research may be of interest to Chinese policy-makers. The role of administrative reform in state transformation has not been rigorously studied in China. Hence, the presentation of a framework for understanding the administrative reform process and its outcomes is an important contribution to the study of Chinese public policy. In addition, the thesis makes a general theoretical and case study contribution to the comparative public policy literature on administrative reform.

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1. Learning by Doing: The Case of Administrative Policy Transfer in China
Policy Transfer: the Dolowitz and Marsh framework
Policy transfer in China over time
Policy learning and administrative reform: the ‘Reform and Open Door Policy’
Policy transfer and administrative reform in China
In Conclusion - learning through doing

2. Mao’s Legendary
The Soviet Model and Chinese Development Adapting the Soviet Model to the Chinese Context The Political Context
Mao’s Revolutionary Campaigns and Legacy
In Conclusion

3. Dengism
‘Looking back to look forward’ – the Early Consensus on Reform
Local Initiative and Rural Reform
The Rise of the Special Economic Zones
The Reform of State-Owned Enterprises and Decentralisation
Civil Service Reform

4. Jiang Zemin’s Presidency
Policy Learning and Lesson Drawing
The Globalization VS. Policy Learning and Lesson Drawing
The Cases of Chinese Administrative Reformed
Liberating the Market
In Conclusion

5. Hu and Wen’s Government
A Perspective on State Transformation
From Economic Development to Harmonize Society: Hu’s Challenges
The promotion of a service-oriented government
Rule of law and administrative approval reforms
Outsourcing in China
Reinventing Government
In Conclusion

6. Xi Jinping’s Thought
The Road and the Sample of the Fragile States-Afghanistan
Historical Afghan Economic Development
Traditional Development Aid Model and Afghanistan
The Belt and Road Initiative
‘BRI’ Replenishes the Traditional Development Aid Model

7. China’s Governance
Reform Activities in China
The logic of institutional reforms
Institutionalizing Civil Service: from Provisional Regulations to Civil Service Law
The Politics of Reform: A System That Formalizes a Historical Pattern
The Measure of Political Reform Success and Failure
The Policy Learning, Governance and Administrative Reform
Fostering Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs)
Difficulties in China’s Governance

In Conclusion

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Prof. Yanzhe Zhang is an Associate Professor of Northeast Asia Study College at Jilin University, China. He is also a Senior Research Fellow at Australia-New Zealand School of Government, Institute for Governance. Thus, he works as a Senior Research Fellow at Institute of Governance and Policy Analysis at University of Canberra (Australia). Yanzhe is also the coordinator of Australia- China Public Administration and Governance Program. Yanzhe is the designer of senior executive training program for Australian National Audit Office and China National Audit Office. He is an expert on public sector governance with a particular emphasis on citizen-centric governance. Yanzhe’s research has centered on: a) evaluating the role, real and potential, of policy transfer in institution-building in developed and developing areas; b) studying the nature and impact of administrative reform in developed and transition states; c) evaluating state policy responses to processes of globalization; and, d) evaluating critical issues in Australian and Chinese governance. The research theme that binds all of these areas together is his interest in public sector institution-building and processes of governance.

Prof. Xiao YU is the Dean of Northeast Asia Study College at Jilin University, China. Xiao is an expert on regional studies of Northeastern China. His research orientations have centered on: a) demographic studies; b) employment studies; c) resource studies; and d) environmental studies in China. All of the research themes are together in his interest in regional studies of Northeast Asia.

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