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Dental Neuroimaging. The Role of the Brain in Oral Functions. Edition No. 1

  • Book
  • 320 Pages
  • February 2022
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
  • ID: 5390433
DENTAL NEUROIMAGING

Provides the latest neuroimaging-based evidence on the brain mechanisms of oral functions

Dental Neuroimaging: The Role of the Brain in Oral Functions provides an up-to-date overview of neuroimaging research on the neural mechanisms underlying mastication, swallowing, sensory processing, and other oral topics.

Divided into three parts, the book first introduces the theoretical framework of the brain-stomatognathic axis, clinical assessments for oral function, and neuroimaging methods. The second part presents recent neuroimaging findings of oral sensory and motor functions such as somatosensation, gustation, and orofacial pain and anxiety. The book concludes with a review of recent translational research and discussion of the application of neuroimaging in clinical management. Throughout the text, boxed sections highlight key information about cognitive neuroscience, imaging techniques, interpreting neuroimaging results, and relating research findings to clinical practice. - Covers specific clinical applications of dental neuroimaging in geriatric dentistry and in brain plasticity and adaptation - Summarizes classic research works in neuroscience and oral science - Discusses potential clinical applications of neuroimaging in dental practice - Features chapter summaries, further reading links, guided clinical scenarios, and numerous figures and tables

Offering a systematic introduction to brain science and how it relates to dental medicine, Dental Neuroimaging: The Role of the Brain in Oral Functions is essential reading for students and researchers in disciplines such as neuroscience, neuroanatomy, oral physiology, dentistry and oral healthcare, speech therapy, and oral rehabilitation.

Table of Contents

1 Why do dentists need to understand the brain?          3

1.2 What is neuroimaging?           7

1.3 How does neuroimaging contribute to clinical practice?           14

1.4 The brain-stomatognathic axis            17

2 Assessment of Human Brain using MRI               27

2.1 Pros and cons of magnetic resonance imaging of the brain      27

2.2 Research of task-based functional activation 33

2.3 Research of structural features of the brain   42

2.4 Research of brain connectivity            50

3 Assessment of Oral Function    69

3.1 Assessment of masticatory and swallowing performance         69

3.2 Assessment of orofacial pain and somatosensory experience 79

3.3 Assessment of cognitive functions and emotional experience 90

Part II - Neuroimaging Research of Brain Mechanisms of Oral Functions                107

4 Brain Mechanisms of Oral Motor Functions       109

4.1 Introduction of brain mechanisms of motor control   109

4.2 Brain mechanisms of human mastication        117

4.3 Brain mechanisms of human swallowing         127

4.4 Cognitive processing and motor learning of oromotor movement        134

5 Brain mechanisms of Oral Sensory Functions     151

5.1 Brain mechanisms of oral somatosensory processing 151

5.2 Brain mechanisms of gustation           160

5.3 Cognitive-affective issues of oral sensory functions    165

5.4 Brain mechanisms of multisensory integration             174

6 Brain Mechanisms of Pain and Anxiety of Dental Patients           189

6.1 Brain mechanisms related to pain      189

6.2 Chronic pain, neural plasticity, and central sensitization           198

6.3 Brain mechanisms of chronic orofacial pain   205

6.4 Brain mechanisms of dental fear and anxiety 217

Part III - Translational Research of Dental Neuroimaging              243

7 Age-related Differences in the Brain-Stomatognathic Axis           245

7.1 Age-related differences in brain mechanisms                245

7.2 Age-related changes in oral sensorimotor functions   252

7.3 Association between the brain and oral functions in older people        262

7.4 Association between oral conditions and neurodegenerative disorders             269

8 Brain Mechanisms of Adaptation of Oral Sensorimotor Functions            295

8.1 Brain plasticity and adaptation            295

8.2 Adaptation of pain and oral sensory functions              301

8.3 Functional adaptation of mastication and swallowing               310

8.4 Brain plasticity associated with oral functional training            315

9 A Synthesis between Neuroimaging and Oral Healthcare            327

9.1 Assessment of individual differences in brain-stomatognathic axis      327

9.2 Future direction of neuroimaging in oral neuroscience             333

Index

Authors

Chia-shu Lin