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# Probability and Statistical Inference. Edition No. 3

• ID: 5179005
• Book
• March 2021
• 592 Pages
• John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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Updated classic statistics text, with new problems and examples

Probability and Statistical Inference, Third Edition helps students grasp essential concepts of statistics and its probabilistic foundations. This book focuses on the development of intuition and understanding in the subject through a wealth of examples illustrating concepts, theorems, and methods. The reader will recognize and fully understand the why and not just the how behind the introduced material.

In this Third Edition, the reader will find a new chapter on Bayesian statistics, 70 new problems and an appendix with the supporting R code. This book is suitable for upper-level undergraduates or first-year graduate students studying statistics or related disciplines, such as mathematics or engineering. This Third Edition:
• Introduces an all-new chapter on Bayesian statistics and offers thorough explanations of advanced statistics and probability topics
• Includes 650 problems and over 400 examples - an excellent resource for the mathematical statistics class sequence in the increasingly popular "flipped classroom" format
• Offers students in statistics, mathematics, engineering and related fields a user-friendly resource
• Provides practicing professionals valuable insight into statistical tools
Probability and Statistical Inference offers a unique approach to problems that allows the reader to fully integrate the knowledge gained from the text, thus, enhancing a more complete and honest understanding of the topic.
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Preface vii

Preface vi

1 Experiments, Sample Spaces, and Events 1

1.1 Introduction 1

1.2 Sample Space 2

1.3 Algebra of Events 9

1.4 Infinite Operations on Events 15

2 Probability 25

2.1 Introduction 25

2.2 Probability as a Frequency 25

2.3 Axioms of Probability 26

2.4 Consequences of the Axioms 31

2.5 Classical Probability 35

2.6 Necessity of the Axioms* 36

2.7 Subjective Probability* 41

3 Counting 45

3.1 Introduction 45

3.2 Product Sets, Orderings, and Permutations 45

3.3 Binomial Coefficients 51

3.4 Multinomial Coefficients 64

4 Conditional Probability, Independence, and Markov Chains 67

4.1 Introduction 67

4.2 Conditional Probability 68

4.3 Partitions; Total Probability Formula 74

4.4 Bayes’ Formula 79

4.5 Independence 84

4.6 Exchangeability; Conditional Independence 90

4.7 Markov Chains* 93

5 Random Variables: Univariate Case 107

5.1 Introduction 107

5.2 Distributions of Random Variables 108

5.3 Discrete and Continuous Random Variables 117

5.4 Functions of Random Variables 129

5.5 Survival and Hazard Functions 136

6 Random Variables: Multivariate Case 141

6.1 Bivariate Distributions 141

6.2 Marginal Distributions; Independence 148

6.3 Conditional Distributions 160

6.4 Bivariate Transformations 167

6.5 Multidimensional Distributions 176

7 Expectation 183

7.1 Introduction 183

7.2 Expected Value 184

7.3 Expectation as an Integral* 192

7.4 Properties of Expectation 199

7.5 Moments 207

7.6 Variance 215

7.7 Conditional Expectation 227

7.8 Inequalities 231

8 Selected Families of Distributions 237

8.1 Bernoulli Trials and Related Distributions 237

8.2 Hypergeometric Distribution 251

8.3 Poisson Distribution and Poisson Process 256

8.4 Exponential, Gamma and Related Distributions 269

8.5 Normal Distribution 276

8.6 Beta Distribution 286

9 Random Samples 293

9.1 Statistics and Sampling Distributions 293

9.2 Distributions Related to Normal 295

9.3 Order Statistics 300

9.4 Generating Random Samples 307

9.5 Convergence 312

9.6 Central Limit Theorem 322

10 Introduction to Statistical Inference 331

10.1 Overview 331

10.2 Basic Models 334

10.3 Sampling 336

10.4 Measurement Scales 342

11 Estimation 347

11.1 Introduction 347

11.2 Consistency 352

11.3 Loss, Risk, and Admissibility 355

11.4 Efficiency 361

11.5 Methods of Obtaining Estimators 368

11.6 Sufficiency 387

11.7 Interval Estimation 403

12 Testing Statistical Hypotheses 419

12.1 Introduction 419

12.2 Intuitive Background 423

12.3 Most Powerful Tests 432

12.4 Uniformly Most Powerful Tests 445

12.5 Unbiased Tests 452

12.6 Generalized Likelihood Ratio Tests 456

12.7 Conditional Tests 463

12.8 Tests and Confidence Intervals 466

12.9 Review of Tests for Normal Distributions 467

12.10 Monte Carlo, Bootstrap, and Permutation Tests 477

14 Linear Models 483

14.1 Introduction 483

14.2 Regression of the First and Second Kind 485

14.3 Distributional Assumptions 491

14.4 Linear Regression in the Normal Case 494

14.5 Testing Linearity 500

14.6 Prediction 503

14.7 Inverse Regression 505

14.8 BLUE 508

14.9 Regression Toward the Mean 510

14.10 Analysis of Variance 512

14.11 One-Way Layout 512

14.12 Two-Way Layout 516

14.13 ANOVA Models with Interaction 518

14.14 Further Extensions 522

15 Rank Methods 525

15.1 Introduction 525

15.2 Glivenko-Cantelli Theorem 526

15.3 Kolmogorov-Smirnov Tests 530

15.4 One-Sample Rank Tests 537

15.5 Two-Sample Rank Tests 544

15.6 Kruskal-Wallis Test 548

16 Analysis of Categorical Data 551

16.1 Introduction 551

16.2 Chi-Square Tests 553

16.3 Homogeneity and Independence 559

16.4 Consistency and Power 565

16.5 2×2 Contingency Tables 570

16.6 r × c Contingency Tables 578

17 Basics of Bayesian Statistics 583

17.1 Introduction 583

17.2 Prior and Posterior Distributions 584

17.3 Bayesian Inference 592

Appendix 1 609

Appendix 2 616

Bibliography 619