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Psycho-Criminological Approaches to Stalking Behavior. An International Perspective. Edition No. 1. Wiley Series in Psychology of Crime, Policing and Law

  • ID: 5227286
  • Book
  • April 2020
  • Region: Global
  • 416 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd

Provides multidisciplinary coverage of stalking behavior worldwide from both academic and practical approaches

Psycho-Criminological Approaches to Stalking Behavior: The International Perspective is a thorough, up-to-date overview of stalking perpetration and victimization in different regions of the world. This authoritative book brings together contributions from a team of leading scholars and practitioners that discuss a diverse range of interrelated topics and issues relevant to stalking and intrusive behavior from both theoretical and practical contexts. Whereas most of the literature on the subject is written from a Western viewpoint, this unique volume examines empirical research, policies, and practices from Asian and African countries, as well as those from Europe, the Americas, and Australia, to provide a truly global perspective.

Divided into three parts, the book first examines theories and research on cross-national differences in stalking among college students, ex-partner stalking in Finland, cyberstalking victimization in Singapore, the heterogeneity of stalking and stalkers in Australia, public familiarity and understanding of stalking/harassing legislation in Australia, the United Kingdom, and the United States, and more. The book’s second part focuses on national portraits of stalking in a number of understudied populations, including Lithuania, Spain, Denmark, Portugal, and South Africa. Finally in the third section of the book, the chapters largely emphasize policy and best practice, including the Dutch model of policing stalking, risk assessment and management of stalking in Sweden, psycho-legal responses to online interpersonal harm, the German approach to stopping stalking, the United Kingdom response to assessing and managing stalking, and the work of the Danish Stalking Centre. This important contribution to the field:

  • Offers insights from international professionals applicable in other geographical contexts
  • Discusses the factors that influence social awareness and responses to stalking
  • Explores the importance of victim vulnerability factors when managing risk of stalking
  • Presents real-world case studies of stalking behavior, intimate partner violence, stalking victimization, and statutory and law enforcement efforts
  • Reviews the intervention practices of the support institutions and justice systems of different countries

Psycho-Criminological Approaches to Stalking Behavior: The International Perspective is an ideal primary or supplementary text for courses in criminology, criminal justice, forensic psychology, and social and behavioral science, as well as a valuable source of reference for those who deal with offenders or victims of stalking, including law enforcement agents, mental health professionals, legal practitioners, social services personnel, and policy makers.

Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown

Foreword xv

References xvii

Introduction: Stalking Behavior in a Global Context 1
Heng Choon (Oliver) Chan and Lorraine Sheridan

Introduction 1

The Approach Adopted in this Book 2

The Structure of the Book 3

Exploring the Global Phenomenon of Stalking Behavior from a Psycho‐Criminological Perspective 6

References 7

Part I: Theories and Research 9

1 Stalking and Cyberstalking Victimization Research: Taking Stock of Key Conceptual, Definitional, Prevalence, and Theoretical Issues 11
Erica R. Fissel, Bradford W. Reyns, and Bonnie S. Fisher

Introduction 11

Conceptual and Definitional Issues - Stalking 13

Conceptual and Definitional Issues - Cyberstalking 15

Prevalence of Stalking and Cyberstalking Victimization 16

Theoretical Approaches Applied to Stalking and Cyberstalking Victimization 22

Multi‐Theoretical Frameworks 30

Future Directions for Research 31

References 32

2 Racial Differences in Stalking Victimization, Police Reporting, and Coping Strategies among White, Black, and Asian Americans 37
Fawn T. Ngo

Introduction 37

Stalking Victimization 39

Racial Differences in Stalking Victimization 40

Racial Differences in Help‐Seeking Behaviors Among Stalking Victims 41

Data and Methods 42

Sample 42

Measures 44

Analytic Strategy 46

Results 46

Discussion and Conclusion 47

References 51

3 Ex‐Partner Stalking in Finland: Children as Knowing Agents in Parental Stalking 55
Merja Laitinen and Anna Nikupeteri

Introduction 55

Finland as a Research Context for Ex‐Partner Stalking 57

Method 58

Dimensions of Children’s Knowing Agency 60

Children’s Various Knowing Agency 71

Conclusion 73

Acknowledgments 74

References 74

4 Unwanted Attention: A Survey on Cyberstalking Victimization 77
Majeed Khader and Stephanie Chan

Introduction 77

Characteristics of Cyberspace 78

Defining Cyberstalking 79

Reviewing the Literature on Cyberstalking 79

Impact of Cyberstalking on Victims 80

Victims’ Actions and Coping Efforts 81

Recent Developments in the Cyberstalking Landscape in Singapore 81

Three Surveys of Cyberstalking in Emergent Adults in Singapore 82

Methodology 83

General Discussion on Three Singapore Surveys 100

Study Limitations 102

Conclusion 102

Acknowledgments 103

References 103

Examples of Cyberstalking 108

Survey Questionnaire 109

5 Is there a “Best” Stalking Typology?: Parsing the Heterogeneity of Stalking and Stalkers in an Australian Sample 115
Troy E. McEwan and Michael R. Davis

Introduction 115

Offense and Offender Classification Schemes 116

A Brief History of Stalking Classification Schemes 117

Which Typology to Use? 122

Aim and Approach of the Current Study 123

Method 123

Results 125

Discussion 128

Support for each of the Commonly Used Stalking Typologies 129

Choosing which Typology to Use 132

Conclusion 133

Acknowledgment 133

References 134

6 Public Familiarity and Understanding of Stalking/Harassment Legislation in Australia, the United Kingdom, and the United States 137
Adrian J. Scott, Nikki Rajakaruna, Megan A. Handscomb, and Georgina A. H. Waterworth

