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EU Open Banking APIs Are Stabilizing and Enabling Alternative Networks: A Lesson the U.S. Should Pay Attention To

  • ID: 5359076
  • Report
  • July 2021
  • Region: United States, Europe
  • 26 Pages
  • Mercator Advisory Group


  • Adyen
  • Cardstream
  • Mastercard
  • NatWest
  • ShieldPay

This report evaluates the difficulties of standing up production level API platforms, identifies key workarounds that were needed to establish alternative payment network solutions, and provides six snapshots of these alternative payment solutions enabled by Open Banking APIs.

The publisher has studied the gap that exists between the open banking vision of PSD2 and the on-the-ground reality. This knowledge of API limitations can be used to inform any business leader contemplating a similar form of API platform. This latest research report, A Lesson for the U.S: How EU Open Banking APIs Have Stabilized to Support Alternative Networks evaluates the issues that have plagued the delivery of Open Banking within the European Union, identifies how fintechs have filled the gap by implementing API middleware, and provides a synopsis of six alternative network solutions that have evolved to leverage the Open Banking APIs.

“It has taken much longer than expected to establish the Open Banking API infrastructure, but the EU is closer than ever to having the concept fully operational. A patchwork of banks are now operational, although many have limited reliability. This points to the cost associated with managing a reliable production-ready API platform. But despite the limitations, several alternative networks have been announced, mostly limited to the UK, which has the most advanced Open Banking infrastructure,” comments Tim Sloane, VP of Payments Innovation and Director of the Emerging Technologies Advisory Service and the author of the report. “There are many lessons to be learned out of the hard work that has gone into building the EU Open Banking infrastructure as it exists today, and it would be a terrible mistake to ignore those lessons when building your own API platforms.”

Highlights of the report include:

  • A review of the issues that have complicated and delayed the introduction of Open Banking interoperability standards across the EU.
  • The standards bodies and regulators attempting to correct these interoperability problems.
  • How fintech has created API platforms and middleware that mitigate some of the interoperability problems but do so at a cost for both the implementation effort and performance.
  • Identification of the challenges that must be overcome to deploy a production-ready Open Banking platform.
  • A perspective on how Open Banking may evolve in the U.S. market.
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  • Adyen
  • Cardstream
  • Mastercard
  • NatWest
  • ShieldPay
  • Executive Summary 
  • Introduction 
  • Open Banking is an Unfulfilled Vision 
  • Standardization Efforts Continue
  • Complexity and Expense of Maintaining Open Banking APIs Creates Barriers
  • API Middleware to the Rescue for Achieving Interoperability 
  • Offering ‘Free’ APIs Comes at the Expense of Legacy Banks 
  • Alternative Payment Networks Built on Open Banking APIs 
  • Conclusion 

Figures & Tables

  • Table 1: Foundational definitions for the terms used throughout this report.
  • Figure 1: The PSD2 Planned Implementation Versus Today’s Reality 
  • Figure 2: Open Banking API Service Levels; June 2018 to February 2021
  • Figure 3: The EU Vision for a New Payment Methodology Using Open Banking APIs
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  • Adyen
  • Alibaba
  • Barclaycard
  • Berlin Group
  • BMO
  • BNP Paribas
  • Cardstream
  • Competition and Markets Authority (CMA)
  • DNA Payments
  • Draft Kings
  • Euro Retail Payments Board (ERPB)
  • European Banking Authority (EBA)
  • Financial Conduct Authority (FCA)
  • FIS
  • Flywire
  • GlobalPayments
  • Ingenico
  • JPMorganChase
  • Judopay
  • Kevin
  • Marqeta
  • Mastercard
  • Microsoft
  • MIR LTD.
  • Monek
  • MoneyGram
  • Mulesoft
  • NatWest
  • Open Banking Implementation Entity (OBIE)
  • Open Banking Limited
  • OpenID Foundation
  • PayPal
  • PPRO Financial
  • SAP
  • ShieldPay
  • Shopify
  • STET
  • Target instant payments settlement service (TIPS)
  • Tesco Bank
  • The Banking Industry Architecture Network (BIAN)
  • Token.io
  • TransferWise
  • TrueLayer
  • Trustly
  • Visa
  • Worldpay
  • Yoyo Wallet LTD
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