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Technology in Forensic Science. Sampling, Analysis, Data and Regulations. Edition No. 1

  • ID: 5186023
  • Book
  • October 2020
  • 416 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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The book "Technology in Forensic Science" provides an integrated approach by reviewing the usage of modern forensic tools as well as the methods for interpretation of the results. Starting with best practices on sample taking, the book then reviews analytical methods such as high-resolution microscopy and chromatography, biometric approaches, and advanced sensor technology as well as emerging technologies such as nanotechnology and taggant technology. It concludes with an outlook to emerging methods such as AI-based approaches to forensic investigations.
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Preface xxi

Editor Biography xxiii

Section I Background of Forensic Science 1

1 History of Forensic Science 3
Kavya Hemanth, Maithri Tharmavaram, and Gaurav Pandey

1.1 Introduction 3

1.2 History of Origin of Forensic Science 4

1.3 History of Important Branches of Forensic Science 7

1.4 Conclusions 14

2 Conventional Technologies in Forensic Science 17
Piyush K. Rao, Maithri Tharmavaram, and Gaurav Pandey

2.1 Introduction 17

2.2 Conventional Techniques in Different Divisions of Forensic Science 19

2.3 Conclusions and Future Prospects 31

Section II Forensic Samples 35

3 Biological Evidence and Their Handling 37
Piyush K. Rao, Gaurav Pandey, and Maithri Tharmavaram

3.1 Introduction 37

3.2 Classification of the Biological Evidence 39

3.3 Preservation of Viscera and Other Body Fluids in Death due to Poisoning 42

3.4 Collection of Blood for Isolation of the DNA 44

3.5 Semen and Seminal Stains 45

3.6 Vaginal Secretions 46

3.7 Urine and Saliva 46

3.8 Tissue/Teeth/Bone Sample 46

3.9 Vomit 47

3.10 Feces 47

3.11 Sweat 47

3.12 Nasal Secretion 47

3.13 Tears and Human Milk 47

3.14 Botanical Evidence Collection and Preservation 48

3.15 Challenges Encountered 49

3.16 Future Prospects and Conclusions 50

4 Physical Evidence and Their Handling 55
Piyush K. Rao, Gaurav Pandey, and Maithri Tharmavaram

4.1 Introduction 55

4.2 Classification of Physical Evidence 56

4.3 Precautions to Be Taken While Packaging 56

4.4 Collection and Handling of Evidence 58

4.5 Conclusions 75

References 76

5 Chemical Evidences and Their Handling 79
Piyush K. Rao, Gaurav Pandey, and Maithri Tharmavaram

5.1 Introduction 79

5.2 Collection, Preservation, and Handling Methods 82

5.3 Conclusions 97

Section III Analytical Techniques for Forensic Science 101

6 Microscopy for Forensic Investigations 103
Saeida Saadat, Gaurav Pandey, and Maithri Tharmavaram

6.1 Introduction 103

6.2 The Importance of Microscope in Forensic Investigations 104

6.3 Types of Microscope Used in Forensic Sciences 107

7 Chromatographic Techniques for Forensic Investigations 129
Yogita Bhoj, Maithri Tharmavaram, Gaurav Pandey, Deepak Rawtani, and Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain

7.1 Introduction 129

7.2 Types of Chromatographic Techniques Used in Forensic Investigations 131

7.3 Applications of Chromatographic Techniques in Forensic Investigations 137

7.4 Conclusions and Future Aspects 146

8 Hyphenated Techniques for Forensic Investigations 151
Riddhi Trivedi, and Prajesh Prajapati

8.1 Introduction 151

8.2 Hyphenation and Modern Hyphenated Techniques 153

8.3 Various Applications for Forensic Investigation Using Hyphenated Techniques 160

Section IV Biometrics Technology for Forensic Science 175

9 Conventional and Emerging Biometrics Techniques in Forensic Investigations 177
Aayush Dey, Maithri Tharmavaram, Gaurav Pandey, Deepak Rawtani, and Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain

