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Moral Theory. A Non-Consequentialist Approach. Edition No. 1

  • ID: 5227162
  • Book
  • February 2000
  • 212 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
Moral Theory sets out the basic system used to solve moral problems, the system that consequentialists deride as 'traditional morality'. The central concepts, principles and distinctions of traditional morality are explained and defended: rights; justice; the good; virtue; the intention/foresight distinction; the acts/omissions distinction; and, centrally, the fundamental value of human life.
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Preface and Acknowledgements.

1 Ethics, Knowledge and Action.

1.1 Introduction.

1.2 Ethics and Knowledge.

The Fact-Value Distinction.

Relativism.

Prescriptivism and Expressivism.

1.3 Ethics and Action.

2 Basic Concepts in Moral Theory I.

2.1 Introduction.

2.2 The Good.

2.3 Virtue.

2.4 Rights and Duties.

2.5 Rights and Contracts.

2.6 Rights and Consequentialism.

2.7 Collision of Rights.

3 Basic Concepts in Moral Theory II.

3.1 Intention and Foresight.

Good, Evil and the Will.

The Principle of Double Effect.

Criticisms of PDE and Replies.

3.2 Acts and Omissions.

Another Derided Distinction.

Initial Clarifications of AOD.

The Derided Distinction Defended.

4 Close-Up on the Good of Life.

4.1 Life as a Good.

4.2 The Right to Life and the Sanctity of Life.

4.3 The Sanctity of Life and its Critics:.

Innocence.

A Life Not Worth Living?.

4.4 Persons and Human Beings.

Notes and Further Reading.

Index.

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David S. Oderberg University of Reading.
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