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Mathematical Foundation of Railroad Vehicle Systems. Geometry and Mechanics. Edition No. 1

  • Book
  • 384 Pages
  • February 2021
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
  • ID: 5240756
MASTER AND INTEGRATE THE GEOMETRY AND MECHANICS OF RAILROAD VEHICLE SYSTEM ENGINEERING WITH ONE PRACTICAL RESOURCE

Mathematical Foundation of Railroad Vehicle Systems: Geometry and Mechanics delivers a comprehensive treatment of the mathematical foundations of railroad vehicle systems. The book includes a strong emphasis on the integration of geometry and mechanics to create an accurate and accessible formulation of nonlinear dynamic equations and general computational algorithms that can be effectively used in the virtual prototyping, analysis, design, and performance evaluation of railroad vehicle systems.

Using basic concepts, formulations, and computational algorithms, including mechanics-based approaches like the absolute nodal coordinate formulation (ANCF), readers will understand how to integrate the geometry and mechanics of railroad vehicle systems. The book also discusses new problems and issues in this area and describes how geometric and mechanical approaches can be used in derailment investigations.

Mathematical Foundation of Railroad Vehicle Systems covers:

- The mathematical foundation of railroad vehicle systems through the integration of geometry and mechanics- Basic concepts, formulations, and computational algorithms used in railroad vehicle system dynamics- New mechanics-based approaches, like the ANCF, and their use to achieve an integration of geometry and mechanics- Use of geometry and mechanics to study derailments- New problems and issues in the area of railroad vehicle systems

Designed for researchers and practicing engineers who work with railroad vehicle systems, Mathematical Foundation of Railroad Vehicle Systems: Geometry and Mechanics can also be used in senior undergraduate and graduate mechanical, civil, and electrical engineering programs and courses.

Table of Contents

Preface ix

1 Introduction 1

1.1 Differential Geometry 4

1.2 Integration of Geometry and Mechanics 9

1.3 Hunting Oscillations 14

1.4 Wheel and Track Geometries 17

1.5 Centrifugal Forces and Balance Speed 22

1.6 Contact Formulations 26

1.7 Computational MBS Approaches 28

1.8 Derailment Criteria 33

1.9 High-Speed Rail Systems 36

1.10 Linear Algebra and Book Notations 41

2 Differential Geometry 45

2.1 Curve Geometry 46

2.2 Surface Geometry 54

2.3 Application to Railroad Geometry 57

2.4 Surface Tangent Plane and Normal Vector 60

2.5 Surface Fundamental Forms 62

2.6 Normal Curvature 69

2.7 Principal Curvatures and Directions 72

2.8 Numerical Representation of the Profile Geometry 76

2.9 Numerical Representation of Surface Geometry 78

3 Motion and Geometry Descriptions 83

3.1 Rigid-Body Kinematics 84

3.2 Direction Cosines and Simple Rotations 86

3.3 Euler Angles 88

3.4 Euler Parameters 91

3.5 Velocity and Acceleration Equations 95

3.6 Generalized Coordinates 97

3.7 Kinematic Singularities 100

3.8 Euler Angles and Track Geometry 102

3.9 Angle Representation of the Curve Geometry 107

3.10 Euler Angles as Field Variables 108

3.11 Euler-Angle Description of the Track Geometry 111

3.12 Geometric Motion Constraints 114

3.13 Trajectory Coordinates 119

4 Railroad Geometry 125

4.1 Wheel Surface Geometry 126

4.2 Wheel Curvatures and Global Vectors 132

4.3 Semi-analytical Approach for Rail Geometry 135

4.4 ANCF Rail Geometry 142

4.5 ANCF Interpolation of Rail Geometry 145

4.6 ANCF Computation of Tangents and Normal 146

4.7 Track Geometry Equations 148

4.8 Numerical Representation of Track Geometry 152

4.9 Track Data 155

4.10 Irregularities and Measured Track Data 162

4.11 Comparison of the Semi-Analytical and ANCF Approaches 169

5 Contact Problem 175

5.1 Wheel/Rail Contact Mechanism 177

5.2 Constraint Contact Formulation (CCF) 183

5.3 Elastic Contact Formulation (ECF) 184

5.4 Normal Contact Forces 187

5.5 Contact Surface Geometry 188

5.6 Contact Ellipse and Normal Contact Force 194

5.7 Creepage Definitions 199

5.8 Creep Force Formulations 203

5.9 Creep Force and Wheel/Rail Contact Formulations 213

5.10 Maglev Forces 219

6 Equations of Motion 225

6.1 Newtonian and Lagrangian Approaches 226

6.2 Virtual Work Principle and Constrained Dynamics 227

6.3 Summary of Rigid-Body Kinematics 232

6.4 Inertia Forces 235

6.5 Applied Forces 239

6.6 Newton-Euler Equations 241

6.7 Augmented Formulation and Embedding Technique 244

6.8 Wheel/Rail Constraint Contact Forces 254

6.9 Wheel/Rail Elastic Contact Forces 259

6.10 Other Force Elements 261

6.11 Trajectory Coordinates 268

6.12 Longitudinal Train Dynamics (LTD) 274

6.13 Hunting Stability 280

6.14 MBS Modeling of Electromechanical Systems 288

7 Pantograph/Catenary Systems 291

7.1 Pantograph/Catenary Design 292

7.2 ANCF Catenary Kinematic Equations 298

7.3 Catenary Inertia and Elastic Forces 304

7.4 Catenary Equations of Motion 306

7.5 Pantograph/Catenary Contact Frame 308

7.6 Constraint Contact Formulation (CCF) 310

7.7 Elastic Contact Formulation (ECF) 314

7.8 Pantograph/Catenary Equations and MBS Algorithms 317

7.9 Pantograph/Catenary Contact Force Control 321

7.10 Aerodynamic Forces 322

7.11 Pantograph/Catenary Wear 324

Appendix Contact Equations and Elliptical Integrals 329

A.1 Derivation of the Contact Equations 329

A.2 Elliptical Integrals 332

Bibliography 335

Index 355

Authors

Ahmed A. Shabana University of Illinois at Chicago.