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Versatility and Vicissitude. Performance in Morpho–Ecological Design. Architectural Design

  • ID: 592103
  • Book
  • 144 Pages
  • John Wiley and Sons Ltd
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This third AD by the guest–editors of the highly successful Emergence and techniques and technologies in Morphogenetic Design titles shifts the morpho–ecological design project into the realm of performance. Whereas the dictionary definition of performance –to ′carry out an action′ or ′to fulfill a task′ – invokes a tired utilitarian debate, Hensel and Menges inject the meaning of the word ′performance′ with an entirely new life. In this context, form is redefined not as the shape of a material object alone, but as the multitude of effects, a milieu of conditions, modulations and microclimates that emanate from an object′s exchange with its specific environment, a dynamic relationship that is perceived and interacted with by a subject. A synergetic employment of performance and morpho–ecological techniques combine to create integral design solutions that will render an alternative model for sustainability. This issue presents historical precursors and precedents for this approach, as well as the current state of the art of morpho–ecological design. Key contributors include: Klaus Bollinger and Manfred Grohmann of Bollinger & Grohmann, Aleksandra Jaeschke, OCEAN, Professor Remo Pedreschi, Defne Sunguroglu, Peter Trummer and Michael Weinstock.
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EditorialHelen Castle

6 Introduction

Versatility and Vicissitude An Introduction to Performance in Morpho–Ecological DesignMichael Hensel and Achim Menges

12
Form, Force and Structure A Brief HistoryRemo Pedreschi

20
Form, Force, Performance Multi–Parametric Structural DesignKlaus Bollinger, Manfred Grohmann and Oliver Tessmann

26
Metabolism and MorphologyMichael Weinstock

34
Material PerformanceMichael Hensel, Defne Sungurog¢lu and Achim Menges

42
Manufacturing PerformanceAchim Menges

48
Performance–Oriented Design Precursors and PotentialsMichael Hensel

54 Inclusive Performance: Efficiency Versus Effectiveness Towards a Morpho–Ecological Approach for DesignMichael Hensel and Achim Menges

64 Complex Brick AssembliesDefne Sunguroglu

74 Membrane SpacesMichael Hensel and Achim Menges

80
AggregatesMichael Hensel and Achim Menges

88
Environmental IntensifiersAleksandra Jaeschke

96
Engineering EcologiesPeter Trummer

102
Designing Morpho–Ecologies Versatility and Vicissitude of Heterogeneous SpaceMichael Hensel and Achim Menges

114+
Interior Eye
Craftsteak, New YorkJayne Merkel

118+
Building Profile
Public Toilet, GravesendDavid Littlefield

122+
Practice Profile
m3architectureMark Taylor

128+
Unit Factor
Renewable Types and the Urban PlanChristopher Lee and Sam Jacoby

132+
Spiller s Bits
In Praise of the BlurNeil Spiller

134+
Yeang s Eco–Files
Recharging your Bio–Batteries with a Can of CokeKen Yeang

136+
McLean s NuggetsWill McLean

138+
Userscape
The Social CallValentina Croci

142+
Site Lines
Making Waves at East Beach CaféHoward Watson

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Michael U Hensel is an architect, writer and principal researcher in OCEAN and the Emergence and Design Group, as well as a board member of BIONIS (the Biomimetic Network for Industrial Sustainability), and co–founder and co–director of the Emergent Technologies and Design masters programme at the Architectural Association School of Architecture. He is also on the editorial boards of
AD and
JBE (the Journal for Bionic Engineering). Recent publications include
AD Emergence: Morphogenetic Design Strategies (2004),
AD Techniques and Technologies in Morphogenetic Design (2006), and
Morpho–Ecologies (AA Publications, 2006). Forthcoming publications include a book entitled
Heterogeneous Space Reader, which he is co–editing with Professor Christopher Hight and Professor Achim Menges, to be published by John Wiley and Sons in early 2009. He is currently working on the concept and content for a peer–reviewed architectural research journal that will focus on research by design.

www.ocean–north.net

Professor Achim Menges is an architect and partner in OCEAN and the Emergence and Design Group. He studied at the Technical University Darmstadt and graduated from the Architectural Association with Honours. He has taught at the AA as Studio Master of the Emergent Technologies and Design masters programme since 2002, and as Unit Master of Diploma Unit 4 from 2003 to 2006. Since 2005 he has been Professor of Form Generation and Materialization at the HfG Offenbach University for Art and Design in Germany. His research focuses on the development of integral design processes at the intersection of evolutionary computation, parametric design, biomimetic engineering and computer–aided manufacturing that enable a highly articulated, performative built environment. His research projects have been published and exhibited in Europe, Asia and the US. He received the FEIDAD (Far Eastern International Digital Architectural Design) Outstanding Design Award in 2002, the FEIDAD Design Merit Award in 2003, the Archiprix International Award 2003, RIBA Tutor Price 2004, the International Bentley Educator of the Year Award 2005 and the ACADIA 2007 Award for Emerging Digital Practice.

www.achimmenges.net

www.ocean–north.net
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