Contractualism/Contractarianism collects, for the first time, both major classical sources and central contemporary discussions of these important approaches to philosophical ethics. Edited and introduced by Stephen Darwall, these readings are essential for anyone interested in normative ethics.
- With a helpful introduction by Stephen Darwall, examines key topics in the contractarian and contractualist moral theory.
- Includes six contemporary essays which respond to the classic sources.
- Includes an insightful discussion of contractualism by Gary Watson.
- Includes classic excerpts by key figures such as Hobbes, Rousseau, and Kant, and recent reactions to this work by philosophers, including David Gauthier, Gilbert Harman, John Rawls, and T. M. Scanlon.
Part I: Classical Sources: Contactarianism:.
1. From Leviathan: Thomas Hobbes.
Part II: Classical Sources: Contractualism:.
2. From The Social Contract: Jean-Jacques Rousseau.
3. From Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals: Immanuel Kant.
Part III: Contemporary Expressions: Contractarianism:.
4. "Why Contractarianism?": David Gauthier.
5. From Morals by Agreement: David Gauthier.
6. "Convention": Gilbert Harman.
Part IV: Contemporary Expressions: Contractualism:.
7. From A Theory of Justice: John Rawls.
8. "Kantian Constructivism in Moral Theory": John Rawls.
9. "Contractualism and Utilitarianism": T. M. Scanlon.
Part V: Contemporary Discussion:.
10. "Some Considerations in Favor of Contractualism": Gary Watson.