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China Degradable Plastics (PLA & PBAT) Market Insight Report, 2021-2025

  • ID: 5359667
  • Report
  • May 2021
  • Region: China
  • 142 pages
  • AEI Research
The natural degradation of plastics generally lasts for more than one hundred years, and the residual plastic wastes not only occupy precious land resources, but also do great harm to soil, water and even biological chain. Degradable plastics is the mainstream solution at present. This material inherits the excellent working performance of traditional plastics, and is biodegradable through the screening of molecular chains. Under certain composting conditions, it can be completely degraded within tens of days to one year, and the material is completely decomposed into H2O and CO2 from the polymer state, which is integrated into the green material circulation in the ecological circle.

Policy catalysis accelerates the release of demand for degradable plastics. In 2020, China issued the Opinions on Further Strengthening the Treatment of Plastic Pollution, and after the plastic limit order in 2008, it once again intensified efforts to rectify the plastic pollution problem, which is called the plastic ban order in the market. The Opinions clearly stated that the use of non-degradable plastic bags, disposable plastic tableware, hotel and hotel disposable plastic articles and express plastic packaging should be restricted step by step in 2020, 2022 and 2025. We believe that the demand for plastic products is relatively rigid, and there are no other convenient substitutes in the short term, so it is difficult to completely ban them, which means that the demand for some traditional plastics will shift to degradable plastics. With the introduction of plastic restriction measures in various provinces, the release of market demand for degradable plastics is expected to accelerate.

According to the contents of the Opinions, we believe that the express delivery, agriculture, take-out and retail industries will be the leading fields for the substitution of degradable plastics, and the market penetration rate of degradable plastics will be gradually improved in 2022 and 2025. Based on the policy guidelines and the consumption of plastics in the industry, we believe that by 2025, the demand for degradable plastics in the fields of express packaging, agricultural mulch film, disposable tableware and plastic shopping bags will be released by 680,000 tons, 490,000 tons, 470,000 tons and 1.06 million tons, totaling 2.7 million tons. According to the average price of degradable plastics of 20,000 yuan/ton, the market scale reached 54 billion yuan.

According to statistics, at present, the global production capacity of degradable plastics is about 996,000 tons/year, of which 480,000 tons are in China. The production capacity of PLA and PBAT single line is only 150,000 tons/year (Nature Works, USA) and 100,000 tons/year (Novamont, Italy). At present, the global production capacity is expanding at an accelerated pace, with 1.381 million tons/year of projects under construction, most of which come from China (1.287 million tons/year). At present, China's existing and under construction production capacity totals about 1.767 million tons, but the demand for degradable plastics released by the implementation of China's new plastic restriction policy is expected to reach 2.7 million tons. If the demand meets expectations, the supply-side gap will still be over 930,000 tons.
Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown
1 PLA and PBAT are the mainstream products in the field of degradable plastics
1.1 degradable plastic products in full bloom
1.2 PLA and PBAT are mainstream products in the future, with broad development prospects

2 PLA industrial technical barriers are high, and China is still in its infancy
2.1 PLA technical difficulty lies in lactide
2.2 PLA production is accelerated, and cooperative research and development is a major source of technology

3 PBAT industry is relatively mature and its production capacity is leading the world
3.1 The core advantage of PBAT comes from integration
3.2 PBAT project is advancing rapidly, with direct esterification as the main process

4 Governments at all levels to increase the promotion of plastic pollution control policies
4.1 At the central level, a number of policies have been continuously introduced to strengthen the control of plastic pollution
4.2 Different provinces attach different importance to the plastic limit order, and Zhejiang, Shanghai and Henan attach the most importance to it
4.3 Specific promotion of plastic limit orders of key provincial and municipal governments

