Drawing on a wide range of examples, the selections included examine theories of nationalism and consider issues of ethnic integration and conflict in the USA, Middle East, Northern Ireland, Scotland, Quebec and Catalonia among other countries and regions. The concept of ethnicity, however, is discussed not only in relation to group rights in existing nation-states: many of the selections deal with the role of ethnicity in groups which are not nationalist at all but for which ethnicity is an important factor in the process of migration, extending the focus to transnational communities in a globalized world.
Contributors include Benedict Anderson, Etienne Balibar, James Clifford, Eric Hobsbawm, Michael Keating, Will Kymlicka, Tariq Modood, John Rex, Anthony D. Smith, Michel Wieviorka, and Franke Wilmer.
Part 1 Ethnicity and Nationalism.
1 The Concept of Ethnicity.
What is an ethnic group? (Max Weber).
Structure and persistence of Ethnie (Anthony D. Smith).
Ethnicity without groups (Rogers Brubaker).
Ethnicity, race and nation (Thomas Hylland Eriksen).
2 Ethnicity and Nationalism.
The nation and the origins of national consciousness (Benedict Anderson).
Nationalism as a product of industrial society (Ernest Gellner).
An anti-nationalist account of nationalism since 1989 (Eric Hobsbawm).
3 Ethnicity and Violence.
Causes and implications of ethnic conflict (Michael E. Brown).
State collapse and the rise of identity politics in Iraq (Toby Dodge).
Ethnicity and the emergence of Somaliland (Mark Bradbury).
4 Ethnicity and Self-determination.
Catalonia: Nationalism and intellectuals in nations without states (Montserrat Guibernau).
Scotland: The importance of raising your own revenues (Russell Mellett).
Quebec and Canada: Understanding the federal principle (Alain-G Gagnon and Raffaele Iacovino).
Galicia: economic backwarness and nationalist revival (Ramón Máiz).
First Nations in the USA (Franke Wilmer).
The Kurds in Iraq and Iran (M.R. Izady).
Part II Multiculturalism, Migration and Racism.
5 Multicultural and Plural Societies.
The concept of a multicultural society (John Rex).
Plural societies (Leo Kuper).
What is multiculturalism? (Bhikhu Parekh).
Multiculturalism, liberal citizenship and national identity: on British Muslims (Tariq Modood).
6 Citizenship, Assimilation and Multiculturalism.
Ethnicity and liberalism in the USA (Will Kymlicka).
The 'hispanic' challenge to American identity (Samuel Huntington).
Rethinking assimilation theory (Richard Alba and Victor Nee).
Multiculturalism in welfare states: the case of Germany (Frank-Olaf Radtke).
'Culturalism' and 'Nationalism' in modern China (Ma Rong).
7 Migration in the Global Age.
Causes of migration (Douglas S. Massey et Al.).
Diasporas (James Clifford).
Transnational Migrant Brokerage in China (Li Minghuan).
8 Racism and Xenophobia.
Racism in Europe: unity and diversity (Michel Wieviorka).
The liberal retreat from race since the Civil Rights Act (Stephen Steinberg).
'Class racism' (Étienne Balibar).