9.1 Introduction 177

9.2 Conventional Technologies in Forensic Science 178

9.3 Emerging Technologies in Forensic Science 191

9.4 Conclusions 194

Section V Sensors Technology for Forensic Science 199

10 Sensors for the Detection of Explosives and Gunshots Residues 201
Kishan Koyani, Maithri Tharmavaram, Gaurav Pandey, Deepak Rawtani, and Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain

10.1 Introduction 201

10.2 Gunshot Residues 203

10.3 Explosives 207

10.4 Conclusions 214

11 Sensors for the Detection of Illicit Drugs 221
Sejal Purohit, Gaurav Pandey, Maithri Tharmavaram, Deepak Rawtani, and Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain

11.1 Introduction 221

11.2 Illicit Drugs in Forensic Science 223

11.3 Conventional Techniques for the Detection of Illicit Drugs 225

11.4 Sensors for the Detection of Illicit Drugs 228

11.5 Conclusions 233

12 Sensors for the Detection of Biological Fluids 239
Shubhankar Dube, Maithri Tharmavaram, Gaurav Pandey, Deepak Rawtani, and Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain

12.1 Introduction 239

12.2 Biological Fluids at Crime Scenes 240

12.3 Biosensors for Biological Fluids 244

12.4 Conclusions 254

13 Sensors for Dope Tests in Sports 259
Devisree Anil, Gaurav Pandey, Maithri Tharmavaram, Deepak Rawtani, and Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain

13.1 Introduction 259

13.2 Various Drugs and Methods Used in Sports Doping 260

13.3 Conventional Techniques in Doping 263

13.4 Sensors for Dope Agent Analysis 265

13.5 Conclusions and Future Perspectives 274

Section VI Emerging Technologies in Forensic Science 279

14 Nanotechnology and Taggant Technology in Forensic Science 281
Payal V. Bhatt, Gaurav Pandey, Maithri Tharmavaram, Deepak Rawtani, and Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain

14.1 Introduction 281

14.2 Forensic Science 282

14.3 Nanotechnology 282

14.4 Taggant Technology 284

14.5 Classification of Nanomaterials and Taggants 285

14.6 Application of Nanotechnology in Forensic Science 289

14.7 Application of Taggant Technology in Forensic Science 293

14.8 Conclusions 296

Section VII Modern Perspective of Forensic Science Technologies Software 303

15 Advanced Forensic Models 305
Akshay Sharma, and Piyush K. Rao

15.1 Introduction 305

15.2 Forensic Models 306

15.3 Conclusions 321

Section VIII Ethical and Legal Issues of Forensic Science 327

16 Conventional and Internal Standards in Forensic Science 329
Rohith Krishna, and Sheetal Rajan

16.1 Introduction 329

16.2 Accreditation in Forensic Science 330

16.3 History of Forensic Science Accreditation 330

16.4 Ethics in Forensic Science 334

16.5 Standards in Forensic DNA Fingerprinting 336

16.6 Standards in Forensic Toxicology 337

16.7 Conclusions 339

Section IX Economics and Commercialization of Forensic Science Technologies 341

17 Commercialization of Regulatory Forensic Programs 343
Aakash Arora

17.1 Introduction 343

17.2 Current Landscape of Forensic Science 343

17.3 Changing World of Crime and Forensic Science 345

17.4 Challenges for Forensic Science 347

17.5 The Need for Regulatory Forensics 349

17.6 Applicability of Regulatory Forensics 352

17.7 Conclusions 353

Section X Future of Forensic Science Technologies 357

18 Future of Forensic and Crime Scene Science Technologies 359
Aakash Arora

18.1 Introduction 359

18.2 Personal Identification 359

18.3 Virtopsy 363

18.4 DNA Analysis Technology 364

18.5 Geotagging in Forensics 366

18.6 Conclusions 367

References 367

19 Concluding Notes: Future of Technology in Forensic Science 371
Deepak Rawtani, and Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain

19.1 Introduction 371

19.2 Modern Society and Forensic Science 371

19.3 Emerging Challenges for Forensic Science 372

19.4 Rereads of the Book 372

19.5 Conclusions 374

Index 375

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Deepak Rawtani Gujarat Forensic Sciences University, India.

Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain New Jersey Institute of Technology (NJIT), USA.
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