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Science and Technology in Society. From Biotechnology to the Internet. Edition No. 1. Key Themes in Sociology

  • ID: 5224882
  • Book
  • September 2005
  • 160 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
This thoughtful and engaging text challenges the widely held notion of science as somehow outside of society, and the idea that technology proceeds automatically down a singular and inevitable path. Through specific case studies involving contemporary debates, this book shows that science and technology are fundamentally part of society and are shaped by it.

  • Draws on concepts from political sociology, organizational analysis, and contemporary social theory.
  • Avoids dense theoretical debate.
  • Includes case studies and concluding chapter summaries for students and scholars.
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1. Science is Political/ Technology is Social: Concerns, Concepts, and Questions.

Why is Thinking about Science and Technology so Hard?.

Technoscience is Social.

Technoscience is Political.

2. Ceding Debate: Biotechnology and Agriculture.

Biotechnology and the Social Organization of Agriculture and Agri-business.

The Discursive Landscape in the Debate over Biotechnology.


3. Rethinking Information Technology: Caught in the World Wide Web.

Understanding the Digital Divide.

High Technology Education.

Politics, Civil Action, and the Internet.


4. Owning Technoscience: Understanding the New Intellectual Property Battles.

Intellectual Property, Social Common Sense, and the Knowledge Commons.

Intellectual Property and the Information Technology Revolution.

Owning Life: Intellectual Property in Biological Materials.

Intellectual Property and Innovation.


5. Technoscience in the Third World: The Politics of Indigenous Resources.


Science, Technology, and Colonialism.

From Colonialism to Bio-Colonialism.

Towards Equity in the Exchange of Biological Resources.


6. Gender and the Ideology of Merit: Women, Men, Science, and Engineering.

“Merit” and Stratification in Science.

Women, Men, and Academic Science.

Women and Men in Science-Based Industry.

Beyond Stratification in Science and Engineering: Artifacts and Research as Gendered.


7. Democracy and Expertise: Citizenship in a High Tech Age.

The Limits to Expert Knowledge.

The Virtues of Lay Knowledge.

Barriers to Democratizing Technoscience and Expertise.

Strategies for Overcoming the Obstacles.


8. Confronting the Problem: A Summary and Coda.



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Daniel Lee Kleinman University of Wisconsin, Madison.
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