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Great Myths of Personality. Edition No. 1. Great Myths of Psychology

  • ID: 5189021
  • Book
  • December 2020
  • 272 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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Great Myths of Personality teaches critical thinking skills and key concepts of personality psychology through the discussion of popular myths and misconceptions.

  • Provides a thorough look at contemporary myths and misconceptions, such as: Does birth order affect personality? Are personality tests an accurate way to measure personality? Do romantic partners need similar personalities for relationship success
  • Introduces concepts of personality psychology in an accessible and engaging manner
  • Focuses on current debates and controversies in the field with references to the latest research and scientific literature
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Introduction

Myth #1:  Situational Factors Overwhelm Personality When Predicting Behavior

Myth #2:  Personality Measures Do Not Predict Consequential Outcomes (Like Health, Wealth, and Divorce) Well Enough to Be Useful

Myth #3:  There is a Single Gene for a Single Personality Trait

Myth #4:  Evolutionary Perspectives Are Not Relevant for Personality

Myth #5: People Come in Discrete Personality Types

Myth #6: Personality Is Too Complicated to Be Measured

Myth #7: Personality Measures Can Be Faked So They Are Not Valid

Myth #8: The Myers–Briggs Type Indicator Is the Best Approach for Assessing Personality

Myth #9:  Projective Tests Are the Best Approach for Measuring Personality

Myth #10:  Unstructured Interviews are the Best Approach for Measuring Personality

Myth #11: Most Personality Quizzes in Magazines and on Websites Provide Accurate Information About Your Personality

Myth #12: Personality Traits Do Not Have Much Consistency Across the Life Span

Myth #13: Personality Is Completely Stable (or Set Like Plaster) After Age 30

Myth #14: Traumatic Life Events Dramatically Reshape Personality

Myth #15:  Adolescence Is the Most Significant Period of Personality Development

Myth #16:  Birth Order Is an Important Influence on Personality

Myth #17:  Parenting Practices Are the Major Source of Personality Differences

Myth #18: Happiness Is Completely Determined by Situational Factors

Myth #19: Happiness Is Unrelated to Major Life Events

Myth #20: Happiness Results Primarily From Person–Environment Fit

Myth #21:  There Is a 3-to-1 Positivity-to-Negativity Ratio for Flourishing

Myth #22:  Personality Trait Similarity Matters for Romantic Relationships

Myth #23:  Spouses Are Especially Similar in Terms of Personality Traits or Spouses Have Complementary Personality Traits

Myth #24:  High Self-Esteem and Narcissism Are the Same Attribute

Myth #25: Perceptions of National Character Reflect “Real” Group Differences

Myth #26. Personality Is Radically Different From Culture to Culture

Myth #27:  Men Are From Mars, Women Are From Venus (Men and Women Have Dramatically Different Personalities)

Myth #28: Clinicians Can’t Treat Personality Disorders

Index

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B. Donnellan Michigan State University; Richard. E Lucas, Michigan State University.
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