Selected Charts
Chart 1 The final flow direction of global plastics since 1950 s
Chart 2 More than half of the world's discarded plastics are directly discarded or landfilled
Chart 3 The decomposition time of plastic waste can reach 100 years
Chart 4 China's plastic production continues to grow at a high speed
Chart 5 Apparent Consumption Trend of Plastic Products in China
Chart 6 China's per capita production of waste plastics is 0.12kg/ day
Chart 7 Output and Import of Waste Plastics in China
Chart 8 China's per capita annual consumption of plastics still has great potential
Chart 9 Packaging industry accounts for the largest proportion of plastic products downstream in China
Chart 10 Timetable of China's Plastic Restriction and Plastic Prohibition Policies
Chart 11 2020 The new "Plastic Prohibition Order" involves the types of plastic products
Chart 12 plastic degradation process
Figure 13 Comparison of Traditional Plastics and Degradable Plastics
Chart 14 Regional Distribution of Global Bioplastics Production Capacity in 2019
Chart 15 Global Bioplastics Production Capacity in 2019
Chart 16 Global Bioplastics Production Capacity in 2019
Chart 17 Global Use Field of Degradable Plastics in 2019
Chart 18 Comparison of mainstream biodegradable plastics
Chart 19 PLA synthesis process
Chart 20 PBAT synthesis process (ester exchange method)
Chart 21 PLA simulation cost trend
Chart 22 PBAT simulation cost trend
Chart 23 Consumption of plastic express packaging materials
Chart 24 China Express Packaging Plastic Waste in 2018
Chart 25 Business Volume of China Express Industry
Chart 26 Distribution of Business Volume of China Express Industry by Region
Chart 27 Elasticity Measurement of Substitution Amount of Degradable Plastics in Express Industry
Chart 28 Instant Delivery Order Quantity in China in Recent Years
Chart 29 The scale of instant delivery users in China in recent years
Chart 30 Order Proportion of Instant Distribution Market in China in 2019
Chart 31 Material Input of Every Takeaway Order in Beijing
Chart 32 Measuring the Demand of Degradable Tableware
Chart 33 China's household and per capita plastic consumption
Chart 34 Composition of Household Plastic Consumption (Bulk Consumption)
Chart 35 China's population structure
Chart 36 Calculation of Substitution Demand for Degradable Plastic Bags
Chart 37 Morphological comparison of agricultural film before and after use
Chart 38 Usage and Forecast of Agricultural Film in China
Chart 39 Cultivated Land Area in China
Chart 40 Price Sensitivity Measurement of Degradable Plastic Film
Chart 41 overseas degradable plastics production capacity statistics
Chart 42 China's degradable plastics production capacity statistics
Chart 43 Production capacity of biodegradable plastics abroad
Chart 44 Current Situation of Biodegradable Plastics Production Capacity in China

5 The market demand for degradable plastics has benefited from the policy overweight and has been expanding
5.1 Environmental protection policy overweight drives the development of degradable plastics
5.1.1 From the West to Asia, the policies of restricting and prohibiting plastics are gradually popularized
5.1.2 From "plastic restriction" to "plastic prohibition", China's environmental protection policy has been increasing
5.1.3 Plastic prohibition+subsidy is the driving force, and high cost is the bottleneck
5.2 Degradable plastics are expected to take the lead in replacing shopping bags, disposable tableware, express delivery and agricultural film
5.2.1 The replacement space in the field of express packaging
5.2.2 The replacement space of disposable plastic tableware
5.2.3 Plastic shopping bags replace space
5.2.4 The replacement space in the agricultural film field
Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown
  • Zhejiang Hisun Biomaterials Co. Ltd.
  • Henan Jindan Lactic Acid Technology Co.,Ltd.
  • Kingfa Sci.& Tech.Co.,Ltd.
  • Shanghai Tong-jie-liang Biomaterials Co.,LTD.
  • Shandong Ruifeng Chemical Co., Ltd.
  • Xinjiang Blue Ridge Tunhe Chemical Co., Ltd.
  • Jin Hui Zhao Long High Technology Co., Ltd.
  • Zhejiang Huafon New Materials Co., Ltd.
  • Wanhua Chemical Group Co.,Ltd.
  • Jiangsu Heshili New Material Co.,Ltd.
Note: Product cover images may vary from those shown