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Site Auditing: Environmental Assessment of Property (checklist only)

  • ID: 5031233
  • Report
  • January 2019
  • Region: Global
  • Specialty Technical Publishers
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Since 1980 when the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA) introduced punitive legislation, potential environmental liability associated with contaminated property became a matter of utmost concern to parties involved in real estate transactions. Environmental assessments of property became critical to a transaction process.

Subsequently, environmental assessments of property have been used at operating facilities, abandoned lands, and Brownfields sites to determine property conditions for continued use and reuse. Most recently, as a prerequisite for certain buildings to obtain their LEED® rating, the United States Green Building Council (USGBC) has required environmental assessments of property to be conducted that conform to the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) Standards.

Site Auditing: Environmental Assessment of Property provides purchasers, lenders, bankers, investors, landlords, tenants, sellers, environmental consultants, architects and attorneys involved in USGBC LEED® projects, with the information to help them understand the environmental liabilities associated with contaminated properties, and to evaluate the opportunities to limit such liabilities through all appropriate inquiry.

In addition, Site Auditing: Environmental Assessment of Property is a valuable resource for those conducting site assessments to ascertain the environmental conditions of property for any regulatory or business purpose.

Topic Area

  • CERCLA and due diligence
  • RCRA Corrective Action RFI/CMS
  • The Small Business Liability Relief and Brownfields Act
  • Green and  sustainable remediation principles for site investigation
  • Environmental site assessment (EPA AAI and ASTM Phase I and Phase II
  • Insurance industry's liability for financing Superfund mandated hazardous waste cleanup costs
  • Consultant liabilities
  • Radioactive materials
  • Eminent domain
  • Environmental insurance

Features

  • Three-Phase Guidance - Covers Phase I: Environmental Site Assessment, Phase II: Site Investigation, and Phase III: Site Characterization CERCLA RI/FS and RCRA RFI/CM
  • Extensive Coverage - Details the process for conducting all appropriate inquiries; the EPA s Superfund Redevelopment Program and Brownfields Initiative; and federal and state mechanisms such as grants, pilot projects, and tax incentives that expand the scope of the guide to cover reuse options
  • Checklists - Provides detailed dos-and-don ts checklists for each phase
  • Graphics - Includes flow diagrams
  • References - Incorporates Internet references to current information
Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown
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This is a summary table of contents.  
Each chapter is preceded by its individual detailed table of contents
Acronyms and Abbreviations Acronyms  
Glossary of Terms Glossary
List of Major Environmental Events and Legislation Events  

CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION

A Overview
A.1 Purpose
A.2 Background
A.3 Site Assessment Sequencing
A.4 Summary

B The Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (CERCLA)
B.1 Defining Hazardous Substances
B.2 Notification of Contamination
B.3 Superfund Response Process
B.4 Superfund
B.5 Liability and Exemptions
B.6 Authority
Do’s and Don’ts
 
C RCRA Corrective Action
C.1 Statutory Authority
C.2 Entering a Facility into Corrective Action
C.3 State Authorization
C.4 Implementing Corrective Action
C.5 RCRA Corrective Action Program Evolution
Do’s and Don’ts
 
D Brownfields
D.1 CERCLA Brownfields
D.2 Other Federal Brownfields Programs
D.3 State and Tribal Brownfields Response Programs
D.4 Environmental Justice
D.5 Conclusion

CHAPTER 2 DUE DILIGENCE AND ALL APPROPRIATE INQUIRY
Introduction
1 All Appropriate Inquiries and ASTM Standards
2 Strict, Joint, Several, and Retroactive Liability
3 Parties Affected by CERCLA 10.
4 Negotiating the Transfer of Problem Properties
Do’s and Don’ts

CHAPTER 3 PHASE I: ENVIRONMENTAL SITE ASSESSMENT
 
Introduction
 
A Conducting the Phase I ESA/AAI
A.1 Objectives and Performance Factors
A.2 Delineation of AAI responsibilities
A.3 Timeliness of AAI Information
A.4 Records Review
A.5 Visual Inspection/Site Reconnaissance
A.6 Interviews
A.7 Additional Inquiries
A.8 AAI Final Report:
Documentation of Environmental Conditions
A.9 Non-Scope Considerations
A.10 After Completion of the AAI/Phase I ESA
Do’s and Don’ts 3A
 
