"The preservation movement has one great curiosity. There is never any retrospective controversy or regret. Preservationists are the only people in the world who are invariably confirmed in their wisdom after the fact."
John Kenneth Galbraith
Imagine the world without the Parthenon, Notre Dame, the Wailing Wall, the Taj Mahal, the Forbidden City, Machu Picchu, or other iconic buildings, monuments, and places. What if the more impressive historic buildings and sites we encounter in our everyday lives disappeared? Civilization would simply not exist as we know it. Fortunately, awareness of the importance of protecting the world′s cultural patrimony in particular, its architectural heritage is at an all–time high and is growing. Time Honored: A Global View of Architectural Conservation explores the reasons for this phenomenon, explains how international architectural heritage conservation practice operates, and considers where this firmly rooted global interest may lead.
Written by a leading practitioner and teacher of architectural preservation, Time Honored provides a much–needed comprehensive and balanced survey of the practice, theory, and structure of architectural heritage conservation throughout the world.
Illustrated throughout with over 300 photographs, drawings, and charts, this first volume in a multipart series will help define the physical and conceptual parameters of the field of architectural conservation, its background, and its position today as a major influence on the world′s built environment.
Foreword by Sir Bernard Feilden.
PART I: Conserving History in Changing Contexts.
Chapter 1: Introduction.
Globalization and Cultural Heritage Conservation.
Chapter 2: What Is Architectural Conservation?
Origins and Concerns of Architectural Conservation.
Chapter 3: What Do We Conserve?
Determining Significance and Value.
Types of Value or Significance.
Associative Values: Historic and Commemorative.
Chapter 4: Why Conserve Buildings and Sites?
To Save the Prototype.
Historical, Religious, and National Respect.
Romanticism and Nostalgia.
Shortcomings in Modern Architecture and Planning.
Chapter 5: Who Owns the Past?
A Heritage of Universal Importance.
Chapter 6: History, Historiography, and Architectural Conservation.
History and the Passage of Time: Facts, Values, and Notions of History.
Viewing Time Through the Lens of History.
Perceptions of Time.
Perceptions of History.
Historiography Until Its Professionalization.
Historical Method and the Elusive Ideal of Accuracy.
Antiquarianism: Putting the Past on a Pedestal.
Archaeology as a Path to Historical Certainty.
History and Heritage Conservation.
PART II: Problems, Principles, and Process.
Chapter 7: Perils to Built Heritage.
An Evolution of Awareness.
The Destructive Actions of Time and Nature.
Destructive Actions of Humans.
Risk Preparedness and Response.
Chapter 8: Options for Involvement.
Levels of Participation.
Degrees of Intervention.
Chapter 9: Principles, Charters, and Ethics.
Codification of Principles and Doctrine.
Five Influential Architectural Conservation Charters and Documents.
Ethics and Professionalism.
Chapter 10: The Conservation Process.
Chapter 11: Participants in Architectural Conservation.
Structure of the Field.
The Architectural Conservation Professional Defined.
PART III: Conservation of the Built Environment: An Enduring Concern.
Chapter 12: Prehistory Through the Fourteenth Century.
An Instinct to Preserve?
Prehistoric Through Hellenistic Times.
Reuse and Preservation in Ancient Rome.
The Middle Ages in Europe.
Chapter 13: Fifteenth Through the Eighteenth Centuries.
The Renaissance, 1300 to 1600.
The Baroque Period Through the Enlightenment, 1600 to 1780.
Chapter 14: The Forging of a Discipline: The Late Eighteenth to Early Twentieth Centuries.
The German States and Austria.
PART IV: Contemporary Architectural Conservation Practice.
Chapter 15: International Activities and Cooperation.
Contemporary International Architectural Conservation Practice–Origins.
International Agencies and Frameworks.
Other Regional and International Organizations.
European Heritage Conservation Principles Abroad: Action and Reaction.
International Training in Architectural Conservation.
Chapter 16: A Multidimensional Field for the Twenty–First Century.
Chapter 17: A Summary Global Tour of Contemporary Practice: Challenges and Solutions.
North Africa and Western Asia.
Central and South Asia.
East and Southeast Asia.
Latin America and the Caribbean.
The Polar Regions.
Chapter 18: The Past in the Future.
Meeting the Challenge and Beyond.
Appendix A: Nomenclature Used in International Architectural Conservation Practice.
Appendix B: Organizations and Resources Relating to International Architectural Conservation.
Appendix C: International and Regional Conventions, Charters, and Recommendations.
Appendix D: Annotated Bibliography of One Hundred Selected Titles.
Nomenclature and Common Understandings.
Linking the Conservation of Cultural and Natural Heritage.
Values in Heritage Conservation.
Riegl and the Meaning of Monuments.
Slowing Time and Valorizing the Past.
Effects of Writing and Printing on Heritage and Its Conservation.
The Distinguishing Role of Conservation Science and Technology.
Recent Destruction and Reconstruction: From Ground Zero, New York, to Baghdad, Iraq.
ICOMOS–Recommended Qualifications for Competency in Architectural Conservation Practice.
International Conferences and Declarations: Milestones of Progress.
East Meets West: Two Examples.
Twenty Actions That Influenced Today s World Architectural Conservation Practice.
Some Ideas That Would Help.