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El Niño Southern Oscillation in a Changing Climate. Edition No. 1. Geophysical Monograph Series

  • ID: 5178865
  • Book
  • November 2020
  • 528 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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Comprehensive and up-to-date information on Earth’s most dominant year-to-year climate variation 

The El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) in the Pacific Ocean has major worldwide social and economic  consequences through its global scale effects on atmospheric and oceanic circulation, marine and terrestrial ecosystems, and other natural systems. Ongoing climate change is projected to significantly alter ENSO’s dynamics and impacts. 

El Niño Southern Oscillation in a Changing Climate presents the latest theories, models, and observations, and explores the challenges of forecasting ENSO as the climate continues to change.

Volume highlights include: 

  • Historical background on ENSO and its societal consequences
  • Review of key El Niño (ENSO warm phase) and La Niña (ENSO cold phase) characteristics
  • Mathematical description of the underlying physical processes that generate ENSO variations
  • Conceptual framework for understanding ENSO changes on decadal and longer time scales, including the response to greenhouse gas forcing
  • ENSO impacts on extreme ocean, weather, and climate events, including tropical cyclones, and how ENSO affects fisheries and the global carbon cycle
  • Advances in modeling, paleo-reconstructions, and operational climate forecasting
  • Future projections of ENSO and its impacts
  • Factors influencing ENSO events, such as inter-basin climate interactions and volcanic eruptions 

The American Geophysical Union promotes discovery in Earth and space science for the benefit of humanity. Its publications disseminate scientific knowledge and provide resources for researchers, students, and professionals.

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List of Contributors



Section I. Introduction

1. Introduction to El Niño Southern Oscillation in a Changing Climate

Michael J. McPhaden, Agus Santoso, and Wenju Cai

2. ENSO in the Global Climate System

Kevin E. Trenberth

Section II. Observations

3. ENSO Observations

Michael J. McPhaden, Tong Lee, Severine Fournier, and Magdalena A. Balmaseda             

4. ENSO Diversity            

Antonietta Capotondi, Andrew T. Wittenberg, Jong-Seong Kug, Ken Takahashi, and Michael J. McPhaden

5. Past ENSO Variability: Reconstructions, Models, and Implications

Julien Emile-Geay, Kim M. Cobb, Julia E. Cole, Mary Elliot, and Feng Zhu;

Section III. ENSO Theories and Dynamics

6. Simple ENSO Models

Fei-Fei Jin, Han-Ching Chen, Sen Zhao, Michiya Hayashi, Christina Karamperidou, Malte Stuecker, and Ruihuang Xie

7. Irregularity and Asymmetry

Soon-Il An, Eli Tziperman, Yuko Okumura, and Tim Li

8. ENSO Low-frequency Modulation and Mean State Interactions

Alexey V. Fedorov, Shineng Hu, Andrew Wittenberg, Aaron Levine, and Clara Deser

Section IV. Modeling and Prediction

9. ENSO Modelling: History, Progress and Challenges

Eric Guilyardi, Antonietta Capotondi, Matthieu Lengaigne, Sulian Thual, and Andrew Wittenberg

10. ENSO Prediction

Michelle L. L’Heureux, Aaron F.Z. Levine, Matthew Newman, Catherine Ganter, Jing-Jia Luo, Michael K. Tippett, and Timothy N. Stockdale

Section V. Remote and External Forcing

11. ENSO Remote Forcing: Influence of Climate Variability outside the Tropical Pacific

Jong-Seong Kug, Jerome Vialard, Yoo-Geun Ham, Jin-Yi Yu, and Matthieu Lengaigne

12. The Effect of Strong Volcanic Eruptions on ENSO

Shayne McGregor, Myriam Khodri, Nicola Maher, Masamichi Ohba, Francesco S. R. Pausata, and

Samantha Stevenson

13. ENSO Response to Greenhouse Forcing

Wenju Cai, Agus Santoso, Guojian Wang, Lixin Wu, Mat Collins, Matthieu Lengaigne, Scott Power, and Axel Timmermann

Section VI. Teleconnection and Impact

14. El Niño – Southern Oscillation Atmospheric Teleconnections

Andréa S. Taschetto, Caroline C. Ummenhofer, Malte F. Stuecker, Dietmar Dommenget, Karumuri Ashok, Regina R. Rodrigues, and Sang-Wook Yeh

15. Oceanic Teleconnections

Janet Sprintall, Sophie Cravatte, Boris Dewitte, Yan Du, and Alex Sen Gupta

16. Impact of El Niño on Weather and Climate Extremes

Lisa Goddard and Alexander Gershunov

17. ENSO and Tropical Cyclones

I-I Lin, Suzana J. Camargo, Christina M. Patricola, Julien Boucharel, Savin Chand, Phil Klotzbach, Johnny C. L. Chan, Bin Wang, Ping Chang, Tim Li, and Fei-Fei Jin

18. ENSO Driven Ocean Extremes and Ecosystem Impacts

Neil Holbrook, Danielle Claar, Alistair Hobday, Kathleen McInnes, Eric Oliver, Alex Sen Gupta, Matthew Widlansky, and Xuebin Zhang

19. ENSO Impact on Fisheries and Marine Ecosystems

Patrick Lehodey, Arnaud Bertrand, Alistair J. Hobday, Hidetada Kiyofuji, Sam McClatchie, Christophe E. Menkès, Graham Pilling, Jeffrey Polovina, and Desiree Tommasi

20. ENSO and the Carbon Cycle

Richard Betts, Chantelle Burton, Richard Feely, Mat Collins, Chris Jones, and Andy Wiltshire

Section VII. Closing

21. ENSO in a Changing Climate: Challenges, Paleo-Perspectives, and Outlook

Christina Karamperidou, Malte F. Stuecker, Axel Timmermann, Kyung-Sook Yun, Sun-Seon Lee, Fei-Fei Jin, Agus Santoso, Michael J. McPhaden, and Wenju Cai



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Michael J. McPhaden
Agus Santoso
Wenju Cai
Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown