Construction Site Erosion and Sediment Controls: Planning, Design, and Performance

  • ID: 687762
  • Book
  • Region: Global
  • 380 Pages
  • DEStech Publications, Inc
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Attention: Stormwater managers, hydrologists, watershed managers, municipal water authorities, county conservation specialists.

Here is a fully up-to-date book, by three leading experts, containing critical design tools for practical implementation of techniques to control and abate run-off and sediment from construction sites.

With many original illustrations and examples, this text provides the design principles to monitor and to implement mitigating steps that will enable you and your staff to meet regulations by taking steps that fit the development level, soil type, and rainfall amounts of your region.

The information presented here is need-to-know technology for anyone tasked with planning, implementing, or monitoring stormwater in urban, suburban and rural settings.

From the Authors' Preface:

"Construction sites have an erosion rate of 20 to 200 tons per acre per year; a rate that is about 3 to 100 times that of croplands….The present book has been prepared as a toolbox to assist planners, watershed managers, and engineers in meeting the erosion control requirements of the EPA's Stormwater Permit Program. Design examples are given for a variety of basic erosion and sediment controls, including diversion structures, slope mulches, stable channels, detention ponds, and filter fences. The design procedures allow alternative designs corresponding to different design periods, hydraulic failure rates, and pollutant control objectives. The material in this book is unique, in that scientific principles and engineering design have been integrated, allowing the prediction of the performance of erosion controls to be made for specific site and rain conditions."

Features

- In-depth design guidance for controlling construction site run-off

- Indispensable for meeting the EPA's stormwater regs

- Erosion data for all regions of US

- Technical and engineering options for many site types and climate conditions

- Heavily illustrated with dozens of original case studies & problems
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Chapter 1: Introduction to Erosion and Sediment Control, Problems and Regulations
- Problems Associated with Construction Site Erosion and Sediment Loss
- Construction Site Erosion and Sediment Control Regulations
- Basic Control of Construction Site Runoff
- Example Construction Site Erosion Control and Stormwater Management Requirements
- Need for Adequate Design and Inspection
- Important Internet Links

Chapter 2: Selection of Controls and Site Planning
- Introduction
- Example Construction Site Control Requirements
- Planning Steps and Components for Construction Site Control
- Amounts of Construction Subject to Erosion and Sediment Control and their Costs

Chapter 3: Regional Rainfall Conditions and Site Hydrology for Construction Site Erosion Evaluations
- Introduction: Hydrology for the Design of Construction Erosion Controls Local Rainfall Conditions Relevant to Construction Site Erosion and Sediment Control Design
Methods of Determining Runoff
- Watershed Delineation
- Use of the SCS (NRCS) TR-55 Method for Construction Site Hydrology Evaluations
- WinTR55
- Summary
- Important Internet Links

Chapter 4: Erosion Mechanisms, the Revised Universal Soil Loss Equation (RUSLE), and Vegetation Erosion Controls
- Introduction
- Basic Erosion Mechanisms and Rain Energy
- The Revised Universal Soil Loss Equation (RUSLE) and Relating Rain Energy to Erosion Yield
- RUSLE2 Information
- Basic Predictions of Soil Losses from a Construction Site
- Use and Selection of Vegetation at Construction Sites
- Establishing Vegetation
- Summary
- Important Links

Chapter 5: Channel and Slope Stability for Construction Site Erosion Control
- Introduction
- General Channel Stability Shear Stress Relation
- Design of Grass-Lined Channels
- Drainage Design using Turf-Reinforcing Mats
- Channel Design using Concrete and Riprap Liner Materials
- Slope Stability Applied to Construction Site Erosion Control Design
- Use of Newly Developed Erosion Controls

Chapter 6: Temporary Ponds and Filter Fabric Barriers for Construction Site Sediment Control
- Introduction
- Detention Pond Design Fundamentals
- Example Pond Design for Construction Site Sediment Control and Comparison with Modeling Results
- Example Detention Pond Shape Calculations
- Example Sizing of Sediment Pond at Construction Site
- Example Use of Chemical-Assisted Sedimentation at Construction Sites
- Filter Fences for Construction Site Sediment Control

Chapter 7: Construction Site Erosion Control References and Internet Sources
- Internet Sources
- Abstracts for Selected References

Index
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"While there are significant amounts of literature that address issues of sediment and erosion controls; erosion due to construction has not been addressed often enough. In light of the rapid global development, this timely book provides construction engineers a comprehensive overview of construction site run-off problems, regulations and prevention measures. Guidance for subsequent erosion and sediment controls has also been presented from an engineering prospective to the readers. This book is a must for anyone who is involved in construction and land development and is self-conscious of the environmental impact of these activities.""

Shen-en Chen, Ph.D., P.E.

Assistant Professor

Department of Civil Engineering

The University of North Carolina at Charlotte

JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN WATER RESOURCES ASSOCIATION

Vol. 43, No.4

AMERICAN WATER RESOURCES ASSOCIATION

August 2007

Book Reviews

Edited by Richard H. McCuen

In terms of usefulness, this book receives a grade of A+. The book is a perfect reference for the practic­ing engineer, hydrologist, geologist, or storm water management practitioner. The book provides educa­tional background material and real-world experience related to erosion and sediment control issues. Therefore, it is an excellent supplementary manual for state or local drainage and sediment control manuals. It provides the background and supporting information that these manuals often do not include.

The publication, which is available in both hard and soft covers, includes seven chapters. Following are the important aspects of the chapters.
- Chapter 1 provides a series of failures related to erosion including those that result from poor planning and a lack of knowledge of erosion and sedimentation. The chapter also discusses sediment control regulations and provides a list of internet sites for state erosion control handbooks.
- Chapter 2 discusses the selection of controls and methods for site planning, the components for construction site control, and a planning checklist.
- Chapter 3 provides in-depth coverage of hydrology calculations for evaluating construction site ero­sion, with Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) Soil Conservation Service (SCS) methodo­logies emphasized.
- Chapter 4 concentrates on sediment loss calculations, with the revised Universal Soil Loss Equation (USLE) as the principal method; vegetative control methods are also discussed.
- Chapter 5 deals with channel and slope stability, including shear stress calculations and channel protection such as geo-textiles and rock liners.
- Chapter 6 covers in detail the use of temporary ponds and filter fabric barriers.
- Chapter 7 includes references, abstracts of important papers available in journals and reports, and internet sources of information rela­ted to the topic.
Each chapter includes a good reference list. An appendix to Chapter 2 includes some cost informa­tion, which is something that is rarely reported in the professional literature. The extensive use of pho­tographs to illustrate problems and methods is a strong point of the book; the pictures complement the text material and will be especially valuable to some­one who has little background in construction site erosion and sediment control.
While the text will be most valuable to the practic­ing professional, it will also be useful in academic settings. Each chapter includes end-of-chapter problems that can be used as assignments.

Overall, this will be a very valuable text for those involved in the construction industry, as well as others who must deal with the control of eroded materials.

Richard H. McCuen
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering
University of Maryland
College Park, MD 20742

The recently published book, Construction Site Erosion and Sediment Controls Planning, Design, and Performance, is a work that will effectively educate those in engineering schools (and beyond) about erosion and sediment control. I was impressed since I consider the authors to have extensive exposure to the intellectual aspects of EC/SC problems. Few of us have enough experience to call ourselves experts. I however, proclaim Bob Pitt, University of Alabama, Shirley E. Clark, Penn State University, Harrisburg, and Donald Lake, Erosion Control Specialist from New York to be experts in the EC/SC field. They have written what is the finest work available to educate future and current engineers that there is more to sediment control than silt fence, and more to erosion control than hay bales. This book is must read for anyone looking for more technical knowledge that has been available before.

Skip Ragsdale, Sunshine Supplies Inc. USA
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