Introduction 137

Method 141

Findings 144

Discussion 151

References 155

Part II: National Portraits 159

7 Stalking Perception, Victimization, and Anti‐Stalking Response in the Lithuanian Context 161
Ilona Laurinaitytė and Ilona Michailovič

Introduction 161

Issues of Stalking Definition 162

Prevalence of Stalking 164

Stalking and Gender‐Based Stereotypes 168

Stalking: Legal Protection and Prevention 170

Conclusions 171

References 172

8 Stalking and Intimate Partner Violence Prevention from Ecological and Public Health Perspectives: The Spanish Experience 175
Montse Subirana‐Malaret, Ana Martinez Catena, and Jacqueline Gahagan

An Introduction to Intimate Partner Violence 175

The Criminalization of Stalking in the Context of Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) in Spain 177

The Evolution of Social Perceptions of IPV in Spain and its Legislation 179

Quantifying IPV in Spain: An Overview of Available Data 181

Inclusion of Stalking in Crimes against Freedom in the Spanish Penal Code 185

Latest Measures against IPV in Spain and the Repercussions Emerging from the Most Recent Social Movements 187

Violence Prevention in the Context of Ecological and Public Health Approaches 189

References 190

9 Stalking as a Phenomenon in a Danish Context 195
Lise Linn Larsen, Dianna Bomholt, and Helle Hundahl

Introduction 195

Danish Stalking Centre 197

Stalking as a Phenomenon 197

Stalking as Violence 199

Stalking as a Social Problem 204

References 207

10 Stalking in Portugal: From Numbers to the New Challenges 209
Célia Ferreira and Marlene Matos

Introduction 209

The Experience of Fear 210

The Situation in Portugal 211

Criminal Statistics 218

Difficulties and Post‐Criminalization Challenges 221

References 223

11 Stalking in South Africa 227
Gérard Labuschagne and Bronwynn Stollarz

Introduction 227

Stalking in a Multicultural Society 228

Legal Aspects in South Africa 230

Case Example: State vs. Walabh 236

Case Example: Intimate Partner Stalker 238

Case Example: Workplace Stalking in the Mental Health Care Environment 240

Conclusion 241

References 241

Part III: Policy and Best Practice 245

12 The Dutch Model: A New Approach to Policing Stalking 247
Cleo Brandt and Bianca Voerman

The Challenges of Defining Stalking from a Dutch Perspective 247

The Potential Consequences of “Missing” Stalking 249

Key Problems Leading to Inadequate Response by Dutch Police 252

Developing a More Effective Response to Stalking 259

A Structured Police Approach to Stalking 259

Conclusion 265

References 266

13 Risk Assessment and Management of Stalking in Sweden: The Importance of Fear as a Victim Vulnerability Factor 269
Susanne Strand

Introduction 269

Prevalence of Stalking Victimization 271

Fear as a Victim Vulnerability Factor 272

Stalking Victimization 274

Policing Stalking 276

Risk Assessment and Risk Management of Stalking 278

Collaboration for Better Protection of Victims 281

Conclusion 282

References 283

14 Hashtag You’re It: Limitations of Psycho‐Legal Responses to Online Interpersonal Harm 287
Luke Bartlett and Annabel Chan

Lawful Good: A Proposed Framework for Sentencing Online Harmful Behaviors 287

Old DOS, New Tricks 290

Zeroes Versus One: How People Behave Badly Online 290

Mass Effect: When People Behave Badly Together Online 291

Invisible and Indivisible: Why People Behave Badly Online 293

If a Tree Falls in Cyberspace: Accountability for Online Harm 294

Murder, She Posted: Legality of Online Threats 296

Fuzzy Logic: Analysis of Psychological Assumptions Made in Cyberthreat Law 297

Capacity to Assess for Intent, and Estimation of Probable Fear 298

Online Threats, Offline Harm 301

To Kill a Mocking Tweet 304

References 305

15 Stop Stalking - But How? 309
Olga Siepelmeyer and Wolf Ortiz‐Muller

Introduction 309

Offer and Access 310

The Rationale of Counseling - Integration of Methods 312

Validate to Change - The Dialectic between Process and Confrontation 315

Tell Me Why - Formulation as the Case Conceptualization 317

Give Me a Point - Strengthening the Healthy Adult 320

Stop It! Limiting the Problem Behavior 321

To Change or Not to Change? Motivational Issues 322

What Comes when Stalking Goes? Working with Pathological Grief 326

Does it Really Work? Results of a Retrospective Survey 327

Conclusions 329

References 329

16 National Stalking Clinic: A UK Response to Assessing and Managing Stalking Behavior 335
Sara Henley, Alan Underwood, and Frank Farnham

Introduction 335

Legal Changes 336

Theoretical Approach 337

Setting up the Clinic 338

Descriptive Analysis of the First 60 Cases 341

Case Examples 343

Summary and Conclusions 349

References 350

17 The Danish Stalking Centre, 2019 351
Lise Linn Larsen, Dianna Bomholt, and Helle Hundahl

Introduction 351

Target Group for the Intervention Center 352

The Conceptual Framework of the Intervention and its Perspective 352

Helpline 354

Referral for Professional Multidisciplinary Interventions 356

Professional Multidisciplinary Services 359

Psychotherapy at the Danish Stalking Centre 360

Psychotherapy for Stalking Victims 361

Intervention for Children and Families of Stalking Victims 365

Psychotherapy for Stalkers 366

Knowledge of the Target Group and Effect 370

Knowledge Center 372

Cooperation Across Authorities and Sectors 374

Future Goals for Danish Stalking Centre 379

References 379

Conclusions 381
Lorraine Sheridan and Heng Choon (Oliver) Chan

Concluding Remarks 381

Author Index 387

Subject Index 393

Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown
Heng Choon (Oliver) Chan
Lorraine L. Sheridan
Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown