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Space Physics and Aeronomy, Upper Atmosphere Dynamics and Energetics. Volume 4. Geophysical Monograph Series

  • ID: 5186089
  • Book
  • June 2021
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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A comprehensive overview of the structure and variability of the upper atmosphere

Earth's upper atmosphere is an open system that is strongly influenced by energy and momentum inputs from both above and below. New observation and modeing techniques have provided insights into dynamics, energetics, and chemical processes in the upper atmosphere.

Space Physics and Aeronomy, Volume 4, Upper Atmosphere Dynamics and Energetics presents an overview of key research advances in upper atmospheric physics, and measurement and modeling techniques, along with remaining challenges for understanding the state and variability of the upper atmospheric system.

Volume highlights include: 

  • Insights into the interconnections between different areas of upper atmospheric science
  • Appreciation of the dynamics and complexity of the global upper atmospheric system
  • Techniques for observing and measuring the upper atmosphere
  • Responses of the upper atmosphere to external drivers

The American Geophysical Union promotes discovery in Earth and space science for the benefit of humanity. Its publications disseminate scientific knowledge and provide resources for researchers, students, and professionals.

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List of Contributors

Preface
Wenbin Wang and Yongliang Zhang

Section I: Energetics and Dynamics of the Upper Atmosphere

1. Joule Heating in the Thermosphere
Arthur D. Richmond

2. Momentum and Energy Budgets in the High-Latitude Lower Thermospheric Wind System
Young-Sil Kwakand Arthur D. Richmond

3. Upper Thermospheric Winds: Forcing, Variability and Effects
Wenbin Wang, Alan G. Burns, and Jing Liu

4. Influence of Non-hydrostatic Processes on the Ionosphere-Thermosphere
Yue Deng, Cissi Y. Lin, Qingyu Zhu, and Cheng Sheng

5. The Middle and Low Latitude Neutral Wind Dynamo
Astrid Maute

Section II: Upper Atmospheric Composition

6. Neutral Composition in the Upper Atmosphere
Alan G. Burns, Wenbin Wang, and Liying Qian

7. Storm-time Neutral Composition Changes of the Upper Atmosphere
Yongliang Zhang and Larry J. Paxton

8. Neutral Hydrogen in the Terrestrial Thermosphere and Exosphere: A Ground-based Perspective
Edwin Mierkiewicz

Section III: Low and Upper Atmosphere Coupling Through Waves

9. Atmosphere-Ionosphere (A-I) Coupling by Solar and Lunar Tides
Jeffrey M. Forbes

10. Planetary Waves and Their Impact on the Mesosphere, Thermosphere and Ionosphere
Jia Yue, Ruth Lieberman, and Loren C. Chang

11. Longitudinal Variation in the Mass Density of the Thermosphere: A GAIA Simulation
Yasunobu Miyoshi

Section IV: Upper Atmosphere Structure and Variability

12. Equatorial Thermosphere Anomaly
Jiuhou Lei

13. Structured Polar Ionosphere and Its Drivers: A Review
Jing Liu, Wenbin Wang, Alan G. Burns, and Qinghe Zhang

14. Solar Flare Effects on the Thermosphere and Ionosphere
Liying Qian and Thomas N. Woods

15. Day-to-day Variability of the Thermosphere and Ionosphere
Huixin Liu, Yosuke Yamazaki, and Jiuhou Lei

16. Response of the Ionosphere to Varying Solar Fluxes
Libo Liu, Yiding Chen, and Huijun Le

17. Long-Term Trends in the Upper Atmosphere
Jan Laštovièka

Section V: Upper Atmosphere Data Assimilation

18. Inference of Hidden States by Coupled Thermosphere-Ionosphere Data Assimilation: Applications to Observability and Predictability of Neutral Mass Density
Tomoko Matsuo and Chih-Ting Hsu

Section VI: Upper Atmosphere Observations

19. The Ground-based Airglow Imager Network in China–Recent Observational Results
Jiyao Xu, Qinzeng Li, Longchang Sun, Xiao Liu, Wei Yuan, Wenbin Wang, Jia Yue, Shunrong Zhang, Weijun Liu, Guoying Jiang, Kun Wu, Hong Gao, and Chang Lai

20. MLT Science Enabled by Atmospheric Lidars
Chiao-Yao She, Alan Z. Liu, TaoYuan, Jia Yue, Tao Li, Chao Ban, and Jonathan S. Friedman

21. Remote Sensing of Magnetic Fields Induced by Electrojets From Space: Measurement Techniques and Sensor Design
Jeng-Hwa Yee, Jesper Gjerloev, and Dongliang Wu

22.  Remote Sensing of Global Lower Thermospheric Winds: Sensing Techniques and Sensor Design
Jeng-Hwa Yee, Imran Mehdi, Darren Hayton, Jose Siles, and Dongliang Wu

23. Exploring the Upper Atmosphere: Using Optical Remote Sensing
Larry J. Paxton, Yongliang Zhang, Hyosub Kil, and Robert K. Schaefer

Index

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Wenbin Wang
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