B. A Guide to Consultants Performing the Phase I ESA
B.1 Proposal Preparation
B.2 The Contract
B.3 Project Management
B.4 The Final Report
B.5 The Project Postmortem
Do’s and Don’ts 3B

CHAPTER 4 PHASE II: SITE INVESTIGATION
 
Introduction
 
A. Conducting the Phase II Site Investigation  
A.1 Define the Phase II SI Objectives
A.2 Identifying Phase II Areas for Investigation
A.3 Conceptual Model
A.4 Development of an Analytical Program
A.5 Field Procedures and Sample Collection Techniques
A.6 Validating the Conceptual Model
A.7 Interpreting Test Results
A.8 The Site Investigation Report
A.9 Post-Phase II SI Activities
A.10 Release Reporting
Do’s and Dont’s
 
B. A Guide to Consultants Performing the Phase II SI
B.1 Proposal Preparation - Deciding Whether to Bid  
B.2 The Proposal  
B.3 The Contract  
B.4 Project Management
B.5 The SI Report
B.6 The Project Postmortem
Do’s and Don’ts

CHAPTER 5 PHASE III: SITE CHARACTERIZATION – SUPERFUND RI/FS AND RCRA RFI/CMS
 
Introduction
 
A. Superfund Remedial Investigation/Feasibility Study (RI/FS)
A.1 Scoping
A.2 Site Characterization
A.3 Development and Screening of Alternatives
A.4 Treatability Studies
A.5 Detailed Analysis of Alternatives
A.6 RI/FS Communication and Reporting
Do’s and Don’ts 5A
 
B. RCRA Corrective Action: RCRA Facility Investigation and Corrective Measures Study (RFI/CMS)
B.1 Planning Flexible, Focused, Lean, Results-Based
Corrective Action
B.2 Site Characterization
B.3 Corrective Measures Study
B.4 RFI/CMS Communication and Reporting
Do’s and Don’ts
 
CHAPTER 6 CONSULTANT LIABILITIES
 
A. Nature of The Risk
Why are Environmental Assessments “Different”?
 
B. Risk Management Strategies
B.1 Risk Avoidance
B.2 Risk Minimization
B.3 Transfer
 
C.  Special Problems
C.1 Third-Party Reliance
C.2 Declaration and Certification
C.3 Disclosure of Hazardous Conditions
 
D.  Other Sources of Information
Do’s and Don’ts

CHAPTER 7 EMINENT DOMAIN AND CONTAMINATED PROPERTIES
1  The Power of Eminent Domain
2  Environmental Assessment in the Acquisition Process
3  Property Owner’s Liability

CHAPTER 8 RADIOACTIVE MATERIALS IN THE ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT PROCESS: ANTICIPATING TENORM
1 Introduction
2 The Mechanics of Radiation and Radioactivity
3 Exposure: Measuring Radioactivity and Dose
4 Background Radioactivity
5 Concentrating NORM - Generating TENORM
6 Addressing TENORM in the  
Environmental Assessment Process
7 Liability Considerations
Do’s and Don’ts

CHAPTER 9 INSURANCE INDUSTRY’S LIABILITY FOR FINANCING SUPERFUND-MANDATED HAZARDOUS WASTE CLEANUP COSTS
Introduction
1 Cleanup Costs
2 Superfund
3 Insurance Industry Involvement
4 Insurance Coverage Litigation
5 Insurance Coverage Issues
6 Conclusion

TABLES
Table 1 EPA Regional Offices Table
Table 2 Cross-Reference Between the AAIT
Table 3 EPA Primary Drinking Water Regulations: Table Maximum Contaminant Levels (MCLs)
Table 4 State Cleanup Program Websites Table

APPENDICES
Appendix A [Reserved]  
Appendix B Checklist for Conducting AAI
Appendix C Brownfields Tax Incentive Case Study
Appendix D  Methods of Investigation  

ONLINE RESOURCES
A Guide for Consultants Performing the RI/FS or RFI/CMS, including Do’s and Don’ts
Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown

Